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TABLE OF PRESCRIPTIVE PERIODS (CIVIL CODE)

PRESCRIPTIVE PERIOD ARTICLE (CIVIL CODE)


30 1137, 1141
10 1134, 1142, 1144
8 1140 1
6 1145
5 1149
4 1146,2 1389 (rescissible contracts), 1391 (voidable contracts)
1 1146 in relation to PD 1755; 1147
NONE 1143, 1410 (void contracts),

Article 1134. Ownership and other real rights over immovable property are acquired by ordinary prescription through possession of ten years. (1957a)
Article 1137. Ownership and other real rights over immovables also prescribe through uninterrupted adverse possession thereof for thirty years, without need of title or
of good faith. (1959a)
Article 1140. Actions to recover movables shall prescribe eight years from the time the possession thereof is lost, unless the possessor has acquired the ownership by
prescription for a less period, according to articles 1132, and without prejudice to the provisions of articles 559, 1505, and 1133. (1962a)
Article 1141. Real actions over immovables prescribe after thirty years.
Article 1142. A mortgage action prescribes after ten years. (1964a)
Article 1143. The following rights, among others specified elsewhere in this Code, are not extinguished by prescription:
(1) To demand a right of way, regulated in article 649; (2) To bring an action to abate a public or private nuisance. (n)
Article 1144. The following actions must be brought within ten years from the time the right of action accrues:
(1) Upon a written contract; (2) Upon an obligation created by law; (3) Upon a judgment. (n)
Article 1145. The following actions must be commenced within six years:
(1) Upon an oral contract; (2) Upon a quasi-contract. (n)
Article 1146. The following actions must be instituted within four years:
(1) Upon an injury to the rights of the plaintiff; (2) Upon a quasi-delict;
However, when the action arises from or out of any act, activity, or conduct of any public officer involving the exercise of powers or authority arising from Martial
Law including the arrest, detention and/or trial of the plaintiff, the same must be brought within one (1) year. (As amended by PD No. 1755, Dec. 24, 1980.).
Article 1149. All other actions whose periods are not fixed in this Code or in other laws must be brought within five years from the time the right of action accrues. (n)
Artticle 1389. Rescissible Contracts.
Article 1391. Voidable Contracts.
Article 1410. Void Contracts.

1
See: Art. 1132; without prejudice to Arts. 559, 1505, 1133.
2
Reduced to 1 year if covered by PD 1755, 04 Dec 1980.