ok

© All Rights Reserved

0 views

ok

© All Rights Reserved

- UT Dallas Syllabus for te3341.001.09s taught by Aria Nosratinia (aria)
- sst4e_tif_06.pdf
- Syllabus - 425 - W17 - 003 - NF
- Optimization Under Uncertainty_Math
- Evaluating Corrosion Wastage Structural Safety
- Probability Distribution
- stochnotes090611
- Ma0232 Probability Random Process
- 03 Probability Distributions.ppt
- 06 Probability Distribution
- Basics of Probability
- 10 Geometric Population Distribution
- TU QM -L7 Discrete Probability_updated
- Lecture10_TurbCombModel_2014.pdf
- ch-5-3502.pdf
- Simulation and Modeling Best Book
- Random Variable Algebra
- Lecture 4 Random Variable and Distribution 2016 Fall Sep 22 2016 (1)
- Course Outline_BBA_Bus Stat Summer 15-16
- Tutorial_09_Probabilistic_Support.pdf

You are on page 1of 2

Distribution Function and Probability Density Function.

A probability distribution is a table of values showing the probabilities of various

outcomes of an experiment.

For example, if a coin is tossed three times, the number of heads obtained can be 0, 1, 2 or

3. The probabilities of each of these possibilities can be tabulated as shown:

Number of Heads 0 1 2 3

Probability 1/8 3/8 3/8 1/8

A discrete variable is a variable which can only take a countable number of values. In this

example, the number of heads can only take 4 values (0, 1, 2, 3) and so the variable is

discrete. The variable is said to be random if the sum of the probabilities is one.

Probability Density Function

The probability density function (p.d.f.) of X (or probability mass function) is a function which

allocates probabilities. Put simply, it is a function which tells you the probability of certain

events occurring. The usual notation that is used is P(X = x) = something. The random

variable (r.v.) X is the event that we are considering. So in the above example, X represents

the number of heads that we throw. So P(X = 0) means "the probability that no heads are

thrown". Here, P(X = 0) = 1/8 (the probability that we throw no heads is 1/8 ).

In the above example, we could therefore have written:

x 0 1 2 3

P(X = x) 1/8 3/8 3/8 1/8

Quite often, the probability density function will be given to you in terms of x. In the above

example, P(X = x) = 3Cx / (2)3 (see permutations and combinations for the meaning of 3Cx).

Example

A die is thrown repeatedly until a 6 is obtained. Find the probability density function for the

number times we throw the die.

Let X be the random variable representing the number of times we throw the die.

P(X = 1) = 1/6 (if we only throw the die once, we get a 6 on our first throw. The probability of

this is 1/6 ).

P(X = 2) = (5/6) × (1/6) (if we throw the die twice before getting a 6, we must throw

something that isn't a 6 with our first throw, the probability of which is 5/6 and we must

throw a 6 on our second throw, the probability of which is 1/6)

etc

In general, P(X = x) = (5/6)(x-1) × (1/6)

Cumulative Distribution Function

The cumulative distribution function (c.d.f.) of a discrete random variable X is the function

F(t) which tells you the probability that X is less than or equal to t. So if X has p.d.f. P(X = x),

we have:

F(t) = P(X £ t) = SP(X = x).

In other words, for each value that X can be which is less than or equal to t, work out the

probability that X is that value and add up all such results.

Example

In the above example where the die is thrown repeatedly, lets work out P(X £ t) for some

values of t.

P(X £ 1) is the probability that the number of throws until we get a 6 is less than or equal to

1. So it is either 0 or 1.

P(X = 0) = 0 and P(X = 1) = 1/6. Hence P(X £ 1) = 1/6

Similarly, P(X £ 2) = P(X = 0) + P(X = 1) + P(X = 2) = 0 + 1/6 + 5/36 = 11/36

- UT Dallas Syllabus for te3341.001.09s taught by Aria Nosratinia (aria)Uploaded byUT Dallas Provost's Technology Group
- sst4e_tif_06.pdfUploaded byFatima Abubakar
- Syllabus - 425 - W17 - 003 - NFUploaded bybob
- Optimization Under Uncertainty_MathUploaded bydgvdang
- Evaluating Corrosion Wastage Structural SafetyUploaded byNikolas Eiffel Newcastle
- Probability DistributionUploaded byJyoti Prasad Sahu
- stochnotes090611Uploaded byJie Chen
- Ma0232 Probability Random ProcessUploaded byRajkumar Kondappan
- 03 Probability Distributions.pptUploaded byRia Gupta
- 06 Probability DistributionUploaded byinnocentsoul
- Basics of ProbabilityUploaded bySreevatsa Sreekanta
- 10 Geometric Population DistributionUploaded byjtoreroc
- TU QM -L7 Discrete Probability_updatedUploaded byretnaraj1
- Lecture10_TurbCombModel_2014.pdfUploaded bysb ali
- ch-5-3502.pdfUploaded byChhaylySreng
- Simulation and Modeling Best BookUploaded byED DK KA
- Random Variable AlgebraUploaded byOxy1331
- Lecture 4 Random Variable and Distribution 2016 Fall Sep 22 2016 (1)Uploaded byBiren Patel
- Course Outline_BBA_Bus Stat Summer 15-16Uploaded bySarfaraj Ovi
- Tutorial_09_Probabilistic_Support.pdfUploaded bycandido
- NormalUploaded byMoazim Bin Mohamed
- 03 Quality Control Lecture #3(1)Uploaded byFelipe
- 2.pdfUploaded byhammas2013
- Understanding Statistics.pdfUploaded bydownloadmx
- PDF AND PMFUploaded bys.r.
- IPE 470-Simulation on reliability Systems.pdfUploaded byNamra Fatima
- probalistic wedgeUploaded byr
- 332994865-03-Quality-Control-Lecture-3-1.pdfUploaded byJoJa JoJa
- stats.pdfUploaded bySergio SA
- Eee251 ObeUploaded byChaudry Arshad Mehmood

- 23Uploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- 12Uploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- Angela BorderUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- Attitude ChartUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- 1.docxUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- heheheheUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- Authorization-Bang.docxUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- Tura Bian 7 GuideUploaded bytarunnas
- Making Weather InstrumentsUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- DLP MIN-HR.docxUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- DLP MIN-HR.docxUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- DLP MIN-HR.docxUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- Respect WorksheetUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- Anderson and Krathwohl Revised Blooms TaxonomyUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- Anderson and Krathwohl Revised Blooms TaxonomyUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- 3 Dlp Division 2 Digits DivisorUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- Fla 2 - Fla 1 MariecrisUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- 10 Ways to Feel Numb When HurtingUploaded byLes EvangeLista
- Mean of Random VariableUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- Literary PiecesUploaded byBarbie Sabandal
- FLA-1-P-MSCI04Uploaded byBarbie Sabandal

- D 5708 - 02 _RDU3MDG_Uploaded byrizy951
- 121wmsugUploaded byBasubhadra Chakraborty
- RManUploaded bysubhrajitm47
- 8086 case studiesUploaded bySunil Kumar
- Test - 02nd Feb 2019 - General Knowledge_answerkeyUploaded byŠhàm Ťîwarý
- 3G Scrambling Code Planning as Part of the RNC DatabuildUploaded byAmit Gurung
- 1oracle Interview Questions 1Uploaded byrreeshna
- Scott PaperUploaded byJosen Mukwakwa
- TourismUploaded byVivek Pandey
- WildlifeUploaded bySandeep Sapkal
- Data TableUploaded byShahnewaz Bhuiyan
- 5th Grade ObservationsUploaded byabdulahi
- ARM Processors Lecture 2015-11-05Uploaded bymaheshbabu527
- Chapter 05 HRMUploaded byRetno Yuniarsih Marekhan II
- 07-ADC.pdfUploaded byRohit Gandhi
- TSL 3107 Anmm NotesUploaded byPrince Kiu
- The Jibaro Masquerade and Subaltern Politics of Creole Identityf Formation in PRUploaded byKatty Jimenez
- The Effect of Age of Second Language AcquisitionUploaded byLeo Chalderonnier
- Strata_TDT_TS_v1.0Uploaded bymhafod
- USB300-capturadorUploaded byJULY ALEXANDRA GUZMAN QUINTERO
- Basic Concepts in MISUploaded bykalraashwin7047
- Theory of ComputationUploaded bythomasdevasia4u
- ESSAY+GUIDELINES+WIN+2017Uploaded byAnonymous iyZ7fa
- EngArc - L - Single and Double ShearUploaded byShashank Pathak
- EnramycinUploaded byVictor Alonso Garcia Londoño
- intro5Uploaded byvishiwizard
- Checklists for Sap Administration 47906(1)Uploaded bytayyabkk17961
- DanielUploaded byCarlos Guzman
- Optimization of the spray-drying process for developing guava powder using response surface methodologyUploaded byDr-Paras Porwal
- Twp SQL Plan Mgmt 12c 1963237Uploaded bysbabuind

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.