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This document sets forth the basic criteria and philosophy to be utilized in establishing the structural design of AL


2.1 Al Shuwaib Police Station

 The Project shall accommodate Administration and Residential Building that consists of Ground and First
Floors, Utilities and Services Block, Internal Car parking for Police Cars.
 The project will be located in the Plot No. 547, Sector Shabiat Al Shuwaib, Al Shuwaib, Al Ain, Abu-Dhabi.
 Plot Area is 25,027 m2
• IBC 2009: International Building Code
• ADIBC : Abu Dhabi International Building Code
• ASCE-7-05: Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and other Structures
• AISC 360 Specification for Structural Steel Buildings
• AISC 325 Steel Construction Manual, 13th Edition
• AISC 503 Code of Standard Practice for Steel Buildings and Bridges
• AISC 341 Seismic Provisions for Steel Buildings
• AO 31SM/318R Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete and Commentary
• AO 350M/350 R Code Requirements for Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures and Commentary
• AO 530 Building Code Requirements for Masonry Structures and Commentary
• AO 216.1 Code Requirements for Determining Fire Resistance of Concrete and Masonry Construction Assemblies
• AO 224.3R Joints In Concrete Construction

4.1 Concrete Properties

The characteristic concrete cube compressive strength after 28 days shall be as follows:
Slabs & Beams ____________________________ = 40 N/mm2
Cores, Walls & Columns _____________________= 40 N/mm2
Blinding Concrete_________________________ = 20 N/mm2
Concrete Density
Own weight of reinforced concrete ---------------------=24 kN/m9
Own weight of plain concrete _______________ =22 kN/m3

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4.2 Cement Properties
For Superstructure--------------------------------------------OPC
For Substructure ----------------------------------------------as per the recommendations of the Soil Report(under process)
-Water cement ratio (W/C) : 0.45 for superstructure
0.4 for substructure
Extra detailed properties to be included in Structural general notes and related specifications.

4.3 Steel Reinforcement Properties

Steel Reinforcing should be deformed high yield steel with the following data:
Specified characteristic field strength Fy________ = 460 N/mm2
Modulus of elasticity (Es) ___________________ = 210 kN/mm2
Reinforcement steel bar cover
Application Concrete Cover (mm)
Concrete in retaining wall, Foundation , Tie beams and buried slabs External Faces 50
Internal Faces 50
External faces of Concrete Structural members above ground. 40

Internal faces of Concrete Structural members above ground. Building perimeters 40

Slabs 30
Beams 30
Columns& walls 40

4.4 Structural Steel

Structural Steel characteristic refer to Spec 051000
• ASTM A572 Grade 50.
• Bolts of primary connections are of Grade 8.8
• Anchor Bolts are of Grade 8.8.

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Referring to ADIBC serviceability requirements as per section 1604.3 and table 1604.5. Deflection limits shall be computed
as following:
construction live WIND DEAD + LIVE

Roof members
Supporting piaster celling 1/360 1/360 1/240
Supporting non plaster 1/240 1/240 1/180
Not supporting celling 1/180 1/180 1/20
Roof members supporting
roofing: 1/150 1/60

Floor members 1/ 360 - 1/240

Exterior walls and Hector

partitions - 1/240 -
With brittle finishes with - 1/120 -
flexible finishes
Secondary wall members - 1/90 -
supporting metal siding

The total maximum imposed load deflection for a structural bay will be that due to the accumulation of deflections for the
structural components (Le. slab deflection, plus primary beam deflection plus secondary beam deflection). Any full height
internal partitions must be designed to accommodate these movements. The deflection due to self-weight of the floor
structure is assumed to be pre-cambered.
structure Occupancy category
Structures, other than masonry shear wall structures, 0.025 hsx 0.020 hsx 0.015hsx
4 stones or less (etc)

Masonry cantilever shear wall structures d 0.010 hsx 0.010 hsx 0.010 hsx
Other masonry shear wall structures 0.007 hsx 0.007 hsx 0.007 hsx
All other structures 0.020 hsx 0.015 hsx 0.010hsx
hx is the story height below Level x.

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6.1 Load Cases

- Superimposed Dead Load
Equivalent uniform distributed partition load for residential areas to be incorporated in the models based on the actual
distribution of the final architectural plan.
150 mm block work double plastered: 2.2 KN/m3
200 mm block work double plastered: 2.7 KN/m3
250 mm block work double plastered: 3.0 KN/m
External walls to be modeled as line loads
2.0 kN/ m2 Uniform distributed load for floor finishing includes tilling, mortar and required sand «l or screed on the top of
concrete slabs
3.5 KN/ m2 Roof floor finishing
0.5 KN/ m2 Uniform distributed load for suspended celling and utilities
Car parking = 2.25 KN/m2
Underground water tank = 4T/m2
Car& truck drive way = 1.2 KN/m2
- live load
According to AD IBC 2009 Table 1607
- Multipurpose hall = 5KN/m2
- Control rooms = 2.5 KN/m2
- Lounge, Lobbies ,Corridors and Entrances = 5 KN/m2
- Stages = 6 KN/m2
- Assembly areas (Meeting, Clubs and Prayer room )= 5KN/m2
- Dining rooms = 5KN/m2
- Offices = 2.5 KN/m2
- Operating rooms =3 KN/m2
- Bed rooms = 2.0 KN/m2
- Gym = 5 KN/m2
- Stores = 5 KN/m2
- Roof areas = 1.0 KN/m2
- Kitchens = 3 KN/m2

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- wind load
All exposed part of structural elements shall designed to resist the pressure due to the wind in an direction in accordance
to ASCE 7-05 and ADIBC 2009
- Wind Speed = 100 mph
- Exposure Category ( C ) Flat Terrain
- Gust Factor Gf= 0.85 for rigid structure
- Wind Direction Factor Kd = 0.85 ---------- ASCE 7-05 Table 6-4
- Exposure Coefficient Kz = 1.13 ------------ ASCE 7-05 Table 6-3
- Importance Factor Iw :
Occupancy Category IV and According to ASCE 7-05 Table 6-1 Iw = 1.15
- Topographical Factor Kd = 1 ( flat terrain )
- Windward and leeward Coefficients:
Building length ( L ) = 60 m
Building Width ( B ) = 30 m
L\B = 2 and according to ASCE 7-05 Figure 6-6
Windward Coefficient = 0.8
Leeward Coefficient = -0.3

- Seismic Load

According to soil investigation report No: CP-16-0067 following coefficient and classification were given as:
1-) Site Class is D
2-) Ss=0.6
3-) S1=0.18

According to IBC ASCE 7-05 and ACI codes :

4-) T = 8, IBC 2009 Abu Dhabi adopted code language Figure 1613.5 (3)
SDs=(2/3)SMs , SMs=Fa(Site coefficient)*Ss
SD1=(2/3)SM1, SM1=Fv(Site coefficient)S1
According to table 1613.5.3(1) and using straight line interpolation for site class D
and Ss =0.6 EQ: y+0.8x=1.8

Which mean for Ss=0.6 Fa=1.32 → SMs=0.792

According to table 1613.5.3(2) and using straight line interpolation for site class D
and Ss =0.6 EQ: y+4x=2.8

Which mean for S1=0.18 Fa=2.08→ SM1=0.3744

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According to table 1613.5.6(2)

SDs=0.528 which is 0.5g ≤ SDs and for occupancy category IV SDC is D

According to table 1613.5.6(1)

SD1=0.24496 which is 0.2g ≤ SD1 and for occupancy category IV SDC is D

5-) Structural System is a Dual System of ordinary reinforced concrete frame structure and ordinary reinforced concrete
shear wall
And According to ASCE 7-05 Table 12.2-1
R= 4.5
Cd= 4
Ωₒ= 2.5
6-) Eccentricity Consideration :
Torsion Eccentricity considered as 5% from the long bay
7-) Irregularity Consideration :
Structure considered as a regular in both vertical and horizontal direction according to ASCE 7-05 Tables 12.3-1&12.3-2
8-) Importance Factor :
- Occupancy category IV
- Site Class D
-Seismic Design Category (SDC) is D
According to ASCE 7-05 Table 11.5-1 and based on the above data I= 1.5

9-) Consideration of vertical components effect Ev :

Ev = 0.2 SDs
Load Combination:
( 1.2 + 0.2 SDs ) DL +∫QE +L ∫= 1.3 for SDC ( D )

Thermal and Shrinkage Loads

Temperature effects on the project structures will be considered for a range of temperatures. The Abu Dhabi
Municipality building regulations requires that all concrete structures safety withstand a temperature range of 40
°C. Basically a temperature range of (15 °C to +30 °C) (mean temp. at 30 °C) is adopted for the designs but the
effective temperature to the structural elements to be reviewed separately. When calculating stresses and strains
induced in concrete sections due to an overall thermal expansion or contraction, the following shall apply:
- The range of temperature variation during concrete construction and. Also, during normal operations will
be set to +- 35°C
- The shrinkage coefficient will be taken as 0.25 mm/m
- The coefficient of thermal expansion is 12.0 E -6/c for steel and 10.0 E-6/c for concrete

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6.2 Load Combinations
According to ADIBC, the following load combinations will be used in the design:
Basic Service Load Combinations
Eq 16-14
• DL Eq 16-8
• DL + LL Eq 16-9
• DL + 0.7 EQ Eq 16-12
• DL + WEq 16-12
• DL+ 0.75LL+ 0.75W Eq 16-13
• DL + 0.75LL + 0.525E Eq 16-13
• 0 6DL+ W Eq 16-14
Basic Ultimate Load Combinations
• 1.4 DL Eq 16-1
• 1.2DL + 1.6LL Eq 16-2
• 1.2DL + 1.6W + 0 5LL Eq 16-3
• 1.2DL + 1.0 EQ + 0.5LL Eq 16-5
• 09DL + 1.6W Eq 16-6
• 0 9DL + 1.0 EQ Eq 16-7


7.1 Vertical Structural Members

Vertical dead and live loads generated by floor slabs that span between beams and transmit to vertical elements
(columns & Walls). Columns and walls in turn transfer those loads to foundations, shear wall distributed in both X & Y
directions shall represent the lateral resistance system against lateral forces developed on the structure by seismic and
wind applied loads.

7.2 Horizontal Structural Members

Considering the location of the project, cast in situ flat slab system is highly recommended. The above
system incorporates multiple advantages:
a- To use the concrete produced at the nearest plant.
b- Flat slab gives the architect the maximum freedom when distributing the vertical elements, c- It is
the best solution to accommodate the multiple slab openings in wet area.

7.3 Foundations System

Based on Soil Recommendation and based on our experience, we recommend to use deep foundation
instead of shallow foundation due to the high cost of soil improvement.

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7.4 Method of Analysis & Design
Gravity loads such as self-weight, superimposed dead loads, and live loads are applied directly on the
floor area elements, were applicable. Wind loads are applied on the model through its rigid diaphragm.
Seismic load is considered by utilizing the equivalent static load method and/or elastic dynamic response
spectrum Modal Analysis. The analysis shall be carried out using a finite element computer program.
Three-dimensional model shall be prepared. Al concrete members will be modeled as shell and frame
elements with six degrees of freedom and corresponding six end forces. The structure will be designed for
load and combinations in accordance with this Design Criteria.
* P-Delta analysis (Second order analysis will be applied to the following projects)
Stiffness Reduction Factors :

Columns and Walls --------------------- 0.7 Ig

Beams ------------------------------------ 0.35 Ig
Floors ------------------------------------ 0.25 Ig

7.5 Crack Width:

Allowable crack width for water retaining structure according to ACI 305 is

0.01 inch = 0.25 mm for Exterior member

0.015 inch = 0.38 mm for interior elements

7.6 Fire-resistance Criteria of Structural Members

All Structural Elements Should be Two Hours Fire Rating Structure Due to ACI and the Following

Minimum Thicknesses :

Floors min thickness is 5 in = 127 mm

Columns min thickness is 10 in = 25.4 mm

Minimum Steel Cover = 1 in = 25.4 mm

The following computer programs shall be used in analysis & design:

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