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Barre and Northfield Legislative Candidates • Page 12

J uly 19–A ugust 1, 2018 Artwork by Steve Hogan
J uly 19–A ugust 1, 2018
Artwork by Steve Hogan


Pg. 4 Understanding the Wastewater Plant Upgrade

Why We Celebrate— The Barre Heritage Festival

by Josh Jerome

Pg. 11 Tender Loving Care Respite House

Pg. 15 New Exhibit at Studio Place Arts

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T he Barre Heritage Festival is right around the corner, and

recently I found out how the festival came to be. During

the late 1960s, when “urban renewal” was in full swing

around the country and Barre was working on its own economic development strategies, there were heated debates over how to do it.

The redevelopment of parcels on North Main Street and construction of the Beltline (Route 62) up to the hospital were

proposed and discussed by a great many of Barre’s residents. These

development proposals created some tension because of the different visions of Barre. However, another proposal to spawn economic development brought the community together because it focused on the community’s shared history of immigration and their ethnic


So in February of 1970, in a public meeting in the Barre City Council chambers, the idea of a festival celebrating Barre’s history and heritage was proposed, and the Barre Heritage Festival was born. A production company from Fostoria, Ohio, was hired to provide guidance on how to structure it. Ideas gelled, parts moved, and the first festival was held July 18–26, 1970. This was a production unlike that of today. There were hundreds of community members serving on over two dozen committees that worked on things such as volunteers, ethnic food, window displays, ladies’ sunbonnets and dresses, and beards of the “Brothers of the Brush.”

The highlight of the event occurred at Thunder Road. “The Nation’s Site of Excitement” had never seen as much pageantry as it did in 1970. A spectacular theatrical performance, with costumes, lights, props, and the like dramatized the retelling of the history of Barre and of its shared history of immigrants seeking economic opportunity in the granite industry. It worked. Friendships were rekindled and family members shared meals together again.

The festival was not repeated the year after, or the year after that. In fact, it was not until July of 1978 that the Barre Ethnic Heritage Festival Committee brought back the event, not for the sake of getting people to speak to one another, but to celebrate and cherish their shared history.

The festival grew from 5,000 participants in 1978 to over 30,000 by 1982. The event was held jointly with perennial summertime events such as the Barre Rotary Club Breakfast, the Paletteers Art Show in City Hall Park, and Friends of the Aldrich Library Book Sale.

The tragic death of a young girl during the festival in 1982 sent shockwaves through the community. A more toned-down festival was put in place, but eventually the festival ceased to be held.

In the mid-’90s, the festival was resurrected once again, and it has developed into a major annual city event during the final weekend of July, with more than 15,000 people enjoying the fireworks, food, musical performances, children’s activities, and shopping. It’s different than the first festival in 1970 but is still a celebration of the community’s shared history and a statement of unity. For all their differences, the Italians, Greeks, Scots, French-Canadians, Lebanese, Spaniards, Germans, and other ethnic groups, be it businesses, neighborhoods, churches, or native tongues, there was something greater that bonded them: the pursuit of a better life and freedom.

Learning the history of the festival and what it means to the community can’t help but touch upon the current national dialogue on immigration that affects so many. It reminds us that we are all connected, and our social fabric is stronger because of our differences. That is something that should always be cherished and well worth celebrating.

Joshua Jerome is the executive director of The Barre Partnership

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AUGUST 1, 2018


PAGE 2 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Nature Watch by Nona Estrin

Nature Watch

by Nona Estrin

Watercolor by Nona Estrin
Watercolor by Nona Estrin

Summer Trees

S o many birds showing up at the bird-bath for refreshment, and in the shad trees for berries, the

young of the year following closely, begging, I love high summer and look around scanning the trees, hearing the wind rustling their leaves. My eyes keep falling of the big ashes east of the deck. Handsome old trees, and I’ve taken them for granted. The shade each summer ‘till noon, the late sun on the big branches in afternoon. And now I remember my father speeking of losing the great chestnuts in his childhood, and I recall the elms of mine. Now the young will go through this loss of a beloved tree. I vow to honor each day of their continued health, and when gone, I won’t forget them.

PAGE 2 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Nature Watch by Nona Estrin






Michael Arnowitt Releases New Album, Sweet Spontaneous

P ianist Michael Arnowitt, who lived for over 30 years in Montpelier and now divides his

time between Toronto and Vermont, released his first commercial jazz recording, Sweet

Spontaneous, July 13 on PARMA Recordings’ Big Round record label.

The album is a two-CD set of 14 tracks that dive deep into the imaginative musical landscapes of one of Vermont’s most creative performers. A dozen New York City jazz notables joined Arnowitt, including the Cuban-born Yosvany Terry on alto sax; Lucas Pino on tenor sax, clarinet, and bass clarinet; Dave Smith on trumpet; and Colin Stranahan on drums. The recording also features Therisa Rogers reading Langston Hughes’ poem “Crossing” and Maya Angelou’s poem “Still I Rise,” brought into the world of jazz.

Recorded in 2017 at Sear Sound in Manhattan—the historic New York City studio that was the original Hit Factory studio where Jimi Hendrix made his first two recordings— Sweet Spontaneous also benefits from the skill of engineers, including Chris Allen, a frequent recording engineer for Blue Note, Concord, Sunnyside, and other leading jazz labels, and Dave Darlington, one of the nation’s top jazz mixing engineers. The cover art is pure Montpelier, with a painting by local artist Maggie Neale.

The title for the album comes from a poem [“O sweet spontaneous”] by e.e. cummings. The album showcases the diversity of Arnowitt’s musical visions. He wrote his own lyrics to three songs on the recording, featuring vocalist Shirley Crabbe. “Against the Wind” tells the story of a woman summoning the strength to persist in the face of powerful forces and presents it in an innovative way, with a melody whose interwoven phrases are partly sung, partly played by a tenor saxophone. In “The Crying Candle,” the lyrics imagine a society set far in the future where people have learned how to live together without conflict, and the narrator looking back in time to our strange and painful present. The recording’s finale, “Street Strut,” sees Arnowitt playing Hammond organ and demonstrates a creative interplay between the band and audio clips of urban street conversation.

Arnowitt’s interest in world music also provides intriguing colors to three of the songs on the recording. His love of Bulgarian folk music is shown in “Bulgarian Hoedown’s” wild, exuberant fiddling, and “Shapka Swing,” which features three duos of melody instruments in criss-crossing fanfare rhythms, in some moments like Klezmer music. “Syria-us” emerged from a six-month study Arnowitt made of Syrian music and literature in 2016 for a benefit concert he organized to aid refugees. The song combines Syrian rhythms and scales with the harmonies and proportions of a minor blues.

Arnowitt says, “We tend to listen to music in a seated, stationary position, but in reality music is all about motion and journey. To me, listening to a piece of music is like traveling through a varied landscape of rolling hills. We go up and down and round corners to see constantly changing vistas of different colors and textures.”

Sweet Spontaneous will be available locally at Buch Spieler Records in Montpelier, at record stores worldwide through Parma’s distributor Naxos, and through online retailers in either CD or digital downloads or streaming.

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 3 Michael Arnowitt Releases New Album,

Bridge Community Media, Inc. P.O. Box 1143, Montpelier, VT 05601 / Ph: 802-223-5112

Editorial: 223-5112, ext. 14 Location: The Bridge office is located at the Vermont College of Fine Arts, Stone Science Hall. Subscriptions: You can receive The Bridge by mail for $50 a year. Make out your check to The Bridge, and mail to The Bridge, PO Box 1143, Montpelier VT 05601. Twitter: @montpbridge

Editor in Chief: Mike Dunphy Copy Editor: Larry Floersch Layout, Calendar Editor: Marichel Vaught Proofreader, Calendar Editor: Sarah Davin Sales Representative: Rick McMahan, Dot Helling Distribution: Sarah Davin, Amy Lester, Daniel Renfro Board Members: Chairman Donny Osman, Jake Brown, Phil Dodd, Josh Fitzhugh, Larry Floersch, Irene Racz, Ivan Shadis, Tim Simard, Ashley Witzenberger

Copyright 2018 by The Bridge

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 3 Michael Arnowitt Releases New Album,
THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 3 Michael Arnowitt Releases New Album,




AUGUST 1, 2018


A Crib Sheet for the City’s $16.1 Million Wastewater Plant Upgrade

by Mike Dunphy and Phil Dodd

The Skinny:

Montpelier needs to upgrade its wastewater treatment plant. The City Council recently authorized further study of a two-phase upgrade plan. The first phase, which is currently estimated to cost $16.1 million and will be funded by a bond, addresses aging infrastructure and additional “organics to energy” features, such as an enhanced digester system and a methane boiler to heat more buildings at the plant. The upgrades would allow the plant to receive additional organic waste from waste haulers.

A final decision about Phase 1 will be made in September. Phase 2, if implemented, could make for a more energy-neutral plant that would produce more renewable energy than it consumes, although compared with Phase 1, Phase 2 is “cash negative if viewed as a standalone project,” according to City Engineer Kurt Motyka, and would potentially mean higher sewer rates. This is based on preliminary estimates from a conceptual design for power production with generators fueled by excess methane production. A decision about the actual scope of Phase 2 won’t be made for a few years in order to allow for measurement of the amount of methane generated and to provide time for the city to explore other alternatives for using the gas.

The Problem:

The wastewater treatment plant is 45 years old, although not all the equipment is the same age. An analysis shows that the remaining life expectancy of about half of the existing equipment falls in the 0–5 year range. Furthermore, the plant is at 110 percent of its theoretical organic load capacity, meaning aeration tanks are at capacity. That doesn’t mean they will fail, but it does mean the city cannot accept additional high-strength waste unless there’s a more comprehensive upgrade.

Phase 1:

Proposed upgrades would go beyond the bare minimum needed. The plant’s capacity would be increased by upgrading to state- of-the-art biodigesters, allowing the city to increase its revenues from organic waste producers in the region, such as septic pump- out companies that bring septage to the plant, as well as dairy waste and grease. Montpelier takes in about 22,000 gallons of hauled waste a day and received over $1 million this past fiscal year in tipping fees. Waste was brought to the plant from as far away as New Hampshire, offsetting plant costs and keeping rates lower than they would be otherwise. Phase 1 would increase the city’s ability to accept haulage waste, bringing in another $230,000 to

PAGE 4 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE A Crib Sheet for the

$400,000 in revenue annually depending on the additional volume processed. Electrical and process improvements will also result in savings on operations. A recent septage pilot test at the plant indicated that chemical treatment costs were higher than anticipated, so additional work is being done to modify the final design for Phase 1.

Phase 2:

At an estimated cost of another $3.6 million beyond the $16.1 million Phase 1 costs, this more ambitious part of the project seeks to incorporate heat and power production from increased methane production. Although cost estimates are currently only available for this option, the gas could be used for many purposes, including melting snow, producing fertilizer, running city vehicles, or sale of natural gas on the wholesale market. Its objective is to significantly reduce the city’s carbon footprint through renewable energy generation and to help achieve Montpelier’s net-zero goals. The additional impact on sewer rates and environmental benefits will depend on which option is ultimately selected.

The Cost:

Based on a $300,000 year-long study by Indiana-based Energy Systems Group, Phase 1, including “Organics to Energy,” is now estimated to cost $16.1 million, with an annual budget cost of $90,600 per year. Energy Systems Group will guarantee projected revenue savings via a surety bond. The total cost with Phase 2, if power production is the selected option, would be $19.7 million and create an annual budget cost of anywhere from $150,000 to $224,000, depending on the price of electricity. Currently the Department of Public Works does not feel power production is the best use of the methane gas produced. Instead, they are exploring drying solids to produce fertilizer or sale of natural gas on the wholesale market as the best long-term alternatives.

The Rates:

City officials are still studying how the project will affect sewer rates, and updated bids are

needed to finalize the construction costs. Currently, a single-family homeowner using 48,000 gallons of water a year pays an annual sewer bill of $640. The water component of the annual bill on that amount of usage is $588, for a total annual water and sewer bill of $1,328. Before the proposed plan was developed, the city had been expecting sewer rates to rise 3.5 percent a year, but larger increases are likely if the Phase 1 upgrade plan goes forward. Estimates of rate increases should be available before the City Council makes its final decision in September.

The Questions:

What will be the effect on sewer rates over the expected 20-year life of the bond, or if Phase 2 is pursued?

If the upgraded facility charges more for haulers, will as many come as now? Or will the demand to treat hauled waste continue to grow?

Can state or federal money be appropriated for the project, including a pollution control grant connected to solids handling?

How will the Trump tariffs on steel and iron affect the costs of the new equipment, some of which comes from Germany?

What will be the impact of a lawsuit by the Conservation Law Foundation challenging Montpelier’s wastewater permit?

The Next Steps:

A draft contract is expected to be ready by July 27, and the final contract is expected by August 30. A presentation to the City Council will take place September 12. If the project is approved then, it will be followed by two bond public hearings on September 26 and October 31. The measure would then appear on the November 6 ballot for Montpelier residents to vote for or against the proposal.

The information above was obtained from city documents and interviews with three Montpelier Department of Public Works employees: Director Tom McArdle, City Engineer Kurt Motyka, and Wastewater Plant Chief Operator Chris Cox.

PAGE 4 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE A Crib Sheet for the






Montpelier-Roxbury Schools Welcome



T his is the second of





interview with Montpelier’s new school

superintendent, Elizabeth “Libby” Bonesteel. The first part appeared in the July 5 edition of The Bridge.

In the first part, Bonesteel discussed her background and motivation for seeking the position. This part touches on the challenges faced by students and teachers and how to maximize opportunities for students.

Comments have been edited for length.

Bridge: What strengths and weaknesses does the Vermont school system have compared to other places you’ve worked? What might you bring to our schools?

Libby Bonesteel: In Louisiana and Brooklyn, I taught in incredibly impoverished situations, with kids whose experiences were quite different than the vast majority of Vermont kids’. I didn’t have para-educators, and I didn’t have support systems. I’ve had amazing mentors who made it crystal clear to me that we have to get all kids to learn at high levels. One of the things we need to say is that we can do this a different way, meaning we don’t need to have a para- educator for every kid who struggles. We’ve gotten very comfortable with adding people to problems, and I don’t think we always have to do that. We can look at our system and how we are teaching kids, be clear about who does what, and be more efficient that way. That’s a definite thing that I bring to the table.

Do you think a boost is needed to current school spending, or is it sufficient?

Bonesteel: Can I answer yes to both questions? I think we can use what we have in a more efficient manner. [In her prior position] at Franklin Northwest, we found that we could really tighten up our systems and structures to ensure more learning for more kids without adding staff. So there are ways to do that without an increase of special educators, without spending another dime. It is completely rethinking the paradigm of education and the systems that we have had in place for many years. It’s not going to happen overnight, but there are ways to do it.

Having said that, with respect to the social- emotional learning of kids and what some kids experience in their homes, we’re dealing

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 5 Montpelier-Roxbury Schools Welcome New Superintendent

professional environment, 95 percent of which has nothing to do with salary.

But if they’re exhausted, that’s not going to matter as much.

Bonesteel: I know. We lose a lot of first-, second-year teachers because of the exhaustion. And one of the things that’s coming out of the latest research is all about how to support our newest teachers so that they continue. How do we support them so that they understand the dips in the year and how they can take care of themselves during that time? Using your colleagues around you, and using your friends and family, church, charity, you can get through this. Being a teacher is extremely hard. So, as a system, we need to figure out how we support our newest, youngest faculty with our veterans who have got that down by now.

Compiled by Irene Racz and Mike Dunphy

with social systems that may not be as great as they could be and the schools are taking the brunt of that challenge. That’s where increased funding should come. How do we support the mental health of our kids?

In light of the school shootings, do we need to address that particular issue as opposed to having more security guards or other measures?

Bonesteel: We need to be looking at our kids, how we’re building relationships with kids, and how we’re responding to their mental health challenges. We need to know when they’re troubled, and we can’t do that unless kids are talking to us. And they are not going to do that unless they trust us. So we really need to work on how we build those relationships. What are the supports we have for them when they are in distress and challenged?








offering more practical vocational subjects for students?

Bonesteel: I would agree that all kids need an avenue that they can see themselves in. And some kids see themselves in that avenue while some kids don’t. So we can’t cut that avenue off completely, and we can’t belittle it in any way. We have to recognize that it is just as good a pathway for a student and offer them the opportunity to take advantage of that. Flexible pathways and lifelong learning will enable them to do that.

What about college?

Bonesteel: Again, there are pathways for everybody. There is a place for college education, but I don’t think it’s the answer for every student. My goal as superintendent would be to create a system where there’s lifelong learning, so that kids know that regardless of whether they go to college or they go to technical school, or they go to an apprenticeship that they’re a learner.

It doesn’t matter what job they have, they will always be asked to learn something. To know how to do that, they need to re-learn things. If you can’t do that, you’re not going to be successful. There are people who have gone to college and who have not gone to college who are successful now. Those are the people who know how to learn and re- learn things.

How do you instill a desire to learn and ask critical questions?

Bonesteel: There are two things. The first is building those strong relationships we’ve talked about. The second is to ensure our teachers know the best pedagogical practices, so that when our kids go into multiple classrooms throughout the day, all teachers are at the top of their game. We have to create the most amazing professional environment for our teachers so that they can take risks in their teaching and they can learn new practices that allow students to take the lead in their learning.

What about salaries? Will you try to pay teachers more or is current pay sufficient?

Bonesteel: I think there are multiple ways to create really good professional environments for teachers. Salary is certainly one of them, and I would never belittle that. As far as how our teachers are paid, we’re going to be in negotiations, so we’ll find out exactly what happens later this school year. But I do think there are ways to create a successful and thriving community of teachers. We ensure they are collaborating—that they’re not just teachers sharing a parking lot. There’s that feeling of trust. There are lots of conversations that can be had with teachers to ensure they have a really successful

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 5 Montpelier-Roxbury Schools Welcome New Superintendent
THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 5 Montpelier-Roxbury Schools Welcome New Superintendent




AUGUST 1, 2018


A Message From City Hall

This page was paid for by the City of Montpelier.

Big Projects in the Works

by William Fraser, City Manager

T hanks to Montpelier Alive, the many volunteers and contributors, the City’s Police, Fire and Public Works departments and all who helped make the July

3rd Celebration and National Life’s Do Good Festival such wonderful successes this year. Events like these are what help keep Montpelier such a vibrant community.

I note the special challenges the community faced with the awful heatwave in early July. Many people helped out, opened cooling locations and generally took care of their neighbors. Thanks to National Life and Harpoon Brewery for providing the water stations used on July 3rd.

Hotel and Parking Garage

The proposed new Hampton Inn and parking garage on Capitol Plaza property has generated a lot of excitement and discussion in the community. As has been reported in the press, City officials and Capitol Plaza owners are in active negotiations about the parking garage component.

The City’s Economic Development Strategic Plan adopted in 2016 identifies adequate parking as a strategic investment and a new hotel/conference facility as desirable and transformative. The City Council’s recently adopted strategic plan includes Community Prosperity and Thoughtfully Planned Built Environment. Because these projects are consistent with the city’s official vision, we have sought to work with the developer for a successful outcome.

The proposed hotel and 200 parking space garage received local permits after an extensive public review process. The owners hope to break ground in November. Why, then, is the City involved in discussions about the garage?

A 200 space parking garage is problematic for a few key reasons. First, it only meets the Capitol Plaza and Hampton Inn needs and does not assist with downtown parking or potential future development. Second, and extremely important, the overall project is not financially feasible if the developer builds both the hotel and the garage on their own. The developer has shared financial information with the city’s real estate consultants which fully support that conclusion. Given these realities, we have a scenario where a new hotel – a highly desirable project – can’t work without additional parking yet the 200 space garage can’t work on its own.

This situation creates an opportunity to facilitate the hotel, add net new parking spaces to downtown and provide for other great projects such as a potential affordable housing project connected to Christ Church.

Therefore, we are currently assessing the financial, physical and logistical feasibility of the City building, owning and operating a 350 space garage with an estimated cost of around 10 million dollars. The garage would be financed through Tax Increment Financing proceeds (the new tax increment from the hotel and other new development in the area), a long term lease with the hotel owners to meet their parking needs and parking revenues from hourly users and monthly permit holders.

A 350 unit structure would almost certainly need to extend into the adjoining 60 State Street parking lot which is leased by the city but has a separate owner. The design would be based on the already approved garage design. When all the projects are completed, there would be approximately 160 net new parking spaces in downtown Montpelier. A modern automated parking management system would be installed to assure maximum use and availability of all the spaces in the garage.

Issues under negotiation include long term lease rate for the hotel owners, allocations for other users and use/compensation

agreements with all involved property owners. Financial analysis includes detailed cost estimates including annual financing weighed against estimates of future TIF revenue, lease projections, monthly permit rates and daily/hourly use projections. Capital reserves and annual operating/ maintenance costs are included in the expenses. The City needs to be convinced that all costs can be covered without using the general fund budget and that needed parking rates are reasonable for our market.

The hotel owners have been active partners in considering financial options for the project so that it meets the city’s parameters while allowing the Hampton Inn to move forward.

This rendering by Architect Greg Rabideau is conceptual assuming all is worked out favorably. It shows a 350 space garage next to the new hotel, situated behind the Capitol Plaza and Christ Church. It would include an accessible staging area for the new recreation path and possible bike rental location. The rendering shows the expansion into the adjacent lot – again contingent on agreements with that landowner.

project team of DEW Construction, GBA Architects, Dubois & King Engineers, Housing Vermont/Downstreet Housing and City staff successfully value engineered significant cost reductions.

That work, however, still left a large gap in resources. Thanks to wonderful support from the Scott administration, notably Transportation Secretary Joseph Flynn and his staff, and great work by City staff, we were able to secure additional federal highway funding of $1.25 million which allows work to proceed on schedule.

The first visible work will be environmental clean up (asbestos removal) from the former Montpelier Beverage building followed by demolition of that building and the former Vermont Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired building. This will begin very soon. We don’t have a formal construction schedule for the rest of the project yet but expect to see mobilization on site by August with completion by the fall of 2019. The schedule will be published once established.

Related to this project is the overhaul and upgrade of Taylor Street itself. The rail crossing has already been improved, the rest of the street will see new sidewalks, lighting, landscaping and surfacing.

One aspect of this multi-faceted project which is still up in the air is the possibility of a new private building near the former Montpelier Beverage site. At the last minute, the property owner chose not to exercise their option to purchase a lot from the city and develop an already permitted building.

The City is seeking guidance from our state and federal partners about possible choices for this parcel. It is entirely possible that the project will be put out to a public process for potential development in the future. In the meantime, our current plan is to construct various components as planned such as parking, lighting and access. We would leave the building site as temporary open space and utilize the 28 parking spaces for public use until a final determination is made.

Recreation Path

Another long standing project is the recreation path running from Granite Street to Gallison Hill Road. We’re happy to say that this project has been successfully bid with prices below projections. A contractor has been selected and work will likely begin in August. This path involves a lot of drainage and stormwater management work as well as path construction.

Work will continue until the end of 2019 and, possibly, early


Caledonia Spirits

Although not a city project per se, the new Caledonia Spirits Distillery began site work this week. This is a key economic development project for the City, and we are delighted to see them building their new facility in Montpelier.

City Information

Information about any of the city projects and city meeting agendas can be found on the City’s Website www.montpelier-vt. org. Additionally our Facebook page City of Montpelier VT – City Government and our Twitter account @vtmontpelier are both regularly updated. We frequently use Front Porch Forum as well.

Thank you for reading this article and for your interest in Montpelier city government. Please feel free to contact me at or 802-223-9502 with questions or comments.

PAGE 6 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE A Message From City Hall

The next steps include final approval of the TIF district from the State of Vermont, lease and land use agreements with the involved parties, detailed financial outlines and, ultimately, voter approval of possible City financing.

The City and hotel owners are working toward having all of these elements in place in time for a public discussion of the garage at the August 22nd City Council meeting. If the project remains feasible, a bond vote may be warned for the November 6th general election. This would include public discussion on September 12th and formal public hearings on September 26th and late October (date to be determined).

This is a major potential project for Montpelier. The City is working hard to make sure that public needs are being met. We urge people to follow the progress (see end of article). We will provide updates as substantive information develops.

One Taylor Street

After many years of discussion, planning, negotiating and financing, the One Taylor Street Project will begin construction this summer. As most people know by now, the project includes a new Transit Center, 30 affordable housing units, a recreation/ alternative transportation path, a new bicycle/pedestrian bridge across the North Branch River and an improved gateway on Main Street.

Seemingly every aspect of this project has been difficult from start to finish. The final step to construction was no different. With all set to proceed, project bids came in significantly higher than projected creating a final funding challenge to be met. The






Clearing the Air about TIF

by Laura Gebhart

T here’s been a lot of buzz lately about the proposed Tax Increment Financing (TIF) district in Montpelier, yet many questions remain about the program. With a potential TIF measure on the ballot in November, it’s important for

residents to understand the purpose, function, and process of implementation, starting with these frequently asked questions.

What is Tax Increment Financing?

At its most basic level, Tax Increment Financing is a financing mechanism that pays for public infrastructure improvements. Investing in public infrastructure spurs new real estate development that increases property tax revenue. That added tax revenue is incrementally redirected to pay for public infrastructure debt. When considering a TIF district, the city needed to garner evidence that enough real estate projects would occur to adequately cover the debt for the public infrastructure

What projects are proposed in Montpelier?

If certain public infrastructure improvements occur, several real estate projects are likely to follow. Most people have heard about the proposed hotel and parking garage, but several other projects have been identified in Montpelier’s TIF district application. These include developments along State, Main, and Barre streets, with proposed improvements to water, sewer, transportation, and parking infrastructure. A full report of potential projects is available on the City of Montpelier’s TIF webpage.

What did the City Council approve?

The city council completed one of the first phases of implementing a TIF district by approving a resolution to set the boundaries of the district and freeze property values. It also approved the proportion of the incremental municipal taxes that would go toward paying public infrastructure debt. The council did not approve any specific projects; they simply approved the creation of the mechanism.

The city’s TIF district application is currently under review by the Vermont Economic Progress Council. If it approves the district, which could occur later in July or August, the city will seek voter approval to incur debt for public infrastructure projects.

Will this take tax revenues away from the Education Fund?

No. When the TIF district was approved by the city council on May 23, it froze the property values within the designated boundary. Tax revenue at this original value will continue to go into the Education Fund. It’s the resulting incremental property tax revenue that is redirected to pay back the public infrastructure debt. Since real estate development ultimately increases the Grand List, it will increase tax revenues for the Education Fund in the long-run.

Where else have TIF Districts been implemented successfully?

There are currently 10 active TIF districts throughout Vermont, including one recently approved in Bennington. One of the most visible examples of success is the Burlington Waterfront. The Waterfront TIF district was established to redevelop the Lake Street area and reclaim the post-industrial waterfront area to promote economic development and increase public access. Improvements to public infrastructure spurred additional public and private investment that enhanced the vitality of the area.

Who really benefits?

In a way, everyone benefits. The infrastructure improvements that occur are enhancements to public infrastructure. It may not appear directly beneficial, but everyone gains from improvements to essential infrastructure such as water, sewer, roads, and parking.

New developments will bring additional amenities to the community, such as housing, hotel rooms, and retail and office space. The developments will attract visitors and residents who contribute to the vibrancy of Montpelier, while increased tax revenues will fund important programs and services for the city.

Private developers will also benefit. Their investment is an important part of the equation, but they won’t commit to a project unless there can be a clear return on their investments. As is hoped for in any public-private partnership, there is a benefit to all parties.

How do I learn more?

There is an abundance of information on the city’s website, as well as documents and helpful examples on the website for the Vermont Agency of Commerce and Community Development.

The Montpelier Development Corporation exists to ensure the long-term viability and prosperity of Montpelier. It does so by supporting economic activity that is in line with community values and by helping inform and educate the public. You can send your TIF questions to

Laura Gebhart is the executive director of the Montpelier Development Corporation

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 7 Clearing the Air about TIF
THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 7 Clearing the Air about TIF
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Contributions to Friends of The Bridge may be tax deductible
depending on your individual situation.




AUGUST 1, 2018


Cody Chevrolet Congratulates The Bridge On 25 Years of Business!
Cody Chevrolet Congratulates
The Bridge On 25 Years of Business!
PAGE 8 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Cody Chevrolet Congratulates The Bridge

Red Sox Foundation Honors VCIL

T he Red Sox Foundation honored the Vermont Center for Independent Living for its dedication to social

justice, diversity, and inclusivity. At a home game against the Texas Rangers on July 9, an on-field check presentation was made to VCIL Executive Director Sarah Launderville. The Center won the $10,000 first-place IMPACT Award, thanks to receiving the most online votes among the other Vermont nonprofits that were in the running.

“I was so touched and grateful when I received the phone call from the Red Sox Foundation official that I literally cried,” said VCIL Executive Director Sarah Launderville. “It means so much that Vermont’s favorite baseball team values what mission-driven organizations such as VCIL bring to the table. The grant will help us further our work promoting dignity, independence, and civil rights of Vermonters with disabilities.”

Launderville brought her 8-year-old son, Evan, to the game, along with two of her colleagues. The foursome enjoyed premium seats and a visit to the NESN broadcast booth, where Launderville was interviewed. VCIL will also receive a custom Red Sox jersey, which will be imprinted with a “79” as a nod to the year the nonprofit was incorporated almost 40 years ago.

The second-place 2018 IMPACT Award in Vermont went to St. Johnsbury Academy, and third place went to Brattleboro Time Trade. IMPACT Awards were given to organizations in all five states outside of Massachusetts.

PAGE 8 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Cody Chevrolet Congratulates The Bridge






#betterbarre Turns a Hashtag into



by Jeffrey Tuper-Giles and Sara Akers

  • I t all started with a simple do-good act. In early June, Barre City Council members heard the call of Sara Akers and some

concerned community members who were upset about the trash that was surrounding one of the local city playgrounds. Council members from each of the three wards rolled up their sleeves and got to work. Akers, a very active community member, posted a live video on social media of what was taking place at the local park. Viewers of the video were excited about this, and some even came to lend a hand with the clean up. The video spread on social media and within a day the amount of views sky-rocketed to over 3,500. With the community showing so much support, it started a movement.

#betterbarre isn’t just about picking up trash (although that is very important). It is about doing good in the community and thinking about someone other than yourself. The idea of community coming together and doing good isn’t a new one. #betterbarre is just giving it a voice and platform. We are looking for anything that you can do to better the community and strengthen the bond of neighborly kindness.

Here are just a few outstanding organizations that are creating a #betterbarre:

• The Barre Partnership: The Barre Partnership has been working to #betterbarre for as long as they have been around. They have worked with businesses and organizations to bring beauty to the downtown, encourage economic growth, and bring music and locally grown food to the downtown. If you want to learn more,

become a board member or just volunteer at one of their many events. Check them out at

• The Barre Community Justice Center:

The Barre Community Justice Center helps make a #betterbarre by giving victims of crime a choice and a voice, and by helping participants in their restorative justice programs make positive connections with the community and develop empathy and understanding regarding victims. Community volunteers give hundreds of hours to the center, and they are an open door to those in need as well as a connector to services in the Barre One Stop, providing conflict resolution services for residents. The center is always in need of volunteers. Call and find out how you can make a difference. (802)


• Cornerstone



McSheffrey, a lifelong Barre man, has

taken on the task of rehabilitating the


field near

Rotary Park.


park fell into ruins after the 2011 flood

that covered the field.

Rich wants the

youths of Barre to have a place where

they can play little league ball. What a great way to #betterbarre! For more information contact McSheffrey at rich@

• BCEMS Garden: Kris Pavek is the current head of the garden and has done wonderful work making the gardens accessible to all students no matter what their capabilities. She spearheads fundraising and grant proposal writing with her team to make

fresh local food available for the Meals on Wheels program, for the elementary school, which uses the greens in their salads, and even for Maria’s Bagels, which uses the locally grown chives in their cream cheese. To find out more, look for the Friends of BCEMS Garden on Facebook to make a difference.

• Barre City Recreation Department:

The Recreation Department is a resource that has been a well-hidden secret. They are “Creating community through people, parks, and programs,” and engaging folks interested in volunteering for such projects as leading arts-and- crafts classes around a holiday, hosting game days on school vacation, leading exercise classes, running cooking classes, teaching photography, or supervising an open gym program. The possibilities are endless, especially when we reach out into the community to share in each other’s talents. Low cost/no cost programs are possible with a solid core of volunteers. Please visit their page at to learn more.

• Barre Rotary Club: Barre Rotary continues to be a powerfully active force in our local community and beyond. Established in 1924, Barre Rotary has donated tens of thousands of dollars over the past 94 years to good works locally and abroad. Over the past year they have been involved in so many activities and community events we can’t list them all here, but you can visit its Facebook page to see what's been going on.

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 9 #betterbarre Turns a Hashtag into

Other ways that you can create a #betterbarre:

• Volunteer for local organizations. • If you see something, say something. • Involve yourself in city council meetings. • Donate clothing, food, books, money, or other items to local organizations. • Shop at local businesses. • Organize groups to clean up different areas in the city. • Plan a fundraiser for someone in need. • Educate youths on the importance of being involved in the community. • Pay it forward.

We encourage those who want to see change to be a part of that change. Step away from your device and get out there and help make a difference in our small community. If you or someone else is helping to #betterbarre, please take a photo or video of your good deed and post it to our Facebook page BetterBarre!

Jeffrey Tuper-Giles is a city councilor from Ward 1 in Barre. Sara Akers is a board member of the Barre Partnership.

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 9 #betterbarre Turns a Hashtag into





– AUGUST 1, 2018


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PAGE 10 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Rocque Long • Insured •

Pride in Barre’s Heritage, Fun in Barre’s Heritage Festival by Lucas Herring

S ummers aren’t long in Vermont, and many of us have just finished celebrating a great historical moment—the birth of our nation on Independence Day. In Barre, summer also means that

we are gearing up to celebrate the city’s history and culture with the annual Barre Heritage Festival.

Over the years, the festival has been host to performances of Scottish, Irish, Italian, French-Canadian, Spanish, and Middle-Eastern music and dances. There has been food from Scotland, Poland, Spain, Italy, Greece, Scandinavia, and Lebanon. The event, which brings thousands of people to the area, is a keystone of Barre’s culture and community.

The festival traditionally occurs on the fourth weekend of the month and this year’s festival will begin the night of Wednesday, July 26. Stone artist Dan Snow will be featured at the Authors at the Aldrich event, followed by the Summer Concert Series featuring Donna Thunders and the Farmers Market in Currier Park. Thursday is the traditional event for La Soirée Sucrée at the Old Labor Hall, which is a National Historic Landmark built in 1900 by Italian immigrants. The event is sponsored by Delicate Decadence and will be held in honor of the late Chet Briggs, a long-time President of the Barre Historical Society. You can also attend Thunder Road’s Times Argus Mid- Season Championships.

From Wednesday through Saturday, you will be able to visit many historic sites from our world-famous granite industry. You can take a self-guided factory tour of Rock of Ages or a guided tour of the quarries. The Aldrich Library will be host to the 61st Annual Paletteers Art Show. To salvage the historic Jones Brothers manufacturing plant, it was turned into the Vermont Granite Museum (also on the National Register of Historic Places), where Scott McLaughlin and a team of volunteers will be giving tours of the exhibits.

Vendors will be located around City Hall Park and lining Main Street Friday and Saturday. The community sponsors music venues at City Hall Park and the Barre Opera House. Friday night features the Starline Rhythm Boys, Pitz

Quattrone & The Freelancers, and Mad Man & Me. Saturday has music all day with Green Mountain Swing, the Barre Tones, the Zeichner Trio, the Vermont Fiddle Orchestra, Patti Casey & the Wicked Fine Players, Dominique Dodge, the Green Mountain Playboys, Wheezer and Squeezer, Inseldudler, Native Tongue, and Heartless.

Again this year, Saturday will include the 45th Annual Rotary Breakfast on the Aldrich Library lawn, followed by the truck pull on Elm Street. The Heritage Car Show will be located next to the Elks Lodge and the Wildlife Encounters in Depot Square. The kids can play on the inflatables in the Kids Zone or at Mathewson Playground, and the Vermont History Center is admission free.

The parade will kick off at 1 pm, followed by the annual bathtub race and other events on Main Street. Businesses provide window displays, while restaurants add their own flavor with menu items from several different nations. There are stories and games for children of all ages, face painting, a poetry slam, book sale, community yoga, and a historic walk through the downtown. And don’t forget the fireworks shortly after 9 pm. On Sunday, I will be helping cook breakfast at the Barre American Legion Post #10, or you can also traverse the Barre Town Forest for the Heritage Festival 5k.

For me, there is an added benefit of those who are returning to Barre for a homecoming celebration and catching up with friends and family. We celebrate our diversity and our culture, but also our history with one another.

As a life-long Vermonter, I am proud of our heritage, both in our city and state, and welcome those who want to share our traditions with us. As a former president of the Barre Partnership, which is the organization that pulls this event together, I know the hard work and dedication performed by its director, Josh Jerome; by board members; and by volunteers. I want to thank them and our downtown businesses for donating their time and resources to make this event possible. They are a true reflection of what Barre is all about.

Lucas Herring is mayor of the City of Barre

PAGE 10 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Rocque Long • Insured •
PAGE 10 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Rocque Long • Insured •
PAGE 10 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Rocque Long • Insured •




2018 •


Tender Loving Care Respite House Takes Shape in Barre

by Gail Callahan

F or people grappling with serious illness, the Tender Loving Care Respite House can’t come too quickly.

The proposed, 9,200-square-foot building slated for Ayers Street is already a caring work in progress, and has been in development for about two years. Last year, the project broke ground and carries a budget close to


“If everyone in Vermont gave just $1, we could open up in six months,” said Tender Loving Homecare owner Roslyn Haldane, who paid around $40,000 for the parcel.

Haldane is passionate about the project. She talks lovingly about the plan, and it’s easy to see that this project along with Tender Loving Homecare is a vocation rather than just a job.

The structure, the former, long-time site of Central Vermont Community Action Council, has been “completely gutted,” according to Haldane. She also noted that all electrical work on outside walls has been installed and close to 50 windows have also gone in. The end-of-life room is also getting an overhaul.

Two apartments for families to stay for free are also part of the building scheme. Haldane is seeking sponsorship for rooms. When an individual supports a spot that

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 11 Tender Loving Care Respite House
THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 11 Tender Loving Care Respite House
Photo courtesy of Tender Loving Respite House
Photo courtesy of Tender Loving Respite House

allows the person providing funds to create it. “It’s your room,” Haldane said. “You get to decorate it.”

People from all walks of life will be welcome and are expected to swell resident ranks. Haldane is set to welcome men, women, children. The facility will also keep a watchful eye on those who served the nation with four rooms set aside for military veterans, she said.

Several local companies have donated money and materials to the project. Flooring was give and Barre Electric gave $20,000 worth of electric lighting for the good cause.

Haldane said the building’s first floor is slated for hospice and palliative, or specialized medical care for people with serious illnesses. The second-floor area is slated for people going through treatment and who are in

need of care. The third-floor area will be designated for short- and long-term respite care, Haldane said.

A nurse practitioner is set to staff the home and employee numbers will likely be based on the number of residents at the facility, Haldane said.

“We create our own employees,” Haldane said, adding Tender Loving Home Care holds LNA and personal care attendant classes, where students can receives licenses to work in health-care settings.

Haldane oversees the 24-hour, daily LLC. It’s a non-medical home care operation that offers an array of in-home as well as facility private-duty care for the elderly, those who are ill or people who are homebound. Staff includes register nurses, licensed nursing assistants, and personal-

care attendant. On the company’s web site,, Haldane notes nursing personnel are “fully screened, bonded and insured.”

Haldane is embracing the project since he’s on the forefront of home health care. She said integrity, reliability and respect are the guiding principles that govern her company, and she plans on installing those same guidelines into the respite home.

“We’re building a home-like atmosphere,” Haldane said.

Perhaps one of the best-known respite homes in Vermont is the McClure Miller VNA Respite House in Colchester, moving from its Williston location about two years ago. The Chittenden County facility’s care and services are covered as part of insurance’s hospice benefit, and according to the website, a patient isn’t denied care because of financial ability.

The Tender Loving Care Respite House is vowing to embrace that philosophy too. “We won’t turn anyone away who can’t pay,” said Haldane.

Sandy Rousse, president and chief executive officer of Central Vermont Home Health & Hospice, welcomes the addition of the new respite house. She is a firm supporter of keeping people in the communities where they have lived. “This is creating an opportunity for us to work with another provider,” Rousse said.

Central Vermont Council on Aging Director of Development and Communications Mary Hayden is extending a welcoming hand to the proposal.

“We’re always supportive of any project that provides quality respite care,” she said.

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 11 Tender Loving Care Respite House





AUGUST 1, 2018


10 Questions for the Candidates for Barre and Northfield

compiled by Mike Dunphy

W ith primary season already upon us, the residents of Central Vermont

are once more given the opportunity to make real difference in

their communities by voting. Many candidates in Barre, Berlin, and

Northfield are running unopposed but several Democrats are in races to make the ballot in November.

In Northfield, four candidates—Gordon Bock, Denise MacMartin, John Stevens,

and Jeremy Hansen—are vying for two positions on the ballot, while in Barre, two spots are open to three contenders: Tommy Walz, Peter Anthony, and Paul Flint.

It an effort to give them all the opportunity to share their views with the public, The Bridge sent each a questionnaire touching on a number of issues important to Vermont. Some responses have been edited for length but not content. Peter Anthony said he was unable to respond. John Stevens never responded.


What is one of your top priorities if elected? Why so?

Tommy Walz: To put more money into working Vermonters’ pockets.

Paul Flint: To implement in Barre City an instance of the “Brain Barn” project initially proposed during the James Douglas administration in 2008 by the Vermont Software Technology Alliance. Specifically Barre City would be the prototype using the project plan. Why So? Because we need IT, and by IT I mean Information Technology advanced education, research, development and entrepreneurial-ism. Better training and an innovation economy may eliminate the under-employment pandemic in Barre city.









help improve Vermont and/or your community? Can you point to any specific accomplishments?

Walz: I was instrumental in passing legislation that required reasonable workplace accommodation for pregnant workers and addressing veterans’ issues, especially suicides.

Flint: In my student days at Windham College (Now Landmark), I became general manager and chief engineer of WVUS 88.9 FM Putney. Since I washed up again on the shores of Vermont 12 years ago, I have become a justice of the peace, a Vermont Department of Labor IBM VSE System Administrator, and then a labor organizer

Do you support the governor’s efforts to change the staff-student ratio at Vermont schools. If so, why? If not, what is a policy you would support or lead to improve Vermont schools?

Walz: No, I do not support the governor’s staffing proposals. First, every community’s educational needs are different, and to say there is one formula that works for all makes no sense. It also takes more local control away from school boards and local voters.



believe that



aspects of







PAGE 12 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE 10 Questions for the Candidates


regulations that created such surreal and expensive staff-student ratios. Unfunded mandates are bad government. The devil is in the details. Set some aspect of state participation (for instance Information Technology support) based upon improvement in the staff-student ratio.

Are you satisfied with the state’s efforts to encourage youth to remain in state and immigrants to move to the state? How could it be improved?

Walz: We can do more to encourage young families to come to and stay in Vermont. Reducing student debt, creating more affordable housing and creating better- paying jobs would all help.

Flint: Possibly the worst bit of law I ever saw. 10K$ to move in? A withholding tax credit to companies who have remote employees in Vermont. Use Tax policy whenever possible. Train them at the local Brain Barn!

Do you support stronger gun regulations than already exist in Vermont? If so, what’s an example?

Walz: I think we need to evaluate the effect of the gun safety legislation we passed in the last session before talking about new legislation. The goal is to make Vermont safer.

Flint: For the answer to this question, please see Article II of the U.S. Constitution

PAGE 12 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE 10 Questions for the Candidates
PAGE 12 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE 10 Questions for the Candidates


As a politician, how do you plan to build consensus with the other parties in the government and not bring Vermont politics into something like the tribal warfare of Washington DC?

Walz: Montpelier is not Washington. I frequently ask representatives from the other parties what they think about a particular issue. A good idea is a good idea, no matter who comes up with it.

Flint: As I was born and raised in DC. Vermont has nothing like the tribal warfare not to mention the blatant corruption of DC. Rather Vermont Politics is all about the almost subliminal “scratch and tickle” corruption of an old and slightly stinky form of political complacency.

Nearly one in five Vermonters are 65 years old or more. How better can Vermont support their needs, particularly with housing and transportation?

Walz: In the past budget we increased the social security exemption in the Vermont income tax. I would like to expand that exemption. There is a dire shortage of affordable housing; we are making a dent in that area, but I want to see programs that create more affordable housing. Transportation is a problem in a rural state. We can help by providing more bus routes, and in certain corridors, rail makes sense.

Flint: Let’s start with transportation: buses must run on weekends. David Blittersdorf’s AllEarthRail Regional Rail System needs to start at the Williston Industrial park in Barre Town and run to Burlington Station on a seven-day schedule. Vermont needs a “Complete Streets” program. Complete Streets include: 1. Pedestrian Accommodation 2. Bicycle and Alternative (ATV) facilities. 3. Pothole-free automotive surfaces. Now, on to housing. You cannot have housing without income, and you cannot have income without inexpensive and ubiquitous transportation as detailed above. Could the Brain Barn Project

train and accommodate the Aging Vermont population above the national geriatric?

Do you support a fully taxed and regulated market for marijuana, the status quo, or a reversal or tightening of the law?

Walz: I am in favor of taxation and regulation, and I think we can learn from those states that have already gone that route. We still need to deal with the questions of edibles and impaired driving.

Flint: I believe that in passing VSA H.511, Vermont as a state allowed for the laissez- faire decriminalization. From a commercial point of view, the current vacuum of viable law and regulation 511 creates is actually an excellent beginning of a vibrant marijuana industry here in Vermont. So dude, let it grow and then figure out how to painlessly tax it.

Can you give an example of a policy or perspective you’ve evolved on as a result of your conversations and interactions with your constituency?

Walz: A couple of examples. I became convinced of the need for gender-free, single- user bathrooms after hearing the stories of those for whom it was a daily issue of great inconvenience and embarrassment. Another was how often public places are still not accessible to the handicapped.

Flint: One constituent who stops by regularly, always leaves his Styrofoam coffee cup on my porch. I would like to propose that a nickel deposit be placed on Styrofoam cups as well as all water bottles.

How do you assess the state of Vermont’s environment? Is the state doing enough to fight the causes and effects of climate change or could it do more?

Walz: We are not doing enough to clean up our waters. I've seen Missisquoi Bay turn into a huge bowl of evil-smelling pea soup, which brings all economic activity there (swimming, fishing, boating) to a halt. We still have not found a consistent funding mechanism to provide the money we need to do the job.

Flint: Thanks to Vermont's venerable Act 250, it’s not in bad shape. The question becomes what should Vermont be, the lifeboat or the country club. What we got now is a lifeboat being ruled by a country club. Please point out all of the DOE, NOAA, or EPA research sites and federally funded research going on in Vermont. We do what we can. Vermont’s size should allow us to be a petri dish for all manner of innovation. But that is not the case. This I intend to get to the bottom of.




2018 •









What is one of your top priorities if elected? Why so?

Jeremy Hansen: We need to improve our public infrastructure in three main areas:

high-speed Internet, transportation, and water/wastewater. Our existing infrastructure will just become more and more expensive the longer we wait to fix it, and in order to move into the 21st century, we should be investing heavily in Internet infrastructure and considering additional funding of public transportation.

Denise MacMartin: Student loan debt is one of my top priorities. Vermont has one of the highest debt-to-earnings ratios for student borrowers. This debt prevents individuals from being able to buy homes, start businesses, and otherwise engage in the economy in ways that would benefit us all.

Gordon Bock: As state representative, I will advocate for economic development and sustainability to support the region’s unique combination of nature and commerce. In doing so, I will do my best to help broaden the economic base of our two towns and thus lessen the burden of property taxes for each of us.









help improve Vermont and/or your community? Can you point to any specific accomplishments?

Hansen : In my capacity as a Selectboard member, I am proud to have connected more people to local government. I have also had the privilege of testifying as a private citizen to the Legislature and affecting the outcomes of bills on election law, blockchain, and privacy. In my capacity as a computer scientist, I have given many free seminars to various groups like the Vermont League of Cities and Towns and the Green Mountain Water Environment Association. Finally, I am the founder and chair of Central Vermont Internet, which is a community-owned high-speed Internet Service Provider.

MacMartin: For many years my family participated in Project Harmony (a Vermont based organization fostering cultural and education exchanges) by hosting international visitors for anywhere from one to five weeks. We recruited other host families and introduced visitors to many community members. As a former exchange student I believe that cross-cultural

Six candidates are vying for three seats in the

Washington County Primary for State Senate:

Incumbents Sen. Anthony Pollina (P/D), Sen. Ann

Cummings (D), Andrew Perchlik (D), Ashley Hill

(D), Andrew Brewer (D), and Theo Kennedy (D)

What would YOU —the voters— like to ask the candidates?

Send questions : to:

by Wednesday July 25!

We will put them to the candidates and publish

the responses in our August 2nd issue.

Support Democracy!

experiences are an important way to better understand oneself as well as expanding one’s world-view.

Bock: I’m not keen on people who run for office bragging about everything they have ever supposedly done, no matter how relatively insignificant or whether they were just part of a larger team that got it done.

Do you support the governor’s efforts to change the staff-student ratio at Vermont schools. If so, why? If not, what is a policy you would support or lead to improve Vermont schools?

Hansen: No. It’s a misguided move to centralize control of school budgets. These are decisions that need to be made in the local communities who send their kids there. If a town votes in favor of a school budget increase, their property taxes should go up. That’s a decision that all of us are capable of making by ourselves with our eyes wide open at the local level.

MacMartin: I do not support a mandated effort as it creates morale issues and dissipates local control. Reductions will occur as schools manage lower enrollments (which we’ve already begun to see). The State should be working with districts and schools to make sure that the quality of education is not compromised as reductions take place. At a time when we are concerned about identifying “red flags” and assisting children with mental health and bullying issues, it is not logical to reduce school staff arbitrarily.

Bock: The governor’s effort to raise the student-to-staff ratio in Vermont’s schools comes across as arbitrary and capricious. Furthermore, an analysis conducted by the National Education Association found that the governor’s proposal would lead to massive cuts that will shortchange students

and lead to the loss of more than 4,000 middle-class jobs in Vermont. Local autonomy over school budgets has been customary in Vermont. School boards have a better idea of what their schools’ needs are than the governor or the Legislature do.

Are you satisfied with the state’s efforts to encourage youth to remain in state and immigrants to move to the state? How could it be improved?

Hansen: I’m not satisfied with either. We are near the bottom of the list for state funding of higher education, and that means that even with in-state tuition, many young Vermonters can’t afford to pay for college here. We can improve this by dramatically increasing funding of higher education and reducing the number of middle- and upper-level management positions. The $10,000 promotion to lure remote workers to Vermont is misguided. When most of the state lags behind the modern world for Internet access, encouraging more people to move here for positions that require high- speed Internet seems backwards. Let’s take that incentive money and build the 21st century Internet infrastructure first, then see how many young people and remote workers want to work here.

MacMartin: I am not satisfied with our efforts, and we need more creative solutions. Addressing student loan debt and finding solutions to help borrowers lessen that burden is one way to encourage youth to remain. Lack of accessible and affordable childcare is also a barrier to families with young children finding Vermont a desirable place to live or stay.

Bock: We need to create policies effectuating the goal that going to college shouldn’t cost as much as buying a house. Let’s tilt the

Continued on next page






– AUGUST 1, 2018


scales from Vermont spending more on the Corrections Department than it does on its colleges and universities. As a second- generation American whose grandparents journeyed from Eastern Europe to Ellis Island, I fully support efforts to make Vermont more desirable and amenable to those who choose to migrate here.

Do you support stronger gun regulations than already exist in Vermont? If so, what’s an example?

Hansen: No, I think existing Vermont laws are sufficient.

MacMartin: I would like to see more research done in this area, so that we have a basis from which to have productive conversations on this issue. I would support stronger child access prevention laws similar to those in place in many other states.

Bock: I’d like to assess the impact of the laws that the Legislature passed, and that the governor signed into law, earlier this year. Then I want the new biennium of the General Assembly to dig deep into taking substantive testimony from Vermonters in all walks of life on what we need to do next. This much is clear: We came very close to a calamity of mayhem in Fair Haven, and we can’t let the scourge of school shootings claim young Vermont victims, too.

As a politician, how do you plan to build consensus with the other parties in the government and not bring Vermont politics into something like the tribal warfare of Washington DC?

Hansen: I am a scientist and I base my decisions on evidence. Evidence can come from many sources, including from people with whom I might normally disagree. At the end of the day, we’re all still neighbors that have to work together.

MacMartin: I have a strong record of building consensus in my previous professional positions in higher education administration, and I will bring those same qualities to the legislature: respect for different opinions/positions, an ability to listen and ask questions, and a desire to solve problems. Our state’s small size should make it possible to preserve the good will that comes from having relationships in our communities that extend beyond political differences.

Bock: First of all, who said that I’m a politician? I seek to end the divisiveness, conflict, and strife that have led the Legislature into gridlock and special sessions. I will work to find common ground, build consensus, and achieve accord. I will fight for Berlin and Northfield. It all begins with listening more and talking less—and definitely not resorting to talking over the other person, or engaging in the kind of personal attacks that have become all too prevalent in the nation’s capital.

Nearly one in five Vermonters are 65 years old or more. How better can Vermont support their needs, particularly with housing and transportation?

Hansen: I

think there


a number


reasonable steps the Legislature could take. First, we should shift school funding partially or entirely from property taxes to an income-based tax based upon ability to pay. I’ve heard from people on fixed incomes who own their houses and really suffer every time their property taxes increase. Second, providing additional options for public transportation could make owning and maintaining a car less necessary. Third, we should invest in more affordable housing, especially housing with common areas or in mixed-use developments. And last, but most importantly, Vermont should enact universal healthcare, to include mental health and dental care. People shouldn’t need to declare bankruptcy or lose their house when they have unexpected medical bills.

MacMartin: I would like to see expansion of home-sharing programs, and more attention given to retrofitting older homes to be senior citizen friendly. As for transportation, the biggest need seems to be for those in very rural locations. I’d like to look more closely at what current resources the state has allocated and how those may be expanded or adapted.







transportation system that elderly Vermonters can use for shopping, medical appointments and their other needs. The same holds true for affordable housing. Also, the time is way overdue for Vermont to stop taxing Social Security benefits.








PAGE 14 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE scales from Vermont spending more

regulated market for marijuana, the status quo, or a reversal or tightening of the law?

Hansen: I support a fully taxed and regulated market for marijuana, but would prefer if there was preferential treatment given to small local businesses, rather than large out-of-state industrial operations.

MacMartin: I support a regulated market. I do not support a reversal or tightening of the law.

Bock: We must revisit this year’s legalization of marijuana to ensure that adult-use cannabis is taxed and regulated like alcohol. This will generate revenues for the state’s coffers on a $200-million-per- year industry that has existed in our state for decades. Much of the proceeds ought to go toward subsidizing both prevention and treatment for opioid abuse and drug- education programs in our schools.

Can you give an example of a policy or perspective you’ve evolved on as a result of your conversations and interactions with your constituency?

Hansen: Again, I am a scientist, and base decisions on evidence. I welcome the opportunity to have my mind changed with information from anywhere. Property taxes are one of the most important issues for people, particularly those on fixed incomes. After knocking on hundreds of doors, I heard the message loud and clear, though that issue was not initially as high of a priority for me. It most certainly is now.

MacMartin: I’m engaging with many in my community, and their views help me to further clarify and hone my own positions.

Bock: As the father of young daughters, I endeavor to evolve constantly, avoiding the kind of “concrete thinking” that leads to stale ideas or utter inertia. There’s a saying that “minds are like parachutes; they function best when open.” I try not to keep my mind closed.

you environment? Is the State doing enough to fight the causes and effects of climate change or could it do more?





Hansen: I think that Vermont could be doing more to reach its renewable energy

goals and to deal with the phosphorus pollution of Lake Champlain. I would support a carbon pricing scheme that



adversely impact low-income


MacMartin: There is always more that can be done, but overall Vermont has a strong record of paying attention and attempting to thoughtfully address environmental issues. Climate change should be a prominent issue for many legislative sessions to come. it will not be solved with one or two policies in a short time frame.

Bock: We can each do more—way more— on an individual level. Our family works to “reduce, reuse, and recycle” at every opportunity. We think actively each day how to reduce our personal carbon footprint in a part of the world that has limited mass transit, alas, and requires at least a certain amount of driving for food shopping, animal feed, and other necessities for a family (including a dog and those hens).




2018 •


Cooperating with Chaos: Portraits of Anarchists at Studio Place Arts by Sarah Davin

A philosopher leans with his right elbow

against a table, looking broodingly

into space. His ruffled, gray beard

and receding hairline, possibly encouraged to withdraw after years of pensive pulling, contrasts his formal suit. Though still, the painting feels active as a flurry of colorful brushstrokes swirl about him, illustrating some sort of creative ether.

“Hazen,” is just one of the 24 pieces of art that make up Storm: Nihilists, Anarchists, Populists and Radicals, an exhibition at Studio Place Arts (SPA) in Barre. The exhibition, located on the second floor, includes oil paintings, classical drawings, and watercolors by Nitya Brighenti.

The paintings mostly focus on figures of the 19th century and feature portraits of writers and political thinkers such as Mikhail Bakunin and Fyodor Dostoevsky, as well as a few of Brighenti’s visions, such as the oil painting, “The Russian Bear.”

Nitya Brighenti in front of his artwork. Photo by Sarah Davin
Nitya Brighenti in front of his artwork. Photo by Sarah Davin

and I still I feel as though I didn’t really get him.” The term “anarchy” brings a very specific set of wild images to mind. Its very definition seems to invoke chaos. The anarchist movement led to bombings and assassinations. It is a series of images that invoke fear and fire, but this is not true for Brighenti, as none of the paintings in this exhibition feature the destructive fire that sometimes came with anarchy. When asked why, Brighenti highlighted the difference between the original ideas of anarchy and what the movement later became:

“Anarchism, unlike communism, as far as I know, didn’t have many theories about the dictatorship of the proletariat. Anarchism is about cooperation among the people, owning the means of production. For example, if you work in a factory, wouldn’t it be good if all the workers owned the factory, organized the factory, and shared the profits?”

While Brighenti finds himself attracted to the idea of business shaped and owned by the workers, he is not sympathetic to the thinkers who did incite violence. For him, there seems to be two anarchisms: the philosophical side reflected in the portraits and a destructive movement that ultimately failed. This rejection is evident not only in how Brighenti speaks about these violent insurgents, but also in how he has rejected the presence of these figures in his collection.

Brighenti also brings extensive knowledge of the figures he had chosen to paint. As he walked through the gallery, speaking about each featured philosopher as if he were talking about a friend, he finally settled in front of the mixed media piece, “Itinerary.” With lines linking over the face of German philosopher, Georg Hegel’s face, the piece resembles a spider web, connecting small, circular images of different political, literary, and philosophical figures.

For Brighenti, engaging in the literature that these political thinkers wrote was as essential part of his creative process. At the opening, he explained, “I like to paint something that I feel some passion about. I feel passionate about Bakunin, about these stories, and I want to see the faces, but I also want to risk a new interpretation. I’ve painted Bakunin many times,

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THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 15 Cooperating with Chaos: Portraits of

This exhibition coincides with the Barre Heritage Festival, which is more than serendipitous. Indeed, Barre has its own history of Anarchism. Amongst the Italian community of Barre anarchists was Luigi Galleani, writer and publisher of the Anarchist newspaper, Cronaca Sovversiva. When asked about Barre’s most famous Anarchist, Brighenti said that he found Galleani to be a complicated figure. “They had this idea of connection, mutual support, and helping each other. There is a newspaper in New York that chronicles the arrest of Galleani. All of the Italian people got out on the street to protest. He was a leader, an important leader. He was the guy who was supporting their hopes.”

When asked if Brighenti saw Galleani as a positive figure, he responded, “I would see him as positive, but I disagree with the type of violence he was inciting because if I were an anarchist, and I’m not too sure I am, I would be a pacifist.”

Storm: Nihilists, Anarchists, Populists and Radicals runs until August 24 at Studio Place Arts

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 15 Cooperating with Chaos: Portraits of





AUGUST 1, 2018


Lost Nation Theater Brings the Beach to Twelfth Night

by Ellen E Jones, set designer of Lost Nation Theater’s production of Twelfth Night

T he set design is a unique take on

the script. No good design stands

alone as a product or in its creation.

The collaborative partnership of the scenic designer and director is usually the first step in the design development, but as the piece moves forward, more voices are added to reach the final design, ranging from the lighting designer to the artistic directors.

In my initial conversations with the director of Lost Nation Theater’s production of Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night, Amanda Rafuse, she talked about the idea of a beach resort, perhaps like Brighton in England— the kind of place where the rich and the average rubbed shoulders on holiday and social class had less meaning. This made it more accessible to a contemporary audience

PAGE 16 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Lost Nation Theater Brings the

because it was a recognizable type of location and the feeling of royalty morphed into a feeling a celebrity. Amanda was a fabulous director to work with, and as she laid her initial concepts for the show, we both started collecting imagery on Pinterest boards to share and discuss as visual metaphors for the world we wanted to create.

After we looked at imagery from Victorian Brighton Beach, we made the decision to move away from the more watercolor look of that imagery to something bolder, brighter, and more dynamic for this fast moving show.

We had talked about the idea of water and piers and beach changing huts as part of the locale. My first concern as a scene designer is the geography of the set—how to create a space that offers the director many options for staging pictures with multiple levels and movement patterns that accommodate the actors’ needs. At Lost Nation Theater

there is the additional consideration of wanting to make sure that all sides of the audience get to see the same show and get the same feeling from the visual environment.

I was really enamored of the pier and the idea of a gazebo of some kind as well as the changing huts. Getting the feeling of those specific structures and accommodating the needs mandated by the script and action resulted in the layout of the setting which morphed through several different incarnations in the design process.

Striped cabanas or changing huts were and are in use internationally, so we moved toward that feeling, but I changed direction to give some variety to the visual environment. I also wanted the crispness and added dimension that a hard surface could provide instead of simply painting flat stripes or using striped fabric. I also wanted the pier to have a more realistic feel, and we were able to find weathered wood pots at

Photo by Ellen E Jones
Photo by Ellen E Jones

ReSource, probably from a barn or similar structure, but perfect for the look I wanted.

Because the prologue centers on the storm at sea, I was always interested in the use of fabric that could create a sense of a sail in the opening and a weeding canopy in the rest of the show as well as having fabric pieces that the actors could move dynamically to help show the violence of the storm. I wanted all of the vertical fabric to have a sense of texture to give a more interesting surface than a flat cyclorama for the lighting designer, James McNamara, to paint with light.

Northern Stage in White River Junction loaned us a number of lovely practical lighting fixtures that helped define the setting as well as some properties and furniture that helped create the appropriate look. The director’s suggestion of adding the aerial fabrics and having performers use them took the look of the storm to a whole new level.

Everything is part of the design process until performance. No design is complete without the performers, musicians, technicians, and the audience that views the show. The moment of total fruition is ephemeral and has subtle differences every performance. But until everything comes together, the scenery is just a lot of material in a hopefully pleasing configuration. It takes all the participants to complete the design.

Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night plays Thursdays thru Sundays, July 12 thru July 29, at City Hall Arts Center, Montpelier. Actors include Courtney Wood (Silent Sky, Sylvia), Nick Wheeler, (Urinetown) Molly Walsh (Lyddie) Bob Nuner (Judevine) Kate Kenney (Miracle Worker, Eurydice,) and Christopher Scheer (Complete Works of Shakespeare-Abridged, 39 Steps).

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PAGE 16 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Lost Nation Theater Brings the
PAGE 16 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Lost Nation Theater Brings the






Calendar of Events

Community Events

Events happening July 19–August 4


Open Ears at Bagitos. Join Montpelier city councilor Glen Coburn Hutcheson to talk about the city or anything else. 8:30–9:30 am. Bagitos, 28 Main St., Montpelier., 839-5349.


Cycles of Life. This café will be replacing the previous “Death Café”. We invite you to join with us in this place of comfort where we can all come together to listen, talk, and share the things in life’s cycle we are all experiencing in our own way now for ourselves and the earth we live on. 11:45 am–1 pm. Twin Valley Senior Center, Rt. 2, East Montpelier. 223-3322.

Adamant Co-op Friday Night Cookout.

Grill items, seasonal salads, decadent desserts, tons of ambiance, around $10 per meal. Rain or shine. 5:30–7:30 pm. Adamant Co-op, 1313 Haggett Rd. Call 223-5760 for menu items.

Blues/Fusion dance. Blues social dance (8 pm) and lesson (7 pm). No partner or experience needed, just a desire to groove.

  • 4 Deerfield Dr., Montpelier. By donation.


BioBlitz Montpelier 2018. July 21–22. For

One Wild Weekend, Montpelier transforms into a giant nature festival. Based at two hubs, Hubbard Park and North Branch Nature Center, the Montpelier BioBlitz

  • 2018 is a huge outdoor celebration coupled

with a 24-hour survey of our city’s flora

and fauna. Hundreds of Vermonters will be out enjoying a huge menu of outdoor activities while biologists from across the northeast scour the city to catalog every form of life within its boundaries. BioBlitz gathers critical data for local environmental conservation and gets people into nature. Check out for more.

Hike Victory with Green Mountain Club.

Moderate. 5.5 miles. Tentative: Subject to change. Hike in the Victory Basin Wildlife Management Area from the Damon's Crossing parking area. Distance depends on the trail conditions (may be very wet due to beaver activity). Bring water, lunch and snack. Contact Phyllis Rubenstein, 793-6313 or Phyllis@PhyllisRubensteinLaw. for meeting time and place.

Capital City Farmers' Market.

Market vendors, music, and events.

  • 9 am–1 pm. State St., Montpelier.


BioBlitz Montpelier 2018. See description under July 21

Silent Film Series: The Artist.

  • 3 pm. Highland Center for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick St., Greensboro. $10.

Advanced Cancer Support Group.

Individuals and families living with incurable or advanced cancer are invited to meet to talk openly about concerns and interests. 4–6 pm.

Montpelier Senior Activity Center, 58 Barre St., Montpelier. 225-5449.


Bible Quest Camp. July 23–26. Capital Community Church invites 4 year olds to completed 6th graders to participate. 8:30 am–noon. Christ Church, 64 State St.,

Montpelier. Free.


July 19–22, 26–29: Hello Dolly! Thurs.–Sat.,

favorites. 7:30 pm. Highland Center for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick St., Greensboro. $15–40. 533-2000.

Performing Arts


July 27: Bueno Comedy Showcase. Special- event film screening of professionally produced

  • 7 pm; Sun., 2 pm. Hyde Park Opera House, 85 Main St., Hyde Park. $18; students and seniors

Outdoor performances with the pep, conviction, and physicality that audiences have

July 22, 29: Bread and Puppet Presents: The Grasshopper Rebellion Circus & Pageant.

$10 donation but no one turned away for lack of funds. 525-3031.

July 22: Comedy Showcase at Sweet

July 27: Bread and Puppet Presents:

Through July 29: Lost Nation Theater

July 27–28: A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

come to expect from this lively and thoughtful group of young people. July 27 at 6 pm; July 28 at 5 pm. The Tunbridge School, Rt. 110, Tunbridge. Rain location: Chelsea Town Hall.

  • 3 pm. Bread and Puppet Farm, Rt. 122, Glover.

    • 2018 season featuring opera and musical theatre

July 20: Opera North. Resident artists of Opera North present highlights from their

$12; 888-4507.

July 29: StarStruck: A Cosmic Circus. Join our intrepid astronomer and gaze into the cosmos, where we fall into orbit with nine acrobat planets, each one the center of their own private universe. 3 pm. Spruce Peak Performing Arts Center, 122 Hourglass Dr., Stowe. $20.

Hamlet Or Else. Deconstructed Shakespeare resurrected with cardboard and paper mache. Paper Maché Cathedral at Bread and Puppet Farm, Rt. 122, Glover. $10 donation but no one turned away for lack of funds. 525-3031.

comedy sketches from the Vermont-based comedians, filmmakers, and writers known as “Socially Irresponsible.” 8:30 pm. Espresso Bueno, 248 N. Main St., Barre. $8. 479-0896. espressobueno. com.

presents Twelfth Night. Mistaken identity, music, disguises, high-jinx, cross-dressing, shipwrecks, and love come center stage in the ultimate romcom. Thurs.–Sat., 7:30; Sun., 2 pm. Montpelier City Hall. $10–30.

Melissa's. Open mic (no hateful material) at 6:30 pm; showcase at 7:30 pm; live band karaoke at 8:30 pm. Drawing for prizes throughout night. Sweet Melissa’s, Langdon St., Montpelier. By donation. Adult content.

July 30: Bread and Puppet: Insurrection Mass with Funeral March for a Rotten Idea. 7:30 pm. Haybarn Theater at Goddard College, Pitkin Rd., Plainfield. By donation. 322-1604

July 29: Cirque Us Workshop. The acrobats, jugglers, and aerialists are all 19 to 25 years old from across the country. 11 am–1 pm. Spruce Peak Performing Arts Center, 122 Hourglass Dr., Stowe.

Free Drop-in Group: “Lives Well Lived:

Questions & Discussions.” When she saw the documentary at the Green Mountain Film Festival (shown at MSAC) this year, Liz Benjamin found it very gripping and moving. The filmmakers asked 22 different questions of older adults. Benjamin will facilitate an open, drop-in discussion. 3–4:30 pm. Montpelier Senior Activity Center, 58 Barre St., Montpelier. Free. 223-2518


Bible Quest Camp. See description under July 23.

Bike Waterbury with Green Mountain Club. Moderate. About 25 miles. Waterbury to Huntington Gorge and return. Bring lunch and water. Helmet required. Contact Mary Garcia, 622-0585 for meeting time and place.

Shape Note Singing at Bread and Puppet.

Early American 4-part hymns. All welcome, no experience necessary. 7:30 pm. Paper Mache Cathedral, Bread and Puppet Farm on Rt. 122 in Glover. Free. 525-6972.


Bible Quest Camp. See description under July 23.

Barre Heritage Festival. Day one of the festival kicks off with art exhibits, author talks, music, and more. For the full schedule visit:

Junk Music and Sound Experiments.

Listening exercises, rhythm games, and sound improvisations to develop the ear, as well as to gain experience in being part of an ensemble. For both accomplished musicians as well as novices. 6:30 pm. Jaquith Public Library, 122 School St, Marshfield.

Mid-Week Movie: 10 Things I Hate About You. 7 pm. Highland Center for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick St., Greensboro. $5 suggested donation.


Open Ears at Bagitos. See description under July 19

Bible Quest Camp. See description under July 23.

Barre Heritage Festival. Day two features quarry tours, art shows, La Soiree Sucree, Thunder Road mid-season championships, and more. For the full schedule visit:

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 17 Calendar of Events Community Events
THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 17 Calendar of Events Community Events





– AUGUST 1, 2018


Calendar of Events

Visual Arts


Through July 28: Green Mountain Watercolor

Exhibition. 100 artists from North America. The Big Red Barn at Lareau Farm, 48 Lareau Rd.,Waitsfield. 496-6682.

Through July 31: Heart and Eye. Stunning photographic portraits in black and white from around the world by Elliot Burg. Capitol Grounds, 27 State St., Montpelier. Bean-Visual-Arts-Gallery-at-Capitol-Grounds-Cafe.

Through Aug. 4: The Front Presents Show 26.

The work of six new members, along with that of the rest of the gallery’s membership. 6 Barre Street, Montpelier.

Through Aug. 10: Stewards of the Land:

Photography by Orah Moore. Handprinted silverprint photographs. Moore is a classically trained fine art photographer and founding member of Women in Photography, a national organization. Presented by Studio Place Arts. On display at Morse Block Deli, 260 N. Main St., Barre.

Through Aug. 22: Phyllis Chase. Oils on panels. Adamant Music School, Waterside Hall, Adamant.

Through Aug. 25: Colorful Musings by Rob Hitzig.

The art rides a mysterious line between the painting and sculpture. Reception: July 13, 6–8 pm. Axel’s Gallery and Frame Shop, 5 Stowe St., Waterbury.

Through Aug. 29: Nerula: Illustrations of Clare

Emerson Lane. Exhibit of envelopes. Lane was employed by the US Postal service to sort mail on the

train in New York in the 1940s. During his time away from home, he frequently wrote to his sweetheart, taking special care to present her with a different work of art each time. Montpelier Senior Activity Center, Community Room, 58 Barre St., Montpelier.


Through Aug. 31: T. W. Wood Gallery: Summer Juried Exhibit, Essex Art League, and Milton

Artists Guild. The contemporary room will highlight the works of 26 artists in the annual Summer Juried Show. Mediums include watercolor, acrylic, oil, photographs, clay, glass, and mixed media. T. W. Wood Gallery, 46 Barre St., Montpelier. 262-6035

Through Aug. 31: New American Artists:

Celebrating Tradition and Culture. A tribute to the work of Gregory Sharrow, who established the Vermont Traditional Arts Apprenticeship Program during his 30-year tenure at the Vermont Folklife Center. The Vermont Arts Council Spotlight Gallery, 136 State St., Montpelier.

Through Sept. 2: A Second Look: Bob Eddy’s Herald Photography. Because the darkroom

played such a vital role in photography of the era, a recreation of the Herald darkroom is being specially constructed and will take center stage in the exhibit, allowing visitors to insert themselves in the process of creating a photograph before the age of computer imaging. Chandler Center for the Arts, 71-73 Main St., Randolph.

Through Sept. 8: Reclamation. Contemporary figurative women artists painting women from their perspective, reclaiming and transforming the way women are portrayed. Helen Day Art Center, 90 Pond St., Stowe.

Through Sept. 26: Oil Paint & Black Walnut:

Abstracts, Works on Paper. Dian Parker’s exhibit features abstract oil paintings on canvas, as well as

mixed media works on black walnut stained paper. Zollikofer Gallery at Hotel Coolidge, 39 S. Main St., White River Junction

Through Sept. 27: Nick DeFriez, Hillsides and Hexagons. Paintings. Governor’s Gallery, 109 State St., Montpelier. Photo ID required for entry.

Through Sept. 27: Harry A. Rich, The Vermont Years, So Far… Large-scale acrylic-on-canvas paintings. Vermont Supreme Court Gallery, 111 State St., Montpelier.

Through Sept. 27: Possibilitarian Uprising:

Post-Apocalypse for ¾ Empire. Peter Schumann’s woodcuts. Exhibition of woodcuts on cloth banners,

inspired by Albrecht Durer’s (1471-1528) engravings

depicting the Apocalypse as envisioned in the Book of Revelation. Goddard College Art Gallery, Pratt Center, 123 Pitkin Rd., Plainfield. artcommittee@ 322-1604

Through Sept. 30: James Peterson, Dreamcatcher.

Large-scale interactive installation that was inspired by the magical ice caves of Kamchatka in Siberia. The grounds of Spruce Peak Performing Arts Center, 122 Hourglass Dr., Stowe.

July 21–Oct. 20: Exposed. Outdoor sculpture exhibition. Opening with walkabout and community festival: July 21, 4–8 pm. Helen Day Art Center, Pond St., Stowe.


July 21: Opening for Exposed. Walkabout and community festival for this outdoor sculpture exhibition. Short talks by artists at their piece and food tastings, beer and wine garden, live music by George Petit’s Conduit Quartet, and more. 4–8 pm. Helen Day Art Center, Pond St., Stowe.

July 21–29: Stowe Arts Week. Events from arts and culture organizations throughout Stowe. Performance, music, film, and visual art. Free. For a detailed list of events, visit

La Soiree Sucree. Celebrate Barre’s Quebecois Heritage with sweet desert and lively Franco-American music by Michele Choiniere. 4:30 pm. 46 Granite St., Barre. $12 advance; $15 at door; $6 kids. 505-0405


Friends of the Aldrich Public Library Summer

Book Sale. July 27–28. Thousands of gently used books, videos, and other items for all ages under tents on the library lawn. 8 am–6 pm. 6 Washington St., Barre. 476-7550

Barre Heritage Festival. Day three features more music, art shows, food vendors, and more. For the full schedule visit:

Adamant Co-op Friday Night Cookout. See description under July 20.


Friends of the Aldrich Public Library Summer

Book Sale. 7:30 am–2 pm. See description under July 27.

Barre Heritage Festival. Day four features a variety of activities including parade, kid's zone, music, food vendors, cemetary tours, games, art shows, car show, fireworks, and more. For the full schedule visit:

Capital City Farmers’ Market. See description under July 21.

Summer Herbal Fair. Herb classes, demos, kid’s activities, herbal market, music, food vendors, and special performances. 3 pm. Vermont Center for Integrative Herbalism, 252 Main St., Montpelier. Adults $10; kids $3; VCIH students $5. 224-7100


Barre Heritage Festival. The final day features an American Legion breakfast and 5k race. For the full schedule visit:

Paddle/Walk Groton with Green Mountain

Club. Easy. Osmore Pond. Various distances. Walk, canoe, or kayak. Bring a poem to share. PFD required if paddling. Contact George Longenecker or Cynthia Martin, 229-9787 or for meeting time and place.

Wayside 100th Anniversary Ice Cream Social.

The iconic Wayside Restaurant turns 100! As part of their year-long celebration, the Wayside is hosting a customer appreciation ice cream social and fireworks spectacular. 6:30–9:30 pm. The Wayside, 1873 US 302, Berlin.

PAGE 18 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Calendar of Events Visual Arts


Bike Morrisville with Green Mountain Club.

Moderate. 30-35 miles. Bike on the Lamoille Valley Rail Trail. Bring lunch and water. Helmet required. Contact Mary Garcia, 622-0585 for meeting time and place.

Make Some Noise for Social Justice with

the Goddard College Community Chorus. A monthly “sing in.” Vocal stretching. Movement play. An engagement with our rich legacy of spirituals, folk, freedom and protest songs, radical World Music, and Great Turtle Island song traditions. 4–6 pm. Haybarn Theater at Goodard College, 123 Pitkin Rd., Plainfield. Free. RSVP:


Bike Orange with Green Mountain Club.

Difficult. About 30 miles. Orange to Groton via Rte. 302. Meet at the Orange Heights rest area on the left on Rte. 302. Helmet required. Contact George Plumb, 883-2313 or plumb. for meeting time.

MFA in Interdisciplinary Arts Visiting Day.

Meet the program director and participate throughout the day in a sampling of residency activities. Learn about our program, meet students and faculty, take a tour, and more.

  • 10 am–3:30 pm. Goddard College Community

Center, 123 Pitkin Rd., Plainfield. 322-1646.


Open Ears at Bagitos. See description under July 19

Adamant: KHL Story Time & book give-away.

Bring your kids, all ages for the Kellogg-Hubbard Library Outreach Story Time. We will read about Moody Cow, do some yoga, and make beautiful glitter jars. 10–11 am. Adamant Methodist Church, 1216 Haggett Rd., Adamant.



Bethel First Friday Flicks - Free Family Movie.

Bring a blanket or beanbag if you want to get comfy (regular chairs available too). Visit website or Facebook event for each month’s movie. 6:30–8:30 pm. Bethel Town Hall, 134 S. Main St., Bethel. Donations accepted.


Capital City Farmers Market. See description under July 21.

GED Testing at Barre Learning Center.

  • 11 am–4 pm. 46 Washington St., Barre. 476-


PAGE 18 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Calendar of Events Visual Arts






Calendar of Events

Live Music


Charlie O’s World Famous. 70 Main St. Montpelier. Free. 223-6820. July 21: Some Hollow/Sweatpants (Americana) 9 pm July 24, 31: Karaoke w/ DJ Vociferous, 9:30 pm–1:30 am

Gusto's. 28 Prospect St., Barre. 476-7919. Ages 21+. No cover unless indicated. July 20: Scott Graves (acoustic). 5–7 pm; Son of a Gun (classic rock). 9 pm. $5 July 21: DJ MTL (top pop/house/bass). 9:30 pm. July 22: CANCER CRUSH, Fundraiser & Silent Auction for Justin Joslin. 2–7 pm. All ages. Tickets $20 at JustinCancerCrush.

Whammy Bar. 31 County Rd., Calais. Free.

July 27: Blackwater Trio, 7:30 pm July 28: Second Wife, 7:30 pm Aug. 2: Open Mic, 7:30 pm Aug. 3: Papa’s Porch, 7:30 pm Aug. 4: Liz Beatty and the Alternates, 7:30 pm


Every Wed: Capital City Band on the State

House Lawn. Every Wed. through summer. Enjoy

a picnic with neighbors or meet some new friends while enjoying this delightful Vermont musical tradition. Or bring an instrument and play along with the band. 7–8 pm. State House Lawn. 456-


July 19. Dana & Sue Robinson at Brown Bag Series. Noon, Christ Church, 64 State St, Montpelier.

July 19: Mary Chapin Carpenter. With Caitlin Canty. 7 pm. Spruce Peak Performing Arts Center, 122 Hourglass Dr., Stowe. $40–90.

Honeybee Steelband. This pollinator-loving steelband brings the plight of the honeybee to the bandstand with energy and big sounds, performing a wide repertoire of bee-theme tunes. 6:30–8:30 pm. Jaquith Public Library, 122 School St., Marshfield.

July 20: Katie Trautz Plays Music at Montpelier

Library. Start your summer morning with timeless tales told through music. Katie Trautz will be playing folk songs that tell stories. 10 am. Kellogg- Hubbard Library, Hayes Room, 135 Main St., Montpelier.

July 20: Honeysuckle. This progressive folk act blends older influences and traditional instrumentation with modern effects and inspiration. 6–9 pm. Axel’s Gallery and Frame Shop. 5 Stowe St, Waterbury.

July 20: Friday Night Fires: Blackbird. Part of the Summer Music Series at Fresh Tracks Farm Vineyard & Winery. 7–9 pm. 4373, Rt. 12, Berlin.

July 20: Blue Wave Concert. Fundraiser to Win Back Congress with multi-award-winning Canadian folk singer Rik Barron and the Borealis Guitar Duo. Come and donate to help support Democratic and Progressive mid-term candidates to be elected. Hosted by Indivisible Calais. 7–10 pm. At Barbara Butler’s House, 40 North Calais Rd., North Calais. 456-8804.

July 20: Flowers of the Field. A varied and inspiring program of classical choral works accompanied by violist Elizabeth Reid and pianist Paul Orgel. 7:30 pm. Unitarian Church, 130 Main St, Montpelier.

July 21: Tab Benoit. Singer-songwriter and guitarist pours his heart into original compositions tinged with Delta blues, Chicago blues and soul. 7 pm. Spruce Peak Performing Arts Center. 122 Hourglass Dr, Stowe.

July 22: 20th Anniversary Folk Concert.

Celebrates female folks musicians with WomenFolk. 4 pm. Old West Church, 758 Old W Church Rd., Adamant. $20. A portion of the proceeds will benefit the Vermont Folklife Center. Deb Flanders: 233-1015.

July 23: Flowers of the Field. See description under July 20. Caledonia Grange #9, 88 E. Church St, East Hardwick.

July 25: The Blackwater Trio at Middlesex

Bandstand. Coming from Mississippi, performing folk, roots, and rock with sizzling instrumental. 6:30 pm. Next to Rumney Elementary School, Middlesex.

July 25: Village Harmony Teen Session II Concert.

The eclectic concert program will include music from three continents and several centuries. 7:30 pm. Unitarian Church, 130 Main St., Montpelier. Sliding scale $5–15.

July 26. Allison Mann at Brown Bag Series. Noon. Christ Church, 64 State St, Montpelier.

July 26: Susannah Blachly and Patti Casey.

Singer-songwriters deliver high energy, yet intimate

music that showcases their voices, songwriting ability, and good humor. 6:30–8:30 pm. Jaquith Public Library, 122 School St., Marshfield.

July 27: Jazzyaoke. Sing standards from the great American songbook backed by a live six-piece jazz band. All lyrics provided. 7:30–10:30 pm. The Montpelier Pocket Park, Main St., Montpelier.

July 29: Elle Carpenter & Colin McCaffrey.

Includes a range of Americana styles, with a bit of jazz thrown in. 6–9 pm. Positive Pie, 69 Main St., Plainfield. Donation requested: $5–20. No one turned away.

Aug. 1: Roy and the Wrecks at Middlesex Bandstand. Eclectic music from forty years of pop. 6:30 pm. Next to Rumney Elementary School, Middlesex.

Aug. 2: Patti Casey and Colin McCaffrey at Brown Bag Series. Noon. Christ Church, 64 State St, Montpelier.

Aug. 2: Starline Rhythm Boys at Brown

Bag Series. 6 pm. Christ Church, 64 State St, Montpelier.

Aug. 2: David Brahinsky - First Thursdays Music.

Singer/songwriter and guitarist who has been playing music from the folk tradition. 6:30 pm. Highland Center for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick St., Greensboro. No cover.

Aug. 3: Friday Night Fires: Jacob Green. Part of the Summer Music Series at Fresh Tracks Farm Vineyard & Winery. 7–9 pm. 4373, Rt. 12, Berlin.

To see Weekly Events visit

Dog Mountain Summer Dog Party 2018.

Bounce house for the kids, lawn games, dog contests, bubble machines, plenty of dog-friendly vendors, farm fresh local food by Chez Mami, foot-tapping live music by Chris White from White Steer, and more. Noon–4 pm. 143 Parks Rd., St. Johnsbury. Rain or shine. Free. dogmt. com/Events

Reclamation TEDX-Style Talk. Gain perspective from award-winning artists August Burns and Dominque Medici; social justice advocate and legislator Kiah Morris; body image and eating disorder prevention expert Dana Suchow; 3rd phase entrepreneur Lisa Hagerty; educator and writer Richard Hawley, and more. 7 pm. Spruce Peak Performing Arts Center, 122 Hourglass Dr., Stowe.

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 19 Calendar of Events Live Music

Send your event listing to Deadline for print in the next issue is July 27.

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 19 Calendar of Events Live Music





AUGUST 1, 2018


PAGE 20 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Achieving the Hunger Mountain Mission
PAGE 20 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Achieving the Hunger Mountain Mission
PAGE 20 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Achieving the Hunger Mountain Mission

Achieving the Hunger Mountain Mission

by Matt Levin, Hunger Mountain Cooperative Community Fund Committee Member

A s a member of the Hunger Mountain Co-op, I’m proud of our mission as a

member-owned, community-based natural market. We are committed to building

a dynamic community of healthy individuals, sustainable local food systems, and

thriving cooperative commerce.

One of the ways in which we try to make the mission a reality is by finding ways to make the most of the financial resources that we have available. Because of the generosity of members, and prudent investing in other successful co-ops, Hunger Mountain has built up a small fund we use to make modest grants to projects in our area that support our shared agenda.

Since 2011, our Hunger Mountain Cooperative Community Fund has distributed a total of $45,302 in community grants to support businesses, organizations, and initiatives aligned with the Co-op’s mission.

In recent years, the fund has made a huge difference for several dozen wonderful projects in our communities. These have included educational projects on food and nutrition, planting community gardens and orchards, helping new food-related businesses get started and established, construction of key infrastructure projects such as community kitchens, and supporting efforts to ensure everyone has access to healthy food.

And our modest grants—averaging around $1,250 each—have made a difference. The Gospel Hollow Edible Park in Calais was a 2017 recipient. One of the project leaders told us, “The park would never have been founded without our 2017 HMCCF grant. These funds have been the driving force behind the creation of what is now a thriving community food and conservation resource.”

Last year the fund was able to award $6,600 in grants, and we hope to award at least that much this year. Every year we have many more applications than we can support, but with more funding, we will be able to do even more to support these vital projects in our community.

If you have a project that you think matches our mission and needs modest financial support, we would love to hear about it. Applications for 2018 grants from the Community Fund are now available, and can be found on the Co-op’s website at hungermountain. coop.

Projects must demonstrate how they are supporting the Co-op’s mission through their work. Awards range from $100 to $2,500, and our priority is to fund smaller-scale projects that support local food systems.

Completed applications are due by Tuesday, September 4. Grant recipients will be announced at the Co-op's annual membership meeting on Thursday, November 1.

If you would like to support our work, I hope you’ll consider making a tax-deductible contribution to the fund. Checks should be made out to “Hunger Mountain Co-op” with “HMCCF” on the memo line and dropped off at our customer service desk or mailed to the Co-op.

The organizers of a 2017 grant recipient, Good Food, Good Medicine, said it best: “This grant helps small community projects like ours make a big impact on the lives of people in our Central Vermont area due to the ripple effect that community building and education has.” The Co-op is glad that we can do just a bit more to support these projects in our community. Please consider joining our effort by making a donation or submitting an application this summer.

PAGE 20 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Achieving the Hunger Mountain Mission







To place a classified listing call 249-8666



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THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 21 Classifieds To place a classified

Email your resume and cover letter to editor-in-chief Mike Dunphy at



ideas, assigning and guiding freelance contributors, writing 1-2 articles per issue, editing

magazine required. 15-20 hours a week, flexible hours. Duties include generating story

The Bridge, an established nonprofit community newspaper based in Montpelier seeks a Part-time Managing Editor. Experience writing and editing for a newspaper and/or

submissions, and supporting other staff as needed.

For more information, contact Mike Dunphy at


We offer generous commissions on each sale and opportunity for advancement. Furthermore, the job is part-time and flexible regarding hours.

The Bridge is seeking the assistance of a sales representative to help cover the Central Vermont region, including Montpelier, Barre, Plainfield, Calais, Middlesex, Berlin, and Waterbury.

Candidates with sales experience and contacts in the region are preferred, but we are also open to training someone with enthusiasm, charm, creativity, and old-fashioned moxie.

THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 21 Classifieds To place a classified
THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 21 Classifieds To place a classified
THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 21 Classifieds To place a classified
THE BRIDGE JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 • PAGE 21 Classifieds To place a classified





– AUGUST 1, 2018


Repelling Insects the Natural Way

by Iris Gage

sage advice
sage advice

Dear Iris,

  • I enjoy spending time outside but I find myself unable to deal with the insects. The mosquitoes, flies, and ticks are

Tidy Up: If you keep your backyard in pristine condition then insects won’t be as lured in. Mow the lawn, skim the pool, trim hedges, and remove standing water, this way everything won’t be overgrown, shady, and generally stagnant feeling. Many insects are attracted to areas with minimal light and still water to lay their eggs, don’t entice them. Also, encourage natural insect predators to your backyard, such as birds and amphibians. I personally have bantam chickens in my backyard to eat all the ticks.

Personal Hygiene: Take showers and clean off sweat, especially after exercise. Mosquitoes are attracted to body odors and lactic acid (excreted by the skin after a good workout). Keep in mind that not only sweat and lactic acid but also the carbon dioxide you exhale will attract certain bugs.

Diffuse Aromas: The same essential oils used for spraying your skin can also be diffused into the surrounding air by using an essential oil diffuser and scented candle. Many products are heavily scented with citronella oil,

constantly bothering me and giving me anxiety. What can

  • I do to repel them naturally so that I don’t have to resort to

products with DEET?

  • I magine yourself lying down on a cozy blanket outside, enjoying the fresh summer breeze, swooning over your new novel, not worrying about a thing. All of the sudden—buzz buzz—a tiny uninvited

mosquito enters your serene, meditative zone, lands on your flesh, and starts to dine on your vital fluids. You might be lucky enough to swat it away before it has caused too much damage, but chances are you aren’t. And even if successful, the jerk will be back, probably with more friends.

This, unfortunately, is a common occurrence when we are trying to enjoy nature in Vermont, and the irony is painful. While insects are a crucial part of the food chain and important pollinators for plants, it’s still beneficial for our sanity and skin to take precautions to repel their ubiquitous existence. Here are some effective natural ways to do so without using DEET and other industrial chemicals.

Disguise and Repel with Sprays: A pleasant way to repel insects is with an aromatic spray that also disguises us from them. Bug sprays can be found at any convenience store or supermarket, but I like to make my own with minimal yet effective ingredients. Essential oils such as rose geranium, tea tree, eucalyptus, patchouli, citronella, lavender, catnip, lemongrass, palmarosa, and peppermint are all excellent at warding off insects. Vanilla extract diluted in water (equal parts) is hands down my favorite. I get to smell exquisite while also being impervious.

but lemongrass and palmarosa essential oils are just as effective and generally safer (both are cousins of citronella).

Repel with Potted Plants: Grow insect-repelling plants such as marigolds, basil, rosemary, and lavender in pots and place them on your deck or porch. You can also rub them fresh on your skin to prevent bites.

Remedies for Bites: Bug bites can often result in itchy and painful welts that shouldn’t be scratched, even though the urge is sometimes unbearable. This welt occurs from the bug’s saliva, causing a histamine immune response. Cilantro and plantain, when chewed or chopped up and applied to a bite or sting will instantly pacify the itching and burning. Peppermint hydrosol sprayed directly on a bite will abate itching. Diluted apple cider vinegar (1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar to 3 tablespoons water) applied to the bite site also works well.

Protect with Clothing: Wear light-colored clothing; white, tan, and light green colors are less attractive to bugs. As fun as they are, try to avoid floral print clothing, mostly because you don’t want to look like a flower! Oddly, blue clothing is supposedly a mosquito’s color of choice.

Decrease Attraction: Supporting digestion and your “gut microbiome” (an ecosystem of beneficial microorganisms in the digestive tract) might help the most. Some scientists are extrapolating that people with weak digestion are more likely to release odors that are alluring to insects. Maybe it’s time to start taking those probiotics sitting in your fridge. Garlic (three capsules daily) will make your skin very unappetizing to most insects. B vitamin complex supplement (100 mg daily, 50 mg for kids) causes your skin to create a scent that many insects dislike. Drink apple cider vinegar daily (1 teaspoon diluted in half cup water) to change your perspiration odor.

PAGE 22 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Repelling Insects the Natural Way

Natural Insect Repellent

• 20 drops rose geranium essential oil • 20 drops lavender essential oil • 10 drops lemongrass essential oil • 5 drops tea tree essential oil • 5 drops patchouli essential oil

• 4 ounces carrier oil (such as almond oil) or witch hazel extract

Combine all essential oils with carrier oil or witch hazel extract into a 4-ounce glass spray bottle and shake well. If made with carrier oil, apply liberally to skin. If made with witch hazel extract, apply liberally to clothing and skin. Both need to be reapplied every couple of hours. Avoid eyes and other sensitive areas.

Simple Insect Repellant

• 10 drops cedarwood essential oil

(Juniperus virginiana)

• 1 ounce vanilla extract

• 1 ounce water

Combined cedarwood essential oil with vanilla extract in a 2 ounce glass spray bottle, shake well. Then add water and shake well again. Apply to skin and clothing and avoid eyes and sensitive areas. Shake the bottle well with every application. Not suitable during pregnancy and may irritate sensitive skin.

Natural Insect Repellent • 20 drops rose geranium essential oil • 20 drops lavender essential oil
PAGE 22 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Repelling Insects the Natural Way
PAGE 22 • JULY 19 – AUGUST 1, 2018 THE BRIDGE Repelling Insects the Natural Way






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– AUGUST 1, 2018

Thank You for Reading The Bridge !