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# Stairwell Pressurization Fan Calculation Sheet (SPF-01)

## Project Name 2B+G+M+7

Project Description Hotel Building
Calculated by
REFERANCES:-

NFPA 92A
ASHRAE 2007 (HVAC Applications)
Chapter 52
Clauses (Smoke Management)
of (Pressurized Stairwell, Stairwell
Compartmentation, Stairwell Analysis)

Design Parameter:-

## Summer outside temperature 46 0

C
Stairwell temperature 30 0
C
Building Stories 9 Stories
Average Story height 3.8 m
Building exterior wall per story 2300 m2
Stairwell area per story 21.66 m2
Building tightness type average
Building height 39 m
Area gap for stairwell door according to ASHRAE 0.033 m2

## Leakage ratio for exterior building walls 0.00017

Leakage ratio for stairwell 0.00011

## Pressure Analysis for Stairwell

The pressure difference between the staircase and the building can be expressed as followed :
ΔPsb = ΔPsbb + BY / [ 1 + ( Asb / Abo ) 2]

Where :
ΔPsbb = pressure difference from stairwell to building at stairwell bottom ( Pa) .
Y = distance above stairwell bottom ( m )
Asb = flow area between stairwell and building per floor ( m2 )
Abo = flow area between building and out side per floor ( m2 )
B = 3460 x [ 1/ ( 273 + To ) - 1/ ( 273 + Ts )]
To = temperature of outside ( K )
Ts = temperature of stairwell air ( K )
A) In case of all doors are closed :

For the stairwell with no leakage directly to the outside, the flow rate of pressurization is :

## (∆Psbt 3/2 - ∆Psbb 3/2 )

Q = 0.559 x N x Asb x
(∆Psbt - ∆Psbb )
Where :

## Q = volumetric flow rate , m3/s

N = number of floors.
ΔPsbt = pressure difference from stairwell to building at stairwell top , Pa.

## 1- The leakage ratios for stairwell wall =

= 21.66 X 0.00011 = 0.002383 m2
2- The leakage ratios for exterior wall =
= 2300 X 0.00017 = 0.391 m2
3- B = 3460 x [ 1/ ( 273 + To ) - 1/ ( 273 + Ts )]
3460 x ( 1 / 273 + 46 ) - ( 1 / 273 + 30 ) = -0.5727
4- Asb = the leakage area of the stairwell wall + the gaps around the closed doors
0.0023826 + 0.033 = 0.035383 m2/floor
5- Abo = the leakage area of exterior wall
= 0.391 m2
6- Minimum pressure difference from stairwell to building at stairwell top (pa)

## = 13 pa for building with sprinkler system as per NFPA 92A

= 25 pa for building with non-sprinkler system as per NFPA 92A
= 50 pa as per QCDD Qatar Civil Defense Requirement

## 7- ΔPsbt = ΔPsbb + BY / [ 1 + ( Asb / Abo ) 2 ] =

25 = ΔPsbb + ( -0.5727 X 39 ) / ( 1 + ( 0.0353826 / 0.391 ) 2 ) =

Get ΔPsbb
= 25 - ( -0.5727 X 39 ) / (1 + ( 0.0353826 / 0.391 ) 2 ) =
= 45.48 pa

## 8- Get air flow required

∆Psbt 3/2 - ∆Psbb 3/2
Qc =0.559 x N x Asb x ∆Psbt - ∆Psbb =

## = 0.559 X 9 X 0.0353826 X [ ( 25 3/2 - 45.48 3/2 ) ( 25 - 45.48 ) ]

= 1.58 m3/S
= 3348 CFM
B) In case of 3 doors are opened :

## Number of doors in all building 9 Doors

Number of Open doors 3 Doors
Door size 2.25 m X 1.1 m
Door Area 2.475 m2
But effective flow area = 1/2 the geometric area as per ASHRAE and CRESCI flow pattern
Effective Area 2.475 m2

Q0 = A X V X N
Where :
Qo = Air flow rate ( m3/sec)
A = Door Area ( m2 ).
N=Number of open doors
V = air velocity ( m/sec ). The velocity recommended will be ( 0.75 - 2 ) m/s .

## Assumed air velocity to be 1 m/s

Get
Q = 3 X 2.475 X 1 = 7.425 m3/S
15733 CFM
C) Total air flow required for pressurization:-

Qt = Qo + Qc
= 3348 + 15733 19081 CFM

Calculation Result:

The Required Flow Rate to Pressurize the staircase in case of 3-Doors Opened
19100 CFM

## Fan Capacity (SPF-01) 19500 CFM

Stairwell Pressurization Fan Calculation Sheet (SPF-02)

## Project Name 2B+G+M+7

Project Description Hotel Building
Calculated by
REFERANCES:-

NFPA 92A
ASHRAE 2007 (HVAC Applications)
Chapter 52
Clauses (Smoke Management)
of (Pressurized Stairwell, Stairwell
Compartmentation, Stairwell Analysis)

Design Parameter:-

## Summer outside temperature 46 0

C
Stairwell temperature 30 0
C
Building Stories 11 Stories
Average Story height 3.8 m
Building exterior wall per story 2300 m2
Stairwell area per story 16.5 m2
Building tightness type average
Building height 44 m
Area gap for stairwell door according to ASHRAE 0.033 m2

## Leakage ratio for exterior building walls 0.00017

Leakage ratio for stairwell 0.00011

## Pressure Analysis for Stairwell

The pressure difference between the staircase and the building can be expressed as followed :
ΔPsb = ΔPsbb + BY / [ 1 + ( Asb / Abo ) 2]

Where :
ΔPsbb = pressure difference from stairwell to building at stairwell bottom ( Pa) .
Y = distance above stairwell bottom ( m )
Asb = flow area between stairwell and building per floor ( m2 )
Abo = flow area between building and out side per floor ( m2 )
B = 3460 x [ 1/ ( 273 + To ) - 1/ ( 273 + Ts )]
To = temperature of outside ( K )
Ts = temperature of stairwell air ( K )
A) In case of all doors are closed :

For the stairwell with no leakage directly to the outside, the flow rate of pressurization is :

## (∆Psbt 3/2 - ∆Psbb 3/2 )

Q = 0.559 x N x Asb x
(∆Psbt - ∆Psbb )
Where :

## Q = volumetric flow rate , m3/s

N = number of floors.
ΔPsbt = pressure difference from stairwell to building at stairwell top , Pa.

## 1- The leakage ratios for stairwell wall =

= 16.5 X 0.00011 = 0.001815 m2
2- The leakage ratios for exterior wall =
= 2300 X 0.00017 = 0.391 m2
3- B = 3460 x [ 1/ ( 273 + To ) - 1/ ( 273 + Ts )]
3460 x ( 1 / 273 + 46 ) - ( 1 / 273 + 30 ) = -0.5727
4- Asb = the leakage area of the stairwell wall + the gaps around the closed doors
0.001815 + 0.033 = 0.034815 m2/floor
5- Abo = the leakage area of exterior wall
= 0.391 m2
6- Minimum pressure difference from stairwell to building at stairwell top (pa)

## = 13 pa for building with sprinkler system as per NFPA 92A

= 25 pa for building with non-sprinkler system as per NFPA 92A
= 50 pa as per QCDD Qatar Civil Defense Requirement

## 7- ΔPsbt = ΔPsbb + BY / [ 1 + ( Asb / Abo ) 2 ] =

25 = ΔPsbb + ( -0.5727 X 44 ) / ( 1 + ( 0.034815 / 0.391 ) 2 ) =

Get ΔPsbb
= 25 - ( -0.5727 X 44 ) / (1 + ( 0.034815 / 0.391 ) 2 ) =
= 48.14 pa

## 8- Get air flow required

∆Psbt 3/2 - ∆Psbb 3/2
Qc =0.559 x N x Asb x ∆Psbt - ∆Psbb =

## = 0.559 X 11 X 0.034815 X [ ( 25 3/2 - 48.14 3/2 ) ( 25 - 48.14 ) ]

= 1.94 m3/S
= 4111 CFM
B) In case of 3 doors are opened :

## Number of doors in all building 11 Doors

Number of Open doors 3 Doors
Door size 2.25 m X 1 m
Door Area 2.25 m2
But effective flow area = 1/2 the geometric area as per ASHRAE and CRESCI flow pattern
Effective Area 2.25 m2

Q0 = A X V X N
Where :
Qo = Air flow rate ( m3/sec)
A = Door Area ( m2 ).
N=Number of open doors
V = air velocity ( m/sec ). The velocity recommended will be ( 0.75 - 2 ) m/s .

## Assumed air velocity to be 1 m/s

Get
Q = 3 X 2.25 X 1 = 6.75 m3/S
14303 CFM
C) Total air flow required for pressurization:-

Qt = Qo + Qc
= 4111 + 14303 18414 CFM

Calculation Result:

The Required Flow Rate to Pressurize the staircase in case of 3-Doors Opened
18500 CFM