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Graphology and Graphotherapy

It is the study of how an individual’s handwriting indicates their characterattributes.

Graphology is brain-writing.

Handwriting is unique to every individual.

Used of Graphology:

Psychological Assessment Tool

Forensic Profiling

Behaviour modification

Forgery Detection
Development of Graphology

It was known that graphology’s origin was at India and China in 2,000 BC.

In 1622, ”How to recognize from a letter the nature and quality of a writer”
the first book in graphology was written by Camillo Baldi.

1875, Jean Michon coined the term “graphology” from the greek: “ Graph”meaning “to write” and
“Logos” meaning “study”

Crepieux-Jamin, who spent his life collating and improving upon Michon'sobservations, is today
credited with founding the "Societé Francais deGraphologie". He defined the various elements of
handwriting which todayform the basis of the French school of graphology, and divided theseelements
into seven categories:
Dimension, Form, Pressure, Speed,Direction, Layout

In 1897, the 2nd "Graphological Periodical" was founded in Germany by HansBusse (who also formed
the Association for Graphological Research). Thechief contributors were Dr Georg Meyer and Busse's
assistant editor, DrLudvig Klages. Meyer's work was important, but even his greatestcontributions
were overshadowed by the eminence of Klages. Later, Klagesmoved to Switzerland where he was to
continue his research work and createthe first complete and systematic theory of graphology.

Also in Switzerland, Dr Max Pulver, a renowned psychologist who had a deepinterest in graphology,
was to make a further contribution, in terms of thesymbolism in handwriting, both in direction and in
symbolism of space. Hisdivision of the handwriting into the three vertical 'zones' explains aspects
of the handwriting previously misunderstood, with his formulation of the 'ThreeDimensions' -
vertical movement, horizontal movement, and depth
-providing an integral understanding of graphology as we know it today.

It can be argued that, the most significant single breakthrough in graphologyhas been made in the
United States.
HRC's CHAPS (ComputerizedHandwriting Analysis Profiling System)
HRC's mission: To develop avalid system of handwriting analysis which would accommodate the
high-volume personnel assessment needs of employers by utilizing state-of-the-artcomputer
Elements of Graphology


typical upper zone letters : f, t, l, i-dots, t-barstypical middle zone letters : a, n, o, wtypical
lower zone letters : f, g, p, y
.....Signs of physical malfunctioning manifests itself in various forms, such as tremors, intervals, a
dot inthe middle of the line, a break in the line, a pause in the middle of the line, light pressure or, at
times,especially heavy pressure in a particular area of the letter.The change (generally the dot), will
appear in the handwriting as though the writer were looking athimself in the mirror, and the
affected area appears as a mirror reflection (on the diametrically oppositeside of the body).
"..... Although not considered as an illness, pregnancy can generally be determined in
awoman's handwriting, even before she is aware of her condition. Pregnancy is expressed as
asmall spot in the pregnant woman's handwriting long before any external signs are
visible.Handwriting samples written before, during and after pregnancy have been examined,
and it hasbeen discovered that it is possible to detect the "pregnancy spot" between 48 and 72
hours after conception. This spot always appears very clearly in the woman's handwriting in
the middle(=womb) zone. ........"