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FORM 2 CHAPTER 2

NUTRITION
1. Diagram 1 shows part of the human digestive system.

X
P: …………………………….

Q: …………………………….

R: …………………………….

Diagram 1
(a) Label structures P, Q and R using the following words.

Pancreas Liver Oesophagus

[3 marks]
(b) (i) Name the enzyme that is found in X.

……………………………………………………………………………….............................
[1 mark]
(ii) State the function of the enzyme in b(i).

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(c) State the function of R.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(d) Name the process by which food is moved along P.
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1
mark]
2. Diagram 2 shows some parts of the digestive system.

M
L
Diagram 2
(a) Name the following parts:
K: ……………………………….…….………………………………………………………...
L: …………………………………………………………………………………………….…...
M: ………………………………………………………………………………………………
N : ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
[4 marks]
(b) What is stored in the part labeled K? Where is it produced?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks]
(c) Digestion of food ends in part L. State the end products of digestion for:
(i) carbohydrates: …………………………………………………………………………...
(ii) protein : ………………………………………………………………………….
(iii) fats : ………………………………………………………………………….
[3 marks]

3. Diagram 3 shows the classes of food. Complete Diagram 3.

Class of Food

Water Vitamins

Fats

Diagram 3
(a) Name the classes of food in Diagram 3.
[4 marks]
(b) Draw lines to show the correct match between the class of food and its function.

Class of food Function

Carbohydrate
To build new cells

Fibre

To supply energy

Protein

To prevent constipation
Mineral
[3 marks]
4. Diagram 4.1 shows the average energy requirement for different groups of people.
20000
18000
16000
14000
ls
12000
gir
10000
nt
kilo/joule
8000 boys ce
6000 ren t les
4000 ild escen do
2000 Ch Adol Male adults A
Female adults
Babies
0
Average energy required per day
Diagram 4.1
(a) Based on Diagram 4.1, state the average energy required per day for:
(i) babies: …….…………………………………………………. …………………………….
(ii) male adults: ………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]
(b) Who requires the most energy?
…………………….………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(c) Table 4.2 shows the calorific value of certain food.
Food Quantity Calorific (kJ)
Fried rice 1 plate 2675
Coffee 1 cup 294
Kuih koci 1 piece 344
Banana 1 fruit 378
Table 4.2
Calculate the calorific value of the following meal by referring to Table 1.
Fried rice 1 plate
Kuih koci 1 piece
Banana 2 fruits
Coffee 1 cup
[2 marks]
5. An experiment has been carried out as shown in Diagram 5. Some distilled water from each boiling tube A and B is
tested for starch and glucose respectively at the beginning and after 20 minutes.

Diagram 5
(a) What is the aim of the experiment?
……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]
(b) Complete the table below based on the experiment.
A B
Boiling tube
( Test for Starch ) (Test for glucose)

Beginning of experiment Absent Absent


After 20 minutes
[2 marks]
(c) What can be inferred from the results in 5 (b).

………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]
(d) State the variables in the experiment.
(i) Manipulated variable: ………………………………………………………………………
(ii) Responding variable : …………………………………………………………………………
(iii) Control variable: ……………………………………………………………………………...
[3 marks]
(e) Name the reagent used to test for the presence of
(i) starch: …………………………………………………………………………………………
(ii) glucose: ………………………………………………………………………………………
(f) Which part of the alimentary canal is represented by the:

(i) visking tube: …………………………………………………………………………………...

(ii) distilled water: …………………………………………………………………………………


[2 marks]
1 Figure 1.1 shows the human digestive system.

Figure 1.1

(a) (i) Label one of the following structures in Figure 1.1.

Pancreas Liver Oesophagus Mouth

(1mark)
(ii) State one function of the structure in (a) (i).
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(b) A student carried out a food test on sample X.
Table 1.2 shows the results of the test.

Food test Observation Food class

Sample X is crushed and added Red precipitate was formed


with Millon's reagent ___________________

Sample X tested on filter paper Grease spot was formed


___________________

TABLE 1.2

(i) Complete Table 1.2 by naming the food classes that are present in sample X.
(1 mark)
(ii) Explain what happens to the food sample X while it is inside structure Q.

___________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)
(iii) State what happens to the final product in (b) (ii).

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
2 Figure 2.1 shows an experiment to study the action of saliva on starch. The result of the experiment after
30 minutes is shown in Table 2.2.

Figure 2.1

Test tube Presence of starch


X No

Y Yes

Table 2.2

Based on Figure 2.1 and Table 2.2, answer the following questions.

(a) (i) Why must test tubes X and Y be kept in the water bath at 37oC?

_________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(ii) State the reason why there is no starch in test tube X.

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________
(2 marks)

(iii) In which part of the alimentary canal does the same enzyme action occur as
in the test tube X?

________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(b) Figure 2.2 shows pictures of several foods.

Figure 2.2

Based on the pictures, complete the table below by writing the different food classes and their food
samples.

Food classes Food sample

(i) Carbohydrate Bread

(ii) ______________________________ ______________________________

(iii)_______________________________ ______________________________

(iv)_______________________________ ______________________________

(v)_______________________________ ______________________________

(vi)_______________________________ ______________________________

(5 marks)
NUTRITION

Answer:

1(a) (i) Label one of the following structures:-


Pancreas, liver, oesophagus or mouth

(ii) State one function of the labelled structure.


Pancreas : Secretes enzyme / examples of enzyme
Secretes hormones / examples of hormone
Liver : Produces bile / remove toxins from blood / changes
excess amino acids to urea / changes glucose into glycogen
Oesophagus : Moves the food from the mouth to the stomach
Mouth : Churns food
Starch is broken down by amylase into maltose.

(b) (i) 1. Protein


2. Fats

(ii) Proteins is broken down into amino acids.


Fats is broken down into glycerol and fatty acids

(iii) The digested food is absorbed into the blood capillaries.

2(a) (i) The enzyme in saliva works best at body temperature 37oC.
(ii) The enzyme amylase in saliva has changed the starch to sugar.
(iii) Mouth

(b) Food classes Food sample


(ii) Protein Fish
(iii) Vitamins /fibre Tomatoes
(iv) Fats Margarine
(v) Fibre / vitamin Vegetables / fruit
(vi) Water / mineral / Fresh milk
fats / proteins