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Part 7 - Method for Verification of Structural Design by Calculation

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, CNL Technical Information Services, 09 February 2004, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

British Standard

**A single copy of this British Standard is licensed to
**

Technical Information Services Dept .

09 February 2004

**This is an uncontrolled copy. Ensure use of the most
**

current version of this document by searching British

Standards Online at bsonline.techindex.co.uk

**BRITISH STANDARD BS 5649-7:
**

1985

Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept ., CNL Technical Information Services, 09 February 2004, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

Lighting columns —

Part 7: Method for verification of

structural design by calculation

UDC [624.971:628.971]:624.04

Uncontrolled Copy. (c) BSI The preparation of this British Standard was entrusted by the Road Engineering Standards Committee (RDB/-) to Technical Committee RDB/28 upon which the following bodies were represented: Aluminium Federation British Precast Concrete Federation Ltd. BS 5649-7:1985 Committees responsible for this British Standard Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . No. having been prepared under the direction of the Road Engineering Standards Committee. Date of issue Comments The following BSI references relate to the work on this standard: Committee reference RDB/28 Draft for comment 77/10155 DC ISBN 0 580 14461 5 . was published under the authority of the Board of BSI and comes into effect on Amendments issued since publication 30 August 1985 © BSI 01-1999 Amd.. CNL Technical Information Services. This British Standard. 09 February 2004. British Steel Industry Cement and Concrete Association County Surveyor’s Society Department of Transport Design Council Electricity Supply Industry in England and Wales Institution of Highways and Transportation Institution of Mechanical Engineers Institution of Municipal Engineers Institution of Public Lighting Engineers Lighting Column Manufacturers’ Association Lighting Industry Federation Ltd.

gm 4 Publications referred to Inside back cover © BSI 01-1999 i .. gf 2 Table 2 — Partial material factors. BS 5649-7:1985 Contents Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . CNL Technical Information Services. (c) BSI Page Committees responsible Inside front cover Foreword ii 1 Scope 1 2 Definitions 1 3 Symbols 1 4 Basis of calculations 2 5 Strength requirements (ultimate limit state) 2 6 Deflection requirements (serviceability limit state) 7 7 Permissible modifications to verified column 7 Figure 1 — Values of factor f1 8 Figure 2 — Closed regular cross sections of metal lighting columns 9 Figure 3 — Values of factor f5 10 Figure 4 — Unreinforced door openings in metal lighting columns 11 Figure 5 — Cross sections of reinforced door openings in metal lighting columns 12 Figure 6 — Elevation of reinforced door openings in metal lighting columns 14 Figure 7 — Values of factor f7 15 Figure 8 — Cross sections of concrete lighting columns 16 Table 1 — Partial load factors. 09 February 2004. Uncontrolled Copy.

and until the nine Parts were published it was not possible to supersede the present British Standards for lighting columns. — Part 2: Dimensions and tolerances. — Part 6: Specification for design loads. CNL Technical Information Services. Uncontrolled Copy. — Part 8: Method for verification of structural design by testing. 1) Subsequently published as CEN Report CR 40-7 (May 1984) “Lighting columns. recommendations were given for their implementation together with a list of clauses in the existing standards which they would eventually supersede. — Part 5: Specification for base compartments and cableways. ISO 2394 introduced the concept of limit state design where factored loading effects are compared with the relevant resistance of the structure. BS 5649 has been produced in Parts as the Parts of EN 40 have been produced by the European Committee for Standardization Technical Committee CEN/TC 50. augmented with a limited amount of additional design criteria for door openings that has recently become available from research projects. the areas that obtained European agreement have been fully incorporated. were unable to agree on a final version of Part 7 “Method for verification of structural design by calculation” and instead had to produce a Unification Report1).. The method of calculation described in this standard is based on the principles contained in ISO 2394-1973 published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). (c) BSI This Part of BS 5649 has been prepared under the direction of the Road Engineering Standards Committee. and all Parts of the existing standards can be superseded after a suitable transition period. BS 5649 consists of the following Parts: — Part 1: Definitions and terms. The British Standards Committee has therefore independently produced this Part of BS 5649. the new standard is complete. CEN/TC 50. ii © BSI 01-1999 . 09 February 2004. however. — Part 4: Recommendations for surface protection of metal lighting columns. — verification of structural design by calculation”. — Part 7: Method for verification of structural design by calculation. In doing so. which give details of the sections of the draft Part 7 where agreement had been reached and highlighted the areas of difference. BS 5649 has been issued in Parts as they were completed and approved. With the publication of this Part. The remainder of the document contains the information that the UK delegation of CEN/TC 50 supported. As the Parts were issued. Lighting columns and spigots. — Part 3: Specification for materials and welding requirements. BS 5649-7:1985 Foreword Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . — Part 9: Specification for special requirements for reinforced and prestressed concrete columns.

BS 1840. Purchasers specifying lighting schemes during the interim period should. Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity from legal obligations. This will be indicated in the amendment table on the inside front cover. pages i to iv. where possible. an inside front cover. (c) BSI The British Standards affected by BS 5649 are BS 1308. In the interim period it is permissible for lighting columns to be specified to comply with either BS 1308. It is anticipated that BS 1840 and BS 3989 will be withdrawn one year from the publication of this Part of this standard and that BS 1308 will be withdrawn three years from the publication of this Part of this standard. respectively. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . © BSI 01-1999 iii . BS 1840 and BS 3989. an inside back cover and a back cover. steel and aluminium street lighting columns. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application. BS 3989 or BS 5649. A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. CNL Technical Information Services. Uncontrolled Copy. This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had amendments incorporated. permit either alternative. Summary of pages This document comprises a front cover. pages 1 to 16. 09 February 2004. specifications for concrete..

CNL Technical Information Services..Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . (c) BSI iv blank . 09 February 2004. Uncontrolled Copy.

L Effective length of door opening. Zpyr Plastic modulus of reinforced door opening dw Width of door reinforcement. P Factor. reinforcement measured normal to the x-x axis. and aluminium columns complying with BS 5649-3 h Nominal height of lighting column. BS 5649. v Radius of gyration of door reinforcement. reinforcement measured normal to the y-y axis. cross section about n-n axis. It applies to post top columns # 20 m nominal height and to columns with brackets # 18 m mox Distance from centroid of door nominal height. To assist door opening measured normal to reference. d Diameter of cross section. NOTE 3 The titles of the publications referred to in this Mux Bending strength about x-x axis.. The definitions are abbreviated. bo Mean dimension of flat side at edge of door w Bracket projection. By Factor. of BS 5649 or. 3 Symbols R Mean radius of cross section. The structural design of a lighting column can be Mp Combined bending moment for closed verified by calculation in accordance with this Part regular cross section. 2 Definitions Mx Bending moment about x-x axis. the full S Length of end connection of door definitions being given in the text. 09 February 2004. Ae Effective cross-sectional area of door tw Thickness of reinforcement. a Overall length of door opening. standard are listed on the inside back cover. Zpnr Plastic modulus of reinforced door opening dl Mean diameter of hoop reinforcement. lighting column by calculation. the major equations are numbered (1) to (14). The following symbols are used in this Part of s Longitudinal spacing of hoops. the My Bending moment about y-y axis. the x-x axis. It applies to steel G Modulus of rigidity. Tp Torsional moment. to produce an answer in the units specified. section. t Wall thickness. b Mean dimension of flat side of a polygonal Tu Torsional strength. Zpy Plastic modulus of unreinforced door opening cross section about y-y axis. to Lesser of t and tw. The calculations are applicable to circular cross sections and regular polygonal cross sections of not moy Distance from centroid of door less than eight sides. NOTE 2 Care should be taken when applying the formulae detailed in this standard as they include a factor. definitions given in BS 5649-1 apply. as Area of legs of closed hoops at a section. reinforcement. Zpn Plastic modulus of unreinforced door opening cross section about n-n axis. if the manufacturer considers it necessary it can be verified by testing Mup Bending strength for closed regular cross (see BS 5649-8). reinforcement. NOTE 1 Any changes to the calculations required because of the use of other cross sections are outside the scope of this mx Distance from centre of column wall at the standard and should be agreed between the purchaser and the door opening measured normal to supplier. opening. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . section. N Corner radius of door opening. As Cross-sectional area of door reinforcement. the y-y axis. For the purposes of this Part of BS 5649. Zp Plastic modulus of closed regular cross Bx Factor. This Part of BS 5649 describes the criteria to be F Factor. cross section about y-y axis. used when verifying the structural design of a g Factor. where my Distance from centre of column wall at the appropriate. C Length of halves of straight edge of door opening. do Diameter of central bore. Muy Bending strength about y-y axis. (c) BSI 1 Scope E Modulus of elasticity. and to concrete columns complying with BS 5649-9. Uncontrolled Copy. © BSI 01-1999 1 . section. CNL Technical Information Services.

simplifications appropriate to lighting columns have been adopted. If two or Table 1 — Partial load factors.1 Concrete.1 General.4 Loads to be used for calculations The adequacy of the strength of the column shall be The characteristic loads specified in 5. The characteristic loads for strength requirements shall be the loads calculated in accordance u Half angle of door opening. CNL Technical Information Services. ss Characteristic strength of material. each opening shall be verified.) calculating bending and torsion moments.2 % proof stress.3.1416. d) Transition from one diameter to another when the column is stepped. 5.3. NOTE In following this approach. gf c) The point at which the bracket begins if the column and bracket consist of one piece.1 of b) The serviceability limit state. as appropriate.3. (c) BSI gf Partial load factor.2 % proof stress in the case of reinforcing steel.. 5 Strength requirements (ultimate b) the ultimate tensile strength in the case of limit state) prestressing steel. 5. e. a) The point at which the column is fixed. Uncontrolled Copy. strength ss (in N/mm2) of steel and aluminium alloys shall be either: f1 to f7 Factors as defined in text. two limit states shall be 5. 5. Where statistical data is not available. the strength of Load Partial load factor.3 Characteristic strength of materials r Factor. The 1) the number of separate partial safety factors have been characteristic strength ss (in N/mm2) of reinforcing reduced to a minimum. the deflection of the column in service. change of material thickness. 2 © BSI 01-1999 .2 Reinforcing and prestressing steels. calculation. 5. resistance of the structure. gf more door openings are provided. 5.3 Concrete lighting columns considered. The characteristic strength with a sc Effective compressive strength of concrete statistical probability of 95 % shall be used in the at transfer of prestress. or the Dead loads 1. which relates to BS 5649-9:1982. a) the lower yield stress. b) The lower edge of the door opening(s). where factored reduction in material strength that may result from load effects are compared with the relevant the jointing process used in the structure. which corresponds to (in N/mm2) of concrete shall be taken as 0. the compressive strength relates to values obtained from test cylinders. The approach to calculations used in this standard The values used shall make allowance for any is based on limit state principles. gf. The characteristic strength ss a) The ultimate limit state. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept .3.1 Application of calculations 5.1 or 4.3. π Constant = 3. with BS 5649-6.1 point at which the bracket is attached if the Wind loads 1.3. and prestressing steel shall be taken as: 2) serviceability partial safety factors have been eliminated as these all have a value equal to unity. e) Any other critical position.2 shall be calculated for the following critical cross sections.3. The characteristic losses. These are: 5.85 of the the load-carrying capacity of the column.1 bracket is detachable. the minimum values given in the relevant national st Characteristic shear strength.2 Characteristic loads gm Partial material factor. or international standard shall be taken as the characteristic strength. or 4 Basis of calculations b) the 0. given in Table 1 to give the loads to be used for (Normally at ground level. 09 February 2004. NOTE In BS 5649-9. sp Stress on cross section from prestressing force after taking account of prestressing 5. a) the elastic limit or 0. compressive strength as specified in 3. multiplied by the appropriate partial load factors.g.2 Metal lighting columns.

σs ( R ⁄ t ) NOTE For polygonal sections. torsion moment.5.2 (in N/mm2). 5. about the orthogonal axes x-x and the curve appropriate to the cross section in y-y. in 5..08RLσ s f4 is a factor having a value equal to b) Torsion strength (in N·m) 2 t E ------------------------------------------.2. b) Torsion strength (in N·m) 5. but not greater than 1. the strength in (4) bending Mup of the particular cross section in the direction of Mp shall be calculated.1 using the loads specified of r = ( R/t ) σ s /E . the (in N·m) shall be calculated for the particular cross strengths of the sections shall be calculated from the section. The strength in bending and the R2 t strength in torsion of the particular cross section shall be calculated in accordance with 5. 4R2t for circular cross sections. On columns with an Zp is the plastic modulus of the closed regular asymmetric bracket/lantern arrangement the cross section (in mm3).1 Bending moments. sections. For closed regular cross sections.6.6 Strength of section 4. as appropriate. the material as specified in 6. the axes may be positioned E is the characteristic modulus of elasticity of through the centre of a flat side or through a corner. a) Bending strength (in N·m) respectively.1.4.1 or.1 using the loads NOTE For the purpose of this standard Zp may be taken as having a value of: specified in 5. 5.but not greater than f1. which coincide with the direction of the moments Mx and My in 5.2 Unreinforced openings in regular cross and 5. adverse action on the column cross section being t is the wall thickness (see Figure 2) (in mm). Mx f1 is a factor having the value obtained from and My (in N·m).5.6. For sections with openings. The bending moments. the strength of the sections shall be calculated from the following equations: where a) Bending strength (in N·m) f3 is a factor having a value equal to 2 t E .5.5 and Figure 8.473E - is a factor with a value equal to --------------------------- 1. Tp (in N·m) shall be calculated for each position specified in 5.3.3. the bending moments Mx and My may be combined to give a R is the mean radius of the cross section single moment.but not greater than f2.4. Figure 5 f2 0.6.1 Closed regular cross sections. where Mux and Muy are the bending following equations: strengths about orthogonal axes x-x and y-y.05RLσ s (3) © BSI 01-1999 3 .6.2 Metal columns (6) 5. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept .5 Calculation of moments where 5. For unreinforced openings in circular cross Either the strength in bending Mux and Muy sections and regular polygonal cross sections. Mp (in N·m) that gives the most (see Figure 2) (in mm). (1) ss is the characteristic strength of the material as specified in 5.2. (5) The strength in torsion Tu (in N·m) of the particular cross section shall also be calculated. considered and shall be calculated from the gm is a partial material factor having the equation: appropriate value given in Table 2.6.1 General. respectively. CNL Technical Information Services.3 (in N/mm2). For closed circular cross sections and closed regular polygonal cross sections. 5.2 Torsion moments.6. 09 February 2004. shall be calculated for each Figure 1 where the value position specified in 5.0.2 5.32 for octagonal cross sections. Uncontrolled Copy. ------------------------------------------ (2) 2 t E + 0.5. 2 t E + 0. (c) BSI 5. the x-x and y-y axes shall be taken as shown in Figure 4. where Mp has been calculated in accordance with 5.

0. (see Figure 4) (in mm).3 mm). Specified elongation $ 5 % 1. shall be calculated from the following equations: a) Bending strength (in N·m) Zpy is the plastic modulus of the section about the plastic neutral axis y-y (in mm3).2. a is the overall length of the opening 5. When bo is less than 4t the value of Non-spun 1.30 bo is the mean dimension of the flat side at Concrete the edge of the opening (see Figure 4) (in Centrifugally spun 1.1. polygonal cross sections the classification of R is the mean radius of the cross section reinforcement type shall be in accordance with the (see Figure 4) (in mm). Steel reinforcement (in concrete 1. CNL Technical Information Services.2.43N) (in mm).30 circular cross sections: 1. E. fasteners or intermittent fillet welds shall not be Zpn is the plastic modulus of the section about greater than 12 to.2. In addition.6.0.5 bo shall be taken as equal to b. f6 is a factor having the following values: a) reinforcement types 1. appropriate type shown in Figure 5. Specified elongation < 5 % 1. f2. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . The strengths of the sections the plastic neutral axis n-n (in mm3).3 Reinforced openings in regular cross sections. material factor. where octagonal cross sections:2. Aluminium polygonal cross sections: (15t/bo)0.1. appropriate standard listed in BS 5649-3.15 b is the mean dimension of the flat side of a columns) polygonal section (see Figure 4) (in mm).. gm Figure 3 using the appropriate values of Material Partial R/L and u.15 g is a factor having the following values: Specified elongation < 5 % 1. For the purposes of this clause. Prestressing wire (in concrete columns) 1. for reinforced N is the corner radius of the opening openings in circular cross sections and regular (see Figure 4) (in mm). gm u is the half angle of the door opening Steel (see Figure 4) (in degrees).6. ss and gm are as defined in 5. the reinforcement shall be fixed to the column wall at t is the wall thickness (see Figure 4) the door and the clear distance between individual (in mm).6. 09 February 2004. f5 is as defined in 5.2. (c) BSI f5 is a factor having the value obtained from Table 2 — Partial material factors. f1.6 but Specified elongation $ 5 % 1. 2 and 3 (see Figure 5) 4 © BSI 01-1999 .15 not greater than 1.0. NOTE For the purpose of this standard the following values (7) of Zpn and Zpy may be taken for circular sections and regular octagonal sections: (8) b) Torsion strength (in N·m) where (9) F is a factor having the following values: circular cross sections: 2. Uncontrolled Copy.15 L is the effective length of the opening and NOTE For values of specified elongation refer to the has the value of (a – 0.

to σ s ⁄ 3 .6. (in N/mm2). about the plastic neutral used for the column or the reinforcement. u and L are as defined in 5. Zpnr is the plastic modulus of the section. the straight edge of the door opening f1. area As (see Figure 5)] 1) the actual throat thickness.e. Where the value for As is not mm).2. Zpyr is the plastic modulus of the section.2. the upper and lower end connections have as indicated in Figure 5. E and gm are as defined in 5. taken. as specified in 5. as appropriate.6. type 4 reinforcement may be considered as the shear strength of the individual type 2. CNL Technical Information Services. Uncontrolled Copy. about the plastic neutral (see Figure 5) (in mm). area As) to the x-x axis the door reinforcement as indicated on (see Figure 5) measured normal to the axis (in Figure 5. mx is the distance from the centre of the column wall c) The total shear strength (in N) of all at the edge of the opening to the x-x axis (see Figure 5) measured normal to the axis (in mm). which may be where taken as being less than the actual thickness. whichever is the least axis n-n (in mm3).2. The shear strength Figure 7 using the appropriate values of shall be calculated using a shear stress equal R/L and u. reinforcement (see Figure 6) (in mm). including the effective door ss is the characteristic strength of the material reinforcement. fasteners in each length S divided by ss.1. (see Figure 5) measured normal to the axis (in mm). 09 February 2004. The throat thickness of fillet welds shall be taken as being the lesser value of: v is the radius of gyration of the actual door reinforcement [i. (c) BSI b) reinforcement type 4 (see Figure 5) d) The total shear strength (in N) of all fasteners in each length C divided by ss. tw is the thickness of the reinforcement at the side of the door opening (see Figure 5) (in mm). not greater than 10t.6.e. including the effective door R is the mean radius of the cross section reinforcement. fasteners times the appropriate number of f7 is a factor having a value obtained from fasteners. the actual cross-sectional area of mox is the distance from the centroid of the actual door reinforcement (i. b) Sto. The shear strength of fasteners shall be taken as the shear strength of fillet weld per NOTE 1 Where a higher value for f6 would thereby be unit length times the appropriate length or obtained. may be assumed to act with the different lengths the lesser value shall be reinforcement for the purpose of calculating v. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . of the column at point of attachment S is the length of the end connection of the door (in mm). P is a factor having a value equal to Ae/Rt but C is the length of the upper or lower halves of not greater than the lesser of L/4R or 1.. t is the wall thickness (see Figure 5) (in mm). Where NOTE 2 A length of column wall. uniform over the length of the door moy is the distance from the centroid of the actual opening the minimum area shall be door reinforcement (i. area As) to the y-y axis taken. Ae is the effective cross-sectional area (in mm2) of the door reinforcement and shall be taken as equal to the least value of the following. or about its centroidal axis parallel to the wall 2) the value of to. axis y-y (in mm3).3. a) As. NOTE For the purposes of this Part of BS 5649 the following to is the lesser of the two values t and tw values of Zpnr and Zpyr may be taken for circular sections and regular octagonal sections: (in mm2).2. © BSI 01-1999 5 .e. For the purposes of the calculations tw has a consistent value. (see Figure 6) (in mm).

The torsion strength Tu of other cross sections.6 sc.6.2 Other cross sections (including those with Muy and Mup are defined in 5. with longitudinal steel reinforcement sections. with openings) shall be as follows. including those with openings.3.3. concrete in the lighting column at transfer shall where ss is the characteristic strength of not be greater than 0.2 strength of other cross sections (including those and 2. NOTE Advice on instability of concrete sections is given in (11) BS 8110-1. 2. 5.1) of other cross sections. shall and/or prestressing wires shall be the greater of either be obtained by an inelastic analysis based the two values calculated from equations (10) on the short term stress-strain curves derived and (11) below.3. shall either be calculated using an where appropriate analytical method.6. (c) BSI my is the distance from the centre of the column wall s is the longitudinal spacing of hoops at the edge of the opening to the y-y axis (see (in mm).6.3.1 Closed regular cross sections.6. For prestressed concrete columns column (see Figure 8) (in mm). the following additional requirements shall apply. For 5. b) Torsion strength (in N·m).7 Acceptance of design for strength reinforced concrete sp = 0. sp in the transmission length. where sc (in N/mm2) is concrete as specified in 5. the reinforcement (see Figure 8) (in mm).1.3. st is the characteristic shear strength with a a) Concrete. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . where appropriate.1. The torsion a) Bending strength (in N·m). given in Table 2 where Mux. including those with openings.. in the lighting column at the moment of transference of the prestressing force. the effective compressive strength of the concrete gm is as defined in 5. CNL Technical Information Services. gm. 09 February 2004. The bending strengths Tu of circular or octagonal closed strengths Mux and Muy (see 5.1.3 of BS 8110-1:1985) may be used. (13) 6 © BSI 01-1999 .6. gm. 5. For closed regular cross sections. b) Torsion strength (in N·m). by an empirical method based on tests. Uncontrolled Copy. The value from equation (11) shall only be adopted 5.6. or column (see Figure 8) (in mm). which has been d is the diameter of cross section of the proved suitable for the particular cross section. given in Table 2. sp is the stress on the cross section from the prestressing force after taking account of b) Complete structure.3 Additional requirements for prestressed do is the diameter of the central bore of the concrete columns. The bending strength and torsion NOTE The short term stress strain curves (Figures 2. exceeds: a) Bending strength (in N·m). Prestressing losses shall the prestressing losses (in N/mm2).6. The strength of the column shall be considered d1 is the mean diameter of the hoop acceptable if for all the positions specified in 5.1. provided instability of the section does not occur before failure or by an empirical method based on tests. The bending longitudinal steel reinforcement and the total area strength and torsion strength of closed regular cross of longitudinal steel (in mm2) in the cross section sections shall be as follows. Muy or Mup shall be calculated by inelastic (12) analysis based on the short term stress-strain curves derived from the characteristic material strengths divided by the appropriate partial material factor. The maximum initial stress in the value equal to 0. from the characteristic material strengths divided by the appropriate partial material (10) factor.1 √(ss/gm) (in N/mm2).3 Concrete columns where reinforcement hoops are provided around the 5. Figure 5) measured normal to the axis (in mm). openings).2. the appropriate bending strengths Mux. following is satisfied: as is the total area of the legs of closed hoops at a section (in mm2). be calculated in accordance with the method Account has to be taken of the reduction of given in BS 8110-1.

© BSI 01-1999 7 .3 shall not exceed 0. (serviceability limit state) For reinforced concrete columns. G. For prestressed concrete columns. 6. CNL Technical Information Services.2 Vertical deflection. The characteristic loads for deflection requirements 6.2 Vertical deflection of the lantern connection(s). k value.5.1 Application of calculations cracking shall be that obtained under the full The horizontal and vertical deflections of the unfactored loading used in the strength lantern connection under the action of the calculations.4 Calculations of deflections particular bracket arrangement and projection. the extent of 6. characteristic loads shall be calculated.4.4.1 Horizontal deflection. and h is the nominal height of the lighting column rigidity.4. shall not exceed 0. The reduced stiffness of the portions of the columns that will be cracked under the action of tensile stresses shall be taken into account in calculating 6 Deflection requirements the deflections. where w is as defined in 6. accordance with 6. shall be taken as follows: (in m) as defined in BS 5649-2.1. concrete: 7 Permissible modifications to verified appropriate values given in BS 8110-1 shall be column taken.3 Additional requirements for concrete columns. BS 5649-2. The design calculations for a given column with a 6.5.4.5.2 shall be smaller effective lantern weight(s) and/or a reduced taken as the sum of the following. steel: w is the bracket projection (in m) as defined in modulus of elasticity = 210 × 103 N/mm2. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept .1. 09 February 2004. Muy. a) The horizontal deflection caused by flexure of the column shaft and the bracket due to the simultaneous effect of the wind on the column shaft.2. account shall be 6. (c) BSI or alternatively for closed regular cross sections: 6.04 (h + w): 6. 6. with 6. acceptable for the same column with the same style of bracket(s) but with reduced bracket projection The total horizontal deflection (in m) calculated and/or smaller effective lantern area(s) and/or from the effects of the loads specified in 6. My and Mp are as defined in 5. bracket and lantern(s)..5.2 shall be taken as that caused by the flexure of the column shaft and bracket due to the simultaneous effect of the masses where of the section of the bracket deviating from the Mx.2 Characteristic loads taken of prestressing losses.4.0 for deflection of each lantern connection. Tp is as defined in 5.5. E.2. Mux. Uncontrolled Copy. modulus of rigidity = 27 × 103 N/mm2.6. modulus of rigidity = 80 × 103 N/mm2.3 Characteristic material properties where The characteristic moduli of elasticity.5 Acceptance of design for deflection shall be the loads calculated in accordance with 6. Mup and Tu are as defined in 5. vertical and the lantern. b) The horizontal deflection caused by torsion of the column shaft and any vertical section of the bracket due to the simultaneous effect of the wind on the section of the bracket deviating from the vertical and the lantern(s). 6.1 Horizontal deflection of the lantern lantern(s) and k value shall be considered connection(s). The total horizontal BS 5649-6 with the factor k taken as equal to 1.025w.1. The vertical deflection (in m) calculated from the (14) effects of the loads specified in 6. calculated in wind loads. The vertical deflection of aluminium: each lantern connection calculated in accordance modulus of elasticity = 70 × 103 N/mm2.

41 and curve 4 when r > 2. Curve 2 f1 = (0.0.9 For 2.8.24(r – 1. Curve 1 f1 = 1.8 < r # 3.81 – 0.81 – 0. Curve 3 f1 = 0..41.41 < r # 3.5)0. Figure 1 — Values of factor f1 8 © BSI 01-1999 .0 For 0 < r # 0. Uncontrolled Copy. NOTE 2 For regular octagonal cross sections use curves 1 and 2 when r # 1. use curves 1 and 2.53 and curve 3 when r > 1. use curves 1 and 2 when r # 2. (c) BSI NOTE 1 For circular cross sections and polygonal cross sections with 12 m or more sides.3(r – 1.0.9 For 1. NOTE 4 The value of f1 for each curve may be obtained from the following.0. 09 February 2004.53.8/r)0.9)0. NOTE 3 For 10 sided regular polygons. Curve 4 f1 = 0. CNL Technical Information Services. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept .53 < r # 3.35 For 0.

CNL Technical Information Services.Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept .. 09 February 2004. (c) BSI © BSI 01-1999 Figure 2 — Closed regular cross sections of metal lighting columns 9 BS 5649-7:1985 . Uncontrolled Copy.

CNL Technical Information Services.15 tan u + 0. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept .8 ( R ⁄ L ) 2 Figure 3 — Values of factor f5 10 © BSI 01-1999 .73 tan u 1 + 2. (c) BSI NOTE f5 may be obtained from the following expression: 2 10 cos ( u ⁄ 2 ) 1 + 2.85 R ⁄ L + 3.15 tan u + 0.85 R ⁄ L f s = -------------------------------------. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 + 1.. 09 February 2004. Uncontrolled Copy.

BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . (c) BSI NOTE N is the corner radius of the door opening. 09 February 2004. CNL Technical Information Services. (a) Elevation (b) Cross section Figure 4 — Unreinforced door openings in metal lighting columns © BSI 01-1999 11 . Uncontrolled Copy..

(a) Type 1 NOTE As is the area of the reinforcement.. CNL Technical Information Services. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . Uncontrolled Copy. (c) BSI NOTE As = tw dw. or any other cross section. 09 February 2004. which may take the form of an angle. (b) Type 2 Figure 5 — Cross sections of reinforced door openings in metal lighting columns 12 © BSI 01-1999 . as shown.

For type 3 reinforcement. CNL Technical Information Services. take dw as the lesser of mx or 20tw. 09 February 2004. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . and tw has to be greater than t. (d) Type 4 Figure 5 — Cross sections of reinforced door openings in metal lighting columns (concluded) © BSI 01-1999 13 . (c) BSI NOTE As = tw dw. For type 4 reinforcement.. take dw has to be greater than 4tw. Uncontrolled Copy. (c) Type 3 NOTE As = tw dw.

(c) BSI NOTE N is the corner radius of the door opening.. (a) Reinforcement projecting beyond the door (b) Reinforcement continuous around the door opening opening Figure 6 — Elevation of reinforced door openings in metal lighting columns 14 © BSI 01-1999 . NOTE 1 N is the corner radius of the door opening. Uncontrolled Copy. NOTE 2 In this form of reinforcement S is the length of connection of the curved portion of the reinforcement. 09 February 2004. CNL Technical Information Services. BS 5649-7:1985 Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept .

CNL Technical Information Services. (c) BSI © BSI 01-1999 Figure 7 — Values of factor f7 15 BS 5649-7:1985 .. Uncontrolled Copy.Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . 09 February 2004.

. 09 February 2004.Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . Uncontrolled Copy. CNL Technical Information Services. (c) BSI 16 BS 5649-7:1985 Figure 8 — Cross sections of concrete lighting columns © BSI 01-1999 .

BS 5649 (EN 40). CEN Report CR 40-7. 4) Revision of CP 110. CNL Technical Information Services. Lighting columns. Specification for design loads. 3) Parts 3 and 7 are Part of BS 5649 only and do not form Part of EN 40. BS 5649-7:1985 Publications referred to Licensed Copy: Technical Information Services Dept . 2) Referred to in the foreword only. (c) BSI BS 1308. BS 1840. Dimensions and tolerances. BS 5649-2 (EN 40). Structural use of concrete4). © BSI 01-1999 . Recommendations for surface protection of metal lighting columns2). Specification of special requirements for reinforced and prestressed concrete lighting columns. ISO 2394. BS 5649-3 (EN 40). BS 5649-8 (EN 40). BS 5649-9 (EN 40). Steel columns for street lighting2). Lighting columns — verification of structural design by calculation2). BS 5649-7 (EN 40). 09 February 2004. BS 8110. BS 3989.. BS 5649-5 (EN 40). Specification for materials and welding requirements3). General principles for the verification of the safety of structures2). Method for verification of structural design by calculation3). Concrete street lighting columns2). BS 5649-4 (EN 40). Uncontrolled Copy. Method for verification of structural design by testing. BS 8110-1. BS 5649-1 (EN 40). Specification for base compartments and cableways2). BS 5649-6 (EN 40). Aluminium street lighting columns2). Code of practice for design and construction. Definitions and terms.

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