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Summary

High concrete temperatures and rapid evaporation of

Concrete Solutions
water from concrete can lead to a number of difficulties.
These conditions adversely affect the quality of concrete Master Builders Solutions from
since the rate of setting is accelerated, strength is reduced BASF for the Construction Industry
and cracks may occur in either the plastic or hardened state. for harsh environments
MasterAir® MasterPel®
Curing is more critical in hot and dry weather conditions, Complete solutions for air Solutions for water tight concrete
and field strength specimens are affected in the same entrained concrete
MasterPolyheed®
manner as the concrete in place. If all precautions and MasterBrace® Solutions for mid-range concrete
Solutions for concrete strengthening
recommended ACI (American Concrete Institute) MasterPozzolith®
MasterCast®
concreting practices are followed, successful concreting in
Solutions for water-reduced concrete
Solutions for the manufactured concrete
MasterProtect®
arid conditions can be achieved. product industry
Solutions for concrete protection
MasterCem ®

BASF Construction Chemicals has the products and


®
Solutions for cement manufacture MasterRheobuild
Solutions for high strength concrete
technical expertise to assist the entire construction team MasterEmaco®
MasterRoc®
Solutions for concrete repair
(owners, specifiers, contractors, and ready mixed concrete Solutions for underground construction
MasterFinish®
producers) in the design, manufacture, delivery, placement Solutions for formwork treatment MasterSeal®
Solutions for waterproofing
and curing of quality concrete in arid conditions. MasterFlow ®
and sealing
Solutions for precision grouting
MasterSet®
MasterFiber®
Solutions for set control
Comprehensive solutions for fiber reinforced
concrete MasterSure®
MasterGlenium ® Solutions for extraordinary
Solutions for hyperplasticized concrete workability retention

MasterInject® MasterTile®
Solutions for concrete injection Solutions for tile fixing system

MasterKure® MasterTop®
Solutions for concrete curing Solutions for industrial and commercial floors

MasterLife® Master X-Seed®


Solutions for enhanced durability Advanced accelerator solutions for concrete

MasterMatrix® Ucrete®
Advanced rheology control solutions for Flooring solutions for harsh environments
self-consolidating concrete

® = Registered trademark of the BASF-Group in many countries of the world


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These weather related problems can occur at any time of Miscellaneous Products
the year in warm tropical or arid climates and generally Polypropylene synthetic fibers (RheoFibre®) reduce the
occur during the summer season in other climates.

Concrete Solutions
formation of plastic settlement and shrinkage cracks.
Problems associated with freshly - mixed concrete placed In addition, these fibers:
during hot weather conditions include increased:
reinforce against plastic shrinkage crack formation
for harsh environments • rate of slump loss hold cracks together
tendency for retempering reinforce against abrasion
Hot, dry weather can lead to many problems with mixing,
rate of setting are compatible with all surface treatments
placing, and curing of concrete, resulting in adverse
difficulty in handling, placing, compacting and finishing
effects with regard to its properties and service life. This The use of an evaporation reducer (MasterKure® 111CF) will
occurrence of plastic shrinkage cracking
guide has been developed by BASF Construction enhance the quality of the concrete. This monomolecular film:
need for early curing
Chemicals to assist the entire construction team - owners,
In hardened concrete - hot dry weather conditions can reduces surface moisture evaporation
specifiers, contractors, and ready mixed concrete
increase: reduces crusting, plastic shrinkage cracks
producers - in the design, manufacture, delivery,
drying shrinkage and differential thermal cracking increases amount of surface handled per finisher
placement and curing of quality concrete in hot weather.
permeability reduces overall finishing costs
ACI Committee 305 defines hot weather as any
combination of high ambient temperature, high concrete In hardened concrete - hot dry weather conditions can Curing
temperature, low relative humidity, wind velocity and solar decrease:
Curing is the maintenance of a satisfactory moisture
radiation. In the Middle East, the hot humid summer compressive and flexural strength
content and temperature in concrete during its early
months are followed by hot dry winds. durability
stages so that desired properties may develop
watertightness
The effects of high temperature, solar radiation and low (see Figure 2). The minimum recommended curing period
uniformity of surface appearance
relative humidity on concrete are more pronounced with is 7 days. Inadequate curing can cause plastic shrinkage
increases in wind velocity (see Figure 1), and lead to rapid ACI 305-91 report on, “Hot Weather Concreting” states cracking and impair strength development and durability
evaporation of moisture, which is the primary cause of that “concrete can be produced in hot weather without
plastic shrinkage cracks in concrete. maximum limits on placing temperatures and will perform
satisfactorily if proper precautions are observed in
100 proportioning, production, delivery, placing and curing.
90 As part of these precautions, an effort should be made to
80 keep concrete temperature as low as practical.”
70

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40 Chemical Admixtures
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40
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Chemical admixtures conforming to ASTM C 494 Types B,
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Retarding; D, Water - reducing and retarding and G,
Highrange water - reducing and retarding, are beneficial for
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concrete placed during hot weather. Benefits obtained


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Methods of curing include:


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5

from these admixtures include:


1. Moist curing (ponding, continuous sprinkling and fogging)
10 15 20 25 30 35
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lower water demand - minimum 5% 2. Wet coverings (wet burlap, etc.)
improved workability during placing 3. Impervious paper and plastic sheets - white curing sheets
4

30

slower rate of setting time 4. Membrane - forming curing compounds - see the
lower rate of heat evolution MasterKure® range
25
3

increased compressive strength


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