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Phasor Addition Example #1

• Consider the signal


x  t  = 87 cos  2  880  t –   4 
j  2  880  t +   6 
+ 12Re   – 3 – j4 e 
+ 28 sin  2  880  t –   8 
j
• Find X = Ae such that x  t  = A cos  2  880  t +  
By inspection
– j  4 j  6 –j    8 +   2 
X = 87e + 12  – 3 – j4 e + 28e
• Note sin    = cos   –   2 
• To obtain a numerical solution for X we may simply enter
values into a calculator

Polar A

Rect form Polar  rad

• Working out more of the lower level steps, we can start by


writing
X = 87  cos  –   4  + j sin  –   4  
+ 12  – 3 – j4   cos    6  + j sin    6  
+ 28  cos  – 5  8  + j sin  – 5  8  
• Evaluating the cos and sin terms we have

ECE 2610 Example Page–1


Phasor Addition Example #1

X =  61.518 – j61.518  +  – 7.177 – j59.569 


+  – 10.715 – j25.869 
– j1.282
=  – 43.626 – j146.956  = 153.295e
• The direct calculation and the indirect calculation are in
agreement
• Here a Mathematica plot (could also have been MATLAB) of
the actual time domain waveform is used to experimentally
determine A and 
PlotA87 Cos@2 p 880 t - p ê 4D + 12 ReAH- 3 - ¸ 4L ‰¸ H2 p 880 t+pê6L E + 28 Sin@2 p 880 t - p ê 8D,
8t, 0, 2 ê 880<, PlotStyle Ø Thick, AxesLabel Ø 8"t", "xHtL"<E
xHtL
150 A

100
The composite waveform
50

t
0.0005 0.0010 0.0015 0.0020

-50 t
-100

-150

FindMaximumA87 Cos@2 p 880 t - p ê 4D +


12 ReAH- 3 - ¸ 4L ‰¸ H2 p 880 t+pê6L E + 28 Sin@2 p 880 t - p ê 8D, 8t, 0.0002<E

8153.295, 8t Ø 0.000231892<<
A
f = -2 p
0.00023189169947837138`
The results agree
1 ê 880
- 1.28218 

ECE 2610 Example Page–2


Phasor Addition Example #2

Phasor Addition Example #2


• Consider the signal
x  t  = 30 cos  2  f o  t –   2 
+ B cos  2  f o  t +  
+ 60 sin  2  f o  t +   4 
j
• Find X B = Be such that x  t  = 50 cos  2  f o  t +   4 

• We observe that this is just a avariation on the previous prob-


lem
• We start by writing
X = 50e j  4
– j  2 j j  4 –   2
= 30e + Be + 60e
so
j – j  2 –j   4
X B = Be = 50e j  4 –  30e + 60e 
• Via a TI-89

B = 108.013  = 1.636 rad

ECE 2610 Example Page–3


• A lower level analysis can also be performed, as with #1
 
X B = 50 cos  --- + j sin  ---
 4  4
   
– 30 cos  --- – j sin  --- – 60 cos  --- – j sin  ---
 2  2  4  4
=  35.36 + j35.36  +  j30  +  – 42.43 + j43.43 
j1.6363
= – 7.07 + j107.78 = 108.013e
• The results agree

ECE 2610 Example Page–4