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POLICE INELLIGENCE

INFORMATION
- It consist of facts, statistics, observation, report, trends, opinion , rumors, documents, photographs, diagrams, maps and
other data used in the production of intelligence.

INTELLIGENCE
- It is the product resulting from collection, evaluation, analysis, integration and interpretation of all available information.
Intelligence is the process of information.

DECEPTION
- it covers wide variety of tactics, strategy and maneuvers by which a state or a person attempts to mislead another generally
as to its capabilities and intention, it simply seeks to confuse the opponent's about one's plans and purpose.

COVER
- it is the change, forgoing and screening of a person's real personality, things, events and places.

PENETRATION
- It is when an agent somehow is able to get inside the target and stay there to gather intelligence information.

COMINT
- Communication Intelligence

PHOTINT
- Photographic Intelligence

ELINT
- Electronic Intelligence

RADINT
- Radar Intelligence

DEFECTOR
- It a persons who forsakes his country of birth and betray its national interest which may or may not contradict that of his
former country.

DEFECTOR IN PLACE
- It is a person who turns himself and offers his services a s a spy and has not physically deserted his country, but defected
politically in secretly.

ESPIONAGE
- It is a state or practice of spying in other countries, places or things in the course of systematic secret gathering of
information in particular jurisdiction, which is inimical to national security.

SABOTAGE
- It is the willful and malicious destruction of natural process and functions of a plant, installations or premises. This is
derived from the French word sabotage, which means "wooden shoes".

SABOTEUR
- It is the person or group of persons designed to carry out sabotage work.

INFILTRATION
- It is the penetration of an agent to an intelligence target either b deception, cover story, defector in place, it may either be
by land, sea or air, and infiltration may also be achieved with the use of mechanical electronic device.

SUBVERSION
- It is an organized and systematic conspiracy to overthrow a duly constituted authority or government.

ORGANIZED CRIME
- It is the combination of two or more persons for the purpose of establishing terrors, threat, intimidation or conception in
the city, community or section either monopoly or virtual monopoly or criminals activities in a field that provides
continuing financial profit.

AGENT
- It is a person or group of person of an organization whose objective is to obtain information or processes, activities or
operation. HE can also be a sabotage, pilferage and other criminal activities.

EDUCATION SECURITY PROGRAM


- It is a program given to an employee of an installation by lecture and other means pertaining to measures and safeguards
to be taken to protect the interest of the installation from loss, damage, sabotage, pilferage and other criminal acts.

INDUSTRIAL INTELLIGENCE
- It is the gathering of information about manufacturing technique processes from manufacturing concerns, formulas that
cannot be used and can be used of value and advantage.

TACTICAL/LINE/COMBAT INTELLIGENCE
- It involves knowledge of people, weather , enemy and terrain ((PWET) in pure conventional warfare or the population in
case of insurgency or low intensity conflict) that is required in the planning and conduct of combat operation.

3 BROAD CATEGORIES OF INTELLIGENCE


1. NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE
2. DEPARTMENTAL INTELLIGENCE
3. MILITARY INTELLIGENCE

NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE
- It is the integrated product of intelligence developed by all government branches, departments concerning the board aspect
of national security and policy. It is more concerned for an entire department or agency and it is not produced by a single
entity. It is used to coordinate all activities of the government in developing and executing integrated and national policies
and plans.

DEPARTMENTAL INTELLIGENCE
- It is the integrated product of intelligence develop by agencies or any department of the government in order to execute its
mission and discharge of responsibility.

MILITARY INTELLIGENCE
- It is the intelligence used un preparation and execution of military plans policies or programs.

3 BROAD ASPECT OF MILITARY INTELLIGENCE


1. STRATEGIC INTELLIGENCE
2. COMBAT INTELLIGENCE
3. COUNTER INTELLIGENCE

STRATEGIC INTELLIGENCE
- It is knowledge pertaining to capabilities, vulnerabilities and probable causes of action of foreign nation.

COMBAT INTELLIGENCE
- It is used in planning and conduction of tactical and administrative operation. It is concerned with the information about
people, weather, enemy and terrain.

COUNTER INTELLIGENCE
- It denies information to the enemy and increases the security of the command and aids in achieving surprise.

POLICE INTELLIGENCE
- It is the gathering of information regarding the activities of criminals and those that violate the law for the purpose of
affecting their interest, obtain evidence and forestall their plans to commit crime.

OBJECTIVE, CONCEPT AND CLASSIFICATION OF INTELLIGENCE


1. RECORDING
2. EVALUATION
3. INTERPRETATION
RECORDING
- It is the processes of reducing information in writing of some forms of geographical representation and the grouping
together of related items.

EVALUATION
- It is a critical appraisal of information as a basis for its subsequent interpretation. Evaluation includes determining the
pertinence of the information, the reliability of the source and agency though which the information was derived and its
accuracy.

INTERPRETATION
- Determining the significance of the information with respect to what is already known and it draws conclusion as the
probable meaning of the evaluated information. t is the result of critical judgment involving analysis, interpretation and
forming of conclusion.

2 GENERAL FORMS OF POLICE INTELLIGENCE


1. UNDERCOVER INTELLIGENCE
2. DEPARTMENTAL INTELLIGENCE

UNDERCOVER INTELLIGENCE
- It is an investigation process in which disguises and pretext cover as well as deception are used to gain confidence of
criminal; suspects for the purpose if determining the nature and extent of any criminal activities that criminal elements may
be contemplating or perpetuating.

DEPARTMENTAL INTELLIGENCE
- It is the integrated product of intelligence develop by agencies or any department of the government in order to execute its
mission and discharge or responsibility.

3 GENERAL CAEGORIES OF POLICE INTELLIGENCE


1. STATEGIC INTELLIGENCE
2. COUNTER INTELLIGENCE
3. LINE INTELLIGENCE

STATEGIC INTELLIGENCE
- It is an intelligence information that is primarily long range in nature with little or immediate practical value.

COUNTER INTELLIGENCE
- It is the type of intelligence activity that deals with the defending of the organization against its criminal enemies.

LINE INTELLIGENCE
- It is the type of intelligence which us of an immediate nature and necessary for more effective police planning and
operation.

FORMS OF INTELLIGENCE
1. OVERT INTELLIGENCE
2. COVERT INTELLIGENCE

OVERT INTELLIGENCE
- It is the gathering of information or document procured openly without regard as to whether the subject or target becomes
knowledgeable of the purpose.

COVERT INTELLIGENCE
- It is the secret procurement of information which is obtained without the knowledge of the persons safeguarding vital
intelligence interest.

PRINCIPLES OF INTELLIGENCE
1. TIMELESS
2. COMMANDERS NEED
3. ORICIPLE OF PLANNING
4. AN ITEGRAL PART OF MILITARY OPERATION
5. FLEXIBILITY
6. IMAGINATION AND RESOURCEFULNESS
7. PRICIPLE OF SECURITY
8. PRINCIPLE OF CONTINUITY
9. NEED TO KNOW
10. COMPARTMENTALIZATION

TIMELESS
- Intelligence must reach the user in time to serve as basis for appropriate action.

COMMANDERS NEED
- Intelligence must fit the need of the commander.

PRICIPLE OF PLANNING
- The principle of Intelligence which requires careful and thorough setting of ideas.

AN ITEGRAL PART OF MILITARY OPERATION


- Intelligence activities are made part if any military operations.

FLEXIBILITY
- Intelligence activities are based on reason and judgment and not on fixed procedures.

IMAGINATION AND RESOURCEFULNESS


- These are essential for success and potential intruders.

PRICIPLE OF SECURITY
- It is anything that is placed between things protected and the intruder.

PRINCIPLE OF CONTINUITY
- Intelligence activities follows a single continuous cycle.

NEED TO KNOW
- Knowledge for those who have an area of interest or influence and according to the need of an authorized individual.

COMPARTMENTALIZATION
- Intelligence is not disseminated to an individual or unit due to some restrictions as required by the commander.

SEGMENT OF INTELLIGENCE
1. Activity
2. organization
3. end product of knowledge

PURPOSE OF INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITY


- The purpose of intelligence unit is to increase the probability of accuracy or reduce the probability of error in operational
staff decision by gathering the appropriate information. It is sometimes called Investigation arm of the chief planner.

AXIOM OF INTELLIGENCE
1. Intelligence is crucial to internal security
2. Intelligence is essential to all operations
3. Intelligence is the responsibility of all government agencies
4. Intelligence of the government must be superior to that of the enemy.
Intelligence is the responsibility of all government agencies (Integration of the Civil and Military organizations) National
Intelligence Board is created a per A.O. No. 217 dtd 29 April 1991. There are 19 members of the NIB:
1. NICA 9. PNP
2. DFA 10. NBI
3. DND 11. BID
4. DECS 12. EIIB (DEFUCT)
5. DOLE 13. J-2 (AFP)
6. DTI 14. G-2 (ARMY)
7. DILG 15. A-2 (PAF)
8. NEDA 16. N-2 (NAVY)
17. ISAF (INTEL SERVICE OF AFP) 19. G-2 (PSG)
18. CIC (COUNTER INTEL COMMAND)

INTELLIGENCE CYCLE
- It refers to the intelligence action phases, namely, directing the collection effort, collection of information, processing of
information and dissemination and use of intelligence which conveniently give direction to the intelligence effort unit.
Planning and supervision always a continuing activity in all phases.

6 STEPS IN DIRECTING COLLECTION EFFORT:


1. Determine the Priority Intelligence Requirement (PIR) related to the mission.
2. Determine the Information Requirement (IR)
3. Determine the Indicators.
4. Determine the Specific Information Requirement
5. Formulate the Specific Order or Request (SOR)
6. Select collection agencies
7. Supervise the collection effort thru staff visits, review of records/reports, and inspection to ensure productive and timely
collection of information.

PHASES OF INTELLIGENCE CYCLE


- Intelligence cycle starts with a Mission usually generated by the commander to express his desired task and objective in
conformity with the objective of higher headquarters. After the commander determines his desired mission, it will now
pass thru the Directing Phase.
1. DIRECTING PHASE
2. COLLECTION PHASE
3. PROCESSING PHASE
4. DISSEMINATION AND USE

DIRECTING PHASE
- The staff now will determine the broad and specific objectives for planning and converting it into priority intelligence
requirement (PIR) on the indicators and determine and direct the units concerned about the mission.

COLLECTION PHASE
- It will be done by different intelligence units and agencies concerned. Information will be collected either open source
(90%) or clandestine operations (10%). If clandestine operation will be employed we used special agents to gather
information.

COLLECTION PLANNING
- This is a continuous processes which ultimately coordinate and integrate the effort of all collection units and agencies.

COLLECTION AGENCY
- any individual or organization which exploits a source to collect and/or process information.

PROCESSING PHASE
- after gathering the information and available data this will now enter into processing phase. The information will be process
at the production staff. They will record, evaluate and analyze (REA) the data. The analysis of data will passed thru the
process of integration, deduction and assessment (IDA).

DISSEMINATION AND USE


- after the information undergo the processing phase, it will now be release for dissemination and use in the form of
intelligence report that can be used by the commander or troops in the field the dissemination must be timely and usable.
In every phase of intelligence cycle. there must be planning and supervision.

SOURCES CATEGORY OF INFORMATION


1. SOURCE
2. INFORMATION

SOURCE
- it is a person, thing or activity from which information originated.

INFORMATION
- It consist of fact, statistics, observation, report, trends, maps and other data used in the production of intelligence.

2 GENERAL CLASSIFICATION OF SOURCES


1. Open
2. Close

OPEN SOURCES (90%)


- Includes information taken from:
a. Enemy activity
b. POW
c. Civilians
d. Captured documents
e. Maps
f. Weather forecast, study , researches and report
g. Agencies concerned
CLOSE SOURCES
- (10%) (Clandestine / special operations)
Includes information taken from:
a. Surveillance
b. Casing
c. Elicitation
d. Surreptitious Entry
e. Employment of technical means
f. Tactical interrogation
g. Observation and deception

OTHER SOURCES OF INFORMATION


1. Routine Patrol
2. Criminal Investigation
3. Use of Information
4. Checkpoints
5. Police public relation activities
6. Cordon and search
7. Interrogation
8. Search and seizures
9. Coordination with law enforcement agencies
10. Inmates of various city jails, national penitentiary, military stockade.

GENERAL CATEGORY OF INFORMATION


1. Open source
2. Criminal record
3. Processed intelligence

TERRORIST/CRIMINAL PERSONAL INTERVIEW


1. Personal friends and acquaintances
2. Immediate family members
3. Neighbors
4. Friends and associates
5. Enemies
6. Teachers
7. Employers and fellow workers
8. Former employer
9. Physician

TERRORIST/CRIMINAL RECORD REVIEW


1. Police and prison records
2. Court records
3. Motor vehicle records
4. Military records
5. Employment records
6. National Police and intelligence service
7. Press and media files
8. Post Office
9. Hospitals/ mental institutions
10. Customs and border patrol
11. School/ colleges
12. Religious/ political/ social organizations
13. Business and professional trade organization

BUILDINGS/FACILITIES INFORMATION SOURCES


1. Maps and photos
2. Aerial over flight/ photos
3. Police
4. Fire department
5. Area resident merchants
6. Postman
7. Utility companies
8. Sanitation Department
BUILDINGS/FACILITIES PERSONAL INTERVIEW
1. Building owner/ building manager
2. Tenants/ occupants
3. Planning commission
4. Architect
5. Construction contractor

BUILDINGS/FACILITIES INFORMATION SOURCES


1. Interior design
2. Fire department
3. Police Department
4. Utility company
COMMON SOURCES
1. Enemy Activities
2. Captured/ surrenders EN
3. Civilians
4. Recovered Friendly personnel
5. Captured/ recovered enemy documents
6. Enemy material
7. Enemy electromagnetic emission
8. Enemy weapon effects
9. Imagery & ground surveillance report
10. maps
11. Weather forecast, studies and report

ENEMY ACTIVITY
- it provides valuable operational data or information that provides vulnerable operation. Information in En activities:
a. Capability - strength
b. Course of activities

CAPTURED/SURRENDERED ENEMY
- information that can be of immediate tactical value and assessment of the effects of the friendly psychological operation.
This can be gathered thru:
a. Tactical interrogation
b. Interview
c. Elicitation

INTERVIEW
- is a form of direct interrogation used to extract information to an individual by questioning.
ELICITATION
- information of value is obtained thru the process of directed communication in which one or more parties involved is
unaware of the specific purpose of conversation.

CIVILIAN
- local inhabitants, refugees, evacuees. Tourist, displaced person.

RECOVERED FRIENDLY PERSONNEL


- are personnel captured by EN but either released or escaped from EN.

CAPTUREED ENEMY DOCUMENTS


- all classes of documents like maps, letter, propaganda materials which contents have tactical value and which is important
in the analysis and evaluation of EN activities and capabilities. It should always be analyze as to their contents &
relationship to current situation.

EN DOCUMENTS
- provides technical information that can relate the capability and vulnerability of the EN.

EN ELECTROMAGNETIC MISSION
- Provides information on EN plans and orders, unit identification, location and other related data. It is collected thru
interruption in the air.

EN WEAPONS EFFECTS
- refers to effects and signature of EN weapons like bullet marks, bombs shell fragments.

IMAGERY & GROUND SURVEILLANCE REPORT


- information gathered thru aerial photography, satellite, photographs and electronic coverage.

MAP
- information of the terrain, location and population density which have tactical value during the conduct of tactical
operation.

WEATHER FORECAST/STUDIES & REPORTS


- information regarding weather condition which have immediate value during combat operation.

CLASSIFICATION OF SOURCES OF INFORMATION


1. ACCORDING TO TYPE
2. ACCORDING TO AVAILABILITY
3. ACCORDING TO OCCURENCE

ACCORDING TO TYPE
1. Primary Source
2. Secondary source

PRIMARY SOURCE
- obtained directly from its origin without any alteration by any agency or individual.

SECONDARY SOURCE
- obtained on partially evaluated or elaborated by an immediate agency.

ACCORDING TO AVAILABILITY
1. Open source
2. Confidential or clandestine

OPEN SOURCE
- information is available in open source. The foreign concern makes no effort to conceal the information (90% available)

CONFIDENTIAL OR CLANDESTINE
- information obtained without the knowledge of the concern party or against its will.
ACCORDING TO OCCURRENCE
1. Regular
2. Occasional

REGULAR
- sources that provides information at given period or interval

OCCASIONAL
- provides periodic information or a onetime source.

DOCUMENT SECURITY
- It is an aspect of counter intelligence security measures undertaken by the government in order to prevent unauthorized
disclosure of classified information and providing the roles and regulation governing security classified matters in
government services.

SECURITY CLEARANCES
- a certification issued responsible authority that the person described is cleared to have access on classified matters at
appropriate levels.

COLOR OF TOP SECRET


- GREEN

COLOR OF SECRET
- RED

COLOR OF CONFIDENTIAL
- BLUE

COLOR OF RESTRICTED
- BLACK

INFORMATION ACCURACY/ SOURCES RELIABILITY


A. Completely Reliable 1. Confirmed by other sources
B. Usually reliable 2. Probably True
C. Fairly reliable 3. Possible True
D. Not usually reliable 4. Doubtfully True
E. Unreliable 5. Improbable
F. Reliability can't be judge 6. Truth can't be judged

CODES FOR SOURCES OF INFORMATION


T - Direct observation of commander
U - Report of agent
V -Own troop/ element
W- Tactical interrogation
X - Government personnel
Y - Open source/ Populace
Z - Document

CODING
A - Illegal gambling
B - Drug/ Narcotic trafficking
C - Kidnapping
D - Rebellion/ Insurgency
E - Gun Running
F - Bank/ armored van robbery
G - Car napping
H - White slavery/ prostitution
I - Extortion/ abuse of authority
J - Index crime
K - Other syndicated crime activities
L - other criminal activities

PERSONNEL SECURITY INVESTIGATION


- It is an inquiry into the background of an individual particularly with respect to his morality, integrity, loyalty, discretion,
character and reputation.

FACTORS IN CONDUCT OF PSI


1. Morality - ethical value of individual
2. Integrity - uprightness
3. Loyalty - if you work for a man in heavens name
4. Discretion - ready to decide
5. Character - treat of individual
6. Reputation - summary of all treats of individual
- Issuance of clearance and practice of need to know basis. It includes all security measures designed to prevent unsuitable
individual with doubtful loyalty to the Philippine government

PURPOSE OF PERSONNEL SECURITY INVESTIGATION


- It is to prevent unsuitable individual with doubtful loyalty to the government from
1. gaining access to classified matters or security facilities
2. Prevent employment/appointment of such individual
3. To protect our personnel from hostile activities of the opposition

EXAMPLES OF SECURITY FACILITIES


1. Warehouse
2. Jail
3. Supply Room
4. Power house
5. Building installation
EXAMPLES OF HOSTILE ACTIVITY
1. Bombing
2. Sabotage
3. Espionage

3 BASIC OBJECIVES OF PSI


1. To develop the necessary and proper security discipline among applicants in the government service as well as to protect
and preserved the security interest of the Philippine Government.
2. To inculcate the desirable security attitudes and habit among applicants and employees in the government as well as to
promote the efficiency of service.
3. Personnel shall undergo security orientation, indoctrination and education.

4 TYPES OF PERSONNEL SECURITY INVESTIGATION


1. LAC - Local Agency Check
2. NAC - National agency check
3. PBI - Partial background investigation
4. CDI - Complete background investigation

LAC - Local Agency Check


1. Local clearance police
2. Barangay clearance
3. MTC/ MCTC
4. RTC
5. Counter intelligence unit clearance

NAC - National agency check


1. CIDG
2. ISAFP
3. NICA
4. NBI
5. DOJ
6. PDEA
7. DI
8. Intel files of four major service command

PBI - Partial background investigation


- it is an inquiry of life history of subject person. It includes the ff:
1. NAC
2. Contact or references and former employer of individual

CDI - Complete background investigation


- is a complete inquiry of all important aspect of an individual life history. . It includes the ff:
1. Combination of LAC and NAC
2. DOB/POB
3. Citizenship an status
4. Employment
a. Verify the inclusive date of employment
b. Employer
c. Name of office
d. Highest monthly salary
e. Reason for termination
5. Police record
a. Report or record of arrest
b. Finding cases of conviction for any violation
c. Credit record
d. Refuse insurance
e. Fidelity bond
6. Travel
a. Check the reason for travel
b. Foreign country visited
c. Date, length of stay and its purpose
7. Organization
a. Membership in socio-cultural groups
b. Political membership
8. Neighborhood check
a. Check his general reputation
b. Social standing
9. Character Reference
a. Conduct interview regarding subject

PRE-REQUISITE IN THE CONDUCT OF PSI


1. Reason for investigation
2. Types if investigation desired
3. Category of classified matters, subject will have access.

WHO ARE THE PERSON SUBJECT TO PSI


1. Commissioned to regular forces
2. Application to CAD
3. Designated as Supply accountable officer (SAO)
4. Assignment / employment of military, police, civilian personnel in sensitive position where duties required to have access
to matters not higher than secret
5. Other as specified by cleaning authority

WHO ARE PERSON SUBJECT TO CBI


1. Military/PNP/ Civilian personnel whose assignment/ duty requires that they have access to top secret matter regardless of
whether the individual duty is permanent or temporary.
2. Members of the board which pass judgment upon alleged disloyalty, subversive or those constituting security risk. Aliens
who will need access to matters classified as confidential or higher.

COUNTER INTELLIGENCE MEASURES


1. DENIAL MEASURES
2. DETECTION MEASURES
3. DECEPTION MEASURES

DENIAL MEASURES
- are applied to prevent enemy from obtaining classified information about the government. Includes but not limited to:
a. Secrecy discipline (what you see, what you hear, leave it here)
b. Document security
c. Camouflage or concealment
d. Communication security
e. Censorship
f. Counter reconnaissance effort ( include alarm system to alarm when there are infiltrators)

DETECTION MEASURES
- Designed to employ or expose and neutralized enemy intelligence efforts. Includes the ff:
a. Aerial and ground reconnaissance - Prophylactic patrol
b. Investigation of personnel
c. The civilian pass system - measure to ensure pass system and definitely means of identifying civilian authorized in a
particular area
d. Challenge and password system

THE CIVILIAN PASS SYSTEM


- measure to ensure pass system and definitely means of identifying civilian authorized in a particular area

DECEPTION MEASURES
- measures designed to deceive the enemy as to our true plans and intentions.
1. Ruse
2. Dummy position
3. Fabricated information

RUSE
- simulated activity instigated to let the enemy into believing an action is going to take place when there is no actual intention
of action taking place at the area.

DUMMY POSITION
- there are utilized to deceived the enemy into believing forces are located in the position where they are actually not.

FABRICATED INFORMATION
- is a pre-plan to advance information and must be disseminated in logical and timely basis to be effective.

2 TYPES OF COUNTER INTELLIGENCE MEASURES


1. PASSIVE
2. ACTIVE

PASSIVE
- Information that conceal information from the enemy. It includes secrecy discipline . documentary security.
Communication security, movement control, censorship, concealment and camouflage.

ACTIVE
- these are activities that block the enemy's attempts to gain information or to engage in sabotage, subversion, espionage. It
includes counter-espionage, counter subversion and counter terrorism.

PHYSICAL SECURITY ALSO INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING MEASURES


1. SCOPE OF PHYSICAL SECURITY
a. Personnel security investigation
b. Complaint type investigation
2. SECURITY SERVICES
a. Security survey
b. Security inspection
c. Security education and training
d. Censorship
3. SPECIAL OPERATION
a. counter-espionage
b. counter subversion
c. counter terrorism.
d. Counter sabotage

SCOPE OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES


1. Actual inspection
2. Physical barrier
3. Secrecy discipline
4. Security of troop movements
5. Special safeguarding of classified information & equipment
6. Systematic registration of civilian
7. Implementation of curfew hours
8. Surveillance of suspected individuals
9. Issuance of visitors tag
10. Issuance of passes and permits

COMBAT INTELLIGENCE/ PRINCIPLES OF TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE PROCESS


1. POPULATION ANALYSIS
2. TERRAIN ANALYSIS

POPULATION ANALYSIS
1. POPULATION
2. FLEXIBILITY
3. POLITICAL CONSTRAINT
4. SPECIFIC DATA
5. HISTORICAL INFORMATION

POPULATION
1. Population is the most important dimension of the insurgency battle field; in fact it is the battle field. To win the hearts &
minds of the people.
2. It is the so called the hearts & minds of the insurgents.
3. To whom the population support belongs victory
4. From the perspective of the key terrain of the geography, the population represents the critical node.
5. Population is the insurgent weapon system
6. The mind counts are more important than the body counts
7. Insurgency is civil military problem & therefore demands civil-military solution.

FLEXIBILITY
1. It require various military operations within a variety of environment.
2. Intelligence should be in support of all intelligence unit.

POLITICAL CONSTRAINT
1. There are many rules in the counter insurgency than any battle fields
2. It is sometimes frustrating to the military and police units
3. The interpretation of this rule by authorities should have prior evaluation
4. Political intervention
5. Political support

SPECIFIC DATA
- This means that the intelligence officer must know the detailed and specific data to be collected about the people in the
target area.

HISTORICAL INFORMATION
1. Information collected in insurgency situation rarely becomes obsolete.
2. Retrieval of information & incidents that happened years ago may be required at any time for the purpose of analysis
3. Date line of events, terrain feature becomes important especially in terrain analysis
4. The concept of time element is very important in a insurgency situation.

TERRAIN ANALYSIS
- it concern with the aspects of terrain that can affect the actual combat operation
- FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED
1. Vegetation
2. Surface material
3. Surface drainage
4. Surface configuration
5. Obstacle
6. Transportation routes
7. Bridge
8. Ground water
9. Concealment spies
10. Built up areas

GENERALLY, TERRAIN IS ALWAYS ANALYZED IN TERMS OF MILITARY ASPECTS


MILITARY ASPECTS:
1. Observation of fire
2. Cover and concealment
3. Obstacles
4. Avenues of approach

WEATHER ANALYSIS
- It concerns with the effects of weather and climate during tactical combat operation
Factors to be considered:
1. Temperature
2. Humidity
3. Intelligence visibility
4. Surface wounds
5. Precipitation
6. Snow & ice cover
7. Winds
8. Cloud data
9. Light data
10. Severe weather data
11. Fogs
12. hydrology

ANALYSIS OF THE AREA OF OPERATION/BATTLE FIELD AREA OF EVALUATION\


1. AREA OF OPERATION
2. AREA OF INTEREST
3. AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY

AREA OF OPERATION
- portion of an area of conflict covered active military police cooperation

AREA OF INTEREST
- area concern to the commander including area of open, area adjacent there to and extending to enemy to the objectives of
current and planned operation. This area also occupied by enemy forces which could jeopardize accomplishment of the
mission.

AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY
- this includes the study of enemy threat in terms of operational capacity the way they fight during the encounter and
complete consideration of the enemy Orbat factors such as: composition, disposition, tactics, training, logistics, combat
efficiency, effectiveness, personalities, technical data and miscellaneous.
TYPES OF ENEMY CAPABILITIES
1. Attack
2. Defend
3. Re-enforce
4. Retrograde

CONCEPTS IN ANALYZING EN THREAT


1. Mobility capabilities
2. Disposition of En forces
3. Distance of battle area
4. Characteristics of the terrain
5. Deployment of forces

COLLECTION MANAGEMENT PROCESS (CMP)

NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE
- It is the integrated product of intelligence developed by all government branches, departments concerning the board aspect
of national interest and policies.

DEPARTMENT INTELLIGENCE
- It is the integrated product of intelligence develop by agencies or any department of the government in order to execute its
mission and discharge of responsibility.

MILITARY INTELLIGENCE
- It is the intelligence used un preparation and execution of military plans policies or programs.

DISSEMINATION
- it is the timely conveyance of information and or intelligence in an appropriate form and by any suitable means to those
who need it.

CONVEYANCE
- The delivery of information to one point to another.

MEANS
- It is the personal contact, radiographic means and postal courier.

HOW THE DISSEMINATION MEANS IS DONE:


1. Personal contact
2. Oral report
3. Briefing
4. Intelligence estimate
5. Analysis of area of operation
6. Written report

COMMON TYPES OF DISSEMINATION MEANS:


1. INTELLIGENCE REPORT (INTREP)
2. INTELLIGENCE SUMMARY (INTSUM)
3. PERIODIC INTELLIGENCE REPORT (PERINTELREP
4. DAILY INTELLIGENCE REPORT
5. TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE REPORT
6. IMAGERY INTERPRETATION REPORT
7. DOCUMENT ANALYSIS REPORT
8. TECHNICAL INTELLIGENCE REPORT
9. ORBAT HANDOUT
10. WEATHER AND CLIMATE SUMMARIES
11. INTELLIGENCE JOURNAL
12. INTELLIGENCE WORKSHEET/WORKBOOK
13. SITMAP
14. SITUATION REPORT
15. SPOT REPORT
16. INTELLIGENCE ANNEX
17. INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATE

INTELLIGENCE REPORT (INTREP)


- Covers activities of incident as obtained. This is a standard report which is disseminated as required basis and is prepared
when facts influencing every capabilities have been observed or when a change in enemy capabilities has occurred.

INTELLIGENCE SUMMARY (INTSUM)


- Covering a general of specification in a particular area of operation. More on composition on development within the
intelligence sectors covering the area of operation. It is also a brief summary of intelligence which is gathered over specific
period of time as stated in the SOP. It provides the summary of the enemy situation. Outlines enemy operation and
capabilities and weather and terrain characteristics.

PERIODIC INTELLIGENCE REPORT (PERINTELREP)


- Covers incidents which occurred normally within a specified period of time.

DAILY INTELLIGENCE REPORT (DIR)


- Covers incidents which transpired in the area of responsibility within 24 hours.

TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE REPORT (TIR)


- Those information acquired thru interrogation of suspects which of tactical value.

IMAGERY INTERPRETATION REPORT


- Information and intelligence is acquired thru aerial photography.

DOCUMENT ANALYSIS REPORT (DOCUMENT EXPLOITATION REPORT)


- It is conducted to determine the context and content of document which are of tactical value which will help in the analysis
and production of intelligence.

TECHNICAL INTELLIGENCE REPORT


- Those acquired thru technical ways such as the use of bugging, eavesdropping, video coverage.

ORBAT HANDOUT
- Refers to the detailed Oder of Battle of the enemy forces.

WEATHER AND CLIMATE SUMMARIES


- Refers to weather and climate reports over a period of time.

INTELLIGENCE JOURNAL
- Chronological log of intelligence activities (24) hours. Index of report / messages of important event received.

INTELLIGENCE WORKSHEET/WORKBOOK
- Aids the sorting, evaluation and interpretation of information and in the preparation of intelligence report.

SITMAP
- Current disposition of major activities of the enemy.

SITUATION REPORT
- Used to report information about tactical situation or admin information that may affect tactical situation of higher
authority.

SPOT REPORT
- One time report use at all levels of command to transmit Intelligence of information of immediate value. It contents
the 4W and 1H. It is given the most expeditious means of transmission consistent with the required security.

INTELLIGENCE ANNEX
- It is a formal tasking document that may accompany an OPLAN or OPORD.

INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATE
- Logical and orderly examination of intelligence factors affecting mission accomplishment. It determines the course of
action open to enemy or potential enemy and if possible, the probable order of their adoption. It is the basis for planning
operation and for disseminating intelligence assets.