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calculo

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You are on page 1of 7

December 17, 2008

Score

1 20

2 20

3 20

4 20

5 20

6 20

Total 120

1. (20 points) Let a function f be defined by

( 4 x +x y +y 4

2 2

if (x, y) 6= (0, 0)

f (x, y) =

1 if (x, y) = (0, 0).

(b) Is f continuous at the origin?

Solution: (a) f is continuous at (2008π , e2008 ) because f is a rational function and the de-

nominator of f is non-zero at that point.

3x4 3 3

f (x, x) =

4

= → ,

5x 5 5

and f (x, 0) = 1 → 1, as x → 0, the limit of f at (0, 0) doesn’t exist and is therefore not

equal f (0, 0) = 1.

2. (20 points) Suppose that f is a differentiable function. If

z = y + f (x2 − y 2 ),

compute

yzx + xzy .

Therefore,

= x.

3. (20 points) Show that the ellipsoid 3x2 + 2y 2 + z 2 = 9 and the sphere

x2 + y 2 + z 2 − 8x − 6y − 8z + 24 = 0

Solution: Let

f (x, y, z) = 3x2 + 2y 2 + z 2 = 9

and

g(x, y, z) = x2 + y 2 + z 2 − 8x − 6y − 8z + 24.

We have

∇f (x, y, z) = h6x, 4y, 2zi

and

∇g(x, y, z) = h2x − 8, 2y − 6, 2z − 8i,

so ∇f (1, 1, 2) = h6, 4, 4i and ∇g(1, 1, 2) = h−6, −4, −4i. Since ∇f (1, 1, 2) = −∇g(1, 1, 2),

the tangent planes of the surfaces f = 0 and g = 9 have the same normal, hence coincide

with each other.

4. (20 points) Find the maximum and minimum of

f (x, y) = e−xy

the only critical point of f in the interior of D is (0, 0). Note that f (0, 0) = 1.

equations are

−xe−xy = λ8y, (2)

x2 + 4y 2 = 1. (3)

then (1) and (2) imply x = y = 0, which contradicts (3). Therefore, λ 6= 0, so x2 = 4y 2 .

Substituting into (3) yields

8y 2 = 1,

√

which means y = ± 2√1 2 . Since x2 = 4y 2 , this implies x2 = 1/2, so x = ±1/ 2. This

gives us four points:

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

f ( √ , √ ) = f (− √ , − √ ) = e1/4 and f (− √ , √ ) = f ( √ , − √ ) = e−1/4 .

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

Since e−1/4 < 1 < e1/4 , it follows that e−1/4 is the minimum and e1/4 is the maximum of

f on D.

5. (20 points) Compute the double integral

ZZ

x cos y dA,

D

p

where D is the region bounded by the curves y = 0, y = x2 , and x = π/2.

ZZ Z √π/2 Z x2

x cos y dA = x cos y dy dx

D 0 0

Z √ π/2

2

= (x sin y)|y=x

y=0 dx

0

Z √π/2

= x sin x2 dx

0

√

1 2 π/2

= − cos x |0

2

cos π2 − cos 0

=−

2

1

= .

2

6. (20 points) Let H be the solid above the xy-plane bounded by the unit sphere x2 + y 2 +

z 2 = 1 and the xy-plane.

(a) Sketch H.

(b) Compute the triple integral ZZZ

xyz dV.

H

(b) The projection of H onto the xy-plane is the unit disk D : x2 + y 2 ≤ 1. Using

Fubini’s theorem, we obtain:

ZZZ ZZ Z √ 1−x2 −y 2

xyz dV = xyz dz dA

H D 0

ZZ √1−x2 −y2

2 z=

z

= xy dA

D 2 z=0

ZZ

1

= xy(1 − x2 − y 2 ) dA.

2 D

0 ≤ r ≤ 1, 0 ≤ θ ≤ 2π.

Z 2π Z 1 Z 2π Z 1

2 2

r cos θ sin θ(1 − r )r dr dθ = cos θ sin θ dθ · r3 (1 − r2 ) dr

0 0 0 0

= 0,

since

Z 2π Z 2π

1

cos θ sin θ dθ = sin 2θ dθ

0 2 0

= 0.

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