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Understanding Seismo-Seodetic

Behavior of Basic Tectonic Elements
In Java Island
for PSHA map revision of 2016
Wahyu Triyoso
Global Geophysics Division
Geophysics Engineering Department
Bandung Institute of Technology

Referring The Work Of ….

On the consistency of earthquake moment release and space geodetic strain rates: Europe
Steven N. Ward

A smoothed stochastic earthquake rate model considering seismicity and fault moment release
for Europe
S. Hiemer J. Woessner R. Basili L. Danciu D. Giardini S. Wiemer

The Main Idea
Understanding Displacement Gradient


Earthquakes !!!


The Main Idea Understanding earthquake and faulting processes requires investigating tectonic-related surface and sub-surface movements through the Earth’s crust. the best way is to jointly investigate geodetic and seismological data in order to understand well the dynamic (strain build up & released) at the object . In this context.

The seismic cycle .the simplest view .

Lesson Learned From Japanese Earthquake & Earth-Dynamic Data Understanding Pre-Co & Post Seismic .



. where U is the mean geologic displacement over a fault whose area is Af. the geometric moment for earthquakes is: M e  UAe . Thus.Quantifying and characterizing crustal deformation: the geometric moment The geometric moment for faults is: M f  UA f .  Similarly. where U is the mean geologic displacement over a fault whose area is Ae. the geometry moment is simply the seismic moment divided by the shear modulus.

Quantifying and characterizing crustal deformation: brittle strain Brittle strains are a function of the geometric moment as follows [Kostrov. 2V k  . 1974]: Geologic brittle strain:  1 f  M kf . 2V k Seismic brittle strain:   1 e  M ek .

consider the simple case of a plate of brittle thickness W* and length and width l1 and l2. Quantifying and characterizing crustal deformation: brittle strain To illustrate the logic behind these equations. The mean displacement of the right- hand face is: U k cosL2k sin Û   . l1 V k  . respectively. that is being extended in the x1 direction by a population of parallel normal faults of dip . k Wl2 which may be rearrange to give:   Û cos sin  11  U k L2k .

Quantifying and characterizing crustal deformation: brittle strain Geodetic data may also be used to compute brittle strain: .


Understanding Our Data …… .

Tektonik aktif wilayah Indonesia. panah menunjukkan relatif pergerakan berdasarkan GPS (Bock et al. 2003) ..

2016) .Jaring pengamatan GPS berkala BIG di Indonesia Kondisi tektonik wilayah Indonesia berdasarkan data geodetik tahun 1995 hingga tahun 2016 (Susilo.

Strain Indonesia dari data GPS (Susilo. 2016) .

Warna menunjukkan kedalaman gempa .Seismisitas dari katalog Pusgen 2016 di Jawa untuk gempa dengan magnitudo ≥ 4.5.

9 .De-clustered Selected Catalog At The Depth: 0-60km b ~ 0.



TESTING STABILITY SEISMICITY PATTERN UNDER ASSUMPTION OF POISONIAN DISTRIBUTION: INDONESIA REGION We divide catalog of 1963-2016 of The De-clustered Earthquake Catalog to 1963-1990 & 1991-2016 by following Frankel’s Hypothesis .

Tectonic Implication .

Persebaran titik GPS yang digunakan dalam perhitungan model blok Sesar Baribis dan Kendeng (Koulali dkk. 2016b) Sesar Kendeng yang terletak memanjang sepanjang Jawa Timur dan Jawa Tengah menurut Koulali dkk (2016) .

Vektor berwarna merah adalah stasiun GPS berkala. .Persebaran titik GPS di Pulau Jawa. Vektor berwarna biru adalah stasiun kontinyu.

Sumber: Katalog PUSGEN .

Sumber: Katalog PUSGEN di sekitar Semarang Thrust Fault .

Semarang Thrust Fault Sumber: Zulfakriza et al. (2014) dari Ambient Noise Tomography .

Peta Segmentasi Jawa .

Our Basic & Main Data for PSHA Input are Updated Thus …. We really Need to Update Our PSHA Map .

Fault PGA 2500y USGS .

Subduction PGA 2500 year USGS .

All Sources PGA 2500 years USGS .

Our Concern is to understand better he Most Possible Seismic Moment Rate to PSHA Updating. What We Really Need to Care In The Near Future …. Thus … • The Precise Segmentation is really Needed to be investigated more detail in the future research • The Most reliable slip-rate is really Needed to be investigated in the near future • Small Earthquake Monitoring is Really Needed to Done very soon .