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LESSON TRANSCRIPT

Beginner S1 #4
What's Your Ethnicity?

CONTENTS
2 INTRODUCTION
2 DIALOGUE
3 POST CONVERSATION BANTER
4 VOCAB LIST
5 VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
6 LESSON FOCUS
8 OUTRO

# 4
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INTRODUCTION

Jessi: Jessi here.

Daniel: Daniel here. Beginner series, season one, lesson four - What’s your ethnicity?

Daniel: Hello and welcome to the beginner series, season one at EnglishClass101.com
where we study modern English in a fun, educational format.

Jessi: So brush up on the English that you started learning long ago, or start learning
today.

Daniel: T hanks for being here with us for this lesson. Jessi, what are we looking at in
this lesson?

Jessi: In this lesson you will learn how to ask and talk about ethnicity.

Daniel: T his conversation takes place outside a classroom at a college.

Jessi: T he conversation is between Mike and Vicky, two classmates

Daniel: T he speakers are friends. T herefore, the speakers will be speaking casual
English. Now, before we listen to the conversation.

Jessi: We want to ask

Daniel: do you read the lesson notes while you listen?

Jessi: We received an email about this study tip

Daniel: So we were wondering if you’ve tried it. and if so,

Jessi: What do you think of it?

Daniel: You can leave us feedback in the comments section of this lesson.

Jessi: OK, let’s listen to the conversation.

DIALOGUE

Vicky: Hi, Mike! What’s up?

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Mike: Not much. How are you doing, Vicky?

Vicky: Never been better. I’m waiting for my roommate.

Mike: Oh, do you mean Oksana? She is Ukrainian, right?

Vicky: Yup. Are you Italian-American Mike?

Mike: I’m part Italian and part Irish.

Vicky: How interesting!

Mike: How about you Vicky? I know you’re Asian-American, but I don’t know which
ethnicity.

Vicky: My parents are Korean, so I’m Korean-American.

Mike: Cool! I love kimchi.

Vicky: Um…okay.

POST CONVERSATION BANTER

Jessi: So, in this conversation, Mike and Vicky were talking about ethnicity.

Daniel: T hat's right.

Jessi: So, by the way Daniel, what ethnicity are you?

Daniel: Well, I'm part-Japanese, part-English, part-Irish, and part-German.

Jessi: Wow! You have a lot of mixes in there!

Daniel: T hat's right! How about you Jessi? What's your ethnicity?

Jessi: Well, my mother is from Mexico, so I'm Mexican-American.

Daniel: Okay.

Jessi: Yea.

Daniel: Great. Are you good at cooking Mexican food?

Jessi: I'm not, but my mother is. So, she always cooked Mexican food for us. I loved it.

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Daniel: Oh, I'd love to try it.

Jessi: Yes, it's really good.

VOCAB LIST

Daniel: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.

T he first word we shall see is:

Jessi: What's up? [natural native speed]

Daniel: What are you doing? / How are you?

Jessi: What's up? [slowly - broken down by syllable]

Jessi: What's up? [natural native speed]

Daniel: Next.

Jessi: not much [natural native speed]

Daniel: nothing special, nothing especially

Jessi: not much [slowly - broken down by syllable]

Jessi: not much [natural native speed]

Daniel: Next.

Jessi: Ukrainian [natural native speed]

Daniel: a person or thing from Ukraine (an Eastern European country)

Jessi: Ukrainian [slowly - broken down by syllable]

Jessi: Ukrainian [natural native speed]

Daniel: Next.

yup [natural native speed]

Daniel: yes (casual)

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Jessi: yup [slowly - broken down by syllable]

Jessi: yup [natural native speed]

Daniel: Next.

Jessi: Italian-American [natural native speed]

Daniel: an American person or thing with roots in Italy

Jessi: Italian-American [slowly - broken down by syllable]

Jessi: Italian-American [natural native speed]

Daniel: Next.

Jessi: Asian-American [natural native speed]

Daniel: an American person or thing with roots in Asia

Jessi: Asian-American [slowly - broken down by syllable]

Jessi: Asian-American [natural native speed]

Daniel: Next.

Jessi: ethnicity [natural native speed]

Daniel: condition of belonging to a national or cultural group

Jessi: ethnicity [slowly - broken down by syllable]

Jessi: ethnicity [natural native speed]

Daniel: Next.

Jessi: kimchi [natural native speed]

Daniel: a spicy, pickled side-dish served with Korean food

Jessi: kimchi [slowly - broken down by syllable]

Jessi: kimchi [natural native speed]

VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE

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Jessi: In this lesson's dialog, Mike asks Vicky, "what's up?" T his is a common way
for close friends to begin a

Daniel: T he meaning is the same as "What are you doing?" or "What is happening
now?" However, it is often used as an informal simple greeting, such as "hi".

Jessi: Yes, this phrase is very informal. You can answer this question by explaining
what is new with you. But the most common answer is "not much". "Not much"
simply means that there is no special news to report.

Daniel: Also, people often don’t answer the question "what's up?", but instead respond
with "what's up?".

Jessi: So let’s hear an example of this.

Daniel: OK. Jessi, what’s up?

Jessi: What’s up?

Daniel: Exactly.

Jessi: T he next word we will look in this lesson is "ethnicity". Ethnicity is the noun
form of the word "ethnic", as in

Daniel: Something that is ethnic is associated with a national or cultural group. For
example, Italian food and Mexican food are considered ethnic food by Americans.

Jessi: T hat's right. Ethnicity is the noun form, and it is often used to talk about a
person's race. A person may be a different ethnicity than the country they were born in
or live in.

Daniel: Now, in America, there are so many different ethnicities, so it is fairly common
to ask people about their ethnic background. When you ask this question, you will hear
many people say things like "I'm Italian-American" or "I'm Chinese-American."

Jessi: Yes, you hear those kinds of phrases a lot. But many people are from mixed
backgrounds, so you will also hear things like "I'm part-Italian." T his means that the
person has some Italian in their background, but also has some other ethnicity or
ethnicities.

LESSON FOCUS

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Daniel: Okay, let's take a look at the grammar point for this lesson.

Daniel: T he focus of this lesson is subject-verb agreement with “be”. For example,
"She is Ukrainian, right?"

Jessi: "Be" is one of the most common and important words in the English language.
In this lesson, we will look at how it is used as a copula and how it is conjugated.

Daniel: By copula, we mean that it is used to link the subject with an adjective, another
noun, or an expression of place.

Jessi: You can think of “be” as being like an equal sign (=).

Daniel: T hat's right. T he conjugation of “be” can be difficult, so let's look carefully at
how to do it using the simple present tense.

Jessi: T he basic sentence pattern using “be” as a copula in the simple present tense
is like this… Subject, plus, be, plus either an adjective, noun, or expression of place.

Daniel: T he conjugation for "be" depends on whether you are using first person

Jessi: I

Daniel: 2nd person

Jessi: you

Daniel: or 3rd person

Jessi: he or she

Daniel: It also depends on whether there is only person, or more than one person.

Jessi: T he conjugation also depends on the verb tense - past, present, future, etc. But
in this lesson, we will only consider the simple present tense.

Daniel: Let's look at some examples…

Jessi: First, an example in the 1st person.

Daniel: I am American.

Jessi: Next, an example in the 2nd person.

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Daniel: You are tall.

Jessi: And lastly, an example in the 3rd person.

Daniel: She is Ukrainian.

Jessi: So don't forget these three forms of the word "be" - am, are, and is!

Daniel: T here is a detailed write-up of the grammar point in the lesson PDF. So be sure
to visit the website and download the PDF for this lesson.

OUTRO

Jessi: Well, that just about does it for today.

Daniel: Some of our listeners already know about the most powerful tool on
EnglishClass101.com

Jessi: T he line by line audio.

Daniel: T he perfect tool for rapidly improving your listening comprehension.

Jessi: by listening to lines of the conversation again and again..

Daniel: listen until every word and syllable becomes clear.

Basically, we break down the dialogue into comprehensible, bite-size sentences.

Jessi: You can try the line by line audio in the premium learning center at
EnglishClass101.com

Daniel: Well, until next time. See you later

Jessi: Bye everyone.

ENGLI S HCLAS S 101.COM BEGI NNER S 1 #4 - WHAT 'S YOUR ET HNI CI T Y? 8