Tajweed Course

Articulation points of Quranic
letters: letters:
فوا جر
Deen Foundation
www.DeenFoundation.org.uk
This Tajweed course is brought to you by
Deen Foundation.
One of the core objectives of Deen Foundation is
to spread knowledge and educate the world on
different religious, social and professional matters
by publishing books, articles, video presentations
and holding conferences.
Deen Foundation
www.DeenFoundation.org.uk
Articulation Points فوا جر
• Articulation point is the place from where a
letter is pronounced, making its sound
different from the sound of other letters.
• Each Quranic letter has different articulation • Each Quranic letter has different articulation
point.
• A letter is only a sound that relies on a
specific articulation point.
Articulation Points فوا جر
Quranic Articulation Points
• Five major areas of the human body are used
to pronounce different letters.
• There are 17 different articulation points to • There are 17 different articulation points to
pronounce the 28 original letters and the
Madd letters.
Articulation areas
The Nose
The empty mouth
&
throat space
1 articulation point
The Tongue
The Lips
The Throat
3 articulation points
1 articulation point
10 articulation points
2 articulation points
Articulation Points فوا جر
5 Major Articulation Areas
Articulation
area

Arabic
name
No. articulation
points
No. of letters
The Throat ·'='ا 3 6 The Throat ·'='ا 3 6
The Tongue ن'-ّ ''ا 10 18
The Two lips ن'--´ -'ا 2 4
The Nose م·--='ا 1 Ghunnah letters
Empty space in the
mouth & throat
ف·='ا 1 3 lengthened letters

• Only the throat, tongue and lips are used to pronounce the actual 28 letters.
• The nose and the empty space of mouth & throat is used to produce
additional sounds (e.g. the ghunnah sound)
Articulation areas
Empty space in the mouth & throat
When we need to lengthen a letter
(e.g pronounce a Madd letter),
we use the empty space of our mouth
and throat to produce this sound.
No other part of the mouth is used
to lengthen a sound.
The green area inside the image
shows the empty mouth and throat area
used to produce the Madd sound
Articulation areas
The Throat
The throat is broken down into 3 parts
6 letters are pronounced from the throat
Deepest part
ا أ
Middle part
ا و
Closest part
ا دأ
Articulation areas
The Throat
6 letters are pronounced from the throat
Closest part:
غ
Deepest part:
ء

Middle part:
ع
ح
غ
خ
Articulation areas
The Nose & The Lips
Articulation areas
The Nose
• The hole in the nose that continues back towards inside the
mouth is the place where the Ghunnah [nasal sound] comes
from.
• No letter is articulated from the nose. Each letter can have
different sound characteristics.
• Ghunnah is a characteristic, not a letter. • Ghunnah is a characteristic, not a letter.
• Ghunnah is a characteristic of Mim and Noon letters.
• Ghunnah sound is more prevalent when Mim and Noon have a
shaddah on them.
• It is also noticeable on Noon Ikhfa and Iqlab and on Mim Ikhfa.
• If you hold your nose closed you will not be able to produce the
Ghunnah sound.
Articulation areas
The two lips
• The two lips have 2 articulation points to
produce 4 letters.
• Fa ف – upper front 2 teeth touch the inside
[wet part] of the lower lip. [wet part] of the lower lip.
• Wow و – the two lips form a circle without the
two lips meeting completely.
• Ba ب – by closing the wet parts of the two lips
together
• Mim م – by closing the dry parts of the two lips
together
Articulation areas
The Nose & The Lips
Articulation areas
The Tongue
Articulation areas: The Tongue
Tongue is divided into 5 different areas:
Articulation areas: The Tongue
• The roof of the mouth is divided into 2 parts:
– The hard palate – the top roof-area, near the teeth
– The soft palate – deepest part of the roof, near the
throat
• The tongue touches • The tongue touches
the hard or the soft
palates to produce
different letters
Articulation areas: The Tongue
Deepest part of the tongue and the soft palate
Letter Qaf – ق
Deepest part of the tongue touches the soft
palate
Articulation areas: The Tongue
Deepest part of the tongue and the soft palate
Letter Kaf – ك
Deepest part of the tongue (further from the throat)
touches the soft palate
Articulation areas: The Tongue
Deepest part of the tongue and the soft palate
• The articulation points for letter Qaf and letter Kaf
are very close together.
• They both are produced by touching the deepest
part of the tongue to the soft palate. part of the tongue to the soft palate.
• However, the position of Kaf is little distance away
from Qaf. Kaf is produced from the deepest end of
the tongue which is closer to mouth and away from
throat. [Qaf articulation point is more closer to the
throat]
Articulation areas: The Tongue
Deepest part of the tongue and the soft palate
Articulation areas: The Tongue
Middle part of the tongue and the hard palate
Letters Jeem, Sheen and Ya – ي ش ج
Middle part of the tongue touches the hard palate, opposite
side of the mouth.
Articulation areas: The Tongue
The head and the tip of the tongue
• The front part of the tongue touches different teeth to emit different
letters.
• We should also know about these different teeth.
Articulation areas: The Tongue
Articulation areas: The Tongue
The side of the tongue
Letter Daad – ض
• The letter ض is produced by
touching the left side of the
tongue with the left upper tongue with the left upper
teeth.
• Letter ضis one of the most
difficult letter to pronounce.
• َ ا َ بَ َ
Articulation areas: The Tongue
The side of the tongue
Letter Laam – ل
• By touching the nearest part of
the sides of the tongue (nearest
to the mouth) and the end of its
tip with the upper teeth on the tip with the upper teeth on the
opposite side.
• ل articulation point is the front
edges of the tongue, whereas the
ضis from the posterior edges of
the tongue.
• ِ ِ ُ ْ َ ْ ا
Articulation areas: The Tongue
Letter Noon – ن
• Tip of the tongue
touching the
gums/roots of the two gums/roots of the two
top front teeth.
• ِ س ا ِ س َ ْ ا
Articulation areas: The Tongue
Letter Ra – ر
• Tip of the tongue
touching the hard
palate, near the gums palate, near the gums
of the front two teeth.
• َ ِ َ ِ َ َ ْ ا بَ ر
Articulation areas: The Tongue
ت د ط
• Top of the tongue
(head of the tongue)
touches the gum line touches the gum line
[root] of the top two
teeth.
• َ ِ َ ْ ُ ا َ طاَ ا َ ِ ْ ها
Articulation areas: The Tongue
ث ذ ظ
• Tip of the tongue
touches the edges of
the top two teeth. the top two teeth.
• ُْ ُ َ َ
• ِ ِ اَ ذ
• َ َ ْ َ أ
Articulation areas: The Tongue
ز س ص
• The edges of the top and lower front teeth close together
and the tip of the tongue comes near them.
• In other words, tip of the tongue just misses the edges of • In other words, tip of the tongue just misses the edges of
the top and lower front teeth.
• For all three of these letters, a whistle sound is
produced.
• ِْ هِ رَ ْ َ أَ و ِْ ِ ْ َ ِ
• ً اْ ِ ر

This Tajweed course is brought to you by Deen Foundation.
One of the core objectives of Deen Foundation is to spread knowledge and educate the world on different religious, social and professional matters by publishing books, articles, video presentations and holding conferences.

Deen Foundation
www.DeenFoundation.org.uk

Articulation Points ‫وف‬

‫رج ا‬

• Articulation point is the place from where a letter is pronounced, making its sound different from the sound of other letters. • Each Quranic letter has different articulation point. • A letter is only a sound that relies on a specific articulation point.

Articulation Points ‫وف‬ ‫رج ا‬ Quranic Articulation Points • Five major areas of the human body are used to pronounce different letters. . • There are 17 different articulation points to pronounce the 28 original letters and the Madd letters.

Articulation areas 1 articulation point The Nose The empty mouth & throat space 1 articulation point The Lips 2 articulation points 3 articulation points The Tongue 10 articulation points The Throat .

g. articulation points 3 10 2 1 1 6 18 4 Ghunnah letters 3 lengthened letters • Only the throat. the ghunnah sound) . of letters Arabic name ‫ا‬ ‫اّ ن‬ ‫ا ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا ف‬ No. tongue and lips are used to pronounce the actual 28 letters.Articulation Points ‫وف‬ 5 Major Articulation Areas Articulation area The Throat The Tongue The Two lips The Nose Empty space in the mouth & throat ‫رج ا‬ No. • The nose and the empty space of mouth & throat is used to produce additional sounds (e.

g pronounce a Madd letter).Articulation areas Empty space in the mouth & throat When we need to lengthen a letter (e. we use the empty space of our mouth and throat to produce this sound. The green area inside the image shows the empty mouth and throat area used to produce the Madd sound . No other part of the mouth is used to lengthen a sound.

Articulation areas The Throat The throat is broken down into 3 parts 6 letters are pronounced from the throat Closest part ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أد‬ ‫و‬ ‫أ‬ Middle part Deepest part .

Articulation areas The Throat 6 letters are pronounced from the throat Closest part: ‫غ‬ ‫خ‬ Middle part: ‫ع‬ ‫ح‬ Deepest part: ‫ء‬ .

Articulation areas The Nose & The Lips .

• If you hold your nose closed you will not be able to produce the Ghunnah sound.Articulation areas The Nose • The hole in the nose that continues back towards inside the mouth is the place where the Ghunnah [nasal sound] comes from. Each letter can have different sound characteristics. not a letter. . • No letter is articulated from the nose. • Ghunnah sound is more prevalent when Mim and Noon have a shaddah on them. • It is also noticeable on Noon Ikhfa and Iqlab and on Mim Ikhfa. • Ghunnah is a characteristic of Mim and Noon letters. • Ghunnah is a characteristic.

Wow ‫ – و‬the two lips form a circle without the two lips meeting completely. Fa ‫ – ف‬upper front 2 teeth touch the inside [wet part] of the lower lip. Ba ‫ – ب‬by closing the wet parts of the two lips together Mim ‫ – م‬by closing the dry parts of the two lips together .Articulation areas • • • • • The two lips The two lips have 2 articulation points to produce 4 letters.

Articulation areas The Nose & The Lips .

Articulation areas The Tongue .

Articulation areas: The Tongue Tongue is divided into 5 different areas: .

near the teeth – The soft palate – deepest part of the roof.Articulation areas: The Tongue • The roof of the mouth is divided into 2 parts: – The hard palate – the top roof-area. near the throat • The tongue touches the hard or the soft palates to produce different letters .

Articulation areas: The Tongue Deepest part of the tongue and the soft palate Letter Qaf – ‫ق‬ Deepest part of the tongue touches the soft palate .

Articulation areas: The Tongue Deepest part of the tongue and the soft palate Letter Kaf – ‫ك‬ Deepest part of the tongue (further from the throat) touches the soft palate .

• However. Kaf is produced from the deepest end of the tongue which is closer to mouth and away from throat. • They both are produced by touching the deepest part of the tongue to the soft palate. the position of Kaf is little distance away from Qaf. [Qaf articulation point is more closer to the throat] .Articulation areas: The Tongue Deepest part of the tongue and the soft palate • The articulation points for letter Qaf and letter Kaf are very close together.

Articulation areas: The Tongue Deepest part of the tongue and the soft palate .

opposite side of the mouth. Sheen and Ya – ‫ج ش ي‬ Middle part of the tongue touches the hard palate. .Articulation areas: The Tongue Middle part of the tongue and the hard palate Letters Jeem.

. • We should also know about these different teeth.Articulation areas: The Tongue The head and the tip of the tongue • The front part of the tongue touches different teeth to emit different letters.

Articulation areas: The Tongue .

Articulation areas: The Tongue The side of the tongue Letter Daad – ‫ض‬ • The letter ‫ ض‬is produced by touching the left side of the tongue with the left upper teeth. • َ ‫َ َب ا‬ َ . • Letter ‫ ض‬is one of the most difficult letter to pronounce.

whereas the ‫ ض‬is from the posterior edges of the tongue. • ِ ِ ُ ْ َ ْ‫ا‬ . • ‫ ل‬articulation point is the front edges of the tongue.Articulation areas: The Tongue The side of the tongue Letter Laam – ‫ل‬ • By touching the nearest part of the sides of the tongue (nearest to the mouth) and the end of its tip with the upper teeth on the opposite side.

• ‫اْ َ س ا س‬ ِ ِ .Articulation areas: The Tongue Letter Noon – ‫ن‬ • Tip of the tongue touching the gums/roots of the two top front teeth.

near the gums of the front two teeth. • َ ِ َ ِ َ َ ْ ‫َب ا‬ ‫ر‬ .Articulation areas: The Tongue Letter Ra – ‫ر‬ • Tip of the tongue touching the hard palate.

Articulation areas: The Tongue ‫ط د ت‬ • Top of the tongue (head of the tongue) touches the gum line [root] of the top two teeth. • َ ِ َ ْ ُ ‫اه ِ َ ا َاط ا‬ َ ْ .

ْ ُ َُ َ ِ ِ ‫َا‬ ‫ذ‬ َ َْ ‫أ‬ َ • • • .Articulation areas: The Tongue • ‫ظ ذ ث‬ Tip of the tongue touches the edges of the top two teeth.

Articulation areas: The Tongue • • • • • ‫ص س ز‬ The edges of the top and lower front teeth close together and the tip of the tongue comes near them. In other words. a whistle sound is produced. ْ ‫ِ َ ْ ِ ِ ْ وأ ْ َ ره‬ ِِ ََ ‫رْ ا‬ ً ِ . tip of the tongue just misses the edges of the top and lower front teeth. For all three of these letters.

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