2008 International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering

Finite Element Analysis Based on ProE, HyperMesh and ANSYS
ZHANG Rui
School of Civiling Engineering Dalian Jiaotong University Dalian, China zhangrui@djtu.edu.cn
Abstract—Sometimes making finite element analysis only by one software is a hard thing. Because one software is not good at every work. Therefore, we choose ProE, HyperMesh and ANSYS software to model, mesh and calculate respectively and that can exert their corresponding advantages. Model can be imported and exported among soft wares accurately with software interface. In ProE, surface modeling and model simplify can reduce modify and geometry clean work in HyperMesh. In HyperMesh, firstly we classify and manage model surface, then check surface edges, and then mesh automatically. We must check element quality to ensure successful calculation in ANSYS. Finally solve by ANSYS. Working process, problems and solution is proposed. The given example of a vehicle oil tank shows that this method and process are feasible and make operation simply, calculation accurately and working efficiently. Especially they are suitable for complex model. Keywords-finite element; ProE; HyperMesh; ANSYS

JU Jianmin
School of Civiling Engineering Dalian Jiaotong University Dalian, China jjm@djtu.edu.cn element quality can meet engineering analysis requirements easily. (3) HyperMesh has the general interface with CAD and CAE. The modeling function of HyperMesh is not stronger than ProE. And its calculation and analysis function is also not as good as ANSYS, because that it has less material and element species and setting solving method is inconvenient. C. ANSYS ANSYS is one of the most influential finite element analysis software in the world because of its very powerful calculation and analysis ability. But its preprocess function is weak relatively. Firstly, the model ability in ANSYS is inferior to ProE so the complex model building is very hard by ANSYS. Furthermore, meshing and modifying element by ANSYS is not easier than HyperMesh. So it is difficult to ensure the element quality to make calculation successful. The preprocessing wastes most time and affects work efficiency seriously. III. COMPREHENSIVE APPLICATION OF PROE,HYPERMESH AND ANSYS IN FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS

I.

INTRODUCTION

At present, ANSYS software is widely used in finite element analysis, but its preprocess function is so complex that we must spent much time and energy, especially for complex model. According to the situation, we use ProE, HyperMesh and ANSYS soft wares to model, mesh, calculate and analyze. The comprehensive application of various finite element soft wares can exert their corresponding advantages and makes the analysis more efficient. II. INTRODUCTION OF PROE,HYPERMESH AND ANSYS

A. ProE ProENGINEER (ProE for short) is an American PTC Company development 3D CAD/ CAE/ CAM software. Its geometry modeling function is outstanding. We build some complex models by ProE more efficiently than by ANSYS or HyperMesh. However, the functions of meshing, calculation, analysis and post-process is relatively weak. B. HyperMesh The HyperMesh is an American Atair Company developed product. Its main advantages are as Follows: (1) Meshing is more easy and quick; (2) We can control and modify the element quality easily and operation is very convenient. So the

A. Working Process Our purpose is to develop respective advantage of each software by comprehensive using soft wares. According to the characteristics of three soft wares, we can model by ProE, meshing by HyperMesh and solve by ANSYS. By this method, the whole finite element analysis process will be more efficient and accurate. The whole analysis process see Fig. 1. B. Common Problems and Solution 1) Model Simplify: The general modeling process by ProE is using method of solid modeling then extracting surface and a lot of error and plenty of modifying working will appear after meshing. Therefore, we can use surface modeling[1] and neglect several details (such as small hole and chamfer )and accessory members. 2) Classified Management of Model: There are a lot of surfaces controlled hardly in the model which shaded each other. Many surfaces with different aharacters intermix

978-0-7695-3336-0/08 $25.00 © 2008 IEEE DOI 10.1109/CSSE.2008.431

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Model in ProE B.Several surfaces are shaded). Working Process 3) Finite Element Meshing: Automatic meshing by HyperMesh not only can satisfy working requirement generally. you can trim the surface artificially and a new surface edge will produce which will be the element edge after meshing. 2 ). and click Proe. IF there are individual bad elements. We can divide the whole model into several parts and mesh one by one in different mesh densities. describes the whole analysis process in detail by ProE,HyperMesh and ANSYS. we point to import and click geometry. but also makes operation efficient and convenient. A. In addition. COMPREHENSIVE APPLICATIVE EXAMPLE OF PROE. Import into HyperMesh In HyperMesh 8.The file can be saved as default format directly (such as *. we suggest of a principle: Automatic meshing is major strategy. Analyze and Simplify Model elements until there is only a little bad element to ensure successful calculation in ANSYS. we must adjust Figure 3. Then we can manage the surface by the function of component. because the element quality affects calculation accuracy directly. Modeling by ProE Importing Data Meshing by HyperMesh Figure 2. If the element geometry size is not enough suitable. In a word. Small hole and chamfer are neglected.prt or *. calculation perhaps can not continue by ANSYS. on the file menu. The model imported into HyperMesh is the same completely with that from ProE having no infidelity. HYPERMESH AND ANSYS Edge Edit Meshing This paper takes the finite element analysis of a vehicle oil tank as example. Therefore. name and color. After meshing the model just imported to HyperMesh from ProE. Modeling by ProE We choose surface modeling in ProE to model the vehicle oil tank made of steel welded plate.together which we manage inconveniently. and then choose the file produced by ProE. Therefore. HyperMesh includes many features that can check element. we should mesh again. but big hole still need of thinking about (See Fig. We must settle this problem before meshing (the correct and wrong element see Fig. for huge and complicated project. In addition. 4) Check Elemen: Checking element is a very important work. 623 .asm). a problem appeared: Several element edges are not coordinate which are just the common edges of surface. the surfaces with the same character must be defined as the same component. the advantages of saving time and easy operation is excellent. manual meshing is minor strategy. we should adjust them manually. If there are many unqualified elements. Check Element Importing Data Solving by ANSYS Figure 1.3. Although meshing by this way can produce more elements than by painstaking meshing.0. Classify Surfaces Wrong and Correct Edge of Element IV.

And we also can adjust the bad elements with the following method: Pick on an element edge. The model imported into ANSYS is also the same completely with that from HyperMesh having no infidelity. Section and Material to define element attributes. we should divide the surfaces nearby the hook with the quick edit panel. It is noteworthy that the model imported in ANSYS has not geometry information but only element information. we use “Automesh” panel to mesh all surface by choosing different element size. the connectivity of the two elements that share this edge is altered. Define Force and Solve by ANSYS In ANSYS 10. so that their adjacent free edges become shared edges. I. All the elements were defined as SHELL63. Edge Edit We can use the equivalence sub-panel to flag multiple close-set surfaces to be treated as if they were connected to one another. Management and Classified Model Surfaces Then we select the surfaces with the same property to be organized and use the organize panel to copy or move them to the corresponding destination collectors. from the “File” pull-down menu. From the hook surface to others. H.cdb”. so its element density is larger than others. From the file pull-down menu. is feasible and can exert their corresponding advantages. Figure 5. Furthermore. using trim with surfs sub-panel. On the surface edit panel. But this format model can not be imported into ANSYS. if you want to drag new surface in ANSYS. Real set. This paper presents a set of practical working process. After solving the stress nephogram of the oil tank See Fig. Therefore.C. In order to smooth the transition elements from big elements to small.hm” directly. E. we use the “1-D. then click finite element model. and then the database can be imported into ANSYS. 5. efficient and accurate. CONCLUSION The finite element analysis method ---. On the analysis page. 4). REFERENCES G. we select the check “elems” panel to verify the geometric qualities of all the elements. the file can be save as “*. D. the analysis process changes more convenient. and then save the file as“*. By the way. the element density is decreased gradually. we select “Read Import from” menu. the intersection surfaces are edited efficiently. Check Element On the tool page. meshing by HyperMesh and solving by ANSYS. we should select export. 2-D and 3-D” sub-panels functions to test the connectivity of a group of elements and check for duplicate elements. The author used this method and working process in other engineering and also gains good effects.cdb”format. ( the model meshed in HyperMesh see Fig. 624 .modeling by ProE. the complex model is suitable for this method. then choose the file with“*. Especially. Define Element Attributes and Constraints We use the following options on the utility menu: ET type. For the load on the oil tank is very complex . problems and solutions which has reference value for practical engineering. we enter the constraints panel and define the constraints.0. F. Finite Element Mesh in HyperMesh ACKNOWLEDGMENT The author would like to thank ZHANG Tao of Dalian Jiaotong University for her help and support in making this work possible. To Export an ANSYS File In HyperMesh. Stress nephogram in ANSYS V. They were defined as different name and color. you can only use the element information (such as nodes). Finite Element Meshing The hook of the vehicle oil tank is the most important component to be analyzed. the load is applied by not HyperMesh but ANSYS. Figure 4.

Jun 2007. JIANG Xue-wu. 16.[2] [1] CHEN Zhong-chang. HyperMesh and MSCMarc in finite element analysis”. 1353–1355. “Realization of ProE curved face modeling and the MeshCAST grid division”. WU Xin-yue. vol. “Comprehensive application of UG. and ZHU Shi-jian. 625 . XIE Fa-qin. vol. Computer Aided Angineering. Foundry Technology. 11–14. and WU Xiang-qing. pp. Oct 2007. 28. pp.

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