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AMA COMPUTER COLLEGE – BIÑAN CAMPUS

Senior High School Department


Km 32 National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna
02-475-22-92

LEARNING CONTENT: ATMOSPHERE SCORE:

NAME: __________________________________________________ DATE: ___________________________________


GRADE AND STRAND: ________________________________ TEACHER: MR. KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN

Learning Module Part 1


The Polluted City
DIRECTIONS: Read the selection carefully and analyse the table. Answer the questions that follow.

GUIDE QUESTIONS:

1. Among the pollutants given, which do you


think is responsible for global warming?
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________

2. What is the effect of this to human health?


___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________

3. What measures can you suggest to lessen


Pollutants Human Cause Health Effects
the negative effects on people?
___________________________________
Carbon Transportation, Headache, ___________________________________
Monoxide Industry dizziness, ___________________________________
decreased
energy, heart 4. What would happen if global warming were
to continue?
attack, death ___________________________________
Sulfur Oxides Home, Respiratory ___________________________________
Business, failure, asthma, ___________________________________
Power plants, emphysema,
Industry bronchitis 5. Which among the health effects listed in the
table are experienced by members of your
Nitrogen Transportation, Irritation of
family?
Oxides Home, Power lungs, Bronchitis ___________________________________
plant ___________________________________
Hydrocarbons Transportation Unknown ___________________________________
Particulates Home, Irritation of
Industry, respiratory 6. What information will you give them to
explain the reason for the occurrence of
Power plant system, cancer these health hazards?
Photochemical Transportation, Respiratory ___________________________________
Oxidants Home, irritation, eye ___________________________________
Industry, irritation, ___________________________________
power plant emphysema

KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN G11-EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCES


Assistant Instructor First Semester 2018
AMA COMPUTER COLLEGE – BIÑAN CAMPUS
Senior High School Department
Km 32 National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna
02-475-22-92

LEARNING CONTENT: ORIGIN AND STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH SCORE:

NAME: __________________________________________________ DATE: ___________________________________


GRADE AND STRAND: ________________________________ TEACHER: MR. KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN
Learning Module Part 2
Word Parts
DIRECTIONS: Below are words that have been divided into parts. Find the pieces that fit together
and write them in the answer area below

is one perature car

glo dam bal oz

car tem de sue

age fur bon tos

plete magne sul phere

KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN G11-EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCES


Assistant Instructor First Semester 2018
AMA COMPUTER COLLEGE – BIÑAN CAMPUS
Senior High School Department
Km 32 National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna
02-475-22-92

LEARNING CONTENT: ORIGIN AND STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH SCORE:

NAME: __________________________________________________ DATE: ___________________________________


GRADE AND STRAND: ________________________________ TEACHER: MR. KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN

Learning Module Part 3


Word Watch - Word Match
DIRECTIONS: Match the definitions on column A with the vocabulary words on column B.

A B

__1. Oxygen in the form of


molecules with three atoms.
A. Extinct
__2. The natural environment of a plant or
animal. B. Pollution
C. Ozone
__3. Contaminating materials that pollutes. D. Endangered Species
__4. The continuous modification and E. Greenhouse Effect
adaptation of organisms to their F. Conservation
environments through selection, G. Biosphere
hybridization and the like.
H. Smog
__5. A species of plant or animal that is in I. Habitat
danger of becoming extinct. J. Atmosphere
__6. A haze caused by the effect of sunlight K. Insecticide
in a foggy air that has been polluted by L. Troposphere
vehicle exhaust gases and industrial M. Fog
smoke.
N. Pollutants
__7. The mass of gases surrounding the O. Carbon Monoxide
earth or any other celestial body.
P. Hazardous Waste
__8. A substance used to killinsects. Q. Acid Rain
R. Thermal Inversion
__9. The warming trend on the surface and
S. Niche
in the lower atmosphere of a planet,
held by scientists to occur when solar T. Environment
radiation is trapped. U. Extinct Species
V. Pesticides
__10. No longer existing, as an animal
species. W. Fertilizers
X. Ultraviolet Rays
__11. The part of the earth and its
atmosphere in which living organisms
Y. Gamma Rays
can exist. Z. Phenomenon

__12. The act of preserving and protecting


from loss, destruction, or waste.

KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN G11-EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCES


Assistant Instructor First Semester 2018
AMA COMPUTER COLLEGE – BIÑAN CAMPUS
Senior High School Department
Km 32 National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna
02-475-22-92

LEARNING CONTENT: ORIGIN AND STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH SCORE:

NAME: __________________________________________________ DATE: ___________________________________


GRADE AND STRAND: ________________________________ TEACHER: MR. KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN

Learning Module Part 4


The Greenhouse Effect
DIRECTIONS:Read the selection carefully. Then answer the questions that follow.

Have you experienced getting inside a closed car that’s been parked in the sun for a few hours? Maybe you perspire so
much because of the heat. The radiant energy of the sun heats the air inside the car, making it much warmer inside than the air
outside. The glass of the car windows keeps much of that heat trapped inside.
Similarly, gases in the atmosphere trap much of the radiant energy from the sun that reaches the
surface of the earth. All the things on earth absorb sun’s energy. These warm objects radiate
heat energy back into space. However, the atmosphere prevents a good part of this heat
from escaping back into space. This process of heat retention by atmospheric gases is
called the GREENHOUSE EFFECT. Without the greenhouse effect, all of the sun’s
energy would be radiated back into the space, and the earth would be too old for living
things to survive and evolve. Gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect are called
greenhouse gases and include carbon dioxide.

Human activities release large amounts of carbon dioxide to the


atmosphere every year. Some of these activities include burning gasoline, burning of trees, leaves,
woods and wastes, power plants, burning coals, and burning of forests to clear land. Steadily,
there is an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. AS a result, more heat
energy is trapped by the carbon dioxide and other gases. It could cause the earth to warm. This
warming could change climate worldwide. How rapidly this GLOBAL WARMING might
occur is unknown, but a rise in air temperature of 20C to4 0C over the next 50 years is predicted.

GUIDE QUESTIONS:

1. What is greenhouse effect?


________________________________________________________________________________

2. Is greenhouse an effect of a natural phenomenon? Why is this so?


________________________________________________________________________________

3. Which gas is responsible for the greenhouse effect?


________________________________________________________________________________

4. What activities could contribute to the increase of this gas in the atmosphere?
________________________________________________________________________________

5. What is the effect of too much of this gas in the atmosphere?


________________________________________________________________________________

6. What could be done to decrease the amount of this gas in the atmosphere?
________________________________________________________________________________

KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN G11-EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCES


Assistant Instructor First Semester 2018
AMA COMPUTER COLLEGE – BIÑAN CAMPUS
Senior High School Department
Km 32 National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna
02-475-22-92

LEARNING CONTENT: ORIGIN AND STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH SCORE:

NAME: __________________________________________________ DATE: ___________________________________


GRADE AND STRAND: ________________________________ TEACHER: MR. KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN

Learning Module Part 5


Layers of the Atmosphere
DIRECTIONS: Study the diagram below then answer the question that follows.

The Atmosphere

GUIDE QUESTIONS
1300 km Exosphere 1. On what layer planes fly the most?
___________________________________
___________________________________
2. Solar radiation passing through the
1000 km ionosphere strips atom and molecules of
Ionosphere 1727oC their electrons. On what layer of the
atmosphere does this happens?
___________________________________
___________________________________
80 - 90 km 3. Where re satellites placed in the
Mesosphere -93oC
atmosphere?
___________________________________
50 km ___________________________________
4. In what layer do weather disturbances
Stratosphere 60 to 90oC
occur?
17 km
___________________________________
Troposphere 17 to -52 ___________________________________
o
C
5. In what layer can most of the ozone gases
LAYER CHARACTERISTICS be found?
The most dense part of the atmosphere. Almost all weather ___________________________________
can be found in this layer. The tropopause separates the ___________________________________
Troposphere troposphere from stratosphere. It is also referred as the lower 6. What is the importance of ionosphere?
atmosphere. Temperature is from 17 to -52 oC. ___________________________________
This layer is dry and less dense. Characterized by slight ___________________________________
temperature increase from 60 to 90 oC. It contains most of the 7. Why is there a rapid increase in
ozone which absorbs ultraviolet radiation. The temperature in the ionosphere?
Stratosphere stratopauseseparates it from the mesosphere. Generally ___________________________________
weather does not occur here. This is where jet and aircrafts ___________________________________
can fly. 8. Why is troposphere considered as the
The temperature in this region is as low as densest part of the atmosphere?
-93 oC. The molecules in this layer are very excited as they ___________________________________
Mesosphere absorb energy from the sun. This layer is the coldest region ___________________________________
of the atmosphere. Known as the middle atmosphere. 9. What do you think is the importance of the
atmosphere?
This layer reflects electromagnetic waves from the sun
towards the earth which is useful in transmission of ___________________________________
radiowaves for communication. Due to sun’s energy ___________________________________
Ionosphere
temperature goes up to 10. How do you think earth will change if
1727 oC. Also known as the upper atmosphere. suddenly atmosphere disappeared?
___________________________________
It is the outermost layer of the atmosphere.
Exosphere ___________________________________
Light gases escape here to outer space.
KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN G11-EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCES
Assistant Instructor First Semester 2018
AMA COMPUTER COLLEGE – BIÑAN CAMPUS
Senior High School Department
Km 32 National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna
02-475-22-92

LEARNING CONTENT: ORIGIN AND STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH SCORE:

NAME: __________________________________________________ DATE: ___________________________________


GRADE AND STRAND: ________________________________ TEACHER: MR. KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN

Learning Module Part 6


I.D. (Identification)
DIRECTIONS: Read each item carefully then choose the correct answer inside the grid.

Cirrus cloud Snow Precipitation Lightning Cold Front


Occluded Front LPA Thermometer Hurricane HPA
Water vapour Amihan Stratus Storm PAGASA
Humidity Winds Rain gauge ITCZ Climate
Dust Tropical Cyclone Psychrometer Sleet Habagat
Hail Thunder Nimbus cloud Tropical depression Barometer
Temperature Air mass Wind vane Thunderstorm Climate change
Weather Monsoon Typhoon Super typhoon Cumulus cloud

________________1. Describes the average of all


weather conditions in a particular place overmany, many
years usually decades.

________________2. Refers to the amount of water vapour


present in the atmosphere.

________________3. The process of transfer of water from the atmosphere back to the earth’s surface.

_________________4. A small scale weather system with lightning and thunder, produed by
a cumulonimbuscloud usually
producing gusty winds and heavy rain for a
shortperiod of time.

________________5. A low pressure system which


generally forms over the tropics with wind
and thunderstorm activity.

________________6. It results from the build up and discharge of electrical


energy between positively and negatively charged areas.

________________7. Northeast monsoons are known as _______.

________________8. Describes the condition of the atmosphere at a particular


time, place and date.

________________9. Also known as the rain-cloud.

________________10. The meeting place of hot and cold trade winds which can result
to rain showers that will eventually develop into typhoon.

KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN G11-EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCES


Assistant Instructor First Semester 2018
AMA COMPUTER COLLEGE – BIÑAN CAMPUS
Senior High School Department
Km 32 National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna
02-475-22-92

LEARNING CONTENT: ORIGIN AND STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH SCORE:

NAME: __________________________________________________ DATE: ___________________________________


GRADE AND STRAND: ________________________________ TEACHER: MR. KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN

Learning Module Part 7


Let’s Read!
DIRECTIONS: Below is a selection about the ozone. Read it carefully to answer the questions that follow.

OZONE: PROTECTOR AND POLLUTANT


High above the earth in the atmosphere part called the
stratosphere, is a relatively little known gas essential to life on earth.
That gas is OZONE. Each molecule of ozone is made up of three atoms
of oxygen. Ozone in the stratosphere absorbs over
99 percent of the ultra violet light that comes
from the sun. It prevents most of the
radiation from reaching the earth.
Ultraviolet rays are often welcomed because they
cause skin to tan. They are sometimes used to sterilize objects because in high
concentration, they kill bacteria. They are also needed for the process of
photosynthesis which helps plants to grow including rice, vegetables, and
fruits – thus giving human beings food to eat. However,
this radiation can also cause sunburn and skin cancer.
Because ozone in the stratosphere is essential to life, reports that a number
of human activities can destroy ozone are understandably alarming. It was
reported in 1989 that the ozone hole was already
the size of the US mainland. Dubbed as the “ozone
hole”, this was brought about by the severe depletion
of the ozone layer by the Ozone Depleting
Substances (ODS) which are man-made chemicals. These are the chlorine
compound, particularly the chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s) and the bromine
compounds called halons. In 2000, this hole reached a size of 17.6 million
square kilometres. But in 2002, the Antarctic zone decreased to 9.6 million
square kilometres. It also splits into two separate holes.
Also, Ozone is one of the ingredients of smog. A combination of smoke and fog. This hazy mixture of
gases damages people’s lungs and worsens heart diseases.

What is What is the importance What causes the What are the harmful How does smog
ozone layer? of ozone layer in the destruction of ozone effects of the affect people?
atmosphere? layer? destruction of ozone?
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KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN G11-EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCES


Assistant Instructor First Semester 2018
AMA COMPUTER COLLEGE – BIÑAN CAMPUS
Senior High School Department
Km 32 National Highway, Canlalay, Biñan, Laguna
02-475-22-92

LEARNING CONTENT: ORIGIN AND STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH SCORE:

NAME: __________________________________________________ DATE: ___________________________________


GRADE AND STRAND: ________________________________ TEACHER: MR. KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN

Learning Module Part 8


Diagram Analysis
DIRECTIONS: Analyse the diagram below then answer the questions that follow.

How much energy is


radiated by the atmosphere
and clouds?
How much energy is
What is the absorbed by the
ultimate source ______________
atmosphere alone?
of energy by
earth? _____________

______________

Which earth
component
reflects much of
the energy?

_____________ How much total energy is


How much energy is absorbed by the earth as a
reflected by the whole?
whole earth?
_____________
______________ How much energy is radiated by
the whole earth?

______________

KEVIN C. TAGUIBAN G11-EARTH AND LIFE SCIENCES


Assistant Instructor First Semester 2018