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THE READING INVENTORY TEST SCORES OF GRADE 2 VENUS

PUPILS AND THEIR ACHIEVEMENT IN ENGLISH

Clemenrose Y. Dulva
Master Teacher 1/Calbayog Pilot Central School
*Cellphone No.09975823940 | E-mail: clemenrose_327@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT Original Article:

The study aims in determining the performance of the pupils in relation to their
reading ability and the academic achievement in English of grade 2 pupils as well. In order Received: Nov 2017
to achieve the aim of the study, the researcher adopts a descriptive assessment research Evaluated: Jan 2018
design with quantitative method with oral reading test materials using the basic text for the
Published: Apr 2018
grades. The study which is purposefully chosen to thirty pupils consisting 12 males and 18
females. The results of the study indicate that there has slight correlation in the result of the
reading ability and the academic performance in English. Thus, the result of the study reading
instruction needs improvement to attain an ideal percentage of outstanding quality. It was Keywords:
therefore concluded that female has a very satisfactory readers than males. So, they should Reading instruction,
be given extra time and effort in improving reading abilities. Reading Inventory

INTRODUCTION METHODS
Reading is the process of making and getting
meaning from printed word symbols. It is man’s deepest This study employed the descriptive research design
pleasure for it enables him to ponder the mysteries of the with quantitative method for the research using the oral
world.It gives him a glimpse of the world’s excitement, reading materials with the basic text for the grade level. The
pleasure, and wisdom. sampling technique was used in grade two focusing on the
An individual is considered a full man only when reading ability test and English performance.
he is endowed with the ability to read a wide variety of The respondent of the study were the thirty grade two
materials. By the power of reading, he widens his horizon and pupils in Calbayog Pilot Central School. The pupils were
Frees himself from the bondage of ignorance and retardation. given Oral Reading Test after reading the
The teaching of reading is a continuing challenge sentences/paragraphs, several questions were asked to test
to parents/ teachers. There is always a need to increase efforts pupil’s comprehension. A pupil was considered outstanding
in effective literacy which requires reflection, even more so if he could read very well and could answer all the questions
during today’s rapidly changing times. It is not surprising that asked; very satisfactory if he could read very well and could
there has always been great concern over whether Pepe or answer four questions correctly; satisfactory if he could read
Pilar , is learning to read. Today’s public concern for well and could answer three of the questions asked;
reflective ability is injected in many books, magazines moderately satisfactory if could fairly read and could answer
newspaper columns and even in editorials. one or two of the five questions asked ; he was considered
With the increasing stress of multi-sensory non- reader if he could hardly read and could not answer
learning in most educational materials, it can be concluded, correctly any of the questions. The mean was computed using
therefore, that there is the need for high reliance on speech or a conversion table to determine the quality of instruction in
recognition of the school of the interrelated of a well- reading.
developed speaking and listening vocabulary in learning to
recognize words and in understanding what is read. “The RESULTS
child whose growing vocabulary should match the
experiences for which he uses words as labels can become a The table below presented the test of significant
truly advantaged reader in same way that the lack of it can be difference of the reading inventory test scores of the
distinct disadvantage for the beginning reader. respondent and the academic performance in English. Table
1
Name Quality of The result of the study majority of the female had very
of Pupils Reading Average in satisfactory readers in reading performance based on the
Instruction English result, thus males should be given extra time and effort to
Cailo Satisfactory 87 improve reading abilities. Supplementary reading materials
Diño Satisfactory 90 should be given to satisfactory, very satisfactory readers to
Doroja Satisfactory 90 improve comprehension and for the outstanding readers to
Moderately develop independent reading.
Francisco
Satisfactory 86
Labasbas Oustanding 93 CONCLUSION
Moderately
Magante
Satisfactory 88 The study showed that the reading inventory test of
Olaivar
Moderately grade 2 – Venus pupils that had satisfactory readers and
Satisfactory 87 academic performance in English has a slight correlation. The
Olaybal Satisfactory 87 result implied that Reading Instruction needs improvement to
Payod Satisfactory 89 attain an ideal percentage of outstanding quality.
Moderately The result of the study majority of the female had
Rosales
Satisfactory 87 very satisfactory readers in reading performance based on the
Sarraga Satisfactory 91 result, thus males should be given extra time and effort to
Tomamak Satisfactory 88 improve reading abilities. Supplementary reading materials
Agang Satisfactory 87 should be given to satisfactory, very satisfactory readers to
Barandino Very Satisfactory 93 improve comprehension and for the outstanding readers to
Conchas Satisfactory 90 develop independent reading.
Dereche Satisfactory 90
Endiza Very Satisfactory 90 RECOMMENDATION
Favi Satisfactory 87
Jaropojop Very Satisfactory 92 1. Evolve a School Reading Program based on the existing
Judloman Satisfactory 89 needs of the pupils especially in Grade 1 and Grade 2.
Lentejas Outstanding 95 2. Each grade teacher should devote extra time and effort
Montes Satisfactory 87 to improve pupil’s reading abilities.
Nicolasora Satisfactory 88 3. Supplementary reading materials should be given to
Payos Satisfactory 90 satisfactorily, very satisfactorily readers to improve
Moderately
Tamidles comprehension, and for the outstanding readers to
Satisfactory 82
Tangaran Satisfactory 87 develop independent reading.
Tarrayo VerySatisfactory 92 4. A regular periodic monitoring and evaluation of the
Vallejos Very Satisfactory 93 Reading Program should be observed to ensure effective
Villanueva Oustanding 96 implementation.
Viojan, Satisfactory 90
Mean 89.36 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This work was supported by the elementary grade two
Table 1 shows that in grade 2, out of 30 pupils, 3 or
Venus pupils and parents. Thank you for your cooperation.
10% were outstanding readers, 5 or 17% were very
satisfactory readers, 17 or 57% were satisfactory readers, and
5 or 17% were moderately satisfactory. The classification of REFERENCES
reading abilities of grade 2 fell under the satisfactory. It also
indicates that the average academic achievement of pupils in The Modern Teacher (2001). The Quality of Reading
English which has a mean of 89.36% has no relationship with Instruction p. 233-234.
the reading ability of the pupils. There a slight correlation on
the two variables namely the reading ability and academic
performance with the result using the Spearman Moment
Correlation.
rho = 1-6𝛴 𝐷
N ( N -1)

DISCUSSION

The study showed that the reading inventory test of


grade 2 – Venus pupils that has a satisfactory readers and
academic performance in English has a slight correlation. The
result implied that Reading Instruction needs improvement to
attain an ideal percentage of outstanding quality.