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BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONOURS) IN ARCHITECTURE

ARCHITECTURE DESIGN STUDIO V


(ARC60306)

PROJECT 1
March 2018

Legibility analysis from Responsive Environments, Ian Bentley et.al. 2013

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SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING & DESIGN
Centre for Modern Architecture Studies in Southeast Asia
Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Architecture

ARCHITECTURE DESIGN STUDIO V (ARC60306)


Prerequisite: Architecture Design Studio IV

Project: 1 Preliminary studies


20% of final marks

Submission date:
Final Submission & Presentation: Week 4, Thursday (19 April 2018)

Introduction

The Preliminary Studies is a preparatory assignment that focuses on investigating basic notions of
the city, and learning from examples of community library around the world. This assignment aims
to firstly introduce students to the basics in urban design and its relation to architecture, and
secondly, studying and determining the programmatic function, societal role and spatial layout of
a community library and architectural responses for urban infills.

The Preliminary Studies comprises of three components: Site Documentation, Site Analysis, and
Precedent Studies of Urban Infills and Community Library. The Site Documentation and Site Analysis
will equip students with a firm understanding of the site they will be working with this semester,
while the Precedent Studies will provide an insight into architectural responses for designing an
urban infill community library.

The outcome of the Preliminary Studies will include the production of site documentation materials
(drawings and models in both digital and physical copy for further use), a comprehensive analysis
of the site, and a detailed case study of a relevant urban infill and community library.

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Objectives of Project

The objectives of this assignment are as follows:

1. To have an overview of the formation of cities and introduce basic concepts of urban design in
relation to architectural design
2. To introduce and implement basic methodologies of urban studies
3. To investigate the role of community libraries in traditional and contemporary urban societies
4. To examine various examples and architectural responses for urban infills

Learning Outcomes of this Project

1. Analyze the site character and identify conditions of the urban streetscape and urban
behavioural patterns
2. Analyze case studies to gain understanding of architectural response for urban infill sites and
for spatial programming to inform the design project
3. Produce necessary documentation (diagrams, mappings, photographic images, orthographic
drawings and models) to record and communicate site analysis findings, and for further use in
the coming design stages

Brief

The site context is in a few in-fill lots of Jlan Besar, South Klang. There is a real life scenario to
empower the urban communities that are being faded by contemporary scenarios. The studio
project is collaborative with a research project at Taylor’s University. The vision for the area to be
a) a place for the community and b) with an active frontage of the streets

The major issue being the fall of spatial connections and engagement to the local community, to
the tides of various contemporary forces. The current trend is fading the rich cultural heritage rather
than nurturing it. The solution is in design employing critical approach to the notion of ‘content’ as
a purposeful narrative to powerful questions relevant to the context (Low, 2010). To begin with, the
question is:

What are the possibilities to establish a community library that connect to and empower the urban
community, at the street scale?

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Task

Urban study

The study has to be done in two levels of complexity, namely, the macro and, with more focus to,
micro contexts. Whilst the macro study is about the role and how the location fits into the city. In
micro study the students are to make a comprehensive study on urban form, activity and
movement-pattern. ‘Legibility Analysis’ (Bentley, et.al. 2013) which is a method through the
exploration of Kevin Lynch’s Elements of legibility (Lynch, 1979) is employed here as a study method.
The students are to establish possible opportunities (such as routes and attractions) to sustain and
to offer legibility by the community library.

Macro Studies (of about 500m radius):

The students will also begin to demonstrate an understanding of urban issue given in the scenario
above. The course work will integrate to Theories of Urbanism in which the Studio site (the street)
will be studied for the spaces between the buildings which will focus on public realm furthering the
case studies from the West. Such an understanding should reflect here in the Project 1.
Key concepts and themes to be discussed in relation to the analysis include:

a) PERCEPTION: Way-finding (5 Lynchian elements of legibility), Serial vision (Gordon Cullen’s)


b) FORMAL: Built-form typologies and Morphology, Figure/Ground Mapping
c) SOCIAL: Patterns of Movement and Use, Human Behaviour, Street Culture, Building types.

Data collection:
The entire class will divide into 2 sets; there 6-7 tutorial groups in a set. Each set, i.e. half of the
class will collect the data on the following criteria of analyses:

PERCEPTION: Team of 2 tutorial groups


FORMAL: Team of 2 tutorial groups
SOCIAL: Team of 2 tutorial groups

An intensive use of diagramming and mapping to represent ideas and findings, is imperative. Refer
to the Urban Design Compendium I for the possible list of data sets. The conclusion from the urban
analysis should be formulated in SWOT format, identifying urban issues and inspirations.

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Micro Studies (of about 200m radius)

Workshop on keywords or narratives, on micro scales. It is imperative that a) an intensive use of


diagramming and mapping to represent ideas and findings and b) the relevance of macro studies
to the site and micro studies is consistent.

The notion of place making is important here through the ideas of sense of place and key
characteristics of the city. You could use the various themes to connect to the context such as
i) urban form,
ii) function,
iii) society,
iv) history and
v) perception.

You must conclude the micro study with a representation of design position or scenario or idea.

Precedent Studies

Each group is required to study and analyse two precedent studies; one from international context
and the other from tropical cities; to cover the aspects of a) community library, b) tropical
architecture and c) infill context. In analysing the precedents, students should develop an
understanding and awareness of:-

(1) What is an Urban Infill?


This investigation is to help you understand what an urban infill is, and what are the architectural
strategies (massing, spatial planning, façade design, etc.) adopted that are necessary in response to
its physical context and functional programme. Investigate what were the regulatory laws that the
architects were required to comply to as well.

(2) What is a Community Library?


In this module, we shall define the community library as a “place which provides public with access
to books and periodicals acts as social meeting grounds for an urban/suburban community”. This
part of the Precedent Study entails an investigation into a relevant example of a community library
and inquiry into establishing its role within its specific context and community. Analysis on form,
function and circulation of the cases, is imperative here.

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(3) What are the design elements of tropical architecture?
In one of your precedent studies, you are to highlight the design elements that are significant to
tropical architecture. Such elements could be courtyards, interstitial spaces, hot air escape routes
and so on.

Key themes and criteria that require consideration in this study include the following: Programmatic
Response, Formal Response, Street response, Public/Private Realms, Society & Culture .

Final Submission

The submission and presentation is Thursday Week 4. Each group is to submit the following:
Site Documentation
Soft Copy (Submitted in CD)
 Digital site model .skp common shared file
 Plans and elevations of site .dwg common shared file
Hard Copy
 Plans and elevations of site printed out from .dwg file & scaled to fit A3/A4 paper size

Macro Studies – group


 Power point presentation on Perceptional, formal and social studies on the site x 40 to 50
A3 plates/slides landscape layout.
 A3 Booklet.

Precedent Studies – group


 4 to 6 x A3 panels in both hard and soft copy (PDF) format portrait layout

Micro Studies – group and individual


 25 to 30 x A3 panels in both hard and soft copy (PDF) format portrait layout
 1 to 2 x A3 panels on representation of a design idea or position or even a scenario –
individual submission

**You are required to reference at least 5 written/book sources and include a bibliography for both the Site Analysis and
Precedent Studies panels from the Weekly Readings, Main References and Additional References (as provided by the
Module Coordinator and listed in the Module Outline).

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References:

Main References:
1. Baker, G. 1989. Design Strategies In Architecture (2nd Ed.). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
2. Bentley, I., et.al., 2013, Responsive Environments: Manual For Designers, Routledge, London
3. Lynch, K. 1979. The Image Of The City. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
4. Low, K. M., 2010, Smallprojects, Adaptus
5. Llewelyn – Davies, 2001, Urban Design Compendium 1, Chapter 4 ‘Facades and Details’, , English
Partnerships, the Housing Corporation, London

For Weekly Readings, please refer to the handouts to be provided by the Module Coordinator.
*Note: Students are required to obtain a minimum C grade in this assessment to pass the module.

Assessment criteria

1. Urban studies: macro 20% and micro 50%


2. Precedent studies 25%
3. Peer evaluation 5%

Marking Criteria Marks % Acquired


TGC
URBAN STUDIES 70 1.2, 2.0, 7.0
Have the students developed an understanding of basic urban concepts and
awareness of issues related to the urban context? How is the understanding
translated into the individual design project?

These will be assessed via the following:


SITE DOCUMENTATION: MACRO 10
REQUIRED DOCUMENTS 5
A complete set of documentation as listed in the Submission Requirements
above is required.
BONUS MATERIALS 5
Bonus points for creative audio-visual recordings and mappings of textures,
sounds, colours, etc.
SITE ANALYSIS: MACRO 10

IDENTIFICATION 5
Identify key elements related to the urban context in their analysis.

ARTICULATION 5
The SWOT presentation is comprehensive.
Representation techniques are appropriate
SITE ANALYSIS: MICRO 40

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CRITICAL ANALYSIS 30
Do the students organize and elucidate their findings critically and clearly using
the appropriate illustrations (i.e. place-making, mapping, diagrams)?

IMPLEMENTATION OF PRELIMINARY STUDIES (individual) 10


Drawing conclusions on the way forward to resolve the urban issue
PRECEDENT STUDIES 25 1.2, 2.0, 7.0
IDENTIFICATION 10
Are the students able to identify and list 1) key elements and architectural
strategies in their case study of an urban infill, 2) determine the role and key
design criteria for a community library?

ARTICULATION 5
Do the students use the originality in the presentation of their observations and
findings?

CRITICAL ANALYSIS 10
Do the students organize and elucidate their findings critically and clearly using
the appropriate illustrations (i.e. mapping, diagrams)?

PEER EVALUATION
This individual assessment will be grade each student’s team contribution 5
TOTAL 100%

SCHEDULE
(Subject to change at short notice)

Date/Week Lecture/Presentation Discussion/ Self-directed Study


Tutorial
Hours Hours Hours

Mon, 26 March Module Introduction Lynchian Exercise & site briefing Site Analysis,
Project 1 Introduction Documentation &
Lecture 01: Urban Analysis & Precedent Studies
Mapping: Spatial and
Perceptional Study Tools
Dr suchi
Thurs, 29 March SITE VISIT
Week 1 2 8 6
Mon, 2 April Lecture 02: Community Libraries Data recording during fieldwork Site Analysis,
Ar. Kenny Chong Documentation &
Lecture 03: Diagramming for Precedent Studies
analysis
Mr Hafiz Amirrol Macro: Urban analysis: issues
Thurs, 5 April and inspirations
Week 2 2 8 6

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Mon, 9 April Lecture 04: Place Making: Asian WORKSHOP Site Analysis,
Streets and Context Micro analysis Documentation &
Ar. Alice Lim & Dr suchi Precedent Studies
Draft pin up – macro and
Thurs, 12 April Tutorial: on precedents precedents
Week 3 2 8 6
Mon, 16 April Lecture 05: Typologies in Cities Draft pin up micro/macro Site Analysis,
Lam Shen Fei Documentation &
Submission seminar (macro) and Precedent Studies
Thurs, 19 April Submission of Project 1 20% pin up (micro/precedent)
Week 4 2 8 6

Prepared by: Checked by: Approved by:

……………………………. ……………………………. …………………………….


Date: 21/03/ 2018 Date: 22/03/2018 Date: 24/03/2018
Dr Sucharita Srirangam Mr. Prince Favis Mr Mohd. Adib Ramli
Module Coordinator, Design Studio V Stream Coordinator Program Director
Email: Sucharita.srirangam@taylors.edu.my (Design Studies) BSc. (Hons) in Architecture
Office No.: 0356295498
Office Location: C5

Remarks:
1. The Project Brief is to be distributed to the students in the first week of the semester.
2. Any changes to the Project Brief shall be communicated (in writing) to the Programme Director and the approved
revised version must be communicated to the students

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