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Introduction to the seven elements of effective

Safety & Health


Management
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Goals
1. Understand the basics of a
safety management system.

2. Identify the seven core


elements of an effective safety
and health program.

3. Describe the key processes in


each program element.

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The SCS Safety & Health Program Model

Seven Elements
1. Management Commitment
2. Accountability
3. Employee Involvement
4. Hazard Identification & Control
5. Incident Investigation
6. Training
7. Plan Evaluation

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Safety & Health Management System

Inputs = Resources

Processes = Activities

Outputs = Conditions, Behaviors and


Results

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n?
e a
s m
thi
e s
do
at
Wh

“Every system is designed perfectly


to produce what it’s producing.”

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ELEMENT 1 –
MANAGEMENT COMMITMENT

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What motivates management to “do” safety?

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What is Management Commitment?


Time M oney C oncern

Expression of leadership

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Direct Costs

What do
accidents
cost your Indirect Costs
operation?

Unknown Costs
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Proactive Vs.
Reactive Safety & Health Management

T h e y c a re T h e y d o n ’t
about m e! c a r e ...

P r o a c tiv e P r o g r a m s R e a c tiv e P r o g r a m s

What's proactive? What's reactive?

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ELEMENT 2 -
ACCOUNTABILITY

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Six Essential Elements of an Effective


Accountability System

1. Established formal standards of behaviour and


performance.
2. Resources provided to meet those standards.
3. An effective system of measurement.
4. Application of effective consequences.
5. Appropriate application of consequences.
6. Evaluation of the accountability system.

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How are employees held accountable in


your operation?

Before pointing the finger of


blame, make sure that all
management obligations to the
employee have been fulfilled.

When is a supervisor justified in disciplining?

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ELEMENT 3 -
EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT

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Involvement in the Safety


Committee

What is the purpose of your safety committee?


Our safety committee intends to…

What role does your safety committee play?


My safety committee performs the role of a/an…

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ELEMENT 4 –
HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
AND CONTROL

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What is a "hazard?"
An Unsafe

C ondition
or
P ractice
th a t c o u ld
cause an Injury
or
I llness
to a n E mployee .
(E x tra C re d it)
a n d it’s P reventable !

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Hazard analysis is smart business!

What are the advantages of conducting


hazard analysis vs. accident investigation?

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What are the four categories of hazards


in the workplace?

M aterials
Equipment

Environment

People

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ELEMENT 5 -
INCIDENT INVESTIGATION

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What is an “accident?”
Why do we “investigate” accidents?

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How does your perception of a particular hazard


change with daily exposure to that hazard?
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Why might it be dangerous to assume


someone has "common sense"?

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The causes of Injury, Illness and Accidents

1. Direct Cause of Injury

2. Surface Causes of the Accident

3. Root Causes of the Accident

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- Accident Causes
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ELEMENT 6 -
EDUCATION AND TRAINING

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Education tells Why

Training shows How

Experience improves Skills

Accountability sustains Behavior

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How do you know safety training is effective?

Training
Training is
is worthless
worthless without
without
accountability
accountability

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Safety training steps

1. Preparation

2. Presentation

3. Involvement

4. Follow-up

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ELEMENT 7 -
PLAN EVALUATION

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• Last and first phase of planning cycle


• Assess, analyze, evaluate, both
labour and management
• Use outside experts
• Not a one person job - delegate
monitoring responsibilities
• Establish procedures for change - an action plan
• Measure activity and results
• Make effective recommendations

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Before you run, any questions!

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