Nyquist / Haghighi

ABE 601

ANSYS Tutorial Laminar and Turbulent Flow Analysis in a 2-D Duct
This tutorial models the air flow in a two-dimensional duct.

Dimension & Properties Inlet Length Inlet Height Transition Length Outlet Height Initial Outlet Length Added Outlet Length Air Density Air Viscosity Inlet Velocity Outlet Pressure

Value 4 in 1 in 2 in 2.5 in 4 in 30 in 1.21x10-7 lbf-s2/in4 2.642x10-9 lbf-s/in2 1 in/s (50 in/s on restart) 0 psi

1

(Go To ANSYS/Faculty Utility Menu) File Change Jobname then type Air Flow (GoTo Utility Menu) PlotCtrls Numbering (Go to Keypoints and click) OFF (then OFF will be toggled to ON) (Go to Lines and click) OFF (then OFF will be toggled to ON) OK LAMINAR FLOW ANALYSIS (GoTo Main Menu) Preferences Click the FLOTRAN CFD option & OK Preprocessor Element Type Add/Edit/Delete Add FLOTRAN CFD & 2D FLOTRAN 141 & OK Close Element Type window Modeling Create Areas Rectangle By Dimensions (X1. Y2) 0 & 2. Using the left button of the mouse. click on everything that is typed bold and type everything that is italicized below. Y2) 0 & 1 & Apply By Dimensions (X1. X2) 6 & 10 (Y1. 5. 2.5 & OK Lines Lines Tan to 2 Lines (Pick first line) Click on Line 3 & OK (Pick tangency end of first line) Click on keypoint 3 & OK (Pick second line) Click on Line 7 & OK (Pick tangency end of second line) Click on keypoint 8 & OK Areas Arbitrary Through KPs (Pick in counter-clockwise order) keypoints 3. X2) 0 & 4 (Y1. 8 & OK 2 .Nyquist / Haghighi ABE 601 The following is the step-by-step procedure for the beam deflection problem using the ANSYS GUI (Graphic User Interface) environment.

0 (VY) 0.0 (VY) 0.0 & OK Pressure DOF On Lines (Pick Line 6) & OK (Pressure value) 0. & 6) & OK (Click the NDIV box) 10 (Click the SPACE box) -2 & Apply (Pick Lines 1 & 3) & OK (Click the NDIV box) 15 (Click the SPACE box) -2 & Apply (Pick Lines 9 & 10) & OK (Click the NDIV box) 12 (Click the SPACE box) 1 & Apply (Pick Lines 5 & 7) & OK (Click the NDIV box) 15 (Click the SPACE box) 3 & Apply Click on the Lines Flip button Choose the Line 7 & OK Click on the Mapped Mesh button Click the Mesh Button (Pick All) & OK (Ansys Main Menu) Solution Loads Define Loads Apply Fluid/CFD Velocity On Lines (Pick Line 4) & OK (VX) 1. 9. 7.0 (Set Endpoints) set to YES & OK Solution 3 . 8. & 10) & OK (VX) 0.0 & OK On Lines (Pick Lines 1.Nyquist / Haghighi ABE 601 (GoTo Utility Menu) Plot Lines (Ansys Main Menu) Preprocessor Meshing Mesh Tool Click on the Lines SET button (Pick Lines 2. 4. 5. 3.

7 Nominal temperature: 70 Stagnation Temperature: 70 Reference Temperature: 70 Temp offset from ABS zero: 460 & OK Run FLOTRAN (Ansys Main Menu) General Postproc Read Results Last Set Plot Results Vector Plot Predefined Choose DOF and Velocity V & OK Contour Plot Nodal Solu Choose Other Quantities & Total Pressure PTOT & OK Flow Trace Defi Trace Pt Pick 3 points around the inlet and 2 points in the recirculation region & OK (Ansys Utility Menu) PlotCtrls Animate Particle Flow Choose DOF Solution and Velocity VX & OK After viewing. click Close on the animation controller (Ansys Main Menu) General Postproc Path Operations Define Path By Nodes Pick the top and bottom point along the outlet & OK Define Path Name: OUTLET & OK Close the PDEF Command Window Map onto Path 4 .Nyquist / Haghighi ABE 601 FLOTRAN Set Up Fluid Properties Density: Choose AIR-IN Viscosity: Choose AIR-IN & OK & OK Execution Ctrl Global Iterations: 40 & OK Flow Environment Ref Conditions Reference Pressure: 14.

INCREASED DUCT LENGTH (Ansys Main Menu) Solution Loads Define Loads Delete Fluid/CFD Pressure DOF On Lines Pick All Preprocessor Modeling 5 .1 & OK Run FLOTRAN Repeat the analysis steps outlined above.0 & OK Run FLOTRAN Click OK to remove the error message.INCREASED INLET VELOCITY (GoTo Utility Menu) Plot Lines (Ansys Main Menu) Solution Loads Define Loads Apply Fluid/CFD Velocity On Lines (Pick Line 4) & OK (VX) 50.0 (VY) 0. LAMINAR FLOW ANALYSIS . FLOTRAN Setup Relax/Stab/Cap MIR Stabilizatio Momentum Equation: 0.Nyquist / Haghighi ABE 601 Label: VELOCITY Choose DOF Solution and Velocity VX & OK Plot Path Item On Graph Choose VELOCITY & OK LAMINAR FLOW ANALYSIS .

Y2) 0 & 2.Nyquist / Haghighi ABE 601 Create Areas Rectangle By Dimensions (X1.0 6 .0 (VY) 0.0 & OK Pressure DOF On Lines (Pick line 12) & OK (Pressure value) 0. X2) 10 & 40 (Y1.5 & OK Numbering Ctrls Merge Items Choose All for Type of items to be merged & OK (GoTo Utility Menu) Plot Lines (Ansys Main Menu) Preprocessor Meshing Mesh Tool Click on the Lines SET button (Pick Lines 1 & 2) & OK (Click the NDIV box) 10 (Click the SPACE box) -2 & Apply (Pick Lines 11 & 13) & OK (Click the NDIV box) 20 (Click the SPACE box) 3 & OK Click on the Lines Flip button Choose the Line 13 & OK Click the Mesh Button (Pick Area 4) & OK (GoTo Utility Menu) Plot Lines (Ansys Main Menu) Solution Loads Define Loads Apply Fluid/CFD Velocity On Lines (Pick line 11 & 13) & OK (VX) 0.

Re = ρ V Dh µ where ρ = density = 1.642e-9. TURBULENT FLOW ANALYSIS .21e-7. V = velocity = 50. which is turbulent. Calculate the Reynolds number using the velocity results. Re = 4600. 7 .Nyquist / Haghighi ABE 601 (Set Endpoints) set to YES & OK (Ansys Utility Menu) File File File Operations Delete Pick “AirFlow. Dh = hydraulic diameter = 2*inlet height = 2. and µ = Viscosity = 2.INCREASED DUCT LENGTH (Ansys Main Menu) Solution FLOTRAN Set Up Solution Options Choose Turbulent option & OK Execution Ctrl Global Iterations: 80 & OK Run FLOTRAN Repeat the analysis steps outlined above.rfl” & OK (Ansys Main Menu) Solution Run FLOTRAN Repeat the analysis steps outlined above.

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