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Level 1 : Remember (State)

1. State and explain the basic forces on a rocket.
AAlthough the same four forces act on a rocket as on an airplane, there are some important
differences in the application of the forces:

1. On an airplane, the lift force (the aerodynamic force perpendicular to the flight direction) is
used to overcome the weight. On a rocket, thrust is used in opposition to weight. On many

rockets, lift is used to stabilize and control the direction of flight.

2. On an airplane, most of the aerodynamic forces are generated by the wings and the tail
surfaces. For a rocket, the aerodynamic forces are generated by the fins, nose cone, and body
tube. For both airplane and rocket, the aerodynamic forces act through the center of
pressure (the yellow dot with the black center on the figure) while the weight acts through
the center of gravity (the yellow dot on the figure).
3. While most airplanes have a high lift to drag ratio, the drag of a rocket is usually much
greater than the lift.
4. While the magnitude and direction of the forces remain fairly constant for an airplane, the
magnitude and direction of the forces acting on a rocket change dramatically during a typical
Level 2 : Understand (Explain)
2. How do rocket engines Produce Thrust?
A. Thrust is the force which moves any aircraft through the air. Thrust is generated by
the propulsion system of the aircraft. Different propulsion systems develop thrust in different ways,
but all thrust is generated through some application of Newton's third law of motion. For every action
there is an equal and opposite reaction. In any propulsion system, a working fluid is accelerated by
the system and the reaction to this acceleration produces a force on the system. A general derivation
of the thrust equation shows that the amount of thrust generated depends on the mass flow through the
engine and the exit velocity of the gas.

Level 3 : Apply(Sketch)

3. Explain parts of a rocket with neat sketch?


 The structural system of a rocket is like an outer skeleton which includes all of the parts
which make up the frame of the rocket, i.e. the cylindrical body, the control fins, and the
fairings. The function of the structural system is to minimize the amount of aerodynamic drag
created during the flight. The shape of the rocket, hence, plays an important role and so does
the structure.
 Payload system is the most important part of the rocket, which carries the subjected satellite,
telescopes, missiles or humans etc. to the required destination safely. Safety is the most
important aspect of this system, so it must carry the object without any damages.
 The guidance system of a rocket includes very sophisticated sensors, on-board computers,
radars, and communication equipment. The guidance system has two main roles during the
launch of a rocket: to provide stability for the rocket, and to control the rocket during
maneuvers. One component of the guidance system of a simple rocket is the fins, which act as
the steering of the rocket.
 The propulsion of a rocket includes all of the parts which make up the rocket engine: the
tanks pumps, propellants, power head, boosters, and rocket nozzles, etc. The whole purpose
of the propulsion system is to produce thrust.
o A rocket engine has a combustion chamber where the oxygen and fuel get mixed up
and are exploded. This explosion causes a downward thrust, and as according to
Newtons 3rd law, every action has an equal and opposite reaction.
Level 4 : Analyze (Differentiate)
4. What’s the difference between a jet engine and a rocket engine?
A. Jet engines and rockets work on the same principle. They produce thrust through an internal
pressure difference and, as explained by Newton’s Third Law of Motion, eject exhaust gases in an
equal and opposite direction. The main difference between them is that jets get the oxygen to burn
fuel from the air and rockets carry their own oxygen, which allows them to operate in space. This also
leads to a second major difference. Jet engines have two openings (an intake and an exhaust nozzle).
Rocket engines only have one opening (an exhaust nozzle).