Procedure:
Without Filter:
Without Filter
With Filter
Model Graph:
Analog Manual
Tabulation:
Load Regulation:
S.No. RL ( ) VL (Volt)
Calculation:
01 2
= 0.48 (theoretical)
Analog Manual
Ripple factor
f = 50Hz; C = 1000uF ; RL = 1 K
(theoretical)
#$ #$
!" ; %& '
;
= _____ (practical)
Ripple factor
()
*)
#.. #..
+, / () /
(practical)
Result:
Analog Manual
Aim:
To design, construct and test Common Emitter amplifier and also to plot its frequency
response.
Components/Equipments Required:
S.NO Components/Equipment’s Range/Specifications Quantity
Procedure:
1. Connect the circuit as per the circuit diagram.
2. Keep the Input Voltage constant, Vary the frequency of input signal from 50Hz to
10 MHz in regular steps and note down the corresponding output voltage.
4. Draw 3dB line in the graph and mark Upper Cutoff (FH) and Lower Cutoff Frequency
Bandwidth = FH  FL
Analog Manual
Circuit Diagram:
Vcc
1 1
R1 RC
2 2
Co
1 2
Q2
Cin
1 2
BC107
Vin
1 1 1 CRO VO
AFO 1
R2 RE CE
RL
2
2 2
2
0
DESIGN:
Given Data
VCC = ; IC = ;f= ; hfe = ; RL =
VCC
For faithful amplification, VCE = =
2 ________
VCC
By onetenth rule, VE= =
10 ________
VE
RE = = _________
IE
RC = ________
RTH = _________
#67 8#9:
45
;67 < =><?@;:
We know that
AB
> C
and
D>
D AB
> C
hence
EF
AB
>
R1 = ________
D>
D AB
> C
R2 = ________
D KL > MM MM N G' C = C O@ P @Q
Rin =________
RKL
ST
Cin = _________
1 R  RL
XCO = = C =
2πfC O 10
1
CO = =
2πfX C O
Result:
Analog Manual
To design, construct and test Common Collector amplifier and also to plot its frequency response.
Components/Equipments Required:
S.NO Components/Equipment’s Range/Specifications Quantity
Circuit Diagram:
0
Vcc
R1
2
Q2
Cin
1 2
BC107
Co
Vin 1 2
1 1
AFO 1
R2 RE
RL
2 2 CRO VO
2
0
Analog Manual
DESIGN:
Given Data
VCC = ; IC = ;f= ; hfe = ; RL =
VCC
For faithful amplification, VCE = =
2 ________
VCC
By onetenth rule, VE= =
10 ________
VE
RE = = _________
IE
RTH = _________
#67 8#9:
45
;67 < =><?@;:
We know that
AB
> C
and
D>
D AB
> C
hence
Analog Manual
EF
AB
>
R1 = ________
D>
D AB
> C
R2 = ________
? #6
G' HIJ
=__________
D KL > MM MM N G' C = C O@ P @Q
Rin =________
RKL
ST
Cin = _________
U &V
W
1
CO = =
2πfX C O
Procedure:
2. Keep the Input Voltage constant, Vary the frequency of input signal from 50Hz to 3MHz
4. Draw 3dB line in the graph and mark Upper Cutoff (FHF) and Lower Cutoff Frequency
Result
Analog Manual
To design, construct and test Common Source amplifier and also to plot its frequency response.
Components/Equipments Required:
S.NO Components/Equipment’s Range/Specifications Quantity
Circuit Diagram:
0
VDD
1
RD
2 Co
1 2
Cin
1 2
BFW10 1
RL
Vin
2
1 1
AFO 1
RG RS
CS
2 2 2 CRO VO
0
Analog Manual
Design:
VDD = IDSS = ID = RL =
RS =
YY
VDS =
Apply KVL at input loop:
VDS = VDD – ID(RD+RS)
RD = & Assume RG = 1M
Model Graph:
Procedure:
Result:
Analog Manual
Aim:
To design, construct and test Common Emitter amplifier and also to plot its frequency
response.
Components/Equipments Required:
S.NO Components/Equipment’s Range/Specifications Quantity
Circuit Diagram:
Analog Manual
DESIGN:
Given Data
VCC = ; IC = ;f= ; hfe = ; RL =
VCC
For faithful amplification, VCE = =
2 ________
VCC
By onetenth rule, VE= =
10 ________
VE
RE = = _________
IE
RC = ________
RTH = _________
#67 8#9:
45
;67 < =><?@;:
We know that
AB
> C
and
Analog Manual
D>
D AB
> C
hence
EF
AB
>
R1 = ________
D>
D AB
> C
R2 = ________
? #6
G' HIJ
=__________
D KL > MM MM N G' C = C O@ P @Q
Rin =________
RKL
ST
Cin = _________
1 R  RL
XCO = = C =
2πfC O 10
1
CO = =
2πfX C O
Procedure:
1. Connect the circuit as per the circuit diagram.
2. Keep the Input Voltage constant, Vary the frequency of input signal from 50Hz to
10 MHz in regular steps and note down the corresponding output voltage.
4. Draw 3dB line in the graph and mark Upper Cutoff (FH) and Lower Cutoff Frequency
Bandwidth = FH  FL
Result:
Analog Manual
Apparatus required
S.No Apparatus Range Quantity
1. Resistor
.
2. Capacitor
3. BC107
4. RPS
5. AFO (030)v
6. CRO 
7. Bread board 
8. Connecting wires 

Circuit Diagram
Vcc = 10 V
RC
R1
Cout
Cb
Ibias
Q2
10u BC107
0 R2
RL CRO
Cin
Q1
BC107
Vin =
1.30 V
R3 RE
0
Analog Manual
Design
Vcc = 10 V , hfe1 = 250, hfe1 =____, hfe2 = ; VRE= 1 V, IC1 = 1mA; IC2 = 1 mA; RL
= 10 K ;
VE= VCC / 10
VE =
Applying KVL to the output loop: VCC
where
VE = IE*RE
RE =
Applying KVL at output side
RC =
Let I1 = 0.1 ma
[
4Z \ ]
[
4Z \ ]
I2 = I1 – IB1
I3 = I2 – IB2
VB1 = VBE1 + VCE1 + VE
VB2 = VBE2 + VE
^
D
[
Analog Manual
^ ^
D
[
^
D
[
? #6
G' HIJ
=__________
D KL > MM MM N G' C = C O@ P @Q
Rin =________
RKL
ST
Cin = _________
1 R  RL
XCO = = C =
2πfC O 10
1
CO = =
2πfX C O
Procedure
2. The input signal is given and the output waveform is obtained in the CRO.
4. The voltage gain of the amplifier is calculated and the frequency response is plotted
MODEL GRAPH
Tabulation
Input Vi =
Result
33
An
nalog Manual
EX NO:
DATE:
Frequency response of DARLINGTON EMITTER FOLLOWER Amplifier A
Aim
To design a BJT Darlingt
gton emitter follower and determine the gain, inpu
put and output
impedance
Apparatus Required
S.No Name of the Componenent Apparatus Qua
uantity
Specification
1 NPN Transistor
2 Resistor
3 Capacitor
4 Signal Generator
5 CRO
6 RPS
7 Breadboard
8 Connecting wires
Circuit Diagram
DESIGN:
Given Data
VCC = ; IC = ; f= ; hfe = ; RL =
34
Analog Manual
re =26mV/ IC =
V CC
For faithful amplification, VCE = =
2
V CC
By onetenth rule, VE = =
10
Where VE = IERE; since IB is very small, when compared with IC, IC ≅ IE.
VE
RE = =
IE
RC =
R B
Stability Factor S = 1 +
R E
Take S value between 3 to 10, Substitute RE in the above expression and find the value of RB
RB =
R1 * R 2
We know that RB =
R1 + R 2
R2=
1
XCi =
2πfC i
35
Analog Manual
( hie + ( 1 + hfe ) RE ) * RB
XCi = ( hie + ( 1 + hfe ) RE ) + RB ; where hie = hfere =
XCi =
1
Ci =
2πfXC i
1
CO = =
2πfXC O
To find Emitter bypass capacitor CE
RE
X CE = =
10
1
CE = =
2πfX CE
Procedure:
1. Connect the circuit as per the circuit diagram
2. Set Vin = 30mV in the signal generator. Keeping input voltage constant, vary the
frequency from 1Hz to 1MHz in random steps.
3. Note down the corresponding output voltage.
4. Calculate the Gain and plot the graph.
5. Calculate Bandwidth from frequency response.
Model Graph
36
Analog Manual
Tabulation
Input Vi =
Frequency(Hz) Output VoltageV0( V) Gain AV =V0 –Vi Gain (in db)=
20 log10(V0/ Vi )
Result
37
Analog Manual
38
Analog Manual
Design
Given:
Ic = 1mA; Ad= AC=
/
_
Differential voltage gain Ad = Rc /2re
RC =Ad *2re
Common mode voltage gain AC = Rc /2RE
RE = RC /2AC
Here RC1 = RC2= RC
Procedure
1. Connections are given as per the circuit diagram
2. To determine the common mode gain, we set input signal with voltage Vin = 2V and
determine V0 at the collector terminals.
3. Calculate common mode gain Ac = V0/Vin
4. To determine the differential mode gain , we set input signals with voltages V1 and V2.
Compute Vin= V1 – V2 and to find V0 at the collector terminals.Calculate differential
mode gain Ad = V0 / V1
5. Calculate CMRR = Ad / Ac
6. A graph is plotted between frequency and gain
39
Analog Manual
Tabulation:
40
Analog Manual
Calculation:
Theoritical:
CMRR = Ad/ Ac
Practical:
Ad=V0 / (V1V2)
Ac= 2V0 / (V1 +V2)
Common Mode Rejection Ratio,
CMRR = Ad/ Ac
Result
Thus the diffential amplifier is constructed and the CMRR is determined.
CMRR(Theoritical) =
CMRR( Practical) =
41