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Operate Auxiliary Machinery and Control Systems

1 Which are the stern tube bearing parts on this type of stern tube?

2 A fuel tank pneumercator will give an inaccurate reading if the

3 If the suction and delivery valves are closed for test and the compressor is losing gas pressure rapidly (indicating a leak), which part
would you suspect first?
4 What is part No. 7 of this refrigerated compressor ?

5 Which type of suction and delivery valves woul be fitted in this type compressor?
6 In what capacity range are refrigeration compressors of this type found (shaft input expressed in Kilo Watts) ?

7 Is capacity control possible on this compressor ? If yes, how would it be arranged ?


8 What is part No. 3 ?

9 What is the shaft called to which the propeller is fastened ?

10 How is the propeller fitted onto its shaft, so as to avoid it from slipping ?

11 What part is fitted under the propeller cone ?

12 What metal is the stern tube usually lined with?

13 How would this stern tube bearing be lubricated ?


14 What kind of material is NEVER used for the pistons of a refrigeration compressor ?

15 What is the shape of stern tube seals (forward and aft) ?


16 What is part No 5 of this refrigerator compressor drawing ?

17 What is the purpose of the 3-way cock part No. 7 in the stern tube oil circuit ?
18 Why is the stern tube header tank fitted above the sea water level ?

19 Steam produced by a boiler whose temperature is above that corresponding to its pressure is referred to as..............?

20 What liquid is present in collecting point 11 at the bottom of the fresh water generator evaporator shell?
21 What is the purpose of the sea water pump item No. 13 ?

22 What is the source of energy used to convert salt water into fresh water in this fresh water generator ?
23 How is a vacuum created in the fresh water generator ?

24 What is item No 9 shown here fitted between evaporator and condenser of this fresh water generator ?
25 What is the required salinity of the fresh water produced as drinking water onboard ?

26 What is the maximum salinity allowable (in ppm) for water produced by this fresh water generator when it is to be used in medium
pressure water tube boilers ?
27 If the FW generator is producing water with salinity of 5 ppm and is changed to produce water of 2 ppm, this is mainly achieved by
.....................

28 What should be the level in the sight glass of the accumulated fresh water in the fresh water generator ?
29 A boiler burner fails each time it is started with failure indicated as "flame failure". Indicate the most likely reason.

30 If refrigerant gauges are calibrated in Absolute Corresponding Temperature, can these gauges be used for any refrigerant in any
refrigerating system ?

31 The Disc type oil separator can usually separate water from oil when processing oils between which density ranges ?

32 How do you to make this valve air tight during overhaul ?


33 How is this type of valve kept in place in the cylinder head of an air compressor ?

34 How is the valve shown here made air tight in the cylinder head of the compressor ?

35 Why is it important that the exhaust gas boiler bypass flap to exhaust is operated when the main engine is running at reduced or
manoeuvring speed on Heavy Fuel Oil. ?
36 If the auxiliary seawater pump "AS" fails, which pump should be used to cool the condensers ?

37 If the reefer condenser pump "PP" fails, which pump would you use to supply cooling water to these reefer condensers ?
38 If the auxiliary condenser is not in use for any operation at sea, which pump should be used to cool the atmospheric and dumping
condensers?

39 If the dirty oily water mixture fills chamber 1 of this separation bowl, where will the clean oil be found ?

40 What liquid substance is present in chamber 1 of this oil- water separator ?


41 If a dirty oily/water mixture is entering chamber item 1 of this separator, where will the dirt settle ?

42 Which force is acting to separate water from oil in this separator ?

43 Where will the dirt collect which is separated from the oily water mixture in this Sharples separator, shown left ?
44 How is lubrication arranged in this refrigeration compressor?

45 The Sharples separator, shown left and the Disc type separator, shown right, both run at high RPM. But which runs at the highest
speed ?
46 Prior to starting the distillate pump, item No 7, it is necessary to make sure that ............................ in order to avoid the pump
running dry.

47 If insufficient water sealing is present (blue colour) in the bowl of this separator, what will be the effect ?

48 In a low pressure air compressor, the loss of volumetric efficiency normally results from
49 If the heated medium of this heater is oil and the heating medium is steam, excess steam supply or insufficient oil flow could cause
excessive .................... in the heater.

50 Why is a heavy flywheel (item number 7) required on this starting air compressor ?

51 Suppose the rated delivery pressure of this main air compressor is 25 bar, what would be the delivery pressure of the first stage
cylinder ?
52 Which parts of a refrigeration plant are shown here ?

53 What type of condenser is fitted to this refrigeration unit ?

54 To which type of installation would you find these refrigeration components fitted ?
55 How is the capacity of this type of refrigeration installation controlled ?

56 How are the components of this type of refrigeration system joined together ?

57 What is the correct name of part number 1 shown here ?


58 What size of refrigeration installation is shown here?

59 What kind of medium is found in the line to which safety blow-off valve part No 3 is fitted (red line) ?

60 Where will the dirt collect from the oily water mixture if separated by the centrifugal disc type separator, shown right ?
61 Which of the following is the neutral PH value ?

62 What is the ideal temperature difference between inlet and outlet on this evaporator?

63 Flash point of oil is the temperature at which ............

64 Kinetic energy of a body is due to its .............

65 Which of the following is a unit of work?

66 Power is the work done ..........

67 Which of the combustible elements of fuel oil is a major source of boiler corrosion?

68 A hydrazine test is conducted on boiler water to check for ...........

69 Saturated steam produced by a boiler should be separated from moisture ................

70 The Specific Heat of water is ...........

71 The unit of measure used to express the chloride content of boiler water is ...............

72 What do you call the valve that prevents steam pressure from exceeding the allowable working pressure?

73 The relief valves in a fuel oil service system discharge to either the service pump suction or to the ..............

74 An abnormally hot suction line in a refrigerating plant may be due to.............

75 Under normal conditions, how is the superheated steam outlet temperature regulated?
76 When the evaporator coils are located directly inside the refrigerated space the system is known as..............

77 Steam which is in physical contact with the boiling water from which it is being generated is called ..................

78 The atmospheric pressure is accurately indicated by a .........

79 When a fresh water generator condenses water vapour into water it ....................

80 The heat used to change a liquid to a vapour is called 'latent heat of ..............'

81 A refrigerant gives up heat when it ............

82 The lowest temperature obtained in a refrigerator system is the temperature of the .........

83 Refrigerating or cooling effect is produced by ..............

84 The two main types of refrigeration system evaporators are called ............

85 The greatest decrease in the temperature of a refrigerant is at the ...............

86 When Freon is leaking from a refrigerating system, a halide torch flame will turn .....

87 A receiver in a refrigeration system is used to ............

88 When used with reference to a refrigeration or air conditioning system ambient temperature is the ..............

89 The temperature of a refrigerant is highest just before it enters the ..............

90 Testing boiling water for chloride content will indicate the amount of ............

91 Which part shown here is the nozzle in this pneumatic assembly ?


92 When starting up a fresh water generator it often happens that the distillate pump fails to pump out the produced water. This could
be caused by ...............

93 When taking over the watch as duty engineer, what would you check first, before inspecting the plant condition?

94 Whilst taking over of the watch, besides verifying standing orders and the actual condition of the plant, tank levels and operations,
what other important matter should you verify?

95 In reefer installations the cooling effect is produced by lowering the pressure of the refrigerant so that .................

96 A pneumercator tank gauge utilizes...

97 An axial piston pump differs from a radial piston pump as the pistons of an axial piston pump are positioned...

98 What is the most common reason for malfunctioning or erratic functioning of a pneumatic nozzle/flapper assembly ?

99 Increasing the moisture content of conditioned air is known as...

100 In an automation system, increasing or decreasing the loading pressure by a set amount is known as

101 What pneumatic control device is shown here?


102 Which important pneumatic control accessory is shown here ?

103 What is the most common reason for malfunctioning of a pneumatic amplifier ?

104 Low alkalininity of boiler water or the presence of free oxygen, or both may result in .............

105 To maintain design discharge pressure from a centrifugal pump, the design clearance must be maintained between the....
106 Suppose you find that the safety valve of the Working Air Bottle blows off at a pressure in excess of 8.5 bar. Which of the causes
listed below is NOT a possible cause for this lifting of the safety valve ?

107 Water hammer in a steam heating system can be caused by...

108 The pressure range between the system cut-in and cut-out pressures in a refrigeration unit is known as...

109 What pneumatic device is shown here ?


110 What is the name of the bellow P, which indicates its purpose ?

111 If we shift the nozzle/flapper assembly to the left so that the length of "a" is half of length "b", to what level will L' rise before it
stabilizes ?

112 What is the level difference between L and L' called in this process ?
113 The degree to which the viscosity of an oil will change with a change in temperature is indicated by the..

114 Excessive leakage and premature failure of valve packing is a result of...

115 The two valves shown on the left of this picture are called flat valves and give a high throughput for a small lift in height. They are
mostly used for ...........................

116 Which of the listed conditions can lead to cavitations in a centrifugal pump?

117 The two valves on the left of this picture are ................., the two
valves on the right are ............... valves.

118 In addition to pressure, Freon gauges are calibrated in:

119 In a refrigeration system the method of reducing the capacity without reducing the compressor speed is called:
120 This shows a pneumatic control unit which forms the basis of pneumatic control engineering. It is ...............?

121 What is the state of the refrigerant which flows from the condenser to the solenoids and the expansion valves ?

122 What is part No. 3 of this valve ?


123 What is item "F" ?

124 When using marine diesel oil with a density of about 0.87, what would be the inlet temperature of the fuel to the purifier ?

125 What is the ideal temperature to maintain the diesel oil daily tank and how is this achieved ?
126 When you start a purifier it takes several minutes to accelerate to full speed since the power from the electric motor is transferred
by ..................... to the purifier.

127 Which of the following alarms may sound after the automatic desludging cycle is completed and the purification of the oil restarts
?

128 In what kind of machinery would this type of gland packing never be used ?
129 What do you call this device?

130 What is the required temperature in the ship's fish room ?

131 What is the required temperature in the ship's dairy room ?


132 What is the required temperature in the ship's vegetable room ?

133 What parameter is controlling the capacity control system of this domestic refrigerating compressor?

134 What type of pump is the HFO purifier feed pump P ?


135 How are the solenoid valves "S" (fitted before the evaporating banks) controlled ?

136 If you increase fuel flow to the purifier using capacity control valve CC, what other action must you take?

137 Why is there an oil separator "OS" fitted as shown here ?


138 What is the function of the low pressure cut-out fitted on the same manometer line as manometer "SM" ?

139 What is the function of the high pressure cut-out fitted on the same manometer pipe as manometer "DM" ?

140 What is the function of the oil differential pressure cut-out fitted between the manometer pipes of manometers "P" and "SM" ?
141 If during your watch the air-conditioning compressor cuts-out because of high discharge pressure, what are you going to check
immediately ?

142 Why is there a receiver fitted below the condenser of an air-conditioning unit unlike on the condenser of the domestic fridge
system ?
143 You are notified that it is getting hot in the accommodation and the air conditioning is not working. What do you check
immediately ?

144 When should the recirculation of air from the accommodation be set to 100 % and the fresh air intake totally closed ?

145 What is the most important item of maintenance required to ensure maximum efficiency of the accomodation air conditioning
plant?
146 What kind of metal must never be allowed to come in contact with Freon liquid or Freon gas and why ?

147 What type of pump is referred to in the drawing as an "H.S. PUMP" ?

148 What is the function of the valves "PR" fitted between the Port and Starboard cylinders ?
149 When will the Hele-Shaw pump commence pumping action ?

150 Freon is being phased out gradually as a refrigerant. Why ?


151 What kind of temperature control mode is fitted here ?

152 The engine room high level bilge alarm keeps sounding every few minutes even though the bilge is empty. What action would you
take ?

153 What is component number 3 called?


154 A command signal input to the steering gear has initiated rudder movement for 20° right rudder. The fo llow up mechanism at the
beginning of the rudder movement will

155 Which part is the brine cooler ?

156 Should water be circulated through the main engine during a port stay, and if so why ?
157 What is part number 1 called ?

158 Which part is the heater ?

159 Which of the two drawings shows two series connected purifiers?
160 Where is the inlet for the unclean oil ?

161 What is part number 2 called ?


162 Which part is the paring disc?

163 What is part number 3 called ?

164 How is pump "P" driven from the purifier ?


165 Where is the separation carried out ?

166 Which of the additives listed is used to lower the pour point of lubricating oil?

167 Which kind of cooling water system is used with this compressor ?

168 What is indicated by position "I" at both of the cylinders ?


169 Suppose the delivery air pressure of this compressor is 30.0 bar. What class of compressor could this be ?

170 What are the units marked "C" fitted on both cylinders of the compressor?

171 When is manual by-pass valve of this compressor cooler operated?


172 This drawing indicates the timing of the unloader and drains of a compressor. After how many seconds will the compressor
pump at full capacity ?

173 When starting a compressor, why is it necessary for the unloader to be activated before the drain valves are closed ?

174 Why is it necessary to start a compressor with the drains open ?

175 On what part of the compressor does the unloader act and in what way ?
176 What would be the pressure in the air bottle which activates the "PC" and "S" connecting the unloader line with c and a ?

177 In which kind of compressor is this type of piston assembly fitted ?

178 What is the purpose of the stuffing box in this combined piston compressor assembly ?
179 In this oil-free compressor, of what material are the piston rings of the pumping piston "P" made ?

180 What is part number 5 called ?

181 What is the purpose of a steam trap, shown as "ST" on thre drawing?
182 The firing or the flame indicating light on the control panel of this boiler burner control panel shows that ............

183 The flame failure lamp on the control panel of this boiler burner will illuminate when ...................

184 What is the purpose of the restart button which you will find fitted to the control panel of this boiler's burner?
185 Which of the following conditions is a lock-out condition?

186 If you fire the boiler and it misfires repeatedly, indicating flame failure, what are you going to check first?

187 What do you think should be the temperature on thermometer "T" during normal operation of this boiler ?
188 Prior to carrying out any work on boiler burners, you should isolate them. What is understood by this ?

189 What is item "A" in the steam lay-out drawing ?

190 What is item "B" in this steam lay-out drawing ?


191 What is item "C" in this drawing of the steam lay-out ?

192 What is item "D" in this drawing of a steam lay-out ?

193 The exhaust steam line of one of the consumers shown in this drawing will not return via the atmospheric condenser but direct
via a water trap to the hot well. Which one ?
194 When a command is given to this steering gear, what happens ?

195 Why is there an air vent provided on the atmospheric condenser ?


196 What is the function of the "Boiler Firing Switch" fitted on the control panel of this boiler burner ?

197 What is this funnel like pipe fitted below the evaporating surface of the boiler water ?

198 When skimming-off, which valve will you fully open first and close last, whilst operating the other valve throttled ?

199 How do you carry out skimming operations on the boiler water ?
200 Which main air compressor is normally used to top up the main air bottles ?

201 During vessel manoeuvring, which Main Air Bottles are used ?
202 What are items "NR " fitted after the compressors?

203 If a radial piston hydraulic pump fails to deliver rated fluid volume, the case can be...

204 What is item "M" fitted in the discharge line of the Instrument Air Compressor (I.A.C.) ?
205 What is the primary purpose of drain valves "D" fitted on all air bottles ?

206 Which of the fittings listed below is NOT usually fitted on a compressed air bottle ?

207 What is item "A.D." in the main air supply line from the Instrument Air Bottle ?
208 What are items "CP" fitted in the Working Air and Instrument Air supply lines ?

209 Excess refrigerant in a refrigeration system is normally removed from the .........

210 In a split, reduced steam manifold, one manifold of pressure 7.0 bar, the other
3.0 bar. From which manifold are the returns taken direct to the hotwell?

211 Why is steam allowed to position - J' - of the turbine "J " ?
212 In what kind of machinery do you find this type of valve fitted ?

213 Which action of the steering gear pumps is feasible ?

214 During normal operations, the command rod "C" pushes point "Z" and the control rod off centre so that the "HS" pumps start
pumping and the steering gear moves. When will it stop moving ?
215 What should you observe when inspecting the steering gear during your watch ?

216 This electric circuit is part of the Steering Gear Control System, in which the output is either 1 or 0 as either solenoid 1or 2 is
energized. It is an example of what kind of circuit ?

217 The first potentiometer of this electric command system is located on the bridge. By what mode might it be actuated?

218 What is the principle in which oil/water separation takes place in this cascade tank ?
219 This steering gear telemotor system is drawn in the neutral position, rudder amidship. This means that ......... .

220 What is the purpose of the double check valves fitted in this telemotor system ?

221 What is the purpose of the capacity control on the telemotor of a steering gear ?
222 How might this steering system be actuated?

223 What type of boilers are fitted (one only shown) to feed this turbine installation ?

224 What is the function of the wearing rings used in most centrifugal pumps?

225 What burner equipment item operating when the ignition indication light is illuminated on this boiler's control panel ?
226 How is the soot which will accumulate between the finned piping of an exhaust gas boiler removed ?

227 What is the purpose of spring "S" fitted between point "Y" and the Trunion block of the steering gear ?

228 If the stand-by indicating light is energised on the control panel of this boiler burner, what does it indicate?
229 What is the main purpose of the photocell "P" fitted in the burner front casing ?

230 What is the purpose of "S" fitted in the fuel admission line to the rotating cup burner of this boiler ?

231 What kind of burner would be fitted to this boiler ?


232 This installation consists of the following turbine combination :

233 What would you do at sea if water was found leaking from a finned tube pipe from the steam generating unit ?

234 What are items "R" and why are they required ?
235 How is this finned piping of an exhaust gas boiler fastened in the boiler wall ?

236 After sometime, scale build-up is unavoidable in steam generating coils. How is it removed ?

237 What is the purpose of the fins fitted on this steam piping ?
238 Of what is this finned pipe a part ?

239 Why are components "S" required ?

240 What is happening when the "PURGING" indicating light is illuminated on the control panel of the boiler burner ?
241 By which unit is the combustion intensity in this boiler controlled ?

242 What equipment Operates on a Rankine Cycle?

243 If the gauge glass indicates no water level in the boiler what should be your first action?

244 What term is used to describe access holes to the boiler drum?

245 What is the primary purpose of drain valves fitted on all air bottles?

246 What precaution must be observed when fitting new anodes to heat exchanger sea water spaces?

247 What is the effect if the boiler fuel oil temperature is too low?

248 What boiler mountings must be dismantled for inspection during survey?

249 What condition would necessitate blowing down the boiler?

250 What is the maximum salinity for water produced by a fresh water generator when it is to be used in water tube medium pressure
boilers?

251 What is the normal maximum starting air pressure?

252 A hydrazine test is conducted on boiler water to check for............

253 Why are some boiler tubes not plain cylindrical?

254 How is a vacuum created in the fresh water generator?


255 In an electrically controlled hydraulic system what do the electrical controls replace?

256 What is the purpose of the automatic unloading valve when fitted to the air start compressor?

257 What best describes the boiler "unloading gear or easing gear"?

258 Where is the filter/drier unit fitted in the refirgerant line?

259 If centrifugal pump vibrates and is noisy when operating, the cause could be

260 What is a telemotor system?

261 What does the telemotor receiver unit control?

262 What is the most dangerous effect on the boiler burner of water in the fuel?

263 Where on the main starting air receiver would a fusible plug be fitted?

264 On what part of the air compressor does the unloader act and in what way?

265 What is the function of the relief valves fitted between main hydraulic cylinders?

266 What is always fitted in instrument air supply lines?

267 When should you make sure that loose gear in machinery space is properly secured?

268 What would be a normal operating pressure of an auxiliary boiler?

269 What is the most important purpose of the auxiliary boiler on a modern diesel engine vessel?

270 What is the function of the expansion valve in the refrigeration circuit?

271 If reciprocating air compressor has a knock occurring in frequency with its operating RPM, the cause is probably....

272 How is temperature controlled in a steam oil heater?

273 Moisture in a refrigeration system will cause a .....

274 Which fuel quality is measured in seconds Redwood?


275 In a provison room refrigeration system what would be the most likely cause of high compressor discharge pressure?

276 How is the quality of the distilled water from a fresh water generator improved?

277 What would be fitted to relieve excess refrigeration compressor pressure?

278 How are boiler tubes secured in the end plates?

279 What purpose is the fuel oil settling tank?

280 What damage could be caused to the boiler by raising steam too quickly?

281 What action would you take if the boiler water Chloride readings are too high?

282 What is the desired salinity of the fresh water produced as drinking water onboard?

283 What is meant by 'Isothermal' expansion?

284 Which of the following is the most likely cause of a restriction at the expansion valve?

285 When air at a given temperature, contains the maximum amount of moisture for that temperature, the air is said to be....

286 What action should you take in the case of an boiler uptake fire?

287 What is the purpose of air release valves on boiler shell?

288 What is the usual pressure adjustment method on boiler safety valves?

289 What is the function of a Viscotherm in the fuel system?

290 What slows the rudder movement when the requested position is reached?

291 What regular maintenance is required on the boiler burner?

292 What liquid is present in the collecting point at the bottom of the evaporator?

293 What service is most suitable for the use of rotary compressors?

294 What is the first action when starting up a boiler?


295 What percentage CO2 in the uptake is present in good combustion?

296 In a single stage air compressor what is the maximum practical delivery pressure?

297 What percentage CO2 in the flue gases would indicate correct combustion?

298 What does the sight glass indicate in a refrigerator system?

299 What compressed air supply valve must always remain open?

300 What is the purpose of the scum valves on the auxiliary boiler?

301 What of the following is the most damaging to riveted mountings?

302 Can leaking stern tube seals be replaced when the vessel is afloat and if yes, how?

303 What is the state of the refrigerant at the condenser outlet?

304 What shutdown device might be fitted on air compressors?

305 Why should refrigerator compressor oil be stored in small capacity drums?

306 Why is it necessary to produce fresh water from seawater?

307 What factors influence the vacuum inside the shell of a fresh water generator?

308 What controls the boiler feed water delivery?

309 In a refrigeration system what effect has the solenoid stop valve?

310 A squealing sound occurring from within an operating reciprocating air compressor is an indication of…

311 What term is used for unequal distribution of burner spray in the boiler furnace?

312 If fuel is dripping from the water outlet of the purifier what could be the cause?

313 Which is the correct sequence after starting the compressor.

314 What type of valves are normally found in air compressors?


315 What could be the effect of excess steam or reduced oil flow in an oil heater?

316 What mountings must be tested daily on steaming boilers?

317 How far from the coast is it permitted to use Low-pressure evaporation to produce drinking water?

318 What would your first action be if the boiler feed pump stopped?

319 Why is the stern tube header tank fitted above the sea water level?

320 What material is the boiler shell constructed from?

321 When would both steering gear motors be run together?

322 What is the function of the boiler Low Level alarm?

323 What liquid is used in thermometers for extremely low temperatures?

324 What is the purpose of hunting gear when referring to a hydraulic steering system?

325 Where is the temperature of the refrigerant highest?

326 What is the main advantage of plate heat exchangers?

327 Is it possible to blow down a steaming boiler?

328 Suppose the delivery air pressure of a compressor is 30.0bar. Which service could this compressor be supplying?

329 In steam power plant what supplies the energy input?


330 Which of the following would indicate the steam trap in the drawing was operating correctly?

331 Why are anodes fitted to the seawater side of heat exchangers?

332 What is the steering system oil tank within the steering pedestal?

333 What happens if the rudder is moved in a heavy sea?

334 In a single motor electrical steering system what supplies the main steering motor?

335 What is the most likely source of Chloride contamination in the boiler feed water?

336 In tankers an alternate hydraulic oil supply must be automatically connected for the steering system within what time?

337 How is an air conditioning compressor normally unloaded?

338 In a conventional rudder system when will least power be required to move the rudder?

339 What daily test should be carried out on boiler water?

340 What is the state of refrigerant leaving the evaporator?

341 What does the term volumetric efficiency refer to?

342 On the fresh water generator why is a baffle plate fitted between evaporator and condenser?

343 What is the most dangerous effect of scale build up in the boiler water space?
344 Why is the presence of oil particularly dangerous in starting air lines?

345 Water leaking through the stern tube stuffing box is used to accomplish which of the following actions?

346 What is the most important aspect of communication with the Bridge?

347 In a hydraulic telemotor steering system movement of the wheel.........

348 In the case of air-cooled compressors what form does the cooler take?

349 Which of the following is a rotary compressor?

350 What is the plate material used in sea- water, plate heat exchangers?

351 Why are cylindrical boiler end plates of dished shape?

352 If purifier does not attain full speed what could be the likely cause?

353 What is the possible consequence of too high a water level in the boiler?

354 What is meant by radial vane type steering system?

355 What does wheel movement control in an entirely electric steering system?

356 How is "water hammer" best avoided in steam lines?

357 What is the main advantage of vacuum production of fresh water in the fresh water generator?

358 When testing boiler water for chlorides, what does the test indicate?

359 In a radial pump, reversal and control of fluid flow are accomplished by moving the...

360 What provides power to the hydraulic emergency steering system.

361 What maintenance is required for an 'Auto-Kleen' knife type filter?

362 When commencing operation of the fresh water generator, what must you ensure before starting the distillate pump?

363 When taking over the engine room watch you should ensure that the intermediate shaft bearings are ....
364 When starting an air compressor, why is it necessary for the unloader to be activated before the drain valves are closed?

365 Which part in this diagram is the discharge valve ?

366 What is significant about an indirect refrigeration system ?

367 What is the function of the dehydrator in a refrigeration system ?


368 Which part is the Adjusting bolt ?

369 What part is the diaphragm disc ?

370 Which part is the spring house ?


371 What is Part No. 7 called ?

372 When taking over the engine room watch, you should verify that the steering gear is ..............

373 When taking over the engine room watch you should verify that the pallister bearing carrying the rudder stock ............

374 When taking over the engine room watch you should ensure that the stern tube oil gravity tanks .............

375 When taking over the engine room watch you should ensure that the stern tube seal ...........

376 What is the function of the evaporator ?

377 When taking over the engine room watch you should ensure that the intermediate shaft ..........
378 What is the function of the expansion valve ?

379 When taking over the engine room watch, you should check that the engine room supply fans ............

380 When taking over the engine room watch you should check that the engine room fan's intake grids or intake filters ............

381 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check in the engine room workshop when no one is working there ?

382 When taking over the engine room watch, what are you to check and verify concerning the bilges and any accumulated water ?

383 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the operational heavy fuel oil purifier?

384 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the heavy fuel supply to machinery and boilers ?

385 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on the heavy fuel oil daily and settling tanks in addition to the
supply capacity ?

386 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the operational lubricating oil purifier ?

387 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on all engine room fresh water expansion tanks?

388 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the hot well of the condensate/feedwater system ?

389 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you verify concerning the sea cooling water supply system ?

390 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on the operational exhaust gas boiler?

391 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on the oil fired boiler if this is in operation ?

392 When taking over the engine room watch you should ensure that the stern tube shaft is ...........
393 When ordering an expansion valve for a refrigeration system which of the following information is necessary ?

394 Swirlyflo tubes would be used in which application?

395 The indications of a faulty refrigeration compressor valve are ..........

396 High latent heat is desirable in a refrigerant so that ...........

397 When adjusting compressor V-belts ................

398 What will happen if brine in a refrigeration system has a high specific gravity ?

399 In a refrigeration system, a precooler is sometimes installed between the ..............

400 Frost appearing at the high pressure side of a thermostatic expansion valve in a refrigeration system is probably caused by
..............

401 In all refrigeration installations, the cooling effect is produced in the ..............

402 An automatically controlled Freon-12 compressor will stop when the ....................

403 If the compressor discharge in a refrigeration system becomes frosted, the probable cause is ...........

404 In the refrigeration system, the low pressure side would be from ..............

405 When used in operating accomodation air conditioning systems, humidity is a measure of ...............
406 What is the function of the compressor ?

407 In a refrigeration system, a fluid that serves only as a heat carrier is called the .........

408 During your watch you notice that the salinity of the fresh water produced by the fresh water generator has gone up together with
the output. You notice too that sea water temperature has dropped. What should you do ?

409 What is this component ?

410 What is part No. 1 called ?


411 What is part No. 7 called ?

412 What is part No. 5 called ?

413 What is part No. 6 called ?


414 What is "simmer" in a safety valve ?

415 How often should the operation of a boiler safety valve be checked ?

416 What is component "A" called ?


417 What is component "B" called ?

418 What is component "C" called ?


419 What is component D called ?

420 What is component G called ?

421 What are the four processes in a refrigeration cycle ?


422 What is the other name of the brine-circulating system of refrigeration?

423 After boiler inspections and surveys, what is the final test carried out by the surveyor in order to accredit the safety valves and
boiler mountings ?

424 Boiler water chemical additives should be supplied to the boiler via .............

425 Why is it dangerous to add chemicals directly into the hotwell ?

426 The main danger of feeding cold feedwater into a boiler is ..............

427 The use of boiler economisers ................

428 Before swinging-out a boiler burner for maintenance or cleaning, you are to ensure that ...............................

429 Before raising steam in a boiler, you should ensure that ............

430 If there is a very sudden and large increase in steam consumption, how will the boiler water level behave ?

431 After a total black-out with an automatic power supply system, what is the correct sequence for restarting the essential pumps
once the power is restored ?

432 Water whith a pH value of 7 is referred to as .................

433 Hardness in feed water is mainly attributed to salts of these metals ...........

434 All the ferrous components of a ship will sustain strong corrosive action in the presence of ...........

435 The reason why two-stage starting air compressors are used in preference to single stage compression is that .....

436 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the main compressed air system ?

437 From where should a boiler water sample be taken for testing ?

438 If during your engine room watch, without any previous warning or alarm, the oil fired boiler trips due to "flame failure", what should
you check first ?

439 On resuming normal purification after automatic de-sludging you frequently experience a high temperature alarm. What will you do
to avoid reoccurrence ?

440 If oil is found in the auxiliary boiler water, what action would you take other than isolating the leak ?

441 When an overhaul of a compressor is completed and the compressor is to be started for a test run, it is important to ...........
442 How do you test the probes for the 15 ppm monitor ?

443 What should you do if a purifier starts to vibrate badly?

444 Why is it important to follow a maintenance schedule for purifiers ?

445 What will you do if the plate heat exchanger leaks when returned to service after cleaning?

446 On the air compressor crankcase there is a small valve that lets off pressure. What should be done if oil is present with the air?

447 A leak from the gland of a centrifugal pump is found to be excessive. The correct procedure is to ...............

448 At what interval should boiler water testing take place ?

449 When opening a plate cooler for cleaning, how should the bolts be removed ?

450 The plate heat exchanger is separated for cleaning, what should you do if the plates are thick with scale or other organic material ?

451 For a low pressure boiler, testing shows the water chloride level to be 1000 PPM. What action would you take ?

452 Before using deck machinery powered by hydraulics which of the following would you NOT have to do?

453 As a rule , the time interval set for automatic desludging of lubricating oil purifiers used on crosshead type engine sumps
should be ................... hours.

454 The cooling effect in a refrigeration system is produced by ............

455 What are the most common reasons of failure to raise vacuum in a fresh water generator ?

456 What do you think is the most common cause of poor performance of fresh water generators ?

457 Here is a list of activities which amongst other things you will have to perform when starting a fresh water generator. Which list is in
the correct order ?

458 If when you start up a purifier it does not come up to the desired revolutions, or it takes too long a time to come up to the required
revolutions, you should change the ..............

459 The most common reason for overflow on purifiers is ..............

460 When the density of purified oil has increased, you should ........

461 During start up of a purifier, how will you notice when the bowl has reached the required revolutions ?
462 Caution must be taken when handling purifiers since errors can cause great danger. This is because .............

463 If some part of a purifier bowl assembly is defective, what action should be taken ?

464 The starting/ accelerating current of a purifier is ............% of the normal operating current.

465 The time interval for automatic sludge discharge from purifiers must be chosen correctly. Too short intervals are inefficient and
too long intervals...........

466 As a rule of thumb, the time interval set for automatic desludging of diesel oil purifiers should be ................ hours.

467 Before starting soot blowing operations on boilers, you should ensure that ............

468 When water is found mixed in the light liquid (oil) outlet of an oil purifier, the most likely reason is ..............

469 When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the fresh water generator ?

470 If during your engine room watch the steam supply or steam pressure should fall for some reason, what should you check first ?

471 If during your engine room watch you hear the boiler water level alarm sound and you notice low water level, but the feedwater
pressure is normal, what should you do first ?

472 When inspecting purifier crankcase oil you find that the oil has emulsified or that the level of oil has dropped. The most likely
reason is ................

473 When abnormal vibrations or sounds are noticed from an oil purifier, the most likely cause is ..................

474 As a rule of thumb, the time interval set for automatic desludging of 380 cSt heavy fuel oil purifiers should be ............... hours.

475 If you find that the feed rate of an oil purifier (its throughput) has reduced, the most likely reason for this is .............

476 As a rule of thumb, the time interval set for automatic desludging of 180 cSt heavy fuel oil purifiers should be .............. hours.

477 If the oil flows from the sludge outlet on an oil purifier, the most likely reason for this is ...........

478 If the oil flows out on the heavy liquid (water) side of a purifier, the most likely reason is .........

479 The usual mode of series operation of two heavy fuel oil purifiers refers to .........

480 Oil purifiers can be used for purifying as well as for clarifying
operations. The clarifying operation is referred to as ...........
481 The factors which determine the selection of the size of gravity disc for a purifier are ................................

482 The reason for an oil fired boiler uptake emitting dark smoke could be .............

483 If the electric motor on an oil purifier is overloaded or has tripped, the most likely reason is ...............

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