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New York City College of Technology, CUNY Mathematics Department Spring 2018

MAT 1575 Final Exam Review Problems


Revised by Prof. Kostadinov Spring 2014, Prof. ElHitti Summer 2017, Prof. Africk Spring 2018
1. Evaluate the following definite integrals:
1 1
1 x 3x 2
a. ∫0 𝑥 2 (𝑥 3 + 1) 𝑑𝑥 3
b.  dx c.  dx
0 x2  9 0
3
x3  1

2. Evaluate the following indefinite integrals:

a. x
2
ln(x)dx b. x e
2 -x
dx c.  x cos(3x)dx
3. Find the area of the region enclosed by the graphs of:

a. y = 3- x and y = -2x b. y = x 2 - 2x and y = x + 4


2

4. Find the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by the graphs of:
a. y = x 2 - 9 , y = 0 about the x-axis. b. y  16  x, y  3x  12 , x  1 about the x-axis.
c. y = x + 2, y = -x + 10, x ≥ 0 about the y-axis.
2 2

5. Evaluate the following indefinite integrals:

1 x2 - 9 9 6
a. ∫x 2
36 - x 2
dx b. ∫ x4
dx c. ∫x 2
x +9 2
dx d. ∫x 2
x 2 - 36
dx

6. Evaluate the following indefinite integrals:


3𝑥+7 5x + 6 3x + 2
a.∫ 2 𝑑𝑥 b. ∫x dx c. ∫x dx
𝑥 +6𝑥+9 2
- 36 2
+ 2x - 8
7. Evaluate the improper integral:
∞ ∞
5 3
a. ∫
2
dx b. ∫
5
dx c. ∫ 3
3
𝑑𝑥
0 (x + 2)
3
0
5
x+5 √(𝑥−3)4

8. Decide if the following series converges or not. Justify your answer using an appropriate test:

9𝑛5 ∞ ∞ 𝑛! 𝑛+1 𝑛
a. ∑𝑛=∞ d. ∑𝑛=∞ e. ∑𝑛=∞
5 5n
𝑛=1 3𝑛5 +5
b.  n c.  n 𝑛=1 𝑛 2 5𝑛 𝑛=1 ( 2𝑛+3
)
n=1 10 n=1 10

9. Determine whether the series is absolutely or conditionally convergent or divergent:



10 
(1) n  
n2  n  1
a.  (-1)n 7n + 2
b.  c.  (-1)n 5- n d. (1)n 2n2  n  1
n=1 n1 n5 n=0 n1

1
10. Find the radius and the interval of convergence of the following power series:
∞ ∞ ∞ ∞
(𝑥 − 1)𝑛 (−1)𝑛 (𝑥 − 1)𝑛 (𝑥 + 1)𝑛 (−1)𝑛 (𝑥 + 1)𝑛
𝑎. ∑ 𝑏. ∑ 𝑐. ∑ 𝑑. ∑
𝑛+2 𝑛+2 𝑛5𝑛 𝑛5𝑛
𝑛=0 𝑛=0 𝑛=1 𝑛=1

11. Find the Taylor polynomial of degree 2 for the given function, centered at the given number a:

a. f (x) = e-2x at a = -1. b. f (x) = cos(5x) at a = 2p .

12. Find the Taylor polynomial of degree 3 for the given function, centered at the given number a:

p
a. f (x) = 1+ e- x at a = -1 b. f (x) = sin(x) at a =
2
Answers:
5 3 2⁄
(1a). (1b). √10 − 3 (1c). (2 3 − 1)
4 2

x 3 ln(x) x 3 1 1
(2a). - +C (2b). -(x 2 + 2x + 2)e- x + C (2c). x sin(3x) + cos(3x) + C
3 9 3 9

(3a). The area of the region between the two curves is:

∫ ( 3 - x - ( -2x )) dx = 3
32
Area = 2

-1

(3b). The area of the region between the two curves is:

∫(x + 4 -(x )
4

- 2x ) dx =
125
Area = 2

-1
6
New York City College of Technology, CUNY Mathematics Department Spring 2018

(4a). Approximate the volume of the solid by vertical


disks with radius y = x 2 - 9 between x = -3 and x = 3 ;
3 1296
gives the volume is 𝑉 = ∫−3 𝜋(𝑥 2 − 9)2 dx = 𝜋.
5

(4b). Using a washer of outer radius Router  16  x and


inner radius Rinner  3x  12 at x , gives the volume:
656
1
V    ((16  x)2  (3x  12)2 )dx  , where the
1
3
upper limit 1 is obtained from 16  x  3x  12  x  1 .

(4c). 16π

36 - x 2 (x 2 - 9)3/2 x2 + 9 x 2 - 36
(5a). - +C (5b). +C (5c). - +C (5d). +C
36x 27x 3 x 6x
2 5 4
(6a). + 3𝑙𝑛|𝑥 + 3| + 𝐶 (6b). 3ln x - 6 + 2 ln x + 6 + C (6c). ln x + 4 + ln x - 2 + C
𝑥+3 3 3
1
(7a). (7b). The integral does not converge (7c). The integral does not converge
4

𝟗𝒏𝟓 𝟑
(8a). 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟏+𝟓/𝟑𝒏𝟓 = 𝟑 > 𝟎 so the series diverges by the nth term test for
𝒏→∞ 𝟑𝒏𝟓 +𝟓 𝒏→∞
divergence.

(8b). This is a geometric series, with common ration r = 1/10 <1, so it converges to 5/9:

5 a 5 /10 5 /10 5
n=1 10
n
  
1  r 1  1 9 /10 9

10

𝟓(𝒏+𝟏) 𝟓𝒏 𝟏+𝟏/𝟓𝒏 𝟏
(8c). 𝐥𝐢𝐦 / 𝟏𝟎𝒏 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = < 𝟏 so the series converges by the ratio test.
𝒏→∞ 𝟏𝟎𝒏+𝟏 𝒏→∞ 𝟏𝟎 𝟏𝟎

(𝒏+𝟏)! 𝒏! 𝒏𝟐 𝒏 𝒏
(8d). 𝐥𝐢𝐦 / 𝒏𝟐 𝟓𝒏 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟓(𝒏+𝟏) = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟏 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = ∞ so the series
𝒏→∞ (𝒏+𝟏)𝟐 𝟓𝒏+𝟏 𝒏→∞ 𝒏→∞ 𝟓(𝟏+𝒏) 𝒏→∞ 𝟓
diverges by the ratio test.
𝟏
𝒏+𝟏 𝒏 𝟏 𝒏+𝟏 𝟏+𝒏 𝟏
(8e). 𝐥𝐢𝐦 [(𝟐𝒏+𝟑) ] = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝒏 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟑 = < 𝟏 so the series converges by the nth root test.
𝒏→∞ 𝒏→∞ 𝟐𝒏+𝟑 𝒏→∞ 𝟐+ 𝟐
𝒏

3
(9a). Conditionally convergent: The series converges by the alternating series test since
10 10 𝟏𝟎 10 10
> and 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = 𝟎 but not absolutely since ∑∞ 𝑛 ∞
𝑛=1 |(−1) 7𝑛+2| = ∑𝑛=1
7𝑛+2 7(𝑛+1)+2 𝒏→∞ 𝟕𝒏+𝟐 7𝑛+2
1
diverges by comparing it with the harmonic series ∑∞
𝑛=1 𝑛 , which diverges, using the limit comparison
𝟏𝟎 𝟏 𝟏𝟎𝒏 𝟏𝟎
test: 𝐥𝐢𝐦 / 𝒏 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = < ∞.
𝒏→∞ 𝟕𝒏+𝟐 𝒏→∞ 𝟕𝒏+𝟐 𝟕

1 1
(9b). Absolutely convergent: ∑∞
𝑛=1 |(−1)
𝑛
| = ∑∞
𝑛=1 a convergent p-series with p = 5/2 > 1.
√𝑛5 𝑛5/2

(9c). Absolutely convergent: ∑∞ 𝑛 −𝑛 ∞


𝑛=0|(−1) 5 | = ∑𝑛=0 5
−𝑛
is a convergent geometric series with
common ratio r = 1/5 < 1.
𝟏 𝟏
𝒏𝟐 −𝒏−𝟏 𝟏−𝒏− 𝟏
𝒏𝟐
(9d). 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟏 𝟏 = > 𝟎 so the series diverges by the nth term test for
𝒏→∞ 𝟐𝒏𝟐 +𝒏+𝟏 𝒏→∞ 𝟐+ + 𝟐 𝟐
𝒏 𝒏
divergence.

(10a). The power series converges when |x ˗̶̶̶ 1| < 1 by the ratio test, which gives a radius of
convergence 1 and interval of convergence centered at 1. The series diverges at x = 2 (harmonic series)
but converges at x = 0 (alternate harmonic series), so the interval of convergence is 0 ≤ x < 2.

(10b). The power series converges when |x ˗̶̶̶ 1| < 1 by the ratio test, which gives a radius of
convergence 1 and interval of convergence centered at 1. The series diverges at x = 0 (harmonic series)
but converges at x = 2 (alternate harmonic series), so the interval of convergence is 0 < x ≤ 2.

(10c). The power series converges when |x + 1| < 5 by the ratio test, which gives a radius of
convergence 5 and interval of convergence centered at ˗̶̶̶ 1. The series diverges at x = 4 (harmonic
series) but converges at x = ˗̶̶̶ 6 (alternate harmonic series), so the interval of convergence is ˗̶̶̶ 6 ≤ x < 4.

(10d). The power series converges when |x + 1| < 5 by the ratio test, which gives a radius of
convergence 5 and interval of convergence centered at ˗̶̶̶ 1. The series diverges at x = ˗̶̶̶ 6 (harmonic
series) but converges at x = 4 (alternate harmonic series), so the interval of convergence is ˗̶̶̶ 6 < x ≤ 4.

(11a). 𝒑𝟐 (𝒙) = 𝒆𝟐 − 𝟐𝒆𝟐 (𝒙 + 𝟏) + 𝟐𝒆𝟐 (𝒙 + 𝟏)𝟐

𝟐𝟓
(11b). 𝒑𝟐 (𝒙) = 𝟏 − (𝒙 − 𝟐𝝅)𝟐
𝟐

𝒆 𝒆 𝒆
(12a). 𝒑𝟑 (𝒙) = 𝟏 + − 𝒙− 𝒙𝟑
𝟑 𝟐 𝟔
𝟏 𝝅
(12b). 𝒑𝟑 (𝒙) = 𝟏 − (𝒙 − )𝟐
𝟐 𝟐