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Washington Extreme Sewage Treatment Plant Upgrade

Daniel Farley, Melissa Gloekler, Lukas Goerigk, Adam Moskal
Faculty Advisor: Dr. Nancy Kinner

Acknowledgements Background Information ESTP Design Constraints

Client: Michael Pelchat State Park Area: 60 acres Low Visual Impact: Requires a small footprint
NHDES Advisor: Kenneth Kessler Visitors: 600,000 Annually (May to October) Nutrient Removal: Total suspended solids, organic carbon & nitrogen
Reference Report Provided by: Underwood Engineers Transportation to the Summit: Auto Road, Cog Railway & hiking trails Extreme Weather: Accessible in winter & summer conditions
Designer of Extreme Sewage Treatment Plant (ESTP) : Lifewater Engineering Funded Solely by: Sales of merchandise, concessions, radio operation Limited Historical Data: Created challenges when modeling the plant

Contaminant Type Influent Effluent Permit

(mg/L) (mg/L) Requirements

BOD5 450 5.2 <10 mg/L

Nitrogen (TKN) 180 48

Nitrate-Nitrogen (NO3-N) 17 < 10 mg/L

Location of Mt. Washington in Ammonia-Nitrogen (NH3-N) 28 < 10 mg/L

Sargent’s Purchase, NH

Existing Treatment Plant Schematic 1. Flow Variation 2. Insufficient Aeration

Annual Influent Flow
Parameters Existing Design Aeration
Flow (gpd) 3,000

2,000 Average (cfm) 125 207 82

Maximum (cfm) 125 383 258
Jan-15 Mar-15 May-15 Jun-15 Aug-15 Oct-15

Critical Plant Challenges 3. Intermittent Hydraulics 4. “After the Fact” Chemical Addition
 Daily Influent Flow: Occurs over 8 hour period
1. Flow Variation 2. Insufficient Aeration  Flooding Occurs within: The anoxic & aeration tanks Organic Carbon + Nitrate  N2 gas
3. Intermittent Hydraulics 4. “After the Fact” Chemical Addition  Lower Efficiency: Flooding decreases retention time such
that fewer nutrients can be removed Ammonia + Oxygen  Nitrate + Acid

Short-Term Pilot Study: Summer 2016 (Proposed) Long-Term Plant Enhancements

RETENTATE RECYCLE Improve Aeration Alkalinity & Carbon Source Increase Sampling Frequency Establish BOD:COD Ratio
 Change location of  Furnish system with  Knowing the water  Organic carbon (BOD)
aeration input to automated monitoring characteristics allows removal is essential for
aeration tank only more accurate modeling nitrification
and adjustment system
 BOD5 testing is done off-
 Increase capacity by to proactively balance  Promotes early site
installing a new blower water chemistry identification of
 COD is an on-site
 Replace diffusers to  Addition of food sources inhibitory conditions surrogate for BOD5
increase oxygen transfer will optimize  Facilitate the transition  Ratio is critical for ESTP
Equalization Tank: Dampen flow variation and increase cell residence time efficiency and mitigate denitrification and for future modifications operability and
Internal Recycle: Maintain biomass and increase retention time in the system clogging nitrification processes and upgrades performance
Attention to Sampling: Increase the frequency, consistency, and location