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SULIT 9 3472/2

Section A

[40 marks]

Answer all questions in this section.

1 Solve the simultaneous equations 2y + x = 0 and x(y + x) + 1 = 3y.


[5 marks]

2 Solution by scale drawing is not acceptable.

Diagram 1 shows a right angled triangle ABC.


y

B (0 , 6)

A (3 , 0) x
O
C

DIAGRAM 1

It is given that the point C lies on the y-axis.

(a) Find the equation of AC.


[3 marks]
(b) If AB is extended to a point Q such that AB : BQ = 3 : 2 ,
calculate

(i) the coordinates of Q ,

(ii) the area of ∆AQC.


[5 marks]

3 (a) Given that 2 x  a and 3 x  b , express [ 2 x 1  2(9 x ) ] in terms of a and b.

[3 marks]

(b) Solve the equation 2 log y


5  log y 675 = 3.
[4 marks]

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SULIT 11 3472/2

4 A set of data consists of 6 numbers x1, x2, x3, x4, x5 and 8. The mean and the
variance of the set of data are 10 and 4 respectively.

(a) Find the sum of the squares of the numbers, Σx 2 .


[2 marks]
(b) If the number 8 is removed from the set of data, find

(i) the mean,

(ii) the standard deviation

of the remaining set of data.


[4 marks]

5 Diagram 2 shows two sectors MPNO and MQNR centred at O and R respectively.

Q P R 45 0

N
DIAGRAM 2

Given ON = 12 cm and MR = 7 cm, calculate

(a) the perimeter, in cm, of the shaded region,


[4 marks]
(b) the area, in cm2, of the sector MQNR.
[3 marks]

1
6 (a) Find the x-coordinate of the turning points of the curve y = 4x + .
x
Hence, find the coordinates of the maximum point of the curve.
[4 marks]
d
(b) Given [ (x2 + 1)5 ] = x f (x) such that f(x) is a function of x,
dx
1

find the value of  x 2 f ( x)  1


0
dx.

[3 marks]

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Section B

[40 marks]

Answer four questions from this section.

7 Use the graph paper provided to answer this question.

Table 1 shows the data of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment. It is
known that x and y are related by the equation y = pqx where p and q are constants.

x
2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0
y
2.24 2.75 3.58 4.57 5.60 6.95

TABLE 1

(a) Plot the graph of log10 y against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 2 units on


the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.1 unit on the log 10 y-axis.

Hence, draw the line of best fit.


[4 marks]

(b) Using your graph,

(i) form an equation relating log10 y and x,

(ii) find the value of p and of q.


[6 marks]

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8 (a) Solve the equation 4 sin2 x + 5 sin 2x = 6 kos2 x for 0º ≤ x ≤ 360 º.


[4 marks]
(b) Table 2 shows the values of x and y which are related by the equation
 x 
y = 4 sin   .
 2 

x 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1.0 1.25 1.5 1.75 2.0


y 0 2.83 4.0 2.83 0

TABLE 2
(i) Copy and complete Table 2 and hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to
0.25 unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 1 unit on the y-axis, draw the graph
 x 
of y = 4 sin   for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 radians.
 2 
(ii) Hence, state the equation of a suitable straight line to solve the equation
 x 
x + 4 sin   = 4 . Using the same axes, draw the straight line and find
 2 
the values of x that satisfy the equation.

[6 marks]
1
9 (a) Diagram 3 shows a shaded region bounded by the curve y  ,
2x  3
the x-axis, the y-axis and the line x  k .
y

1
y
2x  3

x
O k

DIAGRAM 3

When the shaded region is revolved through 360o about the x-axis, the volume
2
generated is unit3. Find the value of k .
21
[5 marks]
4 dy
(b) Given that y  3 – 2x , find the value of when x  1 . Hence, estimate
x dx
 2 
the value of 2   0.99 .
  0.99 
3

[5 marks]

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10 Diagram 4 shows ∆ABC with AC = 4 x and AB =6 y .

M
D
N
B
A
DIAGRAM 4

The point M is the midpoint of AC and the point D lies on BC such that
BD:DC = 1:3. The point N is the intersection point of BM and AD .
(a) Find in terms of x and y

(i) BM ,
(ii) AD .

[3 marks]
(b) If AN = p AD and BN = q BM , express AN in terms of
(i) p, x dan y ,
(ii) q, x dan y .
Hence, find the value of p and of q.
[7 marks]

11 (a) The mass of students in a school is normally distributed with a mean of 52 kg


and a standard deviation of 5 kg.

(i) If a student from the school is chosen at random, calculate the probability
that the student has a mass between 42 kg and 56 kg.

(ii) Given that 459 students have masses between 42 kg and 56 kg , find the
total number of students in the school.
[6 marks ]

(b) In a shooting competition, the probability Hafiz’s shot hit the target is 0.4.
Find the minimum number of trials Hafiz should attempt so that the probability
of hitting the target at least once is greater than 0.8.
[4 marks ]

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Section C

[20 marks]

Answer two questions from this section.

12 A particle moves along a straight line and passes through a fixed point O with the
velocity of 9 ms–1. Its velocity, v ms–1, t seconds after passing through O is given
by v = ht2 + 3t + k where h and k are constants. The maximum velocity of the
81
particle is ms–1.
8

(a) Calculate the value of h and of k.


[4 marks]

(b) Hence,

(i) find the time, in seconds, when the particle stops instantaneously,

(ii) calculate the total distance travelled, in m, by the particle in the


first 6 seconds.
[6 marks]

13 Diagram 5 shows a cyclic quadrilateral PQRS.


P

S
81o

R
RAJAH 5

It is given that PQ = 7.4 cm, QR = 10.9 cm and RS = 12.1 cm.

(a) Calculate  PQS.


[6 marks]

(b) (i) Calculate the area, in cm2, of  PQS,

(ii) If SP is extended to form the new  PQS with the length of PQ ,


length of SQ and  PSQ remain unchanged, find the difference in
the area, in cm2, of the new  PQS and the original one.
[4 marks]

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14 Table 3 shows the price indices and the quantities of four main ingredients used to
make a type of cake.

Ingredient Price index for the Price index for the Quantity
year 2002 based year 2004 based
on the year 2000 on the year 2002
A 96 115 1 kg
B 130 x ½ kg
C 80 120 350 g
D 100 105 150 g

TABLE 3

(a) Calculate

(i) the price per kg of ingredient A in the year 2000 if the price in the
year 2002 is RM 1.20.

(ii) the price index of ingredient C for the year 2004 based on the year
2000.
[4 marks]

(b) The composite index number of the cost of making the cake for the year
2004 based on the year 2002 is 112.

(i) Find the value of x.

(ii) The cost of making the cake in the year 2002 is RM 8. Calculate the
selling price of a cake in the year 2004 if the profit is fixed 100%
for each cake sold.
[6 marks]

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15 Use the graph paper provided to answer this question.

A company produces two types of bicycles, model A and model B. The


company produces x units of model A and y units of model B daily based on
the following constraints.

I : The ratio of the number of model A to the number of model B is


not less than 1: 2.

II : The total number of bicycles produced is at least 7 units.

III : The number of model A exceeds the number of model B by at


most 3.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other than x  0 and y  0, that satisfy all
the above constraints.
[3 marks]

(b) Hence, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on both axes, construct and shade
the region R that satisfies all the above inequalities.
[3 marks]

(c) Based on your graph, answer the following questions:

(i) On a particular day only 5 units of model B are produced.


Determine the minimum number of model A produced on that day.

(ii) The cost of producing a unit of model A and model B per day are
RM 800 and RM 600 respectively. Find the minimum cost of
producing the bicycles per day.

[4 marks]

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