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## V = t*(qout -qin)*Pa / (P1-P2)

where
V = Volume of the receiver tank, ft3
t = time for the receiver to charge or discharge, min
qout = air flow out of the recieiver (surge flow to consumer), cfm
qin = air flow into the receiver from compressor, cfm
Pa = Atmospheric Pressure (14.7 psia)
P1 = Upper or Maximum operating pressure, psia or psig (P1 and P2 should both be either in absolute or gauge units)
P2 = Lower or Minimum operating pressure, psia or psig (P1 and P2 should both be either in absolute or gauge units)

Example:
The output from a compressor is 250 cfm. There is a surge flow requirement of 350 cfm for a period of 5 minutes. The
upper or maximum operating pressure is 100 psig and the lower or minimum operating pressure is 60 psig. What size of
receiver is required to cater to the surge volume rate demand and surge time?

Inputs:
t= 5 min
qout = 350 cfm
qin = 250 cfm
Pa = 14.7 psia
P1 = 100 psig
P2 = 60 psig

Calculation:
V= 183.75 ft3 1374.546 U.S. gallons
5.20 m3

## Prepared by: Ankur Srivastava

Chemical Engineer
e-mail: ankur_2061@hotmail.com

Disclaimer: The information and methods included within this spreadsheet are presented for air receiver sizing. It
is intended to be used by technically skilled persons at their own discretion. I do not warrant the suitability or
accuracy of these methods.

Rule of Thumb for compressed air receiver sizing is 1 U.S. gallon capacity for every ACFM compressor flow

If the compressor volume flow is described at standard conditions (14.7 psia, 68°F), it will be needed to convert it
discharge) at actual conditions of pressure and temperature. As an example this means converting volume flow in

Example Problem:
The volume flow of a compressor is described in standard conditions as 300 scfm. The compressor discharge conditions
are given as follows: a) Discharge pressure: 100 psig, b) discharge temperature: 40°C. Calculate the compressed air
receiver volume for the given discharge conditions.

Calculations:
Volume at actual pressure and temperature is calculated by ideal gas law

## Now by ideal gas law

P1*V1 / T1 = P2*V2 / T2

Where the subscript 1 describes the standard conditions of pressure and temperature and subscript 2 describes the actua
Standard Pressure = 14.7 psia
Standard Temperature = 68 °F
Flow Rate @std pr.& temp. = 300 scfm
Discharge Pressure = 100 psig
Discharge Temperature = 40 °C
Calculate value of V2
P1 = 14.7 psia
V1 = 300 scfm
T1 = 528 °R (68+460)
P2 = 114.7 psia (100+14.7)
T2 = 564 °R (1.8*(40+273.15))

V2 = (T2/T1)*(P1/P2)*V1
41.05 acfm

## Calculate Compressed Air Receiver Volume

Receiver Vol. per ACFM = 1 gallon
Receiver Vol. for example = 41.05 gallon
5.49 ft3
0.16 m3

## Prepared by: Ankur Srivastava

Chemical Engineer
e-mail: ankur_2061@hotmail.com

Disclaimer: The information and methods included within this spreadsheet are presented for air receiver sizing. It
is intended to be used by technically skilled persons at their own discretion. I do not warrant the suitability or
accuracy of these methods.
y ACFM compressor flow

## , it will be needed to convert it to actual volume flow (e.g. compressor

eans converting volume flow in SCFM (Sm 3/h) to ACFM (m3/h)

## ompressor discharge conditions

alculate the compressed air

## sented for air receiver sizing. It

ot warrant the suitability or