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89 views2 pagesIMO 2018_eng

Jul 15, 2018

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IMO 2018_eng

© All Rights Reserved

89 views

IMO 2018_eng

© All Rights Reserved

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Problem 1. Let Γ be the circumcircle of acute-angled triangle ABC. Points D and E lie on

segments AB and AC, respectively, such that AD = AE. The perpendicular bisectors of BD and

CE intersect the minor arcs AB and AC of Γ at points F and G, respectively. Prove that the lines

DE and F G are parallel (or are the same line).

Problem 2. Find all integers n ≥ 3 for which there exist real numbers a1 , a2 , . . . , an+2 , such that

an+1 = a1 and an+2 = a2 , and

ai ai+1 + 1 = ai+2

for i = 1, 2, . . . , n.

Problem 3. An anti-Pascal triangle is an equilateral triangular array of numbers such that, except

for the numbers in the bottom row, each number is the absolute value of the difference of the two

numbers immediately below it. For example, the following array is an anti-Pascal triangle with four

rows which contains every integer from 1 to 10.

4

2 6

5 7 1

8 3 10 9

Does there exist an anti-Pascal triangle with 2018 rows which contains every integer from 1 to

1 + 2 + · · · + 2018?

Each problem is worth 7 points

English (eng), day 2

Problem 4. A site is any point (x, y) in the plane such that x and y are both positive integers less

than or equal to 20.

Initially, each of the 400 sites is unoccupied. Amy and Ben take turns placing stones with Amy

going first. On her turn, Amy places a new red stone on an√unoccupied site such that the distance

between any two sites occupied by red stones is not equal to 5. On his turn, Ben places a new blue

stone on any unoccupied site. (A site occupied by a blue stone is allowed to be at any distance from

any other occupied site.) They stop as soon as a player cannot place a stone.

Find the greatest K such that Amy can ensure that she places at least K red stones, no matter

how Ben places his blue stones.

integer N > 1 such that, for each n ≥ N , the number

a1 a2 an−1 an

+ + ··· + +

a2 a3 an a1

is an integer. Prove that there is a positive integer M such that am = am+1 for all m ≥ M .

ABCD so that

∠XAB = ∠XCD and ∠XBC = ∠XDA.

Prove that ∠BXA + ∠DXC = 180◦ .

Each problem is worth 7 points

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