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Revised by Prof. Kostadinov Spring 2014, Prof. ElHitti Summer 2017, Prof. Africk Spring 2018

1. Evaluate the following definite integrals:

1 1

1 x 3x 2

a. ∫0 𝑥 2 (𝑥 3 + 1) 𝑑𝑥 3

b. dx c. dx

0 x2 9 0

3

x3 1

a. x

2

ln(x)dx b. x e

2 -x

dx c. x cos(3x)dx

3. Find the area of the region enclosed by the graphs of:

2

4. Find the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by the graphs of:

a. y = x 2 - 9 , y = 0 about the x-axis. b. y 16 x, y 3x 12 , x 1 about the x-axis.

c. y = x + 2, y = -x + 10, x ≥ 0 about the y-axis.

2 2

1 x2 - 9 9 6

a. ∫x 2

36 - x 2

dx b. ∫ x4

dx c. ∫x 2

x +9 2

dx d. ∫x 2

x 2 - 36

dx

3𝑥+7 5x + 6 3x + 2

a.∫ 2 𝑑𝑥 b. ∫x dx c. ∫x dx

𝑥 +6𝑥+9 2

- 36 2

+ 2x - 8

7. Evaluate the improper integral:

∞ ∞

5 3

a. ∫

2

dx b. ∫

5

dx c. ∫ 3

3

𝑑𝑥

0 (x + 2)

3

0

5

x+5 √(𝑥−3)4

8. Decide if the following series converges or not. Justify your answer using an appropriate test:

9𝑛5 ∞ ∞ 𝑛! 𝑛+1 𝑛

a. ∑𝑛=∞ d. ∑𝑛=∞ e. ∑𝑛=∞

5 5n

𝑛=1 3𝑛5 +5

b. n c. n 𝑛=1 𝑛 2 5𝑛 𝑛=1 ( 2𝑛+3

)

n=1 10 n=1 10

10

(1) n

n2 n 1

a. (-1)n 7n + 2

b. c. (-1)n 5- n d. (1)n 2n2 n 1

n=1 n1 n5 n=0 n1

1

10. Find the radius and the interval of convergence of the following power series:

∞ ∞ ∞ ∞

(𝑥 − 1)𝑛 (−1)𝑛 (𝑥 − 1)𝑛 (𝑥 + 1)𝑛 (−1)𝑛 (𝑥 + 1)𝑛

𝑎. ∑ 𝑏. ∑ 𝑐. ∑ 𝑑. ∑

𝑛+2 𝑛+2 𝑛5𝑛 𝑛5𝑛

𝑛=0 𝑛=0 𝑛=1 𝑛=1

11. Find the Taylor polynomial of degree 2 for the given function, centered at the given number a:

12. Find the Taylor polynomial of degree 3 for the given function, centered at the given number a:

p

a. f (x) = 1+ e- x at a = -1 b. f (x) = sin(x) at a =

2

Answers:

5 3 2⁄

(1a). (1b). √10 − 3 (1c). (2 3 − 1)

4 2

x 3 ln(x) x 3 1 1

(2a). - +C (2b). -(x 2 + 2x + 2)e- x + C (2c). x sin(3x) + cos(3x) + C

3 9 3 9

(3a). The area of the region between the two curves is:

∫ ( 3 - x - ( -2x )) dx = 3

32

Area = 2

-1

(3b). The area of the region between the two curves is:

∫(x + 4 -(x )

4

- 2x ) dx =

125

Area = 2

-1

6

New York City College of Technology, CUNY Mathematics Department Spring 2018

disks with radius y = x 2 - 9 between x = -3 and x = 3 ;

3 1296

gives the volume is 𝑉 = ∫−3 𝜋(𝑥 2 − 9)2 dx = 𝜋.

5

inner radius Rinner 3x 12 at x , gives the volume:

656

1

V ((16 x)2 (3x 12)2 )dx , where the

1

3

upper limit 1 is obtained from 16 x 3x 12 x 1 .

(4c). 16π

36 - x 2 (x 2 - 9)3/2 x2 + 9 x 2 - 36

(5a). - +C (5b). +C (5c). - +C (5d). +C

36x 27x 3 x 6x

2 5 4

(6a). + 3𝑙𝑛|𝑥 + 3| + 𝐶 (6b). 3ln x - 6 + 2 ln x + 6 + C (6c). ln x + 4 + ln x - 2 + C

𝑥+3 3 3

1

(7a). (7b). The integral does not converge (7c). The integral does not converge

4

𝟗𝒏𝟓 𝟑

(8a). 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟏+𝟓/𝟑𝒏𝟓 = 𝟑 > 𝟎 so the series diverges by the nth term test for

𝒏→∞ 𝟑𝒏𝟓 +𝟓 𝒏→∞

divergence.

(8b). This is a geometric series, with common ration r = 1/10 <1, so it converges to 5/9:

5 a 5 /10 5 /10 5

n=1 10

n

1 r 1 1 9 /10 9

10

𝟓(𝒏+𝟏) 𝟓𝒏 𝟏+𝟏/𝟓𝒏 𝟏

(8c). 𝐥𝐢𝐦 / 𝟏𝟎𝒏 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = < 𝟏 so the series converges by the ratio test.

𝒏→∞ 𝟏𝟎𝒏+𝟏 𝒏→∞ 𝟏𝟎 𝟏𝟎

(𝒏+𝟏)! 𝒏! 𝒏𝟐 𝒏 𝒏

(8d). 𝐥𝐢𝐦 / 𝒏𝟐 𝟓𝒏 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟓(𝒏+𝟏) = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟏 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = ∞ so the series

𝒏→∞ (𝒏+𝟏)𝟐 𝟓𝒏+𝟏 𝒏→∞ 𝒏→∞ 𝟓(𝟏+𝒏) 𝒏→∞ 𝟓

diverges by the ratio test.

𝟏

𝒏+𝟏 𝒏 𝟏 𝒏+𝟏 𝟏+𝒏 𝟏

(8e). 𝐥𝐢𝐦 [(𝟐𝒏+𝟑) ] = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝒏 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟑 = < 𝟏 so the series converges by the nth root test.

𝒏→∞ 𝒏→∞ 𝟐𝒏+𝟑 𝒏→∞ 𝟐+ 𝟐

𝒏

3

(9a). Conditionally convergent: The series converges by the alternating series test since

10 10 𝟏𝟎 10 10

> and 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = 𝟎 but not absolutely since ∑∞ 𝑛 ∞

𝑛=1 |(−1) 7𝑛+2| = ∑𝑛=1

7𝑛+2 7(𝑛+1)+2 𝒏→∞ 𝟕𝒏+𝟐 7𝑛+2

1

diverges by comparing it with the harmonic series ∑∞

𝑛=1 𝑛 , which diverges, using the limit comparison

𝟏𝟎 𝟏 𝟏𝟎𝒏 𝟏𝟎

test: 𝐥𝐢𝐦 / 𝒏 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = < ∞.

𝒏→∞ 𝟕𝒏+𝟐 𝒏→∞ 𝟕𝒏+𝟐 𝟕

1 1

(9b). Absolutely convergent: ∑∞

𝑛=1 |(−1)

𝑛

| = ∑∞

𝑛=1 a convergent p-series with p = 5/2 > 1.

√𝑛5 𝑛5/2

𝑛=0|(−1) 5 | = ∑𝑛=0 5

−𝑛

is a convergent geometric series with

common ratio r = 1/5 < 1.

𝟏 𝟏

𝒏𝟐 −𝒏−𝟏 𝟏−𝒏− 𝟏

𝒏𝟐

(9d). 𝐥𝐢𝐦 = 𝐥𝐢𝐦 𝟏 𝟏 = > 𝟎 so the series diverges by the nth term test for

𝒏→∞ 𝟐𝒏𝟐 +𝒏+𝟏 𝒏→∞ 𝟐+ + 𝟐 𝟐

𝒏 𝒏

divergence.

(10a). The power series converges when |x ˗̶̶̶ 1| < 1 by the ratio test, which gives a radius of

convergence 1 and interval of convergence centered at 1. The series diverges at x = 2 (harmonic series)

but converges at x = 0 (alternate harmonic series), so the interval of convergence is 0 ≤ x < 2.

(10b). The power series converges when |x ˗̶̶̶ 1| < 1 by the ratio test, which gives a radius of

convergence 1 and interval of convergence centered at 1. The series diverges at x = 0 (harmonic series)

but converges at x = 2 (alternate harmonic series), so the interval of convergence is 0 < x ≤ 2.

(10c). The power series converges when |x + 1| < 5 by the ratio test, which gives a radius of

convergence 5 and interval of convergence centered at ˗̶̶̶ 1. The series diverges at x = 4 (harmonic

series) but converges at x = ˗̶̶̶ 6 (alternate harmonic series), so the interval of convergence is ˗̶̶̶ 6 ≤ x < 4.

(10d). The power series converges when |x + 1| < 5 by the ratio test, which gives a radius of

convergence 5 and interval of convergence centered at ˗̶̶̶ 1. The series diverges at x = ˗̶̶̶ 6 (harmonic

series) but converges at x = 4 (alternate harmonic series), so the interval of convergence is ˗̶̶̶ 6 < x ≤ 4.

𝟐𝟓

(11b). 𝒑𝟐 (𝒙) = 𝟏 − (𝒙 − 𝟐𝝅)𝟐

𝟐

𝒆 𝒆 𝒆

(12a). 𝒑𝟑 (𝒙) = 𝟏 + − 𝒙− 𝒙𝟑

𝟑 𝟐 𝟔

𝟏 𝝅

(12b). 𝒑𝟑 (𝒙) = 𝟏 − (𝒙 − )𝟐

𝟐 𝟐

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