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# CHAPTER 7 HEAT

SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS
7.1 Heat as a Form of Energy

1 Complete the following chart.
Heat

(a)

Sources of heat Uses of heat

(b) (g)

(c) (h)

(d) (i)

(e) (j)

(f) (k)

7.2 The Effects of Heat Flow on Matter

2 Complete the crossword puzzle below.

it _________________________. 7. 3 ______________________is the process of heat flowing through fluids such as liquids and gases. 1 5 3 6 4 2 Down 1 The flow of heat through a solid is called ____________________. 4 The heat from the Sun reaches the Earth by________________________. Across 2 When water is heated. 6 Natural convection phenomena include _____________________and land breeze. 5 Solids that do not conduct heat are called _____________________.3 Effect of Heat On Matter 3 Name each process labeled in Diagram 1. (d) (e) (c) (a) (b) Diagram 1 .

.4 Application of Expansion and Contraction of Matter 4 Complete the table by filling in the blanks. temperature] around the object. shiny] surface absorb heat better.6 The Benefits of Heat Flow 6 Fill in the blanks with suitable words. (b) The amount of heat that is absorbed by an object depends on the [type.7.  Railway track 7. (a) High building with glasses and silvery wall to _______________ heat. size] and colour of its surface. s surface] condition of the object. (a) The ability of an object to absorb or give out heat rays depends on the [volume. Steel bridge (c) To avoid the railway tracks                                                and bend when the iron railings expand on hot days. (c) [Dark.5 Absorbing and Giving Out Heat 5 Underline the correct word in the brackets so that each sentence becomes a correct statement. white] and [dull. (b) People live in hot climate like to wear light-coloured clothing to ____________ heat absorption. (d) The amount of heat absorbed also depends on the [density. Situation Explanation (a) Hung loosely between poles so that the wires will not                         when they contract. 7. (c) Cooling fins of refrigerator are painted black to ________________ heat easily. Overhead cables (b) Rollers in steel bridges allow bridge to                               easily when  being heated.

OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS 7. Glass rod Metal  Metal  ball B ball A Boiling water (100O C) Diagram 1 Each ball is transferred into separate beaker containing 50 cm3 of water at 30OC. PQ RS T Heat Diagram 2 Which of the following thumbtacks will fall off first when the rod is heated? A P C Q B R D S 4 Which of the following are heat insulators? A Lead. rubber and wood D Rubber. Q. silver and rubber C Mercury. wood and polystyrene . S and T that are stuck on a copper rod using candle wax.2 The Effects of Heat Flow on Matter 3 Diagram 2 shows 5 thumbtacks labelled P.1 Heat as a Form of Energy 1 Which of the following is true regarding heat? A A form of energy B It cannot do work C It is measured in degree Celsius D The degree of hotness or coldness of a body 2 Diagram 1 shows two metal balls A and B being heated in water. Which of the following is true about this experiment? A Metal ball B expands more than metal ball A B Water in both beakers have the same temperature C The water with metal ball B has higher temperature than A D Metal ball B has lower contents of heat compare to metal ball A 7. R. iron and zinc B Wool.

I II III Diagram 4 Which of the following is true to represent process I.3 Effect of Heat on Matter 6 Which of the following is true about evaporation? A Evaporation is a fast process B Heat is released during evaporation C Evaporation takes place on solid surface D Evaporation takes place at any temperature 7 Diagram 4 shows changes in the states of water. II and III? I II III A Freezing Boiling Sublimation B Melting Boiling Condensation C Melting Evaporation Sublimation D Boiling Sublimation Melting .5 Diagram 3 shows a phenomenon. Diagram 3 Which of the following is correct about the phenomenon? A Hot air above the land rises B Land becomes colder than the sea C Cool air from sea moves to the land D The phenomenon is called sea breezes 7.

REVISION 1 In hot countries. Small Water pieces of paper Diagram 2 Which of the following shows the direction of movement for the pieces of paper when beaker is heated? A C B D . liquid and gas 4 Diagram 2 shows a set-up of an experiment. white or bright clothing are appropriate to be worn so that A heat can spread B heat can be reflected C heat can be absorbed D heat can be scattered 2 Diagram 1 shows a metal ball that cannot pass through the metal ring after heating. Diagram 1 Which of the following statements is true about the particles in the metal ball? A The mass of particles increased B The particles of the metal ball expanded C Distance between the particles increased D Distance between the particles decreased 3 Which of the following statements does not involve convection? A Hot air moves upwards B The movement of air in a room C The movement of air in a refrigerator D Heat convection occurs in solid.

Temperature (OC) Temperature Type of surface O decrease ( C) Initial Final  (i) Black paint 85 64 (ii) Aluminium  85 75      paint Table 3. Constant variable : ________________________________________ Manipulated variable : _______________________________________ Responding variable : _________________________________________ (c) The results collected after 20 minutes are shown in Table 3. Thermometer Hot Aluminium Black  water paint paint Surface asbestos Diagram 3 (a) State the hypothesis of this experiment.1.1 (d) Why did the temperature decrease? ________________________________________________________ (e) What conclusion can one make from this experiment? ________________________________________________________ (f) Why is the tank of a tanker lorry painted with shinny aluminium colour? ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ . Complete the table below.5 Diagram 3 shows a set-up of an experiment. ___________________________________________________________ (b) State the variables in this experiment.