SUMMER TRAINING REPORT

A SUMMER TRANING REPORT Submitted in partial fulfillment of requirement for awarding degree in Bachelor of Computer Applications By Archit

Under the guidance of

MR. JADISH GUPTA C.E.O. K.G. Softwares and Services Tri Nagar, Delhi

Submitted byArchit Gupta (BCA semV)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
For any research project to be undertaken there has to be certain amount of inputs. Among all, the inspiration, motivation, creativity and innovative thinking matter the most. I am fortunate enough indeed that i have got all these inputs from K.G. Softwares and Services. Thisreport was completed under the esteemed guidance of Mr. Jagdish Gupta, C.E.O. of K.G. Softwares and Services,. I express my profound thanks to Mr. Jagdish Guptafor his valuable help and guidance in completing the training. He guided me at every aspect of the report. His help enabled me to overcome the day to day problems on the operational front. At the same time his able and dynamic judgement ma de me successful in completing my training. I express my gratitude to my teachers for their valuable suggestions in the project. I am thankful to all the employees of the bank particularly at main branch office, who provided me all necessary infrastructures, help and support during this study.

ARCHIT GUPTA

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DECLARATION
This is to declare that this training report represents my own work except the material and information gathered from the various books that have been included in the study.

I am grateful to my coordinator and all the employees of K.G. Softwares and Services for the guidance, help and support i received during the preparation and compilation of the report.

ARCHIT GUPTA

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INTRODUCTION TO K.G. SOFTWARES & SERVICES

KG Software's & Services (KGSS) was Started in the year 1996 to provide I.T Solution to Businesses. Our Focus from the start of our operations is to provide latest technology to our customers at best price. This philosophy has helped us to have more than 5000 satisfied well known organization. To reach our customers in minimum time, we operate from two offices in Delhi (Tri Nagar and Ajmeri Gate) and one more company that is KG InfoTech. This spread helps us to respond quickly to our customers. Thus we help our customers to run business smoothly.

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CLIENTS
Corporates: Party Name MMTC LTD. RELIGARE FINVEST LTD. I.D.P. EDUCATION INDIA PVT. LTD. PERFACT COLOR DIGITAL PRINTS PVT. LTD. COMPTROLLER & AUDITOR GENERAL OF INDIA FAWN TRADE & TRAVELS LEO ISPAT LTD BRILLENT COLLEGE OF COMMERCE MISSION PMT EASTERN BEARING PVT.LTD. Contact Person ANJANA SINGH NITIN GOEL DEVENDER JAIN ASHWANI ARYA B.S.BAKSHI RAJKUMAR DEVI DAYAL JI SANDEEP JAIN KISHAN JI SURENDER GOYAL Area JHANDEWALAN NOIDA NEHRU PLACE GURGAON D.D.U.MARG NIZAMUDIN NARAINA KAROL BAGH JANAK PURI PUNJABI BAGH

Auto parts: Party Name SINGLA AUTOMOBILES G.K.MOTORS PVT.LTD. ISHWAR CHAND PRITAM CHAND & CO. UNI AUTO SALES B.K.S. MOTORS PVT.LTD. PREMIER DIESEL SPARES CHANNEL AUTO ELECTRIC PVT.LTD. GAYATRI PREM AUTO PVT. LTD. A.R.B. BEARINGS LTD THREE X ELECTRONICS (INDIA) Contact Person SINGLA AUTOMOBILES INDERPREET SINGH KANWAR BHAN GOEL SHYAM KUKREJA RAMAN DEEP SINGH GIRISH AJAY GOEL NIRBHAY CHAUDHARY TOSIF VIPIN GUPTA Area MAYAPURI SHAKARPUR MOTIA KHAN KAROL BAGH KASHMERE GATE KASHMERE GATE AZAD PUR DILSHAD GARDEN UDYOG NAGAR TRI NAGAR

Industrial: Party Name IMS MERCHANTILES PVT. LTD. DIPTY LAL JUDGE MAL PVT.LTD. DIAMOND PRODUCTS LTD. KLICK INTERNATIONAL PVT.LTD. PAL ENTERPRISES DNS ELECTRONICS PVT. LTD. FLAIR PENS LTD. NAMO ALLOYS PVT. LTD. WALKLITE FOOTWEAR (INDIA) PVT. LTD. Contact Person AMIT JI JAGDISH JI RAMESH GUPTA ATUL JI P.BHATACHRYA VIKAS JI SURENDER JI RAMESH JAIN MRINAL BERI Area ROHINI UDYOG NAGAR MAYAPURI UDYOG NAGAR OKHLA GURGAON JHANDEWALAN SADAR BAZAR PUNJABI BAGH
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AJIT INDUSTRIES PVT LTD

AKASH JI

AZAD PUR

Building / Sanitary: Party Name SAPRA PAINTS PVT.LTD. MARBLE HUB TULIP INFRATECH PVT. LTD. PYRAMID TIMBERS PYRAMID TIMBERS MAHALAXMI SANITARY STORE HARI SINGH BUILDERS & PROMOTERS (P) LTD. JAIN PAINT & SANITARY STORE DARBAR PAINTS & HARDWARE GANPATI ELECTRICAL & HARDWARE STORE Contact Person MAHANDEV SAPRA DEV AGGARWAL BIMAL GUPTA ASHOK AGGARWAL ROHAN KAPOOR DEEPAK GUPTA SANJEEV CHOUHAN ABHAY JAIN P.S.KOHLI NIRMESH Area JANAKPURI KIRTI NAGAR CONNAUGHT PLACE CHATTARPUR HAUZ QUAZI KAROL BAGH KARAMPURA PITAM PURA KIRTI NAGAR TRI NAGAR

Chartered Accountants:
Party Name JAIN GOEL & SWAMY SACHIN GOEL & ASSOCIATES PANKAJ VINAY & COMPANY RAM GOPAL GUPTA ADVOCATE ASSOCIATES NEERAJ AGGARWAL & ASSOCIATES RAJENDER PAL & CO. SANJAY RAJEEV & COMPANY K.H.QUDDUSI SATISH JINDAL & ASSOCIATES S.K.AHUJA & COMPANY BANSAL SURINDER & COMPANY Contact Person S.K.JAIN SACHIN GOEL PANKAJ VINAY VINOD GUPTA Area CHAWRI BAZAR KABIR NAGAR KAROL BAGH TRI NAGAR

&

NEERAJ AGGARWAL R.P. GUPTA RAJIV JAIN K.H.QUDDUSI SATISH JINDAL S.K.AHUJA S.K.BANSAL

CHAWRI BAZAR TRI NAGAR DARYA GANJ JAMAI NAGAR TRI NAGAR FARIDABAD PRASHANT VIHAR

Accountants:
Party Name RELIABLE ACCOUNTS & SERVICES V.K.GOEL & COMPANY VIJAY ASSOCIATES GAUR ASSOCIATES AADESH JAIN JITENDER KUMAR MISHRA Contact Person COMMERCIAL R.K.AGGARWAL Area AJMERI GATE

NEERAJ GOEL VIJAY MANISH AADESH JAIN JITENDER MISHRA

TRI NAGAR LAXMI NAGAR MAYA PURI NANGLOI KUMAR SAHADARA

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KRISHAN PANDEY K.J.SAHNI & COMPANY R.K.ASSOCIATES TEJBHAN JI

KRISHAN PANDEY K.J.SAHNI RAJINDER KUMAR TEJBHAN JI

CHAWRI BAZAR SADAR BAZAR TRI NAGAR SUBHASH NAGAR

Chemicals: Party Name BHARAT SOLVENT & CHEMICALS HINDUSTAN RASAYAN PVT.LTD. SHAGUN POLYCHEM PVT.LTD. J.M. CHEMICAL CO. (REGD.) SATI DYES & CHEMICALS SANCHETI POLYMERS PVT.LTD. SWASTIC POLYVINYLE PVT.LTD. RAJNEESH CHEMICALS SWASTIC CHEMICAL CAPITAL AGENCY PVT.LTD. Contact Person ROHIT DUGAL VINAY PAL JAIN R.K.JAIN ANIL SAAHU ANIL JI AJEET SAHANI DEEPAK BANSAL RAJEEV GUPTA KAMAL JAIN VIKAS JI Area RAMA ROAD RAJENDRA PLACE KAROL BAGH TILAK BAZAR TILAK BAZAR TRI NAGAR KUNDLI TILAK BAZAR PASCHIM VIHAR LIBAS PUR

Retail Showrooms: Party Name BANSAL STORES SANGINI SAREES ABN TEXTILES PVT. LTD. BOMBAY DYEING SHOWROOM S.M.STORE FAMILYWEARS PVT.LTD. SANSKRITI BHATTER SILVER SMITH PVT.LTD. NOVALITY EMPORIUM CRAZY GIFT GALLARY BATRA NOVALITY Contact Person HARSH BANSAL AMIT JAIN NARENDER GUPTA SANJEEV GOYAL PAWAN JI LALIT JI ROSHAN JI S.K.GUPTA DEEPAK JI TARUN BATRA Area DEFENCE COLONY PITAM PURA TRI NAGAR KAROL BAGH PITAM PURA DWARKA KAROL BAGH CHANDNI CHOWK TRI NAGAR SADAR BAZAR

Cloths: Party Name KNOT FASHION STUDIO LADIES PRIDE K C GARMENTS PVT.LTD. POONAM SYNTHETICS. MANGLAM APPARELS PVT.LTD. RANI SAREES PVT.LTD. BHORUKHA ENTERPRISES PAWA FUR FABRIC PVT. LTD Contact Person ROHIT NARANG PRADEEP ARORA JITENDER KHANNA GOPAL GOEL VIMAL SINGHAL MADAN JI SHYAM GOEL V.K.PAWA Area NOIDA NAI SADAK GANDHI NAGAR CHANDNI CHOWK NOIDA CHANDNI CHOWK ROHINI GANDHI NAGAR

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ARADHANA SAREES ENTERPRISES PVT. LTD SHIV SAREE BHANDAR

V.K.PAWA BAJRANG JI

NAI SARAK MALIWARA

Electrical & Electronics: Party Name CONNECTWELL ELECTRONICS CO. Contact Person SANJAY KUMAR GOEL Area BHAGIRATH PLACE MAHIPALPUR

CINESONIC ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENTS SURESH MISRA PVT.LTD. METRO RERIGRATIONS & ELECTRONICS PRAMOD KUMAR SHAHADARA SHARMA STEAD ELECTRONICS INDUSTRIES SANDEEP BHAGIRATH PLACE GIRISH RADIO CORPORATION RAJESH CHANDNI CHOWK SNR ELECTRONICS LTD. SACHIN JI PATPARGANJ RASTRIYA ELETRICAL & ENGG.CORP. RAJEEV GOEL BHAGIRATH PLACE MARC ENTERPRISES PRAMOD JAIN BADLI INTERNATIONAL SUPPLY CO. PRAMOD JI BHAGIRATH PLACE BABLANI AIRCON PVT.LTD. PANKAJ BABLANI SHAKTI NAGAR

Jewellers: Party Name HIRA JEWELLERS ANKUR JEWELLERS MURLI JEWELLERS RAJESH GEMS & GEMS PVT.LTD. RIDHI SIDHI JEWELLERS SHREE JEE JEWELLERS H.J.CHAUHAN JEWELLERS ANARKALI JEWELLERS DIAMOND TREE ZEVER Contact Person D.K. MODI ANKUR PAWAN GOEL RAJESH BRIJ MOHAN NITIN GUPTA JITENDER RAJESH YOGESH GUPTA GHANSHYAM DASS Area CHANDNI CHOWK CHANDNI CHOWK CHANDNI CHOWK KAROL BAGH CHANDNI CHOWK CHANDNI CHOWK PITAM PURA CHANDNI CHOWK PITAM PURA PITAM PURA

Hardware: Party Name STANDARD METAL INDUSTRIES B.D.GUPTA & SONS PVT.LTD. PREMSONS HARDWARE PVT.LTD. AGGARWAL MACHINERY SPARES & TOOL Contact Person SURINDER SINGH ANAND GUPTA RAMAN JI D.C. AGGARWAL Area G.T.KARNAL ROAD JHANDELWALAN HAUZ QUAZI SHASTRI NAGAR

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PVT LTD NANDA METAL & MILLS STORES VISHNU DASS & SONS KAPADIA & PARIKH ENGINEERING CO. OM PRAKASH AGGARWAL & CO. OM PRAKASH GOYAL & SONS KEWAL SONS

SUSHIL NANDA VINOD KUMAR HIMESH JI RAJAT JI MOHAN GOYAL AKHIL GUPTA

HAUZ QUAZI AJMERI GATE HAUZ QUAZI CHAWRI BAZAR CHAWRI BAZAR HAUZ QUAZI

Hotels: Party Name J.P.RESIDENCY MANU MAHARANI HOTELS LTD OTIK HOTELS & RESORTS PVT.LTD. UNITED COFFEE HOUSE NIMRANA HOTELS PVT.LTD. UNITED WESTEND EVER BAKE (BAKERS & CONFACTIONERS) PERFACT BREAD UTS (MONAL RESORT) BIKANERWALA Contact Person KAPIL SACHDEVA MUKESH BHANAGAR HARJEET SINGH BEDI SHIBA KALRA AKASH SHAKIL H.K.BATRA VIKRAM KRISHAN GUPTA Area KAROL BAGH NOIDA RAJOURI GARDEN CONNAUGHT PLACE NIZAMUDIN PUNJABI BAGH SHALIMAR BAGH FARIDABAD CONNAUGHT PLACE CHANDNI CHOWK

Cosmetic: Party Name DRUG & PHARMACEUTICALS Contact Person GOURAV SHASHI BAXI VIKAS BABLANI ROHAN SURDANA GAURAV GOEL SUNIL MUKESH GROVER SARABJOT SINGH NEERAJ NANDA SAMEER JI Area RAMA ROAD TIS HAZARI OKHLA KAROL BAGH BHAGIRATH PLACE SADAR BAZAR KALKA JI PUNJABI BAGH SAHIBABAD LAXMI NAGAR

CYPER PVT.LTD. BAXI MEDICAL STORE R.P.L. (INDIA) PHARMACATIALS PVT.LTD. G.K.PHARMA SHREE BALAJI PHARMA SARAN SCIENTIFIC CORPN.(REGD.) APEX SURGICAL STERIMED MEDICAL DEVICES PVT.LTD. RESPOSIBLE SURGICAL GLOBAL HELTHCARE

Stationery: Party Name ALANKAR STATIONERY MART VIJ STATIONARY MART JAIN STATIONARY PRODUCTS STS PAPERS Contact Person ATUL GARG RAKESH VIJ D.K.JAIN SURJEET SAHNI Area NAI SARAK NAI SARAK NAI SARAK NAI SARAK

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BHATIA & COMPANY HARYANA TRADERS PVT.LTD. BHARAT STATIONERY UDYOG LIBERTY STATIONERS JANTA BOOK DEPOT ARORA FILE MFG. COMPANY

HARVINDER SINGH NIRDESH GUPTA RAKESH GOEL SATENDER PAL SINGH MUKESH GUPTA ARUN ARORA

CHAWRI BAZAR CHAWRI BAZAR NARELA NAI SARAK DEFENCE COLONY NARELA

Papers: Party Name SAMMAN LAL SHER SINGH PAPER PVT LTD. SHREE SWASTIC SALES CORPORATION JITENDRA & COMPANY VIKAS ENTERPRISES ANIRAJ INTERNATIONAL. JAIN PAPER AGENCY. JAGDISH PAPER MART NARAIN PAPER MART NAVKAR SALES KHURANA PAPER HOUSE Contact Person MUKUL JI SANJEEV JAIN JITENDRA RAKESH JAIN RAJEEV JI NARESH JAIN RAJ KUMAR GARG MANISH/RAJIV GARG SATISH JAIN GURVINDER SINGH Area DERAWAL NAGAR DARYA GANJ PITAM PURA CHAWRI BAZAR CHAWRI BAZAR CHAWRI BAZAR CHAWRI BAZAR CHAWRI BAZAR CHAWRI BAZAR CHAWRI BAZAR

Plastic Merchants: Party Name ASHA PRODUCTS VARDHMAN ALUMINIUM CO.PVT.LTD. UNIQUE TRADING COMPANY ASIJA BARTAN BHANDAR SANA HERBLES PVT.LTD. J.K.HOME APPLIANCES PADMAVAT PLASTIC PVT.LTD. M.S.PLASTIC GOLDEN PLASTIC INDUSTRIES SHADILAL MARKETING & COOKWARE Contact Person K.K.GUPTA R.K. JAIN NASEER JI ALESH ASIJA SHAKEEL JAMIL RAJESH KUMAR SINGH VINAY JI MOHD. ASLAM R.K.JAIN VINOD Area SHAKTI NAGAR NARELA TILAK BAZAR HARI NAGAR PATPARGANJ INDER LOK PITAM PURA SADAR BAZAR INDER LOK SADAR BAZAR

Publishers: Party Name LAXMI PUBLICATION PVT. LTD. SARASWATI HOUSE PVT. LTD. HIND POCKET BOOKS PVT.LTD. Contact Person RAJENDER GUPTA ATUL GUPTA VINAY MAHAJAN Area DARYA GANJ DARYA GANJ DARYA GANJ

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VANI PRAKASHAN P.P. PUBLICATIONS PRACHI PUBLICATION (INDIA) VENUS PUBLICATIONS RACHNA SAGAR PVT LTD NEW AGE INTERNATIONAL PVT. LTD. SOUVENIER PUBLISHERS PVT. LTD.

ARUN MAHESHWARI PRATIK GUPTA RAKESH TYAGI VIPUL JI NEERAJ GUPTA SOMYA GUPTA BHARAT BHUSHAN

DARYA GANJ RAJENDER NAGAR INDER LOK DARYA GANJ DARYA GANJ DARYA GANJ KAROG BAGH

Iron & Steel: Party Name NAMO ALLOYS PVT LTD. JAIN STEEL CORPORATION NEW STEEL TRADERS BANSAL IRON & STEEL COMPANY NAGPAL STEEL TRADERS KAPIS STEEL TRADERS STEELWAYS ENTERPRISES LAXMI STEEL TRADERS GANGA STEELS SHRI NATH IRON STORE Contact Person RAMESH JAIN RAJENDER MEHTA ASHISH GUPTA RAJ KUMAR GUPTA V.N.PANDEY SANJAY GUPTA GOPAL SHARMA PREM NARAYAN GOYAL UTTAM SUNIL JAIN Area SADAR BAZAR AJMERI GATE NARAINA ANAND PARVAT NARAINA NARAINA ANAND PARVAT SAHADARA WAZIRPUR SHASTRI NAGAR

General: Party Name KNOT FASHION STUDIO LADIES PRIDE K C GARMENTS PVT.LTD. POONAM SYNTHETICS. MANGLAM APPARELS PVT.LTD. RANI SAREES PVT.LTD. BHORUKHA ENTERPRISES PAWA FUR FABRIC PVT. LTD ARADHANA SAREES ENTERPRISES PVT. LTD SHIV SAREE BHANDAR Contact Person ROHIT NARANG PRADEEP ARORA JITENDER KHANNA GOPAL GOEL VIMAL SINGHAL MADAN JI SHYAM GOEL V.K.PAWA V.K.PAWA BAJRANG JI Area NOIDA NAI SADAK GANDHI NAGAR CHANDNI CHOWK NOIDA CHANDNI CHOWK ROHINI GANDHI NAGAR NAI SARAK MALIWARA

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SER CES OFFERE :
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Solutions Covering Computer Hardware Software Printers U.P.S., Modem, and Internet& Networking Solution. We also undertake Annual Maintenance Contract for the same. We are authorized dealer for Busywin Business Accounting Software. The Complete

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Software Services: K G Software & Services are authorized dealer for Busywin The Complete Business Accounting Software. BUS is an integrated business accounting software for small and medium businesses. With over 60,000 installations (over 3 Lac Users in India and abroad, BUS is one of the leading accounting software in INDIA.

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The Services offered by K G Software & Services are

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Hardware Services: K G Software & Services is focused on customer service and satisfaction. From the owners to the engineers, sales staff and administration our goal is to create long term relationships with our customers, providing information technology services and solutions designed specifically to fit your needs. K G Software & Services provides professional network services focused on network design, implementation and support.

Training Services: K G Software & Services also provide Information Technology Training

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Fundamental of Computer Computerized Accounting, Sale Tax, VAT, Excise Computer Hardware Training 

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Services. The training services offered by KGSS are

LOGO

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It is a unique representation of a universal symbol. It comprises double K and G letters. It is a meaningful symbol for many audiences and easily decoded by all. New corporate brand identity is much more than a cosmetic change. It is a symbol that is recognized and is prepared for a new business paradigm in a globalized world. At the same time it stays in tune with heritage and enduring relationships with its customers.

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INTRODUCTION TO HOME AND SMALL BUSINESS NETWORKING
Setting up a network is a great way to get more use out of your computers and peripherals, and to have more fun with them. Wi th a network, you can: y y y y Share a single Internet connection among multiple computers. Share files among computers. Use a printer connected to a different computer. Play recorded TV, videos, and digital music stored on your computer on your Xbox 360.

Setting up home and small business networks is much easier than it used to be. With Microsoft Windows XP, you no longer need to hire a computer expert you can set up your network on your own. You can even create a wireless network so that you can use your laptop from anywhere in your home.

To set up your network
1. Connect to the Internet.
Depending on your location, you may have several options for broadband Internet connections. Once you're connected to the Internet and your network is set up, you'll be able to get online from any computer, as if each computer had its own connection.

2. Choose a network type. 3. Set up your wired or wireless network.
Setting up a wired network is as simple as hooking up a stereo.

4. Connect your computers running Windows 7/VISTA/XP/2000.
Once you discover how easy it is to set up your network, you might want everyone in your household to have his/her own computer. After you set up your network, you should take a few minutes to protect it. Windows XP, especially after you have installed Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2), is designed to be secure by default. However, it never hurts to increase your understanding of Internet security and privacy. Once your network is set up, your Internet connection will be automatically shared. But you can do more than just share your Internet connection among your computers. You can also share files between computers and print documents to remote printers.
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1. Connect to the Internet. The Internet can turn your computer into a powerful tool for research, communications, and sharing. If you have kids, the Internet is a great place for them to find homework help and chat with friends. Connecting to the Internet is easy, and your service provider will do most of the technical work for you.

To connect to the Internet
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Find an Internet service provider, and choose a connection type. If necessary, transfer an existing ISP account. Set up your home network. Install a network adapter. Connect your computer to the network.

1. Find an Internet service provider The first step in connecting to the Internet is to find an Internet service provider (ISP). The most important services an ISP offers are: y Internet

your friends, play online games, or use any other Internet service. y E-mail: You can access your e-mail with Microsoft Outlook Express or your Web browser. Most ISPs offer multiple e-mail addresses, so everyone in your family can have an account. ISPs typically provide spam filtering that reduces, but does not eliminate, unwanted messages. Depending on your location, you might have several different choices for Internet access. Starting with the most attractive technologies for home Internet access, common Internet connection types are: 



ess: Access any Web site, send instant messages to

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y Cable Modems: The best performing and most affordable option available to customers, most cable TV providers offer broadband Internet access. y DSL: An excellent choice for businesses, DSL typically offers better reliability than cable modems. However, DSL tends to be more expensive than cable modems for similar levels of service. y Dial-up: The slowest method of connecting to the Internet, dialup enables you to connect to the Internet using your existing phone lines. Dial-up is convenient because it is available to any location with a phone. However, slow performance makes using the Internet frustrating. y Satellite: Satellite broadband services provide high-speed Internet access to any location with a clear view of the sky (currently available in North America and certain other locations). Satellite services may be the only broadband option for people living in rural areas. The cost of satellite services is significantly higher than other services. While you can transfer large files quickly with satellite, browsing the Web or playing online games can seem slower than with dial-up because of the delay caused by sending signals to and from satellites. Additionally, ISPs are beginning to offer wireless or fiber broadband In ternet access in limited areas. Bandwidth Internet bandwidth (the speed at which your computer can send and receive information) is measured in either Kbps (kilobits per second) or Mbps
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(megabits per second). If you are lucky enough to have multiple broadband options in your area, compare these factors:

y Do nstream band idth: This is the speed with which your computer can receive information from the Internet. The higher the downstream bandwidth, the faster your computer can display Web pages, transfer music, and download files. For most people, downstream bandwidth is more important than upstream bandwidth, so the speeds tend to be much higher. For example, a cable modem service might offer 6,000 Kbps downstream and only 768 Kbps upstream. y Upstream band idth: This is the amount of data your computer can send to the Internet. This isn't important if you just plan to read e-mail and surf the Web, because your computer only needs to send a small request in order to receive a large Web page or e -mail. However, if you're into online gaming or you want to send large files to people, then higher upstream bandwidth is important, and you should choose the highest upstream bandwidth available. y Reliability and ustomer servi e: ISP reliability has increased

significantly in recent years; however, it is still not as reliable as your phone or television service. There is no objective way to measure reliability and customer service, so you should talk to your neighbors about their experiences and search the Web for reviews of ISPs in your area.     

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Set up your home network
Your ISP brings the Internet to your home, but it's your home network that connects your computer to the Internet. If you have a single desktop computer and it's in the same room as your Internet connection, your home network will simply consist of a single cable (provided by your ISP) that runs from your modem or router to your computer. Your ISP will either set it up for you or provide you with instructions for connecting your computer. If you have more than one computer, a portable computer, or devices such as an Xbox 360 or Media Center Extender that you want to connect to the network, you can connect all the devices to the Internet simultaneously. For stationary devices, such as desktop computers and Xbox 360, you can connect them to a wired network. For mobile devices, such as a portable computer, you will need to install a wireless network. To help determine which type of network to choose, read choosing the type of network to install .

Choosing the type of network to install
Every year, more people add Internet access t o their home computers. And it's no wonder. You need to stay up-to-date with the news, keep in touch with friends and family members, and communicate with the office. If you're in school, you can send instant messages to classmates, collaborate on projects, and conduct research. Using the Internet at home means you need a home network (even if you're just linking a single PC to the Internet). Home networks can be easy to set up, but first you have to make a decision: wired or wireless? Whichever you choose, and depending upon how you will use your home network, you might need to choose a specific network type.
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WIRED NETWORKS
Wired networks, also known as Ethernet networks, connect your computer to your Internet connection with a cable that looks like a thi ck phone wire. Wired networks are highly reliable, very secure, extremely fast, and easy to set up. They're also the least expensive type of network. You should use a wired network whenever it's practical. Wired networks also offer better reliability for high-quality video than wireless networks do. Wired networks do have a drawback, however: the wires. Wires can be messy, and you may need to hire an electrician if the computer you are using is in a different room than the one with the Internet connection. Installing a network connection port requires an electrician. (A network connection port looks like a large version of the port yo u use to plug in your telephone ).

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Network cables, also known as Ethernet or "Cat 5" cables, can be up to 300 feet long. However, you probably don't want cables running across your floors. If you have a computer in a different room from your Internet connection and want to connect it to the Internet, you can extend your wired network across your home's power lines using a wall-plugged network extender kit. When choosing a network extender kit, opt for the fastest speed available. With network extender kits, network speeds (known as bandwidth) vary according to your home's wiring. Typically, extenders provide about one -third the speed of a standard wired network. That's fast enough t o browse the Web, listen to music across your network, play Internet games, and even watch video (as long as it's not high-definition video).

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WIRELESS NETWORKS
Wired networks are the best choice for connecting desktop computers and stationary devices (such as Xbox 360 and digital video recorders). But the Internet is even more fun to use when you're not tied to one spot. Laptops, Tablet PCs, and many pocket PCs can connect to wireless networks, such as 802.11b and 802.11g, giving you the freedom to use the Internet in your living room, kitchen, backyard, or anywhere around your home.

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Adding a wireless network also enables you to use a wide variety of cool devices: y Wireless video ameras: Monitor any room in your home from across the Internet even if you don't have a computer in that room. y Wireless digital ameras: Take pictures and instantly upload them to your computer without having to connect your camera to your computer. y Wireless digital multimedia receivers: Connect your TV and stereo to your computer across your wireless network. Listen to your digital music, watch a digital slideshow, and even watch videos. While wired networks are reliable and relatively easy to set up, wireless networks can be more complex. For the easiest installation, use Windows XP with Service Pack 2 and a wireless access point that supports Windows Connect Now technology. Note: Hardware vendors (or manufacturers) claim wired and wireless networks have particular bandwidth capacities. Deciphering this information can be confusing. In general, higher is always better. When you're comparing wireless bandwidth to wired bandwidth, divide what the vendor claims the wireless bandwidth will be by 4. For example, 802.11b wireless networks claim to have 11 megabits per second (Mbps) of bandwidth. Yet they typically achieve less than 3 Mbps, which might not be enough to take full advantage of your broadband Internet connection. If a wireless access point claims it is 54 Mbps, you can expect to get about 18 Mbps of throughput. Wall -plugged network extenders similarly exaggerate bandwidth. Wired networks that don't  

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use extenders get about two-thirds of their claimed bandwidth. The most common network, 100-Base-T, gets about 60 to 70 Mbps bandwidth. You can choose from several different wireless technologies. If the following list seems overwhelming, don't worry just buy 802.11g networking equipment. The full list of wireless technologies includes: y 802.11b: This is the oldest and most compatible wireless technology, and any wireless network device can connect to an 802.11b network. 802.11b is slow, however, and you should use it only for browsing the Web, sending instant messages, and reading e -mail. y 802.11g: The best choice for new wireless networks, 802.11g works with any device that supports 802.11b, while offering five times the performance. 802.11g is fast enough to stream music and some video (but not high-definition video). y 802.11n: A future standard that will replace 802.11g and 802.11b networks, while still supporting existing wireless computers. 802.11n can offer better range and performance than 802.11g; however, 802.11n network equipment is more expensive, and most wireless devices do not support it. y Other 100+ Mbps ireless technologies: Most network vendors (or

manufacturers) now offer custom wireless equipment that claims speeds higher than 100 Mbps. In the real world, performance is only slightly better than that provided by 802.11g and, in order to realize the benefit, you have to use wireless network adapters from the same vendor in each of the devices you're connecting. These devices also support 802.11b and 802.11g, however, and are a good choice if the price is comparable to 802.11g equipment.
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y 802.11a: This is an outdated wireless technology that offers good performance but is compatible with only a few devices. Wireless performance varies, depending on the size of your home, the types of walls you have, the type of wireless phones you have, and even th e wireless networks that your neighbors may have.

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INSTALL A WIRED NETWORK ADAPTER
To connect to a network, your computer needs a network adapter. Fortunately, most computer manufacturers know that connecting to the Internet or other computers is important to computer users, and they include a network adapter with your computer. If you need to add a network adapter, first choose which method you want to use to install it. Most people prefer to use a USB (Universal Serial Bus) network adapter, because it's easy to install. If you have a portable computer, you might find a CardBus (also known as PCMCIA or PC Card) or CF network adapter better meets your needs. If you have a desktop computer with the proper amount of available space, you may also have the opt ion of adding an internal network adapter.

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HOW TO DETERMINE IF YOU HAVE A NETWORK ADAPTER
Many newer computers have a network adapter built in that you can use to connect to a wired network. If you want to install a wired network adapter and aren't sure whether your computer already has one, look for a network port on the back of the computer. Network ports resemble phone jacks, but they are slightly larger and have eight pins inside.

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T see what kind of network ada ters may a ready be insta ed in your com uter.
1. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.

2. Click Control Panel.

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3. Under or pick a Control Panel icon, click Network Connections.

4. Microsoft Windows XP displays your network adapters. If an adapter has a red X over it, it is disconnected. If the Network Connections window is blank, your computer doesn't have a network adapter.

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HOW TO INSTALL A WIRE USB NETWOR ADAPTER
Connecting a USB network adapter is as easy as plugging in headphones. Once you have the adapter 1. If your USB network adapter came with software, insert the CD or floppy disk into your computer, and follow the manufacturer's instructions to install the software. 2. Find an available USB port on your computer. Note: If you need to move your computer to reach the USB ports, you should shut down Windows to avoid damaging your computer. If you can easily reach a USB port, you do not need to shut down your computer. If you do not have an unused USB port, connect a USB hub to add additional ports. Then connect your USB network adapter to the unused USB port.

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3. Connect the network cable to the network adapter.

4. Connect the other end of the network cable to your networking equipment.

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5. If you had to shut down your computer to get to the USB port, you can now turn on your computer. Windows detects and installs the new hardware, and then displays a notification informing you that the hardware has been successfully installed.

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HOW TO INSTALL A WIRED CARDBUS OR CF NETWOR ADAPTER
Most portable computers have either a CardBus or CF card slot. (They're the same thing, but the CF card slot is slightly newer and smaller.) CardBus and CF cards are more convenient than USB network adapters for portable computers because they are stored within your computer. However, some network adapters stick out from your CardBus slot. Once you have the adapter 1. If your network adapter came with software, insert the floppy disk or CD into your computer, and follow the manufacturer's instructions to install the software. 2. Insert your network adapter into the slot on your computer.

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3. Connect the network cable to the network adapter.

4. Connect the other end of the network cable to your networking equipment.

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5. Within a minute or so, Windows detects and installs the new hardware, and then displays a notification informing you that the hardware has been successfully installed.

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HOW TO INSTALL A WIRED INTERNAL NETWOR ADAPTER
Internal network adapters can be more complicated to install than USB network adapters, and they can only be installed in desktop computers that have a space (generally called a slot) available for you to add the card. Once you have the adapter 1. Open the packaging and read the instructions. 2. If the network adapter came with a CD or floppy disk, you should insert the CD or floppy disk into your computer, and install the software prior to connecting the hardware. 3. Shut down your computer by clicking Start and then clicking Turn Off Computer. Then click Turn Off.

4. After your computer shuts down, make note of where each cable is connected to the back of your computer. It's handy to tape a small note on each cable with a number or letter, and put a matching note next to the spot on your computer where the cable was plugged in. Then unplug all cables from your computer.
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5. Lay your computer on a flat surface, like a desk or table. Remove the side panel from your computer's case. Depending on the case, you may need to remove screws at the back of your computer.

6. With the side panel removed, you can see the inside of your computer. Identify an available slot that fits your card. If necessary, remove the small metal panel protecting the opening for the slot at the back of your computer, and save the screw.

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7. Touch an unpainted portion of your computer's case to discharge any static electricity. Then carefully insert the network adapter into the open slot. Gently wiggle the card back and forth until it rests firmly in the slot.

8. Replace the screw that you removed in step 6, which will help hold the card in place. 9. Replace the side panel to your computers case. 10. Connect the network cable to the network adapter.

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11. Connect the other end of the network cable to your networking equipment.

12. Reconnect all cables to your computer, start your computer, and log on to Windows. Windows detects and installs the new hardware, and then displays a notification informing you that the hardware has been successfully installed.

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SET UP A WIRELESS NETWORK
A wireless network can make using your computer more relaxing by letting you take it anywhere in your house to your couch, your bedroom, or even your backyard. With a wireless network, you don't have to go out of your way to use the Internet, because it's everywhere in your home. You also don't have to be tied to your office to take care of other computer-related tasks with a wireless network, you're always connected. You can search the Web for 'reseed lawn' and then, while reclining in front of the TV, print out your garden center shopping list on the printer in your home office. Adding a wireless network to your home is easier than you think. It requires four steps: y Choose your wireless equipment. y Connect your wireless router. y Configure your wireless router. y Connect your computers and devices.

Choose your wireless equipment
The first step to setting up a wireless network is to make sure you have the equipment you need. You'll need at least two network components: a wireless router and a wireless network adapter. If you're buying a new router, look for one with the Windows logo. This ensures that the router will work reliably in Windows XP, and if you decide to upgrade, it will work in Windows Vista and Windows 7 as well. Networking in Windows 7 has been simplified and improved.

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y Wireless router:Converts the signals coming across your Internet
connection into a wireless broadcast, sort of like a cordless phone base station. Be sure you get a wireless router and not a wireless access point.

y Wireless network adapter:Connects your computer to your wireless
router. If you have a newer portable computer, you might already have wireless capabilities built in. Make sure you have an adapter for every computer on your network.

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You can also connect your digital video recorder (DVR) or media extender to your wireless network. If the device has a wired network connection, use a wireless game adapter for a single device to connect multiple devices. Wireless game adapters aren't just for games they'll work with anything that has a wired network port.

Connect your wireless router
1. Before you go any further, print these instructions. You'll be temporarily disconnected from the Internet, so while you're doing the installation, you won't be able to get to this page to refer to the instructions. 2. Locate your cable modem or DSL modem, and unplug it from its port to turn it off. y If you connect your modem to the wall in a similar way that you connect your TV to your cable television outlet, you probably have a cable modem, and it probably has a coaxial cable connected to it (like the round black or white cable you plug into your TV). y If you connect your modem through the phone lines, you probably have a DSL modem, and it probably has a phone cable connected to it. 3. If you currently use a dial-up connection to connect to the Internet, set up your wireless network using ad hoc Internet sharing. 4. Connect your wireless router to your modem. Your modem should stay connected directly to the Internet. Later, after you've hooked everything up, your computer will wirelessly connect to your router, and the router will send communications through your modem to the Internet.

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To connect your router to your modem: conn cted d ectly to you modem: y If you cu n y hav a co pu Unplug the network cable from the back of your computer, and plug it into the port labeled Internet, WAN, or WLAN on the back of your router. y If you don't cu ently have a computer connected to the Internet:Plug one end of a network cable (included with your router) into your modem, and the other end of the network cable into the Internet, WAN, or WLAN port on your wireless router.

5. Plug in your router. After a minute or two, the Internet, WAN, or WLAN light on your router should light up, indicating that it has successfully connected to your modem.

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Configure your wireless router
There are two ways to configure your now and manually.

y If your router supports Windows Connect Now, you don't need to continue reading this article. You can configure your wireless router and Windows XP computers quickly and easily by following the instructions in Using Windows Connect Now technology. y If you don't have a router that supports Windows Connect Now, you need to manually configure your router: 1. Using the network cable that came with your wireless router, temporarily connect your computer to one of the wired network ports on your wireless router (any port that isnt labeled Internet, WAN, or WLAN). 2. Turn your computer on; it will automatically connect to your router.

(

ireless router: using Windows Connect

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3. Open Microsoft Internet Explorer and type in the address to configure your router, as described in your router's instruction manual.

4. Create a password if a prompt appears. The address and password you use will vary depending on what type of router you have, so refer to the instructions included with your router.

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Tip: As a quick reference, this table shows the default addresses, user names, and passwords for some common router manufacturers.
Router 3Com D-Link Linksys Netgear Address http://192.168.1.1 http://192.168.0.1 http://192.168.1.1 http://192.168.0.1 Username admin admin admin admin

5. Internet Explorer will show your router's configuration page. Most of the default settings should be fine, but you should configure three items:

y Set your wireless network name (known as the SSID) to something
unique that does not identify your name or address.

y Enable Wi-Fi Protected Access 2 (WPA2) encryption to help
prevent uninvited guests from connecting to your wireless network. Note: We don't recommend using WEP. WPA-2 is more secure. If you try WPA-2 and it doesn t work, we recommend that you upgrade your network adapter to one that works with WPA-2.

y Set your administrative password to prevent others from
configuring your router. The exact steps you follow will vary depending on the type of router you have. After each configuration setting (SSID, WEP, and administrative password), be sure you click Save Settings, Apply, or OK to save your changes. Note: The pictures in this section show Linksys wireless equipment. Equipment from other manufacturers will vary in appearance. For example, to save your

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settings in Linksys, you click Save Settings. Other equipment may have a different display, and you may hav e to click Apply or OK. SSID or naming your network: A service set identifier, or SSID, identifies your network. Choose a unique name that you're confident none of your neighbors will use, but don't specify your name or your address. This is not a security tool, so you don't need to make the SSID complex.

Protecting your wireless network: Administrative password: The last configuration change you should make is to the administrative password. Just like any other password, the administrative password should not be a word you can find in the dictionary, and it should be a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols. Be sure you can remember this password, because you'll need it if you ev er have to change your router's settings.

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Tip: Write down your passwords on a piece of paper and store them in your home safe if you have one. If you don't have a home safe, store your passwords with your other important family documents. If you think of your passwords as important documents, you'll always know where to find them.

Now that you have configured your wireless router, named your wireless network, protected it, and assigned an administrative password, you are ready for the last step: y Disconnect the network cable from your computer connect wirelessly from now on. you'll be able to

Connect your computers and devices
If your computer does not have wireless network support built in, you can install a wired or a wireless network adapter. Windows XP will automatically detect the new adapter and might prompt you to insert the CD that came with it. The on-screen instructions will guide you through the configuration process. Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2) is not required for wireless networking, but it does make setting one up much easier. SP2 also helps protect you against viruses, worms, and other Internet intruders. To install SP2, visit
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Microsoft Update. The steps below apply only if you're using SP2. Windows XP will show an icon with a notification that says it has found wireless networks.

To connect your computer to your wireless network 1. Right-click the wireless network icon in the lower right corner of your screen, and then clicks View Available Wireless Networks.

Note: If you run into problems, consult the documentation that came with your network adapter. Don't hesitate to call the manufacturer's technical support number for help. 2. The Wireless Network Connection window appears and displays your wireless network listed with the SSID you chose. If you don't see your network, click Refresh network list in the upper left corner. Click your network, and then click Connect in the lower right corner.

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3. Windows XP prompts you to enter a key. Type the encryption key that you wrote down earlier in both the Network key and Confirm network key boxes, and then click Connect.

4. Windows XP will show its progress as it connects to your network. If the Wireless Network Connection window continues to show Acquiring Network Address, you may have mistyped the encryption key click Cancel and return to step 3.
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)

After you're connected, you can close the Wireless Network Connection window. Now you're ready to browse the Web wirelessly. Y ou can also create a wireless network in your home that connects your computers, printers, cameras, games, and other accessories for easy access and enjoyment.

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SET UP A WIRED NETWOR
Wired networks are the best way to connect your desktop computer to the Internet and to other computers in your home. While wireless networks offer flexibility for portable computers, wired networks offer unbeatable performance, reliability, and security. If you have a single computer, connecting to the Internet is as simple as plugging a network cable into your computer and your modem. If you have more than one computer, you need to connect a router between your modem and your computers. If one (or more) of your computers is in a different room from your router, you can use a network extender to connect the computer.

Connect a single com uter to the Internet
To connect single computer to Internet connection using a wired network: 1. Contact an Internet service provider (ISP) and have them configure an Internet connection to your home. 2. Determine if your computer has a network adapter, and add one if necessary. 3. Shut down your computer by clicking Start, and then clicking Turn Off Computer. Then click Turn Off.

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4. Connect the network cable supplied by your ISP to your network adapter.

5. Connect the other end of the network cable to your modem.

6. Start your computer and log on to Microsoft Windows.

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Connect multiple computers to the Internet
To connect more than one computer to the Internet, you need a router. A router (which might also have wireless networking built in) allows you to connect several computers to each other and to the Internet. The router sits between your computers and the modem provided by your ISP. You connect the router to the modem, and then connect all yo ur computers to the router.

To connect a router and multiple computers to the Internet: 1. Contact an Internet service provider (ISP) and have them configure an Internet connection to your home. 2. Connect your router to your modem in one of the two following ways: y If you currently have a computer connected directly to your modem: Unplug the network cable from the back of your computer, and plug it into the port labeled Internet, WAN, or WLAN on the back of your router.

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y If you don't currently have your computer connected to the Internet:
Plug one end of a network cable (included with your router) into your modem, and the other end of the network cable into the Internet, WAN, or WLAN port on your router.

3. Plug in your router. After a minute or two, the Internet, WAN, or WLAN light on your router should light up, indicating that it has successfully connected to your modem.

4. Determine whether your computer has a network adapter, and add one if necessary. 5. Shut down your computer by clicking Start and then clicking Turn Off Computer. Then click Turn Off. 6. Connect the network cable to your computer's network adapter.
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7. Connect the other end of the network cable to your network equipment

8. Start your computer and log on to Windows. Windows automatically detects that you are connected to the Internet. 9. Repeat steps 6, 7, and 8 for each one of your computers.

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Connect com uters in different rooms to the Internet
If you have a computer in a different room from your Internet connection and want to connect it to the Internet, you can extend your wired network across your home's power lines using a wall-plugged network extender kit. Wall-plugged network extender kits offer an alternative to wireless networks. To connect a computer in a different room in your house: 1. Determine whether your computer has a network adapter, and add one if necessary 2. Shut down your computer by clicking Start and then clicking Turn Off Computer. Then click Turn Off.

3. In the room with your computer, plug one wall-plugged network extender kit into a wall power outlet (not a power strip or extension cord).

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4. Connect a network cable to the wall-plugged network extender kit.

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5. Connect the other end of the network cable to your computer.

6. In the room with your modem, router, or switch, plug one wall-plugged network extender kit into a wall power outlet (not a power strip or extension cord).

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7. Connect a network cable to the wall-plugged network extender kit.

8. Connect the network cable to your modem, router, or switch.

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9. Start your computer and log on to Windows. Windows automatically detects that you are connected to the Internet. Your wired connection to the Internet is now ready, and you can browse the Web reliably and securely.

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SET UP YOUR COMPUTER FOR HOME NETWORKING
Microsoft Windows XP makes it easy to configure your computer for home networking. The Network Setup Wizard walks you through the process, asking you for information one item at a time. After you add your computer to your home network, you'll be able to print to a printer on your home network (the printer will no longer need to be attached directly to your computer), and to access the other computers and devices connected to your home network. You'll be able to share files, which means you can get data from any computer you connect to the network. You can even share one Internet connection among all your computers. Before you set up your computer for home networking, make sure you have: y Contacted an Internet service provider (ISP) to acquire an Internet connection to your home. y Installed a network adapter wired or wireless in your computer.

To use the Network Setup Wizard to set up your computer for home networking, follow these steps on each computer in your home network : 1. Log on as a member of the Administrators group. 2. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.

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3. Click Network and Internet Connections.

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4. Under or pick a Control Panel icon, click Network Setup Wi ard.

5. The Network Setup Wi ard starts. On the Welcome page, click Next.

0

1

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6. On the Before you continue page, click Next

7. If the wizard informs you that it has found disconnected hardware, make sure your network adapter is connected. It's okay to have a disconnected network adapter if you're using a wireless network connection or if you connect to the network using a USB (Universal Serial Bus) cable. If you're sure everything has already been properly connected, select Ignore disconnected network hardware. Otherwise, connect your network cables, and leave the check box cleared. Then click Next.

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8. If you connect your computer directly to the modem provided by your ISP, click This computer connects directly to the Internet. If you connect your computer to a router, click This computer connects to the Internet through a residential gateway. If you're not sure, leave the default setting. Then click Next.

9. If the Select your Internet connection page appears, click Next.

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10. On the Give this computer a description and name page, type a computer description (such as "Kid's Computer") and computer name (such as "Desktop"). Click Next.

11. On the Name your network page, type Workgroup. Then click Next.

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12. If you have files or a printer that you want to share with other computers on your home network, select Turn on file and printer sharing. Otherwise, leave Turn off file and printer sharing selected. Then click Next.

13. On the Ready to apply network settings page, click Next.

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14. The Network Setup Wi ard sets up your computer. On the You're almost done page, click Just finish the wizard. Then click Next.\

15. On the Completing the Network Setup Wi ard page, click Finish.

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2

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16. When prompted to restart your computer, save any open files, and then click Yes.

After your computer restarts, you'll be connected to the network with the settings you provided.

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ADD A WINDOWS XP-BASED COMPUTER TO YOUR NETWOR
If you don't have Internet access before you add your computer to the network, you should install the previously mentioned security software immediately after connecting to the Internet. To connect to the Internet, follow these steps: 1. Shut down your computer and install your network adapter. Note: If you are installing a USB (Universal Serial Bus), CardBus, or CF card network adapter, you do not need to shut down your computer before installing the network adapter. 2. Start Windows, and log on as an administrator. 3. The Found New Hardware Wi ard will appear. Click Yes, now and every time I connect a device. Then click Next.

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4. The Found New Hardware Wi ard asks you how you would like to find your driver. The driver is software Windows needs to communicate with your network adapter. Typically, it is included on the CD-ROM that came with your network adapter. Then click Next.

5. If prompted, click Continue anyway. Software that does not have a digital signature has not been officially tested by Microsoft. However, it's usually okay.

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6. Windows XP copies the needed files and installs the software for your network adapter. On the final page, click Finish.

7. If prompted, click Yes to restart your computer. After your computer restarts, log on normally. Now, you are ready to use the Internet.

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SET UP A WIRELESS NETWORK WITHOUT A ROUTER
Wireless networks are helpful because they let you use your computer and connect to the Internet anywhere in your home or office. However, most wireless networks use a wireless router, which can be expensive. If you have more than one computer, you can set up a wireless network without buying a wireless router and save yourself some money. In a traditional wireless network, a wireless router acts as a base station, much like the base station for cordless phones. All wireless communications go through the wireless router, allowing nearby computers to connect to the Internet or to each other.

Ad hoc wireless networks work more like walkie -talkies, because the computers communicate directly with each other. By enabling Internet Connection Sharing on one of the computers, you can share Internet access.
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Ad hoc networking might seem like a much smarter alternative to using a wireless router, but it does have a couple of disadvantages: y If the computer connected to the Internet is shut down, all computers that are part of the ad hoc network lose their Internet access. y To connect to the Internet, one computer always needs a wired network connection. To connect your computers to the Internet using an Ad hoc wireless network, follow these high-level steps:
1. Enable

Internet Connection Sharing on the Internet-connected

computer. You can skip this step if you don't need to access the Web. 2. Set up the Ad hoc wireless network on the Internet-connected computer. 3. Add your other computers to the wireless network.

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How to enable Internet Connection Sharing
On networks with wireless routers, the router has the important job of forwarding communications from the computers on your home network to the Internet. On Ad hoc networks, you must designate one computer to serve this role. The computer you choose must have a wired connection to the Internet, and it should be left on whenever you want to be able to use your other computers.

How to set up the first computer
To set up an ad hoc wireless network that allows computers to share an Internet connection without a router: 1. If necessary, install a wireless network adapter. 2. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.

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3. Under Pick a category, click Network and Internet Connections.

4. Under or pick a Control Panel icon, click Network Connections.

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5. Right-click your wireless network connection, and then clickProperties.

6. In the Wireless Network Connection Properties dialog box, click the Wireless Networks tab.

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7. On the Wireless Networks tab, under Preferred networks, click Add.

8. In the Wireless network properties dialog box, on the Association tab, type the name of your ad hoc wireless network in Network name (SSID) box (shown in step 10). For example, you could name your wireless network MyHomeNetwork. 9. Clear the The key is provided for me automatically check box and select the This is a computer-to-computer (ad hoc) network check box. 10. Create a 13-digit password and type it in both the Network key and Confirm network key boxes. For the best security, include letters, numbers, and punctuation. Then click OK.

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11. Click OK again to save your changes.

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How to set up additional computers
If the computer you want to add to your network does not have built-in wireless network support, install a wireless network adapter. Windows XP automatically detects the new adapter and notifies you that it found a wireless network.

Now connect your computer to your wireless network: Note: These steps apply only if you're using Windows XP Service Pack 2. 1. Right-click the Wireless Network icon in the lower right corner of your screen, and then clickView Available Wireless Networks.

2. The Wireless Network Connection window appears and displays your wireless network listed with the SSID you chose. If you don't see your network, click Refresh Network List in the upper left corner. Click your network, and then click Connect in the lower right corner.

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3. Windows XP prompts you to enter a key. Type your encryption key in both the Network key and Confirm network key boxes, and then click Connect.

Windows XP shows its progress as it connects to your network. After you're connected, you can close the Wireless Network Connection window. Repeat these three steps on each computer that you want to connect to your ad hoc wireless network.

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USING WINDOWS CONNECT NOW TECHNOLOGY
In the past, wireless networks were hard to set up and even harder to make secure. With Microsoft Windows Connect Now technology, setting up a wireless network is much easier. If your computer is running Windows XP with Service Pack 2 and you have Windows Connect Now-compatible wireless devices, you can simply answer a few questions in a wizard, and then use a USB flash drive to transfer the wireless settings to the computers and devices you want to connect. Now anyone can set up their own encrypted wireless network without needing to understand details about wireless network keys or other technical information. To set up a wireless network using Windows Connect Now: 1. If you haven't already done so, install Windows XP Service Pack 2. Windows XP Service Pack 2 is required for Windows Connect Now. 2. Plug a USB flash drive into a USB port on your computer.

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3. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.

4. Under Pick a category, click Network and Internet Connections.

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5. On the Network and Internet Connections page, click Wireless Network Setup Wi ard.

6. On the Welcome to the Wireless Network Setup Wi ard page, click Next.

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6

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7. On the Create a name for your wireless network page, type the name of your wireless network. The network name must uniquely identify your wireless network, but should not identify your name or address. Click Next.

8. On the How do you want to set up your network? page, click Use a USB flash drive, and then click Next.

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9. On the Save settings to your flash drive page, in the lash drive list, click the drive letter for your USB flash drive. If you only have one flash drive, it is automatically selected. Then click Next. The Wireless Network Setup Wizard saves your settings to the USB flash drive

10. Remove the USB flash drive from your computer, and plug it into the USB port of your Windows Connect Now-compatible wireless router or access point.

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11. Next plug the USB flash drive into the USB port of each device that you want to add to your network, and wait until you see the light on the device flash three times (this usually takes 30 seconds or less). This indicates that the device has read the wireless network configuration.

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12. To configure other Windows XP computers:

y Verify that the computer has Windows XP and Service Pack 2 installed. y Plug the USB flash drive into a USB port of the computer that you want to
add to your network.

y When prompted, click Wireless Network Setup Wi ard, and click OK.

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y Click OK again to add the computer to the wireless network

y Click OK a third time to confirm the new network connection. A message
in the notification area confirms the wireless connection.

13. After all the devices and computers have been connected to your wireless network, return to the computer you used to first configure your wireless network. Plug the USB flash drive into the computer again, and click Next.

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14. On the The wi ard completed successfully page, the Wireless Network Setup Wi ard shows you a list of devices that were successfully configured. Note: If you ever need to add more devices to your network using this USB flash drive, clear the For security reasons, remove network settings from my flash drive check box.

Then click Finish

@

@

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ProfileofK.G. Software and Services

Brief introduction:
Type: Public Founded: 20 thJuly, 1995 Corporate office:KG INFOTECH #464/34 Onkar Nagar, Tri Nagar Delhi -110035 Chairman: Mr. Mohan Gupta

Managing director: Mr. Jagdish Gupta Industry: Products: Computer Service & AMC Computer Hardware & Software Printers U.P.S. Modem Internet & Networking Solution Website:

www.busyacademy.in

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OFFICES AND BRANCHES
Branch Office: K.G. Software and Services Ajmeri Gate New Delhi - 110002

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OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

y To study about computer network. y To compare wireless and wired computer network system. y To identify the areas of strengths and weaknesses of

networking.
y To determine the contribution of the various components of networking.

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Bibliography:
y www.busyacademy.in y www.google.com y

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