WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION AUTO MECHANICS PREAMBLE This syllabus is intended to give the student

an insight into the work of a motor mechanic, improve his attitude towards the automobile and its maintenance and enable him to appreciate the relationship between science and technology. OBJECTIVES The objectives are to test candidates’ ability to: 1. 2. 3. identify, sketch and describe the systems and parts of the automobile. state the functions and explain the working principles of the systems and the main parts. perform simple fault diagnosis, routine maintenance, minor repairs, know and observe safety precautions. adapt the basic knowledge to a wide range of situations.

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RUBRIC AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION The Examination shall consist of two (2) papers, both of which must be taken. Paper 1: Practical (2 hours). The practical test will comprise two compulsory questions to be attempted by candidates in two hours. This paper carries 100 marks. For the practical test, schools will supply materials needed locally. Paper 2: Theory (2½ hours). This paper will be divided into two Sections, A and B. Section A: Objective Test (1 hour). One hour will be allowed for this section which will comprise 40 multiple choice questions. This section carries 40 marks. Essay (1½ hours). There will be five questions out of which candidates will be expected to answer any four in 1½ hours. All questions carry equal marks. This section carries 60 marks.

Section B:

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2 (b) Principles of operation (c) Types of Engine 3. (d) Crank arrangement and firing order. drives. 3. 3. equipment and their maintenance Arrangement and functions of the main components of the body and drive of conventional and alternative vehicles. valve. oil seal. Inspection of motor vehicle layout. layout. TOPIC REGULATIONS AND SAFETY THEORY 1.1. transmission. LAYOUT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE 2. braking.3.3. wheels and tyres. ENGINE (a) Main components 3. (e) Valve operating mechanism.1 Arrangement and functions of the main components: cylinder head and cover. main components. 3. Basic tools. 3.5. crankshaft.4 and 6 cylinder in-line engines.2 Measurement of the bore and crank-journals for wear.2 60 .1. Decarbonization of cylinder head. Valve adjustments. rocker shaft/arms.4. identification of main components for cars and commercial vehicles 2.1 Identification and use of various types of fire extinguishers and other workshop machinery and equipment.1 Identification of main components. 3.2 Two stroke and four stroke cyclespetrol and diesel. cam-shaft. valve timing including calculation of valve opening and closing periods.1 3. push rod. spark plug (petrol).1. valve springs. engine.1 2. connecting rod.1 Instructions in basic safety precautions. suspension and electrical systems PRACTICAL 1. 3. 3. 3. 3. 1.4 Crank-arrangement and firing order: 2.1. instruments.1 Determination of firing order through valve openings.5 Functions and operation of valve operating mechanism. 3. V-4. V-6 and 4-cylinder horizontally opposed engines.1 Inspection and classification of engines according to cylinders.5.WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION AUTO MECHANICS DETAILED SYLLABUS S/NO.3 Single and multicylinder engines. cylinder block. piston and rings.1 Identification of main components. fuel injection pump and injector (diesel). steering. flywheel.

Thermo-syphon and pump assisted systems. Lubricated parts and components. EXHAUST SYSTEM 5.2 Petrol: Layout and operation of petrol supply system-gravity and force-feed systems.1. Comparing fresh and used oils. elementary treatment of injection pumps and injectors. 4. forced and mist. inspection of radiator and its construction. simple carburettor. Dismantling. Types of feed-splash.1 Identification of main components.1 Inspection of exhaust system and identification of the exhaust and inlet manifolds.1 Fuels and combustion: Elements of combustion.1 Inspection of various types of injection pumps. Air Cooling System: Layout and functions of the system. Use of the grease gun.2. 6. 5.1 Identification of main components. COOLING SYSTEM 7. 5.2 Lubricants: Applications in engines.3. examination and reassembling of a mechanical fuel pump.1. servicing of injectors only. main components. gear boxes and final drives.2.1 Water Cooling System: Purpose and layout of the system. viscosity rating.1.1 Purpose and layout of the system. Types of silencers and manifolds.2. 7. Inspection of layout of petrol supply system: dismantling. boundary layer and film lubrication. multi-jet carburettor. air-fuel ratios. replacement of fan belt. 4. Checking fuel system troubles. types and properties of fuelpetrol and diesel. 4.1.1 6.3 Diesel: Layout of a diesel supply system. Comparison of the air and water cooling systems.WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION AUTO MECHANICS S/NO. 4. Mechanical and electrical fuel pumps. PRACTICAL 4. LUBRICATION 6.2. inspection and reassembling of a carburettor. 4.2. SAE numbers. functions of main components. Inspection of exhaust gases for normal air-fuel ratios and excessively worn engine. Engine Lubrication: Reasons for lubrication and types.2 61 .1. 4. 6. changing of oil and oil filters. Air filters/cleaners. 7.1.1 4. TOPIC FUEL SYSTEMS THEORY 4. 7. 6.1 Identification of different types of lubricants.

2. Types and sizes. Tyre fitting and checking tyre pressure.1 Dismantling.1 Examination of the propeller shaft and universal joint bearings for bow and wear respectively. BRAKING SYSTEM 10. 62 . (e) Rear Axle 8.2 9.1. Methods of actuation-hydraulic and mechanical.1 10. main components and their functions.WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION AUTO MECHANICS S/NO.4 Functions of the propeller shaft. Types-manual and automatic (excluding twin axles and double reduction axles). TOPIC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM (a) Layout 8.3 Types. 8. identifying parts and re-assembling a clutch unit (single plate). 8. layout and operating principles of crash. 8. Tyres: Tubed and Tubeless types. “Spottesting” of brakes. common types : pressed steel. drum and disc. Brake lining materials and methods of attachment. THEORY PRACTICAL (b) Clutch Assembly 8. multiplate and introduction of fluid flywheel. Adjusting clutch pedal clearance and bleeding clutch unit. half shaft. Advantages and disadvantages. 9. simple calculations of gear ratios.1.1 Inspection of different types of brakes.1 Checking and adjustment of wheel bearing clearance. Identification of components of a gearbox. mechanical and hydraulic. Gear selector mechanism.3.1 Layout. hub attachments. Types and operating principles of single plate. universal joint and sliding joint. WHEELS AND TYRES 9.1 Function of the transmission system.1 Identification of different types of layout. removal and changing of road wheels. (c) Gearbox 8.2. 8.1 8. disc and wire spoke wheels. 10. 8. constant mesh and synchromesh gearboxes. Inspection of gear teeth for wear. Importance of servo-assisted brake. 8.2 (d) Propeller shaft and Universal joint.1 Wheels: Road wheels.5 Arrangement and functions of main components-final drive gears. Replacement of pads and shoes.4. functions and operation of braking system. 9. 9.2 Functions of a clutch. oil seal and hub bearings.3. differential unit. merits and demerits.1. Advantages and disadvantages of disc and drum brakes. bleeding and adjustment.

1 Identification of main components. (b) Auto Wiring System 13.C. Basic components and their functionsrelays. SUSPENSION SYSTEM 12.1 Purpose of the suspension system. 11. 13. ways of joining cablesjointing.1 Inspection and identification of various components.3. shock absorbers. camber.2. (c) Ignition System 13. Simple soldering. 13. Types of steering gearboxes-rack and pinion.WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION AUTO MECHANICS S/NO. use of simple electrical measuring instruments. setting of contact breaker points and spark plug gaps. 12.1 63 .2 Steering geometry: Ackerman linkage. 13.1. ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS (a) Fundamentals 13. 13.1 General layout and functions of the front axle and steering systems.1.1 Front wheel alignment. recirculating balls only. fuses and switches. king pin inclination. inspection of tyre wear patterns. simple circuits. castor. A. TOPIC STREERING SYSTEM THEORY 11.1 Basic electrical terms and symbols. lamps.4 Layout and functions of the main components. resistors. and D.1 Identification of differences between the rigid beam and independent suspension.1 Identification of components of different layouts.C.1 Setting up simple electrical circuits. connectors soldering.2. 11. 13. colour codingreasons for their use.4.1. PRACTICAL 11. Wiring system-earth and insulated return systems. ignition timing. terminals. layout and types.2 Wire gauges. Inspection and identification of main components. 11. toe-in and toe-out. Ohm’s law and calculations involving series and parallel circuits. Function and operation of the main components. advantages and disadvantages. (d) Starting System 13. 12. rigid beam and independent suspension (semi-elliptic and coil springs). sources.3 Layout of the coil ignition system.

Oguaah R.1.W. 7. Battery maintenance.1 (g) Auxilliary Unit 13. 4. SAFE MOTORING 15.5 Layout of the system. Inspection and identification of the main components. RECOMMENDED READING LIST 1. Bent by F.1 Identification of main components.1 Identification of faults and defective components that could cause accidents. 8.6. 13. Main components and their functions. Removing. (f) Charging System 13. Identification and interpretation of road signs. TOPIC THEORY PRACTICAL (e) Lighting System 13. Inspection and testing of main components.WEST AFRICAN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION AUTO MECHANICS S/NO. 6. testing.C. (Basic principles of operation and identification of parts and their functions) 14. construction of the lead acid battery.7.1. 15. 3.1 Elementary introduction to auto air-conditioning. windscreen wiper.7 Identification of the auxilliary units only. essentials of safe driving and application of highway code. inspection and replacement of bulbs and fuses.1 Inspection of airconditioning system and the components. horn. Battery condition and rating. main components and their functions. Dolan Hillier and Pittuk 5. Preparation of electrolyte.5. 2. 13. Fuses and bulbs-types and ratings. Mudd (Edward Arnold Publishers) Heinz Heister J.6 Layout and operation. 15.1 Main causes of accident.1 14. Instrument panel. Sulley 64 . Technology for Motor Mechanics Volumes 1-4 Vehicle and Engine Technology Motor Vehicle Technology and Practical work Fundamentals of Motor Vehicle Technology (4th Edition) Automobile Engine and Vehicle Technology Automotive Mechanics Motor Vehicle Technology (Books I and II) Motor Vehicle Mechanic’s Textbook (New Edition) by by by by S. by by by Ian Chisholm R. charging and replacing battery. AUTO AIRCONDITIONING 14.A. 13.K.K.