Working Sketch


Welcome to the fifth annual Working Sketch design issue. Even with the Great Recession continuing into a third year, there is still a lot of fantastic architecture being built. The projects included run the gamet of large to small, permanent to temporary or unbuilt, national & international. There are plenty of links to the buildings & the architecture firms’ web pages so you can check out what else they are doing. Hope you enjoy & learn something. gw

Sebastien Wierinck's public furniture projects seem to lend themselves to some interesting misinterpretations. For instance, when first seen they look like tentacles of some kind of furniture-laying machine. In other words, from the tangle of tubes suspended from the ceiling would, when needed, come coiling down to take the shape of whatever furniture you desired at the time: a bench, a table, a love seat, perhaps even a rug. When you no longer need that particular chair, bench, or nightstand anymore, the coils would simply rewind upward into a canopy of tubes (or perhaps even be withdraw themselves into a machine somewhere in the center of the room. After a long day at work, then, you would walk into your house – which has no permanent furniture – and you'd see a shimmering mass of tubes swaying in a slight evening breeze above your head. You'd push several buttons, and the system would begin to move, drooping down in long loops and turning back and forth in tight corners and curves, all laying out the forms of temporary furniture – bed, table – as you get ready for a quiet night at home. Of course, this admittedly somewhat willful misinterpretation of the evidence at hand is not entirely wrong: after all, though Wierinck's pieces don't uncoil from the ceilings in ad hoc patterns, forming zones of temporary furniture throughout empty interiors, they are meant to be (literally) flexible, (somewhat) mobile, and easy enough to reprogram for other spaces.

Hollenbeck Police Station
When the city of Los Angeles announced it wanted to redesign 13 of the city’s aging police stations, architect David Martin set his sights on a station in one of the most dangerous neighborhoods in town: Boyle Heights. The Hollenbeck Police Station routinely responds to gang violence and drug problems in the neighborhood, and the brutal design of the old building matched the area’s toughness with a hard, unwelcoming exterior. With the replacement station, AC Martin sought to change that. The entrance is located in an undulated glass façade featuring roughly 70 bent frosted-glass panels. Each panel consists of two pieces of bent clear glass laminated together with a translucent interlayer, creating a semi-opacity that obscures what’s going on inside, but still allows light to filter through. The pieces attach to a curtain wall system with a custom aluminum bracket designed inhouse at AC Martin, and then further engineered by Dallas-based Curtain Wall Design & Consulting. The effect is a sculptural, staccato display that serves Martin’s idea of literal and figurative transparency, an important tool in building trust with the community. The façade is oriented toward the street, with a fronting plaza area that looks onto a nearby park. The intent was to make a deliberately open area that could be used by the community—and become part of it. A publicly available multipurpose room is designed into the building, so local groups can hold events there. Double doors open the community room up into the plaza, allowing events to spill out into the neighborhood. Ensuring the security of police personnel was a top priority in determining the location of windows, holding cells, and detainee processing areas. And while the glass panels on the façade are not bulletproof, the glass behind them is. Just to be certain, officers took the material to the LAPD’s firing range to verify the manufacturer’s claims.

The new Musical Instrument Museum, which opened in April in Phoenix, displays artifacts that are played with the hands, the mouth and, in an at least one case, the nose. With more than 12,000 instruments from around the globe, the $150 million, 190,000-sf building spans two floors that feature light-filled galleries, a classroom, a garden courtyard, a performance hall, a recording studio, a restaurant, café, and a store. Among the highlights: the first Steinway piano (built in founder Henry Steinway's kitchen in Germany); the piano on which John Lennon composed Imagine; a Belgian dancehall organ (at $100,000 it's the single most expensive artifact in the museum's permanent collection); and a guitar that Paul Simon played in his 1991 Central Park concert. While those objects may pack star power, others are curious by nature — a turtle shell from Mexico that's played with drumstick antlers; a curved African xylophone with gourd resonators and a nose flute from Southeast Asia. Richard Varda, FAIA, and the Tempe, Ariz., office of RSP Architects crafted the Indian limestone façade to blend with the colors of the surrounding desert.

in downtown Boston. Alexander van Slobbe and G-Star. Howeler + Yoon envision that the spaces where pods are not slotted into the structure could be used for algae biofuel research and development or simply vertical park space. the city did not want to detract attention from other projects it was sponsoring. They’re also meant to make the system more flexible and adaptable than the structures they’ve attached themselves to. But many airlines retired their 747 fleets as newer long-haul planes came on the market. Marlies Dekkers.000. Joining the two—and organizing the whole—is a concrete spiral much like a Möbius Strip. It took clearance from 17 different government agencies to pull it all off. In the interim. and the cockpit windows form skylights. As a response to the 1998 competition program. the fuselage will comprise the guest house. the theater at the north is the box. Furthermore. It became clear a retired 747 would make a perfect home! The aircraft was cut up into pieces for transport.5 million parts will be used. it’s become common to propose infrastructure that promotes urban farming.W. and. they enter the building from the adjacent park at the west. Boeing 747 jumbo jets were once the largest commercial planes in the sky.S. Howeler + Yoon’s Eco-Pods Bring (Green) Industry Back to the City In the contemporary sustainable design movement. The site was first home to the flagship store of clothier Filene’s Basement. Check out Benthem Crouwel Architects & Hella Jongerius. with walls covered in other kinds of flora. quickly removed and sent to another location. The wings now make the home's roof. and all of its nearly 4. approached him with a request. Though the technology for the Eco-Pods could be deployed anywhere. Some larger parts had to be brought to the hills of Malibu by helicopter and crane. A fine. interior lighting brings the building’s public identity as a theater to life. the Netherlands. divided the building structurally according to a concept van Berkel calls “blob-to-box and back again. The arms will allow the Eco-Pods to be deployed quickly. By July 2008. leaving a five-story hole in the ground and a partial skeletal façade during a worsening economy that made credit a scarce commodity. product and fashion designers in the Netherlands. Dutch Profiles is a series of short documentaries about architects. The structure has to be registered with the FAA so pilots don't mistake it as a downed airliner. context-oriented and research-based practice of Dutch designers and includes interviews with. In the daytime. should a building husk’s original funding be re-secured. Claudy Jongstra. Paul Mijksenaar. biomorphic Kunsthaus Graz.5 2 Architect Designs New Home from Boeing 747 Jumbo Jet Scraps At over 230 feet long. The project would use mechanical arms to manipulate its pre-fabricated algae units. New. Gerard Unger. Architect David Hertz thought about that fact when his client. graphic. "We closed five major freeways to transport it at night. in the case of the current Eco-Pods design). But at night. the initial site the firm has considered is on Washington St. A number of factors delayed the beginning of construction of MUMUTH. The Eco-Pods project is porous and open and could reach up to any building height. Howeler + Yoon has proposed a system of pre-fabricated algae bioreactor modules that slot into the remaining building’s shell. along a stretch of declining retail shops. The store closed in September of 2007 and developer Gale International bought the site and tore down the building with the intention of building a 32-story luxury condo and office tower. unStudio’s Haus für Musik und Musiktheater (MUMUTH) is a mysterious presence among historic houses on Lichtenfelsgasse Street in Graz. such as Peter Cook and Colin Fournier’s nozzled. 193 feet wide. Algae oil can then be refined into fuel (most likely off-site. These arms could move and rotate modules for ideal exposure to sunlight. the Amsterdam firm’s principals. Austria’s secondlargest city. when only students and staff of the Kunstuniversität Graz (KUG) use its teaching and administrative spaces. 2012 Architects. much the same way that soybeans are refined into biodiesel. a single-surface form the architects explored in their Mobius House built in Het Gooi. political changes jeopardized MUMUTH’s funding." said Hertz. This algae would then be separated into natural oils and other organic byproducts via mechanical crushing or chemical solvents. First. V. During the day. Algae bioreactors contain nutrient-infused water that can be exposed to LED lighting and natural sunlight to grow algae rapidly. the architects transformed the structural spiral from steel to a composite of steel and concrete. and 60 feet tall. . and the visitors enter the music house by a separate entrance on the south. glass-and-steel structure as well as the spectacular concrete spiral that is the heart of the building.” The foyer and public circulation spaces at the south form the blob. but Howeler + Yoon go a step further with their Eco-Pods by promoting industrial power generation in cities. which was only reinstated after elections in 2005. Ben van Berkel and Caroline Bos.6/I. stainless-steel mesh attached to gently curved steel frames completely masks the four-story. The scraps cost $35. in 1998. among others: MVRDV. Jurgen Bey. homeowner Francie Rehwald. Dutch Profiles focuses on the conceptual. the project had stalled completely when banks rescinded their funding for the project. the plane cost 200 million.

its rectangular form punctuated by a dozen or so variously-sized holes. offices. As he was studying he became increasingly more engaged with the idea of building a school back in his hometown of Gando after villagers told him the old school was nearing collapse. As it turns out. Surry Hills Library . EXPO 2010 Shanghai pavilions Shanghai Surprise Hundreds of thousands of daily visitors. He was drawn to Germany by a locally administered development scholarship after working as a carpenter. presents the welcoming gesture of a frameless glass facade on the ground floor. It’s hard to resist likening the structure to a thick-cut slice of Swiss cheese. which have no precedent in Australia for being colocated. Four of the cavities pull in outside air from the roof. red-gravel clearing. student work spaces. This facade features double-skin glazing with an array of triangulated internal cavities serving different purposes. visitors walk past the impenetrable glass facades and slip beneath one of the building’s peaks. 560-square-foot computer room. One focus inside the German pavilion is Herzog & de Meuron’s concert hall in the HafenCity area of Hamburg. and restaurants now lining its streets. To access them. made from corrugated tin and sitting on latticed rebar trusses. which make up the bulk of the low-slung.000 square feet on one open. A basement level contains parking and additional stacks. It’s an unorthodox. and teacher’s office. Architect Francis-Jones Morehen Thorp Surry Hills has long been an idiosyncratic Sydney neighborhood.5 Rolex Learning Center 3 Envisioned as a hub for the prestigious École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne’s (EPFL) small campus of mostly nondescript buildings in Lausanne. He raised the funds and finished the Gando Primary School in 2001. but strangely evocative procession that also exposes the glossy underside of the rippled floor slab’s concrete. The library’s east elevation. rolling level. is unencumbered by walls. An oval outdoor common area separates this part from the third detached classroom. in the vast “urban best practices” zone. A steel-and-wood roof billows in response to the concrete waves for a consistent 11-foot ceiling height (except in the taller multipurpose hall). Between floor and ceiling—the former blanketed by a mousy gray carpet. Its cooling touch flows through the Dano school’s three 615-square-foot classrooms. $4. Crown Street. The school sits among trees in a roughly groomed. The other two glass cavities act as supply ducts. L-shaped structure. Prestressing in the slab over the basement provides added support. while he himself was still a student at the Berlin Technical University. The project represents a bit of a gamble for the city. The theme of the fair is “Better City. The complex curvatures are supported by 11 highly reinforced arches.S. low lamella windows. The glass facade extends up to the second and third floors. students at Dano Secondary School in Burkina Faso keep their cool. The air is then filtered through plants growing up from containers installed at the bottom of the cavities. where people lounge in white leather sofas. and a commercial teaching kitchen. It’s also a stage where the nations of the world can show off—to visitors and each other—through architecture. with spans as great as 280 feet. but the architecture-related exhibitions. its 150-odd students are walking/cycling here from every which way. the latter a stark white sound-absorbing surface—is a remarkable space that’s a hybrid of built and natural environment that takes its cues from the nearby Alps. a childcare facility for 26 kids. where variable air volume boxes provide further conditioning as required.6/I. Hanging over the entire structure is a single unifying piece—the gleaming scalloped roof. about 200 buildings. has witnessed a bonafide revival in the last decade. It’s a striking feature popping out against the flat red dust of the Burkinabe plain.400 individual molds. the new Rolex Learning Center designed by SANAA (2010 Pritzker Prize winners) houses a library.2 billion spent: Shanghai’s lavish world expo. a flowing landscape. The opening last year of the Surry Hills Library and Community Center is but the latest evidence of the neighborhood’s claims for the busiest. The building. as the architects call them. more likely than not. feeding each building level and ceiling cavity. The Harp in the South. overhead is a continuous plane. where it’s fitted with vertical timber-veneer-clad louvers that shift to provide solar and glare control. the most radical gesture is the south facade—or “environmental atrium”—which faces a new green space that conceals a subterranean tank used to store rainwater. before it enters a gabion rock wall labyrinth that surrounds the basement foundation in a void created between excavated rock and an internal “dry wall” needed to prevent water seepage. sipping coffee and reading books. Two of the classrooms are attached. approachable from all directions as. each with separate entrances. directly on Crown. with a notable location on the main commercial strip. visible from inside. Better Life”—a phrase that resonates deeply in a society undergoing the most rapid urbanization in history. liveliest scene in town. The concrete—in some areas almost 3 feet thick—was poured over a precise formwork of sloping geometries created from 1. which opened on May 1 and runs through the end of October.W. Francis Kéré left his small village in Burkina Faso in the early 1990s to make good. The patios bring daylight to all areas of the building. The library’s sleek glass design stakes a claim in the quaint heart of Surry Hills. design offices. Switzerland. the labyrinth is then recharged using a night-flush strategy. V. The run-down. since the building houses a hybrid of community resources—the library. And the massive Expo-sponsored themed pavilions offer a complete education in city planning. yoga spaces. and the larger ones serve as entrances where their sloping forms touch the ground. Dano Secondary School As the sun beats down on the West African dust and shrub at 100-plus degrees Fahrenheit. red-brick. and a café spread out over 215. How? Natural ventilation is the answer. which forms the base of the “L” as it turns up toward the small computer lab and teacher’s office. a Bilbao-sponsored tribute to Frank Gehry is one highlight. a restaurant. these are the main components of the ventilation system bringing sweet relief from the heat. and a community center with meeting rooms. representing 55 world cities. catching the eye along with little vertical splashes of primary color—the long. pubs. allowing views across its interior and through the patios. poverty-stricken area immortalized in Ruth Park’s 1948 novel. at this expo. is a chance for China’s largest city to announce itself as a cultural and economic powerhouse. or patios. the labyrinth cools the air by several degrees. though the curving form around the largest patio in the building’s southeast corner required a structural wall and column. During summer. running it over coils supplied with cool or hot water from geothermal heat exchangers under the building. It would take a month to see not just the architecture. By far. with trendy shops.

In the mid-1990s. Though far more static than the original scheme. the church hired DeBartolo Architects to conceive a campus master plan. Designer Ingrid Fetell tries to answer the question: How does design contribute to. Instead of a traditional desking environment. with candy-colored furnishings and finishes. eliminating the boundary between inside and out. Above the pivoting bookshelves sits a stark rectangular cement facade. and a children’s pavilion (2004). After exploring various shading strategies (such as steel mesh) and finding them aesthetically insufficient. the path deposits visitors into a landscaped plaza overlooking Phoenix. which spill out onto the street. has a collection of facilities. When it is closed. called botequins. plants. serves as the building’s formal entrance. and Playroom all have communal workspaces and are branded using supergraphics. From a distance. While film-loving architects are hardly rare. employees do not have assigned seats. Wilkinson designed a light-filled. Macquarie partnered with Dutch workplace consultants Veldhoen + Co. Weinfeld cut an oval opening in the ceiling of the lower level and — of course — lined it with books. is triple-glazed. the architects developed a series of seven themed plazas.S.500-square-foot glass box bordered by courtyards on the elevated site. The fourth side. adorned only at the top with the store name. Tall. a 3-acre parcel flanking Stoney Mountain. one finds a fixed glass wall with two custom-made bronze doors inscribed with the Lord’s Prayer. and highly efficient working environment.6/I. The cutout also allows parents on the main floor to peer into the children’s area. Coffee House. the architects perched a 2.The Square. Its atmosphere needed to be conducive to meditation and appropriate for events such as funerals and weddings. . On three sides. The atrium still serves as the center of the project and the meeting pods as focal points—26 glass-enclosed cubes. a youth pavilion (2002).000-square-foot office space also bucks convention. DeBartolo Architects conceived a double facade that protects the interior from the scorching desert sun. To foster community within the building.000 people. Calif. The client wanted a highly visible “place of light” that offered city views. or small private stations that can be used for solo projects. play-friendly furnishings cater to a younger age group. Weinfeld is known for designing dramatic entries to his buildings. the visitor experience begins at the base of the hill. the rest of the 330. In response. One Shelley Street The original idea for the new Macquarie Group office at One Shelley Street in Sydney was more akin to a scene from a Pixar movie than to the perception of a modern banking institution. it rests on black concrete walls at the volume’s four corners. Envisioned as a “lantern on a hill. In addition to the pods. the realized design is still a far cry from the buttoned-up board rooms one might find on Wall Street. Here. Working with local firm Woods Bagot. or detract from. Library. customers walk between one-story-high walls of books that have swung open to reveal the store’s interior. Today. on the west. One of the architects’ primary goals was to isolate the chapel. In accordance with the principles of ABW. breakout spaces and lounges. Such an entrance recalls Brazil’s informal corner bars. creating a tunnel effect. which cantilevers off the trusses. Dining Room. codirecting the cult film Fogo e Paixão (Fire and Passion) with fellow architect Marcio Kogan. stucco and clay-tile-roof building that holds about 5. the space is divided into a series of flexible workspaces—“neighborhoods”—that each accommodate roughly 100 employees. and color. approached São Paulo architect Isay Weinfeld about designing a store on a street called Alameda Lorena in the Jardim Paulista area where the streets are lined with exclusive fashion and lingerie boutiques. connecting all three floors. our feelings of happiness? in her Aesthetics of Joy blog. its 65-acre campus. To visually connect the basement to the street level. And so. but rather they can choose each day from collaborative bench seating. the lower portion of the chapel features sliding glass doors that stack at one end. The firm was then commissioned to design a series of modern buildings: an early childhood education center (completed in 2000). In 2003.5 Livraria da Vila 4 When the Livraria da Vila. to make it a truly serene environment. the firm was charged with creating the final piece of the master plan: a prayer chapel. brightly-colored. the store presents no visible entrance — just rows of glass-encased bookshelves smartly lit. At its pinnacle. a Southwestern-style.” the cube glows brightly at night and can be seen from miles away. he devised a scheme that would place books themselves at the forefront by using pivoting bookcases at the main entrance and making the merchandise itself the principal element of the interior design. to study the work patterns of its employees and decided to implement a strategy called Activity-Based Working (ABW). A straight stair topped with an aluminum-framed skylight runs along one side of the store. The outer facade. Tree House. supported by Vierendeel trusses. So in a single gesture. that cantilever into the void. is laminated frit glass. including its main sanctuary. which borders a residential neighborhood in north Phoenix. he both brings light into the lower level and creates a wonderful sense of books overflowing.W. where bright lights and colorful. Inspired by the nearby Darling Harbour—where containers were loaded and offloaded from cargo ships with heavy cranes before the area was redeveloped into a tourist district—West Hollywood. Prayer Pavilion of Light Phoenix First Assembly has grown considerably since its founding 75 years ago.–based Clive Wilkinson Architects imagined a large gantry at the top of a 10-story atrium that could carry moveable meeting pods to preordered locations. a tendency that many critics chalk up to his love of cinema. In fact. where one enters a zigzagging path that gradually ascends 28 feet to the pavilion. When it is open. It was to be constructed on the highest point on campus. Garden. weathered steel plates line the paved walkway. the building envelope seems to float. V. few have made their own films as Weinfeld has. a bookstore intent on becoming a chain. The inner enclosure. leaving an 8-foot gap between the ground and the bottom of the facade system.

Shaw Technology and Learning Center When the team from Chicago-based Farr Associates interviewed in 2005 for the commission for the Charles H. was filled with generators until the 1950s. The space is now used for assemblies and as a cafeteria. This 12-week project deals with reclaiming an ordinary. surprises emerged throughout the construction process. a mezzanine houses a teachers’ lounge. and is comprised of timber and recycled milk jugs. Despite their best efforts. the Homan Arthington Foundation. Completed late last year. . while also providing them with an important connection to the natural environment. Solar panels (for lighting) and vacuum tube solar water heaters decrease the need for fossil fuels and a tank collects water for reuse in the gardens.000-square-foot building. coal chutes. and the flotsam and jetsam of Chicago’s industrial past. all signs of the epic design and demolition process had been erased. an extensive interior demolition process was necessary. they discovered that beams deemed more than sufficient to support infill floors had in fact been eroded by sulfur. The current owner. UK-based architect Robert Gaukroger. V. Completed in 1905. campus on the city’s West Side. A partnership with Chicago Public Schools’ Renaissance 2010 project—charged with creating 100 new charter schools—and the Henry Ford Learning Institute clarified the program for the renovation: The powerhouse would be a green charter high school. The great hall.5 5 Much of today’s focus on prefabricated design is for residential projects. Sears vacated the property in the early 1990s. Anything too damaged to be retained was replaced with in-kind materials. The zoomorphic structures serve as a fun learning space for the students. Sheep’s wool provides a more natural insulation than chemical options. Shaw Technology and Learning Center. table & lamp. He took a shopping cart & turned it into a swing. chair.S. Before the renovation could begin.W. Today. Nimmons & Fellows finished the hall’s interior in glazed Tiffany brick. The building originally supplied heat and electricity to the vast Sears.6/I. In the designer's own words: Mercado Negro is a Spanish word for Black Market. which still retains its glazed brick and much of the original floor tile. To see how much could be preserved. Charles H. Roebuck and Co. they were given a tour of the site: a red-brick powerhouse filled to the brim with boilers. UK. Upon removing the coal bins. has devoted his energy to a replicable. When the building opened three years later. was determined to include the powerhouse in its ambitious revitalization of the adjacent historic neighborhood of North Lawndale. including the Make it Right initiative in New Orleans. Constructed from ribbed timber frames and clad in English chestnut shingles. however. the pods seem to come alive much to students’ delight and resemble creeping creatures from afar.” examining beams and bearing walls for structural stability. Windermere. the first Forest Classroom Pods reside on the Elleray Preparatory School campus in Lake District National Park. the three pods are organized in a triangular formation and connected by a deck which also serves as an outdoor classroom. for instance. students enter into the restored great hall. in time for the 2009 school year. Operable windows allow for passive ventilation with automated reflective blinds controlling solar gain. And toxic materials necessitated extensive remediation. The building’s south side held the boilers. prefab office/classroom model. the Nimmons & Fellows–designed powerhouse incorporated neoclassical cornices and decorative medallions in its facade. with large windows and a lengthy ribbon of skylight. when Sears moved to the power grid and the space was turned over to air conditioning equipment. LA-based designer Ramon Coronado recently undertook a project to transform discarded items in urban LA. making a statement about the lack of parks & rec spaces in LA. the architects climbed a series of “Piranesi-like catwalks. which occupies the entire northern half of the 90. everyday object and transforming it into something with a completely different purpose. Elevated on Douglas fir stilts to minimize the environmental impact.

New Carver Apartments At six stories tall. and Caribbean traditions are blended in a kind of cultural jambalaya. even at 65 miles per hour. and staff offices. whose design for a new high-rise apartment tower at 930 Poydras Street draws on the building patterns of the city’s historic quarter—and their social implications. in which a secondary structure for guests.W. particularly in the French Quarter. The interplay between urban fabric and the community that is fostered inside the 53. The Opposite House The Sanlitun neighborhood in the Embassy District at the center of Beijing was once an entertainment strip where karaoke music wafted from open doors and barkers called visitors inside. the complex will contain more than 20 “high-octane” attractions. a rapidly developing neighborhood near L.173-squarefoot development on two sites — North and South. fountains. sited in South Park. typically facing north. such as a 60-meterhigh freefall ride called the “G-Force Tower” and the world’s fastest roller coaster.. In another sense. The New Carver’s 97 units loop around the central courtyard. Individual apartments are efficient: At 304 square feet. The architect is Benoy. Sanlitun has been rethought and rebuilt as a 3.S. which makes the fact that it was built for one of L. bar counters set into bright yellow walls. which hosts gathering spaces and tenant support services: a communal kitchen and garden. The building is being constructed near the Yas Marina Circuit. Placed on top of a rectangular podium consisting of eight levels of parking. In this case. they’re monastic studios with small kitchens—so residents rely on the shared spaces. Fins of custom-made bent galvanized sheet metal form a privacy screen around the 40-foot-diameter void and disguise the structural steel columns. which still bears the lasting imprint of Spanish rulers.A. Today. rather than horizontal. producing the effect of a courtyard on the garage rooftop. then by embarking on new construction. a nonprofit that has spent more than two decades building supportive housing—first by renovating dilapidated hotels near downtown L. path. roof drains. Their insistence on masonry construction produced an explosion of Creole townhouses—buildings with thick. which will reach speeds in excess of 200 kph. which was also master planned by Kuma. Anchoring the ninth floor is the sky lobby. The concrete continues into the central courtyard. people proceed to the semi-private realm along a vertical. Five two-story townhouses create an architectural edge along the south side of the deck. The Rainbow Apartments (completed in 2006).000-square-foot building begins with the ground floor. turning Beijing’s traditional ideas of hotel design around. and informal groupings of furniture—serves as an extension of tenants’ living spaces. forming a dramatic stairway (that also doubles as stadium seating). The scheme for the 21-story apartment building in the city’s business district does just that. where European. solid walls punctuated by breezeways leading to courtyards. and lush interior gardens. or courtyard architecture. Kuma set the pattern for other buildings at Sanlitun with a gridded exterior structure that has been repeated by other builders. but the New Carver Apartments is farther afield. It also houses the elevators serving the residential floors. Tucked beneath the bleachers is the facility’s fitness center. Yet the drumlike structure is impossible to miss. stepping down at one point to a bamboo-filled courtyard adjacent to the dining area. is adjacent to Skid Row (otherwise known as Central City East). however. a dramatic glass box that cantilevers off the building façade.5 930 Poydras Street 6 Few American cities embody “place” quite like New Orleans.6/I. the word opposite in the name announces the individualistic hotel as set apart from its peers. V. the space offers residents a sweeping view of the city. attracting an affluent crowd drawn to its art and urbane vibe. The name Opposite House derives from the traditional Chinese siheyuan. It houses residents in an area with access to transit and grocery stores. a UK-based firm founded more than 60 years ago . African. Los Angeles–based architect Michael Maltzan’s design is as formally iconic as the cylindrical Capitol Records building. Ferrari World Abu Dhabi Slated to be the world’s largest indoor theme park. Kengo Kuma’s design for a hip hotel called Opposite House provides an anchor for the new neighborhood. This level functions like the inner courtyard of a Creole townhouse—a shared space that is the social heart of the complex. The location is strategic on two levels. The client was the Skid Row Housing Trust.A. counseling rooms. and guardrail posts. The city’s architecture reflects this same multiculturalism. The silk-screened green-glass facade establishes a sleek pattern related to adjoining structures and the street. sat opposite the primary residence. Kuma has used the term “urban forest” to describe his intent for the overall structure within the Sanlitun Village. the New Carver Apartments doesn’t exactly tower over the Santa Monica Freeway that zips past its windows. which is home to the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix. Sanlitun Village. the L-shaped residential tower consolidates tenant amenities on the ninth floor.’s neediest populations—the chronically homeless—even more surprising than the novel architectural expression. Live and the Staples Center. low-scaled shopping and entertaining buildings by contemporary designers such as New York architects LOTEK and SHOP. Painted bright yellow. These European antecedents of the old city were inspiration for Eskew+Dumez+Ripple. contains 250 retail establishments in 19 major. and it is a statement to Los Angeles: Affordable housing is not a blight that needs to be hidden away.A. with tiered seating rising alongside the narrow pool. a choice inspired as much by the elevated freeway just outside the lobby doors as by the material’s economy and durability. seeking to create a sense of community among its residents. Outside the sky lobby is the pool deck. Maltzan expressed the public character in exposed concrete. They gather on the sixth-floor deck to smoke and take the occasional yoga class. Maltzan’s first building for the organization.229. This double-height lounge—which features polished concrete floors. There.

!” impact. bordering inner city and Grand Avenue’s cultural district. In 2000. wanted to make his mark on the Bunge. Comprising 5.8-acre downtown site. conical. the school’s tower comes into view. this component is purely symbolic. announces the local tone. remains an empty shell. So. The 712-foot-long faceted expanse also provides a continual surface that reflects beautiful.” Yet billionaire philanthropist Eli Broad. clad in gleaming steel. unconventional. The bottom line is HS #9’s final price tag: $232 million for 230. V. Lepage created The Image Mill. and Lepage has been staring at the 1. dance. formerly LAUSD headquarters. But for all its quirks— and the challenge of separating this architecture from the complicated forces behind it—the design has much to commend. entangled in a disconnected ramp to nowhere. with the Bunge of Canada and the Port of Québec. principal of Ambiances Lighting & Visual Design. and Moneo’s Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels. freestanding library.A. configured whimsically as an unraveled number 9. Instrumental to Disney Hall’s realization and the future Grand Avenue Development. widely translated as a stunning $1. a series of video images condensing Québec City’s 400-year history into 40 minutes. pending uncertain completion of its spectacular room at the top. Ex Machina. Ex Machina : Aurora Borealis Even as a young playwright. The resulting Aurora Borealis is a light installation that washes the Bunge with a re-creation of the northern lights via 574 LED luminaires integrated into the landmark. . with unprecedented bond funding. convinced the district to switch course and create instead a high school composed of four “academies”: music. coated-and-fritted-glass panels. northeast of the mainland. engaged AC Martin Architects to design a traditional high school for the 9. And that’s just one piece of an ambitious. the notoriously overcrowded and under-resourced Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD).000 per square foot (though construction and landscaping costs of $171. thanks to a skillful pragmatism comparable to that of the drivers who shared the spotlight on opening day. Québec City’s Robert Lepage. and blocky classroom buildings. The scheme. making it awfully easy to fault the architecture. Rashid and Couture collaborated with the BIM specialists at Gehry Technologies and Stuttgart-based engineer Schlaich Bergermann to develop the structurally independent outer skin. luminous effects as the sun moves across its surface during daylight hours. the project’s most publicly recognized element. The massive grain-storage terminal blocks city views to the Saint Lawrence River. High School #9 High School #9 commandeers your attention. “fully designed and engineered through construction documents. Plus. During its first season. 2009. for now.096 lozenge-shaped. the grid shell. is often likened to torqued chess pieces—with a tilted. Isozaki’s Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art. by Coop Himmelb(l)au.6/I.968-foot-long building since 1997. Ringed by a roller-coastering ramp.W. Just as Encounter. according to Coop Himmelb(l)au. framed in steel. as it’s called. the school’s dynamic 140-foothigh sentinel has immediate “only in L. with other local leaders. like a beach ball balanced on a seal’s nose. and visual arts. a triangle topped by a cantilevered box. By 2001. and eclectically expressive design. punched with oversize portholes. theater. AC Martin’s scheme was. the directive was firm: to create an iconic complex around a Formula 1 racecourse and complete it in time to host the country’s inaugural Grand Prix on November 1. along with Gehry’s Disney Hall.S. the futuristic “spaceship” restaurant at the city’s gateway airport. The idea was to exploit the educational opportunities of the site.000 square feet (completely fitted out). Broad wanted an architectural luminary (and later contributed $5 million) for HS #9. the sweeping form of The Yas Hotel — part of the first phase of an ambitious master plan by developer Aldar Properties to convert the 10-square-mile desert oasis into an alluring tourist destination — evokes the speed and excitement of the event and the lifestyle it celebrates.932-square-foot project was realized in under 24 months. serves as a solar-shading and heat-chimney device. Like a mirage. the 914. even as you’re zooming along the Hollywood Freeway in central Los Angeles. But this landmark’s high visibility and iconic exuberance also make it an unexpectedly complex symbol: a lightning rod for controversy. when he moved his production company. the projection — presented by the City of Québec. rhomboid light chimneys projecting from the cafeteria. a billboard along the freeway. to celebrate the city’s 400th anniversary — attracted hundreds of thousands of viewers. the prolific artistic director responsible for such productions as Cirque du Soleil’s Kà in Las Vegas and the upcoming staging of Richard Wagner’s Ring cycle at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City.9 million bring it closer to $745 per square foot). into a converted firehouse facing its 81 silos. Meanwhile. In 2008 he began to realize his vision. Working with longtime collaborator Martin Gagnon.5 The Yas Hotel 7 When Asymptote principals Hani Rashid and Lise Anne Couture won a 2007 competition to design a 500-room luxury hotel and marina on Abu Dhabi’s Yas Island. which he displayed around two outer walls of the structure using 27 freestanding Christie projectors. the tower.

one for permanent exhibitions. The extraordinary size of the buildings and the boldness of the colour scheme creates a surreal scene – KDa’s scheme produces in the real world a scene normally only possible in computer renderings! Herning Museum of Contemporary Art The museum. so to speak. occupies 10. and sometimes rain sneaking through from the partially open roof. V. Here the roof fills out the gestalt. (The ground level features glass storefronts. café.6/I. 60. create a striking overall effect. and architecture offers a fittingly dramatic setting for the exhibitions. Steven Holl’s abstractly conceived. design school. Wanting to reduce the impact of the towers KDa decided to use camouflage. Fuksas carried the ceramic cladding over to the walls of the main interior space. known by its coy (in English) acronym HEART. . Sometimes. a false front conceals a bold design. facade. coupled with the cadenced spacing of the bars.4 acres of Birk Centerpark. and not surprisingly. sculpture park. Following a 2003 competition win. is not necessarily the perpetrator of the deception. a singular art museum. KDa’s solution was to camouflage one tower to suit winter conditions and the other to suit summer . and how the wrinkled exterior concrete resembles shirt fabric — both quite apropos of the products of the manufacturer who founded the original Herning Art Museum on the site. the opposite is true. library. But salvaging the facade while razing the rest of the building proved impossible. the museum recently received one of the Royal Institute of British Architects’ International Architecture awards for 2010. and further complicated a preservation case that was already on shaky ground. the buildings in question were hastily rebuilt in 1955 with a simple facade.rather than being around for just one day a year. then staple-gunned the wrinkled material to plywood forms for the pour.) The bars are rhythmically arranged on an aluminum framework. sliced and folded. with large gaps that reveal the substructure beneath. containing openable windows and insulated metal panels. the alpine resort town of Tomamu is an outdoor recreation paradise. with five white tubular shells bending and twisting to create convex ceilings that billow over the galleries and perimeter areas containing the lobby. Much has been said about how Holl’s convex roof elements look like shirt sleeves. Mainz Markthäuser 11-13 Plenty of bad buildings hide behind their facades. Several sections of the ceramic-clad framework mechanically fold open to reveal terraces embedded within the sloping roof. but the difficulty was that the natural environment surrounding the resort changes constantly with the seasons. made of poured-in-place reinforced concrete. seem rather blank from afar. thorny questions about reconstruction are being addressed in cities across Germany with different results. It was just as conceivable then to design an entirely new building. Fuksas was charged with designing a mixed-use development behind this new “old” facade. the existing facade. three soaring columns emphasize the entirety of the space. though never landmarked. however. The imaginative intersection of tower fades from black to white.S. Boxy windows are also randomly inserted between bars. only to be “retrofitted” with a facsimile of the original—itself an 1890s replacement of Gothic architecture—beginning in 1979. Germany. The Roman architect has wrestled with the complexities of designing under the burden of history before. For a new building on a historic market square in Mainz. The architectural whammy occurs above the hang. and movable walls of lightweight construction allow art to be displayed in orthogonally arranged spaces. Thousands of 2-inch-wide. convex and concave walls echo in the elevation the curves overhead. and the other from green to white. The town opted instead for what could be considered an extreme measure.278-square-foot structure leaves alone the art galleries totaling 15. bookshop. at the building’s core. the atrium is exposed to the elements. however charming. On the exterior. Destroyed along with 80 percent of Mainz’s architecture during air raids in 1945. The varying degrees of opacity and transparency. which spans from the basement to the glass roof and beyond. Like an amateur stage design where a paper-thin painted streetscape creates the illusion of a grand setting. Massimiliano Fuksas.5 Alpha Tomamu Towers 8 Located in the forest covered mountains of central Hokkaido. and an auditorium for concerts. Standing in this beautiful landscape are the 40-story hotel towers of the Alpha Resort. To achieve this thickly textured effect. Although the exterior white walls. and office building enclave that was once the home of a shirt factory. For better or worse. the other for temporary ones.812 square feet. the red panels create smiles year round. but the Mainz project presented him with an unusual challenge—how to merge a completely contemporary design with a historic facade (or series of facades). they didn’t want invisibility and so inserted a few red panels to liven things up. was a fraud. Two discrete precast-concrete volumes form the inner core of the museum. built during the economic boom of the late 1980s. a multilevel atrium. a promising building exterior can often veil quite ordinary or unpleasant spaces. Entered from the market square or one of two side streets. The buildings that had stood there—housing a rundown cinema and apartments—were to be demolished to make room for the new shopping center and housing complex. wind.W. Within the atrium. light. As it turned out. so the resort’s owners asked Klein Dytham architecture to develop a colour scheme. While KDa wanted to dissolve the buildings’ mass. offices. The illusionist in this case. with natural light. up close you find the surface rutted with creases. Now twenty years old the two towers needed re-cladding. facade and all. It would rebuild the rebuilt. the architects had trucks drive over vinyl mesh tarp. painted white ceramic bars clad the upper portion of Fuksas’s facades. Their inspiration was the cheerful red baubles on a Christmas tree .

Calatrava’s facadeless structure offers clear views of the city spread out before the platforms. since the metal and coal-mining industries that sustained it in modern times have slowly disappeared. they approached the new building as an integral part of a larger composition. The slab between the two levels is supported by concrete arches — cast on-site — separated by glass block. which railway authorities throughout Europe have in recent years endeavored to make as seamless as possible between countries. . you can look into the master bathroom on one side or to the living room in front. 1111 Lincoln Road is a composition of cast-in-place concrete slabs that function as floor plates. his strategy is more sophisticated than simply doing the opposite of what Neutra did.S. the climate. as the old one continued to operate while construction proceeded. thought to be the birthplace of Charlemagne. religious. And the soaring seventh-floor parking level does double-duty as an event space. lived in a 1. which range from 8 to 34 feet.200-square-foot Richard Neutra—designed house on the northern edge of Los Angeles and needed more space. 1111 Lincoln Road In the Pantheon of Building Types. the steel-and-glass assembly ushers in a new era of rail travel. By slicing and dissecting his seven-sided structure into a series of triangles and polygons. The new station would replace an unremarkable 1950s building that occupied a much smaller lot on the same site and accommodate new tracks for high-speed train travel. which are raised about 15 feet above the ground. marrying the two structures that are otherwise linked only by bridges at each level. Narrow canopies extend south like fingers past the main roof to shelter extra passengers during peak travel times. So instead of just building a bigger house on the third parcel and using the Serulnic residence as a guesthouse. Although small. the architects (who are also designing the new Miami Art Museum) saw possibility in addressing the urbanistic significance of the site. Ten circular shops animate the concourse level at grade. the bustling town. The vaulted structure was built in sections. was a cultural. From a short list of likely as well as surprising architects — from Nicholas Grimshaw to Aldo Rossi — Santiago Calatrava was selected in 1997 to design the new landmark. polygonal rather than orthogonal. when the number of cars on a train almost doubles. Maltzan creates a geometry that challenges conventional notions of household order. The bedroom on the other side of the court faces the living room with floor-to-ceiling glass (though shades can be pulled down). The roof of the Liège-Guillemins station is as spectacular as they come. the 39 “ribs” span 518 feet to cover the full length of an arriving train. and ramps winding through the compressions and expansions in heights of the six parking levels. Located in present-day Belgium’s French-speaking Walloon region. So a project in Miami’s South Beach consisting of a drive-through bank and office building renovation with a new parking garage as its crown jewel hardly seems a likely commission for Pritzker Prize–winning architects to take on. Plus. Liège’s recent past is less illustrious. A canopy above the retail spaces continues across the existing building to the new one. columns. with an individual client—who collects art—they identified a ripe opportunity for experimentation and another chance to flip a stereotype on its head. The city was ripe for a makeover. Pittman and Dowell had built a small pavilion and cactus garden on the second parcel and saw how the site’s various pieces all worked together. A galley kitchen occupies an interstitial space between the dining room and a library. each literally pushed forward as it was completed using a construction technique developed to reduce disturbance to the active train traffic below. discussions were under way to build a high-speed-railway station to spark renewed interest in the medieval metropolis and capitalize on its strategic position between major cities in Germany.6/I. their 1952 house — designed for Neutra’s secretary. Rising 115 feet above the five platforms and nine tracks. and commercial crossroads. George — sits on a 6-acre site that Neutra planned so it could be subdivided into three parcels. In total. the parking garage lurks somewhere in the vicinity of prisons and toll plazas. Pittman Dowell Residence Lari Pittman and Roy Dowell. By the early 1990s. To carry life up off the street. you can walk out to a covered balcony overlooking the valley or up one step to the courtyard. both respected painters and teachers. and her husband. hosting fashion shows. parties. achieving an openness and transparency about which designers of Victorian-era stations could only dream.W.5 Liège-Guillemins TGV Railway Station 9 Liège has a long and storied history. While Maltzan certainly uses contrast as one means of relating the new to the old. France. For centuries. Since purchasing the entire property in 1997. But the more you get to know his house. A robust house of cards. and the mix of uses. The transition to the new station would also have to be seamless. and the Netherlands. Michael Maltzan responded with a design that at first blush seems to contradict Neutra’s — introverted and opaque rather than outward-looking and transparent. V. From the living room. As soon as you enter. and concerts. the team wedged a boutique between the garage’s decks. The building is anchored by ground-floor retail and topped by a restaurant and Wennett’s penthouse. Dorothy Serulnic. But when developer Robert Wennett approached Swiss firm Herzog & de Meuron with this three-part program for 1111 Lincoln Road. the more you see how it picks up Neutra’s ideas and gives them a new spin.

a wellness center. The building includes employee eateries. cramped condition as an opportunity for invention. the waxy leaves of which are used to make what was then the company’s most famous product. which is placed at a diagonal to the access road. The current fascination in architecture with complex geometries and expressive forms had a precedent in the HOK-designed St. or main pillar — at the intersection. Louis Planetarium. Exhibition standards also changed. with a large science center attached underground to the planetarium. and Curt. glass-enclosed display space around the dome acquired hung ceilings.. with a suspended spiral ramp leading up to the observation deck. the plan resembles the historic ta no ji layout. dining. a husband and wife with a green thumb.S.000-mile-roundtrip journey made 63 years earlier by Sam’s father to see the source of the Carnaúba palm. and support spaces occupied the lower level. and sleeping. on the SC Johnson campus in Racine. It then transitions to oak on the raised surfaces where wear is less of a factor. Classrooms. designed by Mount Fuji Architects Studio. living. Along the stair connecting the levels a living green wall with 2. offices. Yet their flagpole-shaped parcel amid a Tokyo suburb was not ideal for plant cultivation. This isn’t just any plane. or. a material sample. the house is constructed at the edge of the woods.” In the intervening years. an airplane. with walls covering the glass. thin-shell concrete roof. the “flag” portion of the property hardly had enough room — or sunshine — for a garden. The house is fully ventilated with the sliding windows that are fitted into specially designed frames made from simple plastic and steel.” the architects devised a tiered. From the front door. an 80-foot-diameter dome replaced the original. And the growth of the institution.” they found the shape “totally unrelated to the concealed dome” and “the resulting space between the two surfaces … awkward. with his sons Fisk. the current chairman and CEO. A second-floor study loft sits atop the bath and storage areas — the only places concealed by doors. . While these “boughs. And the 49foot-long “pole” tethering it to the street was not much help since it acts as emergency vehicle access. V. The elegant hyperbolic roof remains. in the case of the new Foster + Partners–designed Fortaleza Hall. While the jurors liked the “sculptured form of the exterior. has led to the removal of the lower-level classrooms and the transformation of that space into a reception area. his plane became the central theme. usually composed of compacted earth) in the busy kitchen/entrance area.500 different plants native to Central & South America creates a sense of a tropical landscape. Each quadrant steps up 8 inches as it winds around this central point and corresponds to one of the home’s four main domestic functions: cooking.” It is divided in fourths by the column — serving as a daikokubashira. deciduous branches.W. but the Carnaúba—a replica of a 1930s twin-engine Sikorsky S-38 amphibious plane. Following the gradual slope of the site. Wis. as a testament to the flexibility of complex forms that have a loose-fit relationship with their functions. however. The late SC Johnson chairman Sam Johnson flew the plane to Brazil in 1998. tradition-inspired floor plan. and the once-tall. Tree House Inspired by that magical space sheltered beneath leafy. Fortaleza Hall The basis for a building’s design is often rooted in something seemingly inconsequential: a napkin sketch. hold up the structure’s spiraling roof. created a circular shape that flared out at its base to cover a perimeter porch and glassenclosed exhibition area and that opened up at its top to encircle a platform initially used for star-gazing. Maintaining a connection to the earth was essential to the clients.6/I. Time has proved the 1960 jury correct. Its hyperbolic. Hemmed in by existing buildings on all four sides. a citation winner in the 1960 P/A Awards program. shaped like the Chinese character for “rice paddy. The home is all carved from stack of logs which is truly an inspiration for those who think that the wooden houses are not appealing.” which radiate outward. bank & company store in addition to the centerpiece airplane.5 tree-trunk garden house 10 The Tree trunk garden house in Hilversum. which forced the removal of the ramp and the closing of the observation deck. the trunklike pillar firmly roots the rustic one-room dwelling to the ground. up 5 feet between the middle of the “pole” and the rear of the “flag.744-square-foot plot’s separation from the busy road appealed to the architects. however. When Sam died in 2004 and the idea for a memorial building took shape. consisting of straight lines rotated around a central vertical axis. The floor is made of concrete (the area of the traditional doma. Tree House. The father-and-sons flight team replicated (down to the aircraft) a 15. revolves around a single column measuring 4 feet in diameter that supports frames (aka “branches”) of engineered wood. Designed by Piet Hein Eek. But the 1. A 60-foot-diameter aluminum planetarium dome originally stood inside the structure. Netherlands is a house made from logs for Dutch musical performer Hans Liberg. who saw its dark.

its gabled form created “an almost symbolic image of a house. Kaufman designed a system of prefabricated modules that nest within each other for shipping. Despite that fact.” These days. The research he did there was for an exhibition that never actually materialized. as well as the work of Antonio Gaudí. Kim explains that her design was a response to a statement by a planner at the United Nation High Commission for Refugees who said it is very hard to replace time-tested tents. a gallery in New York City’s Harlem. Pennsylvania. or higher. A woven shelter designed by Jiyoun Kim and a lightweight structure made of prefabricated modules by Gene Kaufman shared first place in the first annual Ideas Competition organized by the AIA’s Young Architects Forum and the Committee on Design. straw. Fittingly. In his own words. Once filled and connected. Germany. referenced the landscape and wavy patterning of Roberto Burle Marx ’s Copacabana promenade. the fabric panels serve as both skin and structure. locations. a resort in Thailand. Kim’s design uses donut-shaped fabric panels that unskilled workers on-site can fill with sand. housing. That’s how architect Enrique Limon explains why his New York City—based firm is called limonLAB. he was awarded a Smithsonian Fellowship at the Cooper-Hewitt. the two-to-four-person firm’s bent toward experimentation has yielded a number of completed and on-the-boards projects. who are the project’s design architects. the Netherlands. the houses can operate even when a city’s power grid has collapsed. she used tent fabric.S. Completed in 2009. as well as temporary. a departure from the “less is more” ideal of his architectural peers at the time.5 11 limonLAB It’s an urban laboratory. In Zaandam. and a showroom for home furnishings — in essence. you can forget subtlety. landscaped tile paths punctuated by stairways and ramps that provide universal access to the town and beach. a temporary home. One important thread he’s currently working on has to do with a competition he just completed for the 2012 Expo in South Korea. Making Waves When Carlos Ferrater. and dry composting toilets eliminate the need for sewage connection. principal of Office of Architecture in Barcelona (OAB). . an auditorium for a school in Kenya. The competition challenged participants to devise a scheme for post-disaster housing on the site of Houston’s Astrodome. offered a strong but subtle statement. won the competition to upgrade the mile-long Poniente Beachfront of Benidorm — a sliver of a city dubbed the “Manhattan of Spain” for its concentration of high-rise buildings along the Mediterranean — he and his associate. Delft-based WAM Architecten goes further. a hotel. Pivoting solar panels and wind turbines on the roofs provide power. including a bar in Philadelphia. or refuse and then weave together. no matter their limitations.S. a guest house in Hawaii. A slender “boardwalk” winds around the base for strolling. which are threatened by toxic waste. Eric Polite took third place with his design of a portable dwelling unit fabricated from recycled plastics and polymers. respectively: collective housing. the architects’ solution is a sinuous structure comprising a sculptural concrete shell and brilliantly color-coded. Established in 2005. and a prototype soccer park slated to be developed in 20 U. When Limon returned to New York City following his studies in London. to devise an engaging intervention. Xavier Martí Galí. National Design Museum. A string of recent projects takes an in-your-face approach to revive the gable once again. then slide out on-site.6/I. Housing Stack Robert Venturi’s iconic 1964 house for his mother in Chestnut Hill. V. Limon says that what he learned from the experience of researching the “complex transparency” in the work of artist László Maholy-Nagy continues to influence limonLAB’s current work.W. with its 12story. bicycling. and jogging. So instead of starting from scratch. the buildings are. mud. while rain is collected for drinking water. but adapted it so it could create permanent. and an ideal home. a permanent home. Kim worked on the project as her senior thesis at the New York Institute of Technology. Sou Fujimoto stacks prototypical house shapes three stories high in a wood structure. The resulting esplanade is now the central public meeting place of this thriving tourist city. centered around preserving the Earth’s oceans. Herzog & de Meuron plays a game of Jenga with extruded versions of the same shape for VitraHaus in Vitra’s architectural park in Weil am Rhein. blocklike composition of traditional cottages from Holland’s northern Zaan region. As a result. In Tokyo.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful