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USER MANUAL

RX-7839 QE: 1-0-0

Comba Telecom Ltd.


_____________________________________________________________________________________________

The information contained herein is the responsibility of and is approved by the


following, to whom all enquiries should be directed in the first instance:

This is an unpublished work the copyright in which vests in Comba International


("Comba"). All rights reserved.

The information contained herein is confidential and the property of Comba and is
supplied without liability for errors or omissions. No part may be reproduced,
disclosed or used except as authorised by contract or other written permission.
The copyright and the foregoing restriction on reproduction and use extend to all
media in which the information may be embodied.
USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

0.1 CONTENTS
Section Page

0.1 CONTENTS ...........................................................................................................................3


0.2 INDEX TO FIGURES AND TABLES......................................................................................5
0.3 ISSUE CONTROL ..................................................................................................................6
0.4 GLOSSARY OF TERMS ........................................................................................................7
0.5 SAFETY NOTICES AND ADMONISHMENTS ......................................................................8

1 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION ................................................................................................9

2 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION ..............................................................................................10


2.1 RX-7839 FUNTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM ..........................................................................10
2.2 EQUIPMENT LAYOUT ........................................................................................................11
2.3 EQUIPMENT CONSTITUTION............................................................................................13
2.4 KIT OF PARTS.....................................................................................................................13

3 INSTALLATION....................................................................................................................14
3.1 WARNINGS AND ALERTS ..................................................................................................14
3.2 SITE PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS ................................................................................15
3.3 INSTALLLATION CHECKLIST AND PREPARATION.........................................................16
3.3.1 REPEATER INSTALLATION CHECKLIST ..........................................................................16
3.3.2 ANTENNA INSTALLATION CHECKLIST ............................................................................16
3.4 INSTALLATION PROCEDURES .........................................................................................17
3.4.1 GOODS INWARDS INSPECTION.......................................................................................17
3.4.2 INSTALLATION TOOLS ......................................................................................................17
3.4.3 MOUNTING RACK...............................................................................................................17
3.5 MECHANICAL INSTALLTION .............................................................................................18
3.5.1 WALL MOUNTING PROCEDURE .......................................................................................18
3.5.2 POLE MOUNTING PROCEDURE .......................................................................................19
3.6 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION ............................................................................................20
3.6.1 GROUNDING CONNECTION .............................................................................................21
3.6.2 CABLE CONNECTION ........................................................................................................21
3.6.3 LI-ION BATTERY CONNECTION........................................................................................22
3.6.4 OMT CONNECTION ............................................................................................................23
3.6.5 EXTERNAL ALARM CONNECTION ...................................................................................24
3.6.6 DRIP-LOOP .........................................................................................................................24
3.6.7 REMOTE CONNETION OF OMT USING WIRELESS MODEM .........................................24

4 COMMISSIONING ...............................................................................................................25
4.1 PRE-COMMISSIONING TASKS ..........................................................................................25
4.2 LED INDICATOR .................................................................................................................25
4.3 COMMISSIONING PROCEDURE .......................................................................................25

5 OMT .....................................................................................................................................28
5.1 LOCAL AND REMOTE CONNECTIONS TO OMT .............................................................28
5.1.1 CONNECTION VIA ETHERNET (UDP)...............................................................................28
5.1.2 REMOTE CONNECTION TO OMT .....................................................................................29
5.2 OMT CONFIGURATION ......................................................................................................30
5.3 RF PARAMETER .................................................................................................................31
5.3.1 SWITCH ...............................................................................................................................31
5.3.2 CHANNEL NO......................................................................................................................31
5.3.3 ATT ......................................................................................................................................34
5.3.4 ALARM THRESHOLD .........................................................................................................34
5.3.5 ALARM INFORMATION ......................................................................................................35
5.4 PROPERTIES INFO. ...........................................................................................................36
5.4.1 EQUIPMENT ID ...................................................................................................................36
5.4.2 COMM. CONFIG ..................................................................................................................37

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

6 TROUBLESHOOTING .........................................................................................................40

7 APPENDICES ......................................................................................................................41
7.1 APPENDIX A: TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR INSTALLATION.......................................41
7.2 APPENDIX B: RMA (RETURN MATERIAL AUTHORIZATION) FORM..............................42

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

0.2 INDEX TO FIGURES AND TABLES


Figure 1: Front and Bottom Views of Enclosure ............................................................................................. 9
Figure 2: Functional Diagram ....................................................................................................................... 10
Figure 3: Equipment Enclosure (Master Unit) Layout .................................................................................. 11
Figure 4: Equipment Enclosure (Slave Unit) Layout .................................................................................... 11
Figure 5: Equipment Enclosure (Combiner Unit) Layout .............................................................................. 12
Figure 6: Mounting Rack Dimension ........................................................................................................... 17
Figure 7: Wall Mounting................................................................................................................................ 18
Figure 8: Pole Mounting ............................................................................................................................... 19
Figure 9: Equipment Connectors .................................................................................................................. 20
Figure 10: The Connection of RF Jumper .................................................................................................... 21
Figure 11: The Connection of Power Cable and RS485 Cable.................................................................... 22
Figure 12: Li-ion Battery and Switch ............................................................................................................ 23
Figure 13: The Maintenance Window.......................................................................................................... 23
Figure 14: OMT Connection ......................................................................................................................... 23
Figure 15: Pins Allocation for EXT_ALM Connector .................................................................................... 24
Figure 16: Wireless Modem.......................................................................................................................... 24
Figure 17: Commissiong Flow Chart ............................................................................................................ 26
Figure 18: PC Protocol Setting ..................................................................................................................... 28
Figure 19: Connection Type ......................................................................................................................... 29
Figure 20: Remote Connection .................................................................................................................... 30
Figure 21: OMT Main Window ...................................................................................................................... 30
Figure 22: Switch .......................................................................................................................................... 31
Figure 23: Channel No. (Master Unit) .......................................................................................................... 32
Figure 24: Channel No. (Slave Unit) ............................................................................................................ 32
Figure 25: Frequency Calculator .................................................................................................................. 32
Figure 26: The Protective Frequency Edge Interval ..................................................................................... 33
Figure 27: The Protective Frequency Edge Interval ..................................................................................... 33
Figure 28: ATT .............................................................................................................................................. 34
Figure 29: Alarm Threshold .......................................................................................................................... 34
Figure 30: Master Alarm .............................................................................................................................. 35
Figure 31: Channel Alarm............................................................................................................................. 35
Figure 32: External Alarm ............................................................................................................................. 35
Figure 33: Equipment ID (Master Unit) ......................................................................................................... 36
Figure 34: Equipment ID (Slave Unit) ........................................................................................................... 37
Figure 35: Com. Config (Master Unit) .......................................................................................................... 38

Table 1: Equipment Constitution .................................................................................................................. 13


Table 2: RX-7839 KOP ................................................................................................................................. 13
Table 3: Repeater Installation Checklist ....................................................................................................... 16
Table 4: Antenna Installation Checklist ........................................................................................................ 16
Table 5: Equipment Connector ..................................................................................................................... 20
Table 6: Pin Definition of “EXT_ALM” Port ................................................................................................... 24
Table 7: LED Indicators ................................................................................................................................ 25
Table 8: Commissioning Procedure ............................................................................................................. 27
Table 9: IP Setting Quick Look-up Table ..................................................................................................... 29
Table 10: Equipment ID ................................................................................................................................ 37
Table 11: Com. Comfig................................................................................................................................. 39
Table 12: Alarm List and Diagnosis .............................................................................................................. 40

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

0.3 ISSUE CONTROL


Change No. ENU Details Of Change

1 1-0-0 This manual first created and released on 26 Apr 2013.

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

0.4 GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Abbreviation Definition
ALC Automatic Level Control
ATT Attenuator
BTS Base Transceiver Station
CH Channel
CSA Cross Sectional Area
dB Decibel
dBm Decibels relative to 1 milliwatt
DL Downlink
DT Donor Terminal
DPX Duplexer
FS Frequency Selection
GSM Global Standard for Mobile Communication
Hz Hertz
ID Identification
IF Intermediate Frequency
LNA Low Noise Amplifier
LOS Line-of-Sight
MCU Main Control Unit
MHz Megahertz
MT Mobile Terminal
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures
NF Noise Figure
OMC Operation & Maintenance Center
OMT Operation & Maintenance Terminal
PA Power Amplifier
PLL Phase Locked Loop
PSU Power Supply Unit
RF Radio Frequency
SIM Subscriber Identification Module
SMA Sub-Miniature A Connector
SMS Short Message Service
UL Uplink
VAC Volts Alternating Current
VSWR Voltage Standing Wave Ratio

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

0.5 SAFETY NOTICES AND ADMONISHMENTS


This document contains safety notices in accordance with appropriate standards. In the interests of
conformity with the territory standards for the country concerned, the equivalent territorial admonishments
are also shown.

Any installation, adjustment, maintenance and repair of the equipment must only be carried out by trained,
authorised personnel. At all times, personnel must comply with any safety notices and instructions.

Specific hazards are indicated by symbol labels on or near the affected parts of the equipment. The labels
conform to international standards, are triangular in shape, and are coloured black on a yellow
background. An informative text label may accompany the symbol label.

Hazard labelling is supplemented by safety notices in the appropriate equipment manual. These notices
contain additional information on the nature of the hazard and may also specify precautions.

Warning Notices:
These draw the attention of personnel to hazards that may cause death or injury to the operator or others.
Examples of use are cases of high voltage, laser emission, toxic substances, point of high temperature,
etc.

Alert Notices:
These draw the attention of personnel to hazards that may cause damage to the equipment. An example
of use is the case of static electricity hazard.

Caution notices may also be used in the handbook to draw attention to matters that do not constitute a risk
of causing damage to the equipment but where there is a possibility of seriously impairing its performance,
e.g. by mishandling or gross maladjustment. Warnings and Cautions within the main text do not
incorporate labels and may be in shortened form.

End of section

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

1 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION
The RX-7839 1800MHz + 2100MHz Dual Band Digital Band Selective Repeater is designed for operation
in 1800MHz and 2100MHz networks.Digital band-specific linear amplifier and filtering effectively amplifies
the desired BTS carriers and provides superior out-of-band rejection. Typical units with adjustable
bandwidth are programmed to specific requirements of the network. Remote configuration and surveillance
is possible through Comba’s remote control and monitoring system, via PC or wireless modem to the OMC.
Internal Li-ion battery backup ensures alarm signals are sent out in the event of power failure. The RX-
7839 comes in a sealed, well-ventilated cast aluminum enclosure, suitable for all weather conditions.

Main Features:

RX-7839 is a high quality repeater with the following features:

Dual-band configuration supports 1800MHz and 2100MHz in one system.


Operating at 0.2-25MHz bandwidth for 1800MHz, 1-3carriers adjustable for 2100MHz.
Friendly and easy OMT interface via RJ45 connection
Integrated wireless modem for remote configuration, monitoring and control.
Internal backup battery keeps the alarm unit running for up to two hours after power failure.
Optional OMC is available for remote operation and maintenance of a group of repeaters.
Designed for all weather outdoor installation – waterproof, damp-proof and omni-sealed (IP65).
Can be configured as Master Unit (MU) or Slave Unit (SU) in a centralized monitoring system.

440 355
408

Figure 1: Front and Bottom Views of Enclosure

End of Section

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

2 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION
2.1 RX-7839 FUNTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM

DL LNA DL PA

Digital Frequency
Selective Module

UL PA UL LNA

BTS

Donor Ant Alarm Power Li-ion


Indicator Main Control Unit Supply BATT Mobile
Modem
Ant

Mobile
RS485
DT MT

OMT

OMT Computer with Data card

Alarm Power Li- ion


Indicator Main Control Unit Supply BATT

Wireless
Modem

OMC
DL LNA DL PA

Digital Frequency
Selective Module

UL PA UL LNA

Figure 2: Functional Diagram

In the downlink, the BTS signals are received by donor antenna of the equipment. After the duplexer, the
signals are sent to the LNA module for pre-amplification, followed by band selection using the Frequency
Selection (FS) modules. The power amplifiers (PA) can amplify all carriers within the passband to the
maximum output power permitted. The duplexer permits combining with the uplink signals to share a
single service antenna.

In the uplink, the mobile signals are received by the service antenna. After the duplexer, the signals are
sent to the LNA, FS and PA modules before duplexing with the downlink signals. The uplink signals are
sent to the donor antenna for transmission back to the BTS.

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2.2 EQUIPMENT LAYOUT

Door Open Switch

Digital Integrate Module UL PA DL PA

MODEM

Li-ion PSU
Battery
DT Integrate MT Integrate
Arrester Duplexer Duplexer

Figure 3: Equipment Enclosure (Master Unit) Layout

Door Open Switch

DL PA
Digital Integrate Module UL PA

Li-ion PSU
Battery
DT Integrate MT Integrate
Arrester Duplexer Duplexer

Figure 4: Equipment Enclosure (Slave Unit) Layout

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

Combiner Combiner

Figure 5: Equipment Enclosure (Combiner Unit) Layout

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

2.3 EQUIPMENT CONSTITUTION


This system typically consists of the following sub modules.

Table 1: Equipment Constitution


No Identifier Functional Description
The module is used to select desired signals and filter unwanted
signals effectively. The module includes MCU, to monitor and control
1 Digital Integrate Module the operation, it also provide communication interfaces for remote
control and suppervision. LED indicators on the board provide
operation status information.
UL Power Amplifier (UL
PA)
2 PA fulfils power amplification function.
DL Power Amplifier (DL
PA)
DT Integrate Duplexer
3 Duplexer is used to combine/divide the uplink and downlink signals.
MT Integrate Duplexer
The PSU converts the input voltage into a stable DC power for
4 Power Supply Unt (PSU)
internal functional units and charge the Li-ion battery.
The Li-ion battery pack provides back-up power supply for internal
5 Li-ion Battery
modems up to three hours in the event of main power failure.
6 Arrestor Surge arrestor is to provide protection to the PSU.
Wirelss modem is used for remote controlling and monitoring for
7 Wirelss Modem alarm transmission. It has connection for RF, data and power.There is
an indicator LED to show the modem status.

2.4 KIT OF PARTS


For this system, the following are shipped:

Table 2: RX-7839 KOP


Product Identifier Description Qty.
RX-7839 Repeater 1
4m Power supply cable 1
N/A T-Shaped Pentagon Key Wrench 1
XD-WCDMA Modem Antenna 1
M10x110 Masonry bolt for wall mounting 4
M10x85x110 U bolt for pole mounting 2
0.2m RFJumper 2
0.3m RF Jumper 2
0.4m RS485 cable 1
0.4m Power cable 1
2m RJ45 cable 1
N/A Factory Test Report 1
RX-7839 QE This Manual
1 (CD)
OMT 5.0 OMT software

End of Section

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

3 INSTALLATION
3.1 WARNINGS AND ALERTS
Radio Frequency Energies

There may be situations, particularly for workplace environments near high-powered RF sources, where
recommended limits for safe exposure of human beings to RF energy could be exceeded. In such cases,
restrictive measures or actions may be necessary to ensure the safe use of RF energy.

High Voltage

The equipment has been designed and constructed to prevent, as far as reasonably, practicable danger.
Any work activity on or near equipment involving installation, operation or maintenance must be, as far as
reasonably, free from danger.

Where there is a risk of damage to electrical systems involving adverse weather, extreme temperatures,
wet, corrosive or dirty conditions, flammable or explosive atmospheres, the system must be suitably
installed to prevent danger.

Protective Earthing

Equipment provided for the purpose of protecting individuals from electrical risk must be suitable for the
purpose and properly maintained and used.

Handling Precautions

This covers a range of activities including lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, carrying, moving, holding or
restraining an object, animal or person from the equipment. It also covers activities that require the use of
force or effort, such as pulling a lever, or operating power tools.

Where some of the abovementioned activities are required, the equipment must be handled with care to
avoid being damaged.

Electrostatic Discharge (ESD)

Observe standard precautions for handling ESD-sensitive devices. Assume that all solid-state electronic
devices are ESD-sensitive. Ensure the use of a grounded wrist strap or equivalent while working with ESD-
sensitive devices. Transport, store, and handle ESD-sensitive devices in static-safe environments.

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3.2 SITE PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS


Site Considerations

Outdoor equipment are designed to be waterproof, rainproof, and with snow protection. Temporary
protection should be taken when the equipment enclosure is opened for installation or maintenance in an
outdoor environment. The equipment must not be opened for installation or maintenance in bad weather
(e.g. gale, storm rainfall, extreme temperatures and high humidity).

Installation Location

Mounting surface shall be capable of supporting the weight of the equipment.

In order to avoid electromagnetic interference, a proper mounting location must be selected to minimize
interference from electromagnetic sources such as large electrical equipment.

Environmental

Humidity has an adverse effect on the reliability of the equipment. It is recommended to install the
equipment in locations having stable temperature and unrestricted air-flow.

The installation location for the product should be well ventilated. The equipment has been designed to
operate at the temperature range and humidity level as stated in the product specifications in the
datasheet.

Direct sun light exposure to the equipment should be avoided. Provide additional shelter if necessary.

Powering

The power supply unit (PSU) provides power to all modules within the equipment. Depending on the
product variant, it is recommended that the PSU operates on a dedicated circuit breaker or fused circuit.

Grounding Requirement

Verify that the equipment has been well grounded. This includes antennas and all cables connected to the
system. Ensure lightning protection for the antennas is properly grounded.

Cable Routing

Depending on equipment configuration, a variety of types of cables are required. Where applicable, ensure
cables are properly routed and secured so that they are not damaged.

Manual Handling

During transportation and installation, take necessary handling precautions to avoid potential physical
injury to the installation personnel and the equipment.

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3.3 INSTALLLATION CHECKLIST AND PREPARATION

3.3.1 REPEATER INSTALLATION CHECKLIST


Table 3: Repeater Installation Checklist
Installation Location Requirement Considerations
Ample space on mounting wall surface or pole for
Working Space required unrestricted airflow, door opening and cable routing.
Recommened wall surface: 0.8mx0.8mx0.8m
Provided power cord length is about 4m. Use a
dedicated AC breaker or fuse circuit with good access
to an earthing point. Here are the power supply
Power Supply options for this repeater:
AC110/220V: 100~240V/50~60Hz
AC110V: 85~135V/47~63Hz
AC220V: 176~264V/47~63Hz
Do not locate near large transformers or motors that
EMC and Interference
may cause electromagnetic interference.
o o
Suitable operating environment -33 C to +55 C and maximum 95% relative humidity.

3.3.2 ANTENNA INSTALLATION CHECKLIST


Table 4: Antenna Installation Checklist
Installation Location Requirement Considerations
Locate donor antenna in order to receive the
most appropriate signal level from the desired Field intensity of receiving site: Typical mobile phone
BTS and to shield it from other signals at the test field intensity ≥ -70dBm
same time.
Locate the service antenna directed away from
the donor cell.
Always try to maximize Isolation between
The isolation must be 15 dB larger than the maximum
donor antenna and service antenna.
gain of the repeater in operation.
I > Gmax+15dB

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

3.4 INSTALLATION PROCEDURES

3.4.1 GOODS INWARDS INSPECTION

Verify the number of packages received against the packing list.


Check all packages for external damage and report any external damage to the shipping courier. If
damage occurs, a shipping agent should be present before unpacking and inspecting the contents
because damage caused during transit is the responsibility of the agent.
Open and check each package against the packing list. If any items are missing, contact Comba.
Do not remove items from antistatic packing until ready for installation. If damage is discovered at the
time of installation, contact the shipping agent.

3.4.2 INSTALLATION TOOLS

Refer to Appendix A for a full list of recommended tools required for installation.

3.4.3 MOUNTING RACK


The mounting rack is used for mounting the equipment to either a wall or on a pole.

210 14
85 8
350

Holes for
Pole Mounting
(Inner, 4 holes)

Ground Hole

Holes for Wall Mounting(Outer, 4 holes)

Figure 6: Mounting Rack Dimension

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

3.5 MECHANICAL INSTALLTION

3.5.1 WALL MOUNTING PROCEDURE


Mount the equipment to the wall according to the following steps:

Drill four holes on the wall using the position of four holes on the mounting rack (Outer, four holes).
Fix the mounting rack to the wall using four masonry bolts (M10x110mm).
Insert the masonry bolts M10x110 through the round holes and tighten them to take the weight of the
entire enclosure.
Hook the enclosure up onto the mounting rack and align the hole positions to Rack bolts of the
mounting rack, then installed the hex socked bolt (M8x20) to complete the installation.
Fasten two Hex bolts M8 x 20 to fix the repeater.

Masonry Bolts

Mounting Rack

Rack Bolts M8

Plain Washer
Spring Washer
Hex Bolts M8×20

Ground Hole

Figure 7: Wall Mounting

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

3.5.2 POLE MOUNTING PROCEDURE


The equipment can be mounted on a pole of about 60~75mm in diameter.
Insert and tighten the two U bolts to secure the mounting rack onto the pole (Inner, four holes).
The remaining installation to secure the enclosure to the mounting rack is identical to wall mounting.

Plain Washer Mounting Pole


Spring Washer
Nut M10 Rack Bolts M8

Mounting Rack

Plain Washer
Spring Washer
Hex Bolts M8×20

U bolts
Nut M10
Spring Washer
Plain Washer

Figure 8: Pole Mounting

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

3.6 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION


The equipment has been designed for all cables entry from the bottom of the enclosure.

Power AC OUT
RS-485 EXT_ALM MODEM ANT

Master Unit(2100MHz)

DT MT

COM1 COM2

1710-1880 1920-2170 1710-1880 1920-2170 Combiner Unit

Power AC OUT
RS-485 EXT_ALM MODEM ANT

Slave Unit(1800MHz)

DT MT

Figure 9: Equipment Connectors

Table 5: Equipment Connector


Unit Identifier Description
DT N-F connector for connection to the left port (1920-2170) of Combiner Unit
MT N-F connector for connection to the right port (1920-2170) of Combiner Unit
AC100-240V
A pre-installed power cord for connection to power supply.
50Hz/60Hz
Master
AC OUT Connect AC100-240V port of Slave Unit
Unit
RS-485 Connect RS-485 port of Slave Unit
EXT_ALM 7-pin CPC connector for external alarm interface.
MODEM ANT SMA connector, connects with external antenna.
LAN RJ45 connector, connects with Ethernet cable.
DT N-F connector for connection to the left port (1710-1880) of Combiner Unit
MT N-F connector for connection to the right port (1710-1880) of Combiner Unit
1
Slave Power Connect AC OUT port of Master Unit
Unit RS-485 Connect RS-485 port of Master Unit
EXT_ALM 7-pin CPC connector for external alarm interface.
LAN RJ45 connector, connects with Ethernet cable.
Combiner Com1 N-F connector for connection to Door Antenna
Unit Com2 N-F connector for connection to Service Antenna

1
The voltage identification is a variant due to electricity system diversity of global regions. The power cable gland
might be identified for AC 220V, AC 110V, AC 220V/110V, DC -48V, or DC +24V respectively. Please refer to specific
product or contact local sales if any doubt.

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

3.6.1 GROUNDING CONNECTION


To ensure safe operation of the product, a ground (earth) connection is required. For single phase AC
power source, the product must be grounded by connecting the “earth wire” of the power cord to the
ground terminal of the AC supply.

3.6.2 CABLE CONNECTION


Connection of RF Jumper:
Modem Antenna

Power AC OUT
RS-485 EXT_ALM MODEM ANT

Master Unit(2100MHz)
DT MT

Donor Antenna

COM1 COM2

1710-1880 1920-2170 1710-1880 1920-2170

Combiner Unit

Service Antenna
Power AC OUT
RS-485 EXT_ALM MODEM ANT

Slave Unit (1800MHz)

DT MT

Figure 10: The Connection of RF Jumper

1) Donor antenna cable →Combiner Unit COM1


2) Service antenna cable →Combiner Unit COM2
3) Master Unit DT→Combiner Unit 1920-2170
4) Master Unit MT→Combiner Unit 1920-2170
5) Slave Unit DT→Combiner Unit 1710-1880
6) Slave Unit MT→Combiner Unit 1710-1880
7) Master Unit Modem ANT→Omni-Antenna

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

Connection of power cable and RS485 cable:

AC OUT RS485


Power AC OUT
RS-485 EXT_ALM MODEM ANT

DT MT

COM1 COM2

1710-1880 1920-2170 1710-1880 1920-2170

RS485
Power AC OUT
Power RS-485 EXT_ALM MODEM ANT

DT MT

Figure 11: The Connection of Power Cable and RS485 Cable

① Master Unit AC OUT → Slave Unit AC100-240V


② Master Unit RS485 → Slave Unit RS485

3.6.3 LI-ION BATTERY CONNECTION


Li-ion battery is provided with this system to ensure power is supplied to the system monitoring unit and
MCU and to ensure the alarm message could be sent to OMC effectively in case of mains power failure.

The location of Li-ion battery is shown as below figure, and the status of switch is on normally.

Caution: Be careful of the risk of explosion if battery is replaced by an incorrect type. Dispose of used
batteries according to the instructions.

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

LAN

LAN

ON
PWR
ON
OFF PWR
RUN
ALM
OFF
MOD

OFF RUN
BAT

ON
ALM
SIM

MOD
Li-ion Battery Switch
OFF

BAT

ON
Battery SIM

Figure 12: Li-ion Battery and Switch

3.6.4 OMT CONNECTION


For local commissioning, open the maintenance window to connect RJ45 port by RJ45 cable.

Figure 13: The Maintenance Window

Repeater

Computer with OMT

RJ45 Connector
RJ45 Cable

Figure 14: OMT Connection

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

3.6.5 EXTERNAL ALARM CONNECTION


Two external alarms INPUT are realized on the EXT_ALM port, this is a 7-pin CPC connector. Pin
numberings are shown looking-into the connector on the enclosure.

1 2
3 5
6 4 7

Figure 15: Pins Allocation for EXT_ALM Connector

Table 6: Pin Definition of “EXT_ALM” Port


Pin number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Alarm EXT. EXT.
Reserved GND Reserved Reserved Reserved
Definition Alarm 1 Alarm 2

3.6.6 DRIP-LOOP
Comba recommends that every horizontal cable entry to the equipment forms a 'U' before its entry to the
equipment. Any accumulated water on the cable will drip down at the bottom of the loop and will not climb
up to the equipment.

3.6.7 REMOTE CONNETION OF OMT USING WIRELESS MODEM


For the equipment equipped with wireless modem, the modem provides the option of remote connection of
the equipment to the OMT. The wireless modem implements the link for data and SMS.

Note: When CDMA modem is used, only SMS function is supported to retrieve alarm information and to
provide remote control.

The power and data cables have been factory-connected to the wireless modem. User needs to insert the
SIM / UIM card into the wireless modem.

To insert or replace the SIM / UIM card, locate and press down the recessed button (yellow) to eject the
SIM / UIM card carrier. Insert the SIM / UIM card and push back the carrier until it is latched in place.

Figure 16: Wireless Modem

The LED indicator on the wireless modem displays the state of the modem:
LED OFF: equipment power off
LED ON: equipment power on, no SIM/ UIM card or no connection to antenna
LED flash slowly: equipment power on, in SMS mode
LED flash quickly: equipment power on, in data link mode

Note: Data link mode is dependent on service availability from service provider. If it is required, the
operator’s SIM card must be data-enabled (Circuit Switch Data).

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USER MANUAL FOR RX-7839

4 COMMISSIONING
4.1 PRE-COMMISSIONING TASKS
After equipment installation, perform the following steps before equipment powering and commissioning:

Check the expected voltage, current and power levels do not violate any ratings.
Visually inspect the power connection within the equipment. Ensure that the power cable is correctly
and securely connected, including grounding wire, RF cable and other cables.
Check grounding connection and verify that the ground resistance is less than 5Ω.
Test the antenna system and ensure the echo loss within working frequency is less than -14dB
(VSWR<1.5).

4.2 LED INDICATOR


Diagnostic LEDs are located on the maintenance window; each indicates the status of a particular function:

Table 7: LED Indicators


Identifier Colour Indication
Operation indicator – Flashes once every second to indicate normal system
RUN Green
operation.
ALM Red Alarm indicator. ON = alarm; OFF = no alarm
Modem status indicator. Flashes during initiating, and go off after that. If the
MODEM Red
indicator is continuous on then the initiating fails.

4.3 COMMISSIONING PROCEDURE


System commissioning can commence after the monitoring system has completed self initialization. The
commissioning procedure is as follows:

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Connect and inquiry status

Isolation detection

Set channel No.

Set monitor parameters

Input power detection and adjust the direction of


Donor Antenna

Output power confirmation

Drive test and adjust the direction of Service


Antenna

Adjust UL ATT and confirm the call quality

Double check the status of BTS Uplink and the isolation


between Donor Antenna and Service Antenna

End

Figure 17: Commissiong Flow Chart

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Table 8: Commissioning Procedure


Commissioning Tasks Observation
Activate the OMT Main window. The system Initialization will
completed in about 2 minutes.
1. On-line and Inquiry status
Click “Connect” button to enquire the repeater’s status. Proceed if
there is no alarm; else check the failure and attend to the alarm.
2. Isolation detection Detect isolation of service antenna and donor antenna.
3. Set Channel No. Keep RF switch ON and set the channel number of the repeater’s
operating frequency.
Observe DL input power from measured value. Align the direction of
4. Adjust Downlink Output
donor antenna until the DL input power reading is maximized.
Power and align donor
Note: To ensure that the measured DL input power is accurate, one
antenna
should set the DL ATT to “0” before performing the check.
5. Configure [Equipment ID] Go to [Properties Info] and set [Equipment ID].
Enable the power supply by selecting “On” in [RF] -> [Switch]; go to
6. Comm. Config [Properties Info.] -> [Comm. Config.] and set OMC Phones No. , the
service No. of SMSC, Report Mode.
Select the equipment controlled and monitored parameters.
7. Select Monitoring
If the external devices are connected to the equipment for
Parameters
management, please enable in the [External Alarm Info.] Interface.
Use test-handset to verify field intensity within the coverage area. If
needed, realign the service antenna to achieve the desired
coverage.
8. Test coverage area field
Note: If during operation, the equipment gain could not be set to
intensity and adjust
maximum or the output power is not high enough due to insufficient
service antenna.
donor and service antennas isolation, then the antennas’ position
should be changed to increase isolation. If the output power is too
high and ALC is activated, then adjust the DL ATT to achieve
optimal DL Gain.
Adjust UL gain and perform test calls. Typically, the UL gain is set
around 5dB less than DL gain. Perform test calls in the coverage
9. Verify UL gain and ensure area while adjusting UL gain if required.
test call produces good Note: If the repeater is near the BTS and the test call performance
voice quality and there is is poor, this may be due to UL noise interference to the BTS. Users
no interfering BTS can calculate and determine if the repeater UL noise will interfere
with the BTS.
Verify again that there is no unacceptable interference to BTS.

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5 OMT
The equipment can be monitored and controlled by OMT software running on a local PC with local RJ45
cable, remote connection to the equipment via wireless GSM / WCDMA network.

OMT software running on a local PC with serial connection to the equipment.


OMC (optional) software with remote connection to the equipment over wireless GSM / WCDMA
network.

This chapter is to introduce how to apply local and remote connection to OMT for the first installation, for
the detailed OMT information, please refer to OMT user manual and other references.

Notice: The OMC software with remote connection to the equipment over wireless GSM / WCDMA network
is optional for customers.

5.1 LOCAL AND REMOTE CONNECTIONS TO OMT


After installing OMT software on the PC, connection to the equipment can be done locally or remotely.

Double click the OMT exlorer icon, the OMT Explorer main screen window will appear.

5.1.1 CONNECTION VIA ETHERNET (UDP)


In order to access to equipment via Ethernet (UDP), the PC must be set with proper IP address and subnet
mask in advance.

Figure 18: PC Protocol Setting

The default IP address of repeater is 195.60.16.254. To access the repeater for the first time, the PC must
be set with proper IP address: 195.60.16.X (X=1~253), subnet mask: 255.255.255.0.

After the PC protocol has been properly set, please connect the RJ45 cable to PC and equipment Ethernet
port.

Choose “Connection via Ethernet (UDP)” and click “ONLINE”.

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After database configuration is done successfully, the following window will pop up and select [Connection
via Ethernet (UDP)] for connection.

Figure 19: Connection Type

After clicking “ONLINE”, a window will pop up for user configuring IP Address and Port No.

Table 9: IP Setting Quick Look-up Table


Items Default Value
PC IP Address 195.60.16.X (X=1~253)
Device IP Site Port NO. 7025 (defaults)
PC Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0
Repeater IP Address 195.60.16.254

5.1.2 REMOTE CONNECTION TO OMT


If remote connection is needed, users can select [Remote connection via modem] in connection type
window. Select desired serial port and click “OK” in [Serial Port Configuration] window to go to OMT main
window and start modem initialization. Click “connect” and the [Remote Connection] window will show up.

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Figure 20: Remote Connection

Config: Enter the correct phone number (Users don't have to enter the password) and click “connect”, it will
be connected remotely.

Notice: Please enable the SIM card to support Circuit Switch Data.

5.2 OMT CONFIGURATION


After entering the OMT main screen, click the “Connect” button on the toolbar, to connect the equipment
to the OMT. Successful connection will be indicated by a message “Online Ok” and equipment parameters
can be read and/or set.

Users can configure the parameters, and then offset the parameters according to desired coverage level
and interference to other BTS signals.

OMT parameters include: Common Information, RF Information, Alarm Information, and Properties
Information.

Figure 21: OMT Main Window

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5.3 RF PARAMETER
It is recommended to configure the following RF parameters for the first installation.

5.3.1 SWITCH
Switch is to enable/disable power for internal modules. When user checks and sets non-RF parameters,
such as checking physical antenna connection, switching off will disable equipment power temporarily to
protect PA in operation.

Figure 22: Switch


Config:
Select the required state in setting columns of RF information window for RF switch, then press [Enter] or
[Config] button to finish the configuration operation.

Isolation detection switch: the repeater provides the function isolation detection, when switch on, the
repeater will test the real isolation between DT port and MT port, the value will be shown in
item ”Miscellaneous”, The value will be shown until the next isolation detection. The detection span of
isolation is Gain -20dB to Gain + 20dB. The switch will switch off auto after 30 seconds.

RF Switch: The switch is used to switching on or off the RF signal.

Overdrive Protect Switch: The output RF signal will cut off when the output power is beyong the max
threshold when the switch is on

Working Channel No. Switch: There are 4 working channels Switch on the channel that you wanted and
the others remain off.

5.3.2 CHANNEL NO.


Channel No. includes Low Edge Channel No. and High Edge Channel NO. The value in [MaxValue]
column is the upper limit of the range, while the value in [MinValue] column is the lower limit of the range.

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Figure 23: Channel No. (Master Unit)

Figure 24: Channel No. (Slave Unit)

Config:
Enter the required value in setting columns and click [Config] button to finish the configuration operation.
There are two methods to insert the channel number:
Insert the desired channel number (within the setting range) into the [Setting] column directly
Right click the [Setting] column, the [Frequency Calculator] dialogue window seen as below will pop-
up, insert the desired channel number. Then the corresponding frequency will turn up automatically.
This function makes it easier for user to configure.

Figure 25: Frequency Calculator


Channel NO. setting rules:

Master Unit: 2100MHz


Before setting the channel on, please check the channel frequency and it shall not be overlapping with
other channels which have on turned on. Otherwise the config will remain off after press “config” in
OMT.
For channel frequency setting, internal calculation will judge if the setting will be overlapping with any
other existing channel, if conflicted, then the config will not be effective. In the same channel, while
setting WCDMA channel, the interval between upper and lower band edge should be 0 for single
carrier, 25 for 2 carriers and 50 for 3 carriers which means WCDMA can support up to 3 carriers.
The protective frequency edge interval of channels should no less than 5MHz and the minimum
interval as illustrated below.

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N1 N2
Δ

Band A Band B

Thereinto,
N1: WorkingBand A High Edge Channel No. ,
N2: WorkingBand B Low Edge Channel No. ,
Δ=N2-N1≥25
Figure 26: The Protective Frequency Edge Interval

Slave Unit: 1800MHz


Before switch on the channel switch, please check the channel frequency and it shall not be
overlapping with other channels which have turned on. Otherwise the config will remain off after press
“config” in OMT.
For channel frequency setting, internal calculation will judge if the setting will be overlapping with any
other existing channel, if conflicted, then the config will not be effective.
Make sure the difference between the highest frequency and the lowest frequency is less than
60MHz.
For GSM, In the same channel, the difference between high edge channel no. and low edge channel
no. is more than X and less than X+124, its meaning is the bandwidth is 0.2~25MHz.
For LTE, the channel no. must be LTE channel no, the bandwidth is 10, 15 or 20MHz.
The protective frequency edge interval of channels should no less than 800kHz and the minimum
interval as illustrated below.

N1 N2
800kHz

600kHz

Band A Band B

Thereinto,
N1: WorkingBand A High Edge Channel No.
N2: WorkingBand B Low Edge Channel No.

Figure 27: The Protective Frequency Edge Interval

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5.3.3 ATT
ATT adjustment includes UL/DL ATT adjustment. The purpose of adjusting the ATT is to adjust system
gain.

Figure 28: ATT

Config:
Select the required value in setting columns of RF information window for ATT, and press [Enter] or
[Config] button to finish the configuration operation.
For UL ATT setting, if the required ATT value is less than 15dB, users can set by channel ATT that is UL
ATT 01 ~ 04; if the value still not reaches the requirement, set UL ATT, UL ATT value is 0 dB, 4 dB and 8
dB selectable.

5.3.4 ALARM THRESHOLD


Alarm Threshold includes Power threshold, Temperature threshold and VSWR threshold.
Users can set alarm threshold according to the specific situation. If the measured value is lower than the
threshold lower limit or more than the threshold upper limit, the appropriate alarm will be generated.

Figure 29: Alarm Threshold

Config:
Enter the required value in setting columns of RF information window for Alarm threshold, and press
[Enter] or [Config] button to finish the configuration operation.

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5.3.5 ALARM INFORMATION


Alarm information operation is to select alarm parameters for monitoring. Alarm parameters include Master
Alarm, Channel Alarm and External Alarm.

Click any tree node in [Alarm Info] group, [Alarm Parameter Information] window will appear in the right
side. The picture below shows the master alarm information.

Figure 30: Master Alarm

Figure 31: Channel Alarm

Figure 32: External Alarm

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Config:
Tick the check box of [Item select] and [Enable] of the desired parameters and click [config] button to finish
configuration operation.

Notice: [Enable] box is to enable the alarm monitoring for system. Only if users enable the alarm by
ticking the [Enable] box, the alarms can be monitored by the OMT/OMC.

On the maintenance window, if any alarm is generated and this alarm is also enabled in [Enable] box, ALM
LED turns RED; while it is OFF when normal working. On the OMT/OMC window, [Alarm Status] indicator
keeps GREEN if no alarm and turns RED if an alarm is generated.

Please notice that if the desired alarm is not enabled in [Enable] box, even if this alarm is
generated, it keeps in GREEN in the OMT/OMC interface and ALM LED on maintenance window
keeps OFF as well.

5.4 PROPERTIES INFO.

5.4.1 EQUIPMENT ID
Equipment ID is to be configured after local commission has been completed, which includes Site ID, and
Site Sub ID.

Figure 33: Equipment ID (Master Unit)

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Figure 34: Equipment ID (Slave Unit)

See the table below for configuration details of each parameter.

Table 10: Equipment ID


Item Description
Site ID Site ID is the unique equipment identification. It is a hexadecimal string of eight
characters in the range of [00000000~FFFFFFFF]. e.g. 00000000
Site Sub ID Site Sub ID is used for Master-Slave System. It is the unique identification of each
Master/ Slave Unit and is a hexadecimal string of two characters in the range of
[00~FF].
For the system located with single equipment, the Site Sub ID should be 00.
For Master-Slave system, the Site Sub ID for Master Unit is 00, and the Site Sub
ID for each Slave Unit is represented in the range of [01~FE] in ascending order.
e.g. Master Site ID: 00, Slave Site ID: 01

5.4.2 COMM. CONFIG


If the equipment is to be monitored by OMC software over wireless GSM / WCDMA network, users must
finish the [Comm. Config.] in the next step.

The Comm. Config information requires to be manually entered by users after successful connection to the
equipment.

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Figure 35: Com. Config (Master Unit)

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See the table below for configuration details of each parameter.

Table 11: Com. Comfig.


Item Description
Phone No. Checking Select “Enable” or “Disable” from the drop down menu as shown to enable or
disable the Phone Number Authentication feature. Refer to [Phone No.] in
details.
OMC Server IP Based on the current network conditions, users can enter the IP address
information of the equipment, which is connected to the OMT/OMC via
Ethernet. This connection via Ethernet is not available at this stage.
Query/Config Phone This is designed for authentication purpose when remote connection via
No. modem is required. It is the phone number to dial the equipment. Only the
phone number pre-defined in this field, will it be allowed to dial the equipment.
It is required to manually enter the phone number. Up to 5 phone numbers
are allowed. The use of phone number authentication can avoid unauthorized
use of the OMT. In addition, it can prevent the equipment receiving piles of
spam short messages, thus help the operator greatly reduce the cost.
Report Config The Report No. is the SIM card number of the modem built into the OMC
Server computer.The equipment will send alarm SMS to this number.
If remote communication is needed via modem, users have to enable SMS
mode and set the report phone No. by entering the SIM card number of the
equipment built-in modem.
SMSC No. It specifies the SMS center. Users have to set the service No. of SMSC for
the first installation, so that the alarms can be sent to OMC.
Alarm Notice Phone Input the phone number by which you can receive the alarm notice .You can
No input totally 3 alarm notice phone number.
Alarm Notice Phone Enable or disable the alarm notice phone number.
No Enable
Modem Working Freq Choose the frequency band the modem works at.
Band
Equipment Data The equipment’s own communication port can be set in a certain range which
Receive Port users can see in the remark.
OMC Server IP Input the OMC IP address.
OMC Server IP Port Input the port number of OMC IP address.
Heartbeat Detect Equipment and OMC communication interval can be set anytime by user
Interval according to real application.
PSD Access Point Input the APN of local operator’s GPRS network. E.g., .uninet is for China
Unicom.
PSD Logon Password Input the logon password and user name of APN.
/ User Name
PSD Parameter Input the IP address to realize connection of equipment and Internet.
Equipment IP Add
PSD Transmission Choose the [TCP+IP]
Protocol

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6 TROUBLESHOOTING
Following installation and commissioning, troubleshooting tasks to handle alarms may be required. Here
below is the alarm list of the equipment and diagnosis.

Table 12: Alarm List and Diagnosis


Alarm Diagnosis

Check AC power cable and verify AC mains supply is normal.


AC Power Failure Alarm
During power failed alarm, DC power supply has no output.

Check if DC output power is overload or short-circuited, if not, it


DC Power Fault Alarm
would be the fault of PSU.

Check if the Li-ion Battery connection is correct or any damage of


Li-ion Battery Fault Alarm the battery;
Replace the fault Li-ion Battery if it couldn't be energized.
UL/DL LNA Alarm
Check power and signal connections of respective modules;
UL/DL PA Alarm If the power and signal wire connections are OK, then the
respective modules may be faulty;
UL/DL PLL Alarm Replace the fault modules and return for repair.
Reset the output power low threshold;
Reset the ATT value to increase the Gain;
DL Output Power Low Alarm Check if Channel No. setting is correct;
Check the cable connections;
If alarm can not be cleared, check the equipment.
Eliminate alarm by correct setting of the input power overload
threshold;
DL Input Power Overload Alarm
Check if the intensity of signal source is large enough;
If alarm can not be cleared, check the equipment.
Eliminate alarm by setting of temperature threshold;
Chassis Over- temperature
If alarm can not be cleared, apply climatic protection to the
Alarm
equipment.
DL VSWR Alarm Check MT antenna system if there is downlink VSWR alarm.
Door Open Alarm Check whether the enclosure door is closed.
Check if either of the external devices connected to the equipment
External Alarm 1~2
is faulty.

End of Section

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7 APPENDICES
7.1 APPENDIX A: TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR INSTALLATION
The following are the recommended list of tools for new installation and routine maintenance:

Slotted screwdriver
Philips screwdriver
Ring spanner (Assorted size: 12~20mm)
Electrically operated drill and masonry drill bits 10mm
Anti-static wrist strap
Side cutter
RF Power Meter (e.g. Bird 5000)
T-shaped Pentagon Key Wrench

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7.2 APPENDIX B: RMA (RETURN MATERIAL AUTHORIZATION) FORM

End of Section

End of Document

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