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Art 203:
Any person who, by direct provision of the law,
popular election or appointment by competent
authority, shall take part in the performance of
public functions in the Government of the
Philippine Islands, of shall perform in said
Government or in any of its branches public
duties as an employee, agent or subordinate
official, of any rank or class, shall be deemed to
be a public officer.

Par 4: To receive, directly or indirectly, and for private persons to give, or offer to give, any gift, present
PD 46 or other valuable thing to any occasion, including Christmas, when such gift, present or other valuable
MAKING IT PUNISHABLE FOR thing is given by reason of his official position, regardless of whether or not the same is for past favor
PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND or favors or the giver hopes or expects to receive a favor or better treatment in the future from the
EMPLOYEES TO RECEIVE, public official or employee concerned in the discharge of his official functions. Included within the
AND FOR PRIVATE PERSONS None prohibition is the throwing of parties or entertainments in honor of the official or employees or his
TO GIVE, GIFTS ON ANY immediate relatives.

RA 3019 Sec 2 (b): (a) Persuading, inducing or influencing another public officer to perform an act constituting a violation
ANTI-GRAFT AND CORRUPT of rules and regulations duly promulgated by competent authority or an offense in connection with the
PRACTICES ACT “Public officer” includes elective and appointive official duties of the latter, or allowing himself to be persuaded, induced, or influenced to commit such
officials and employees, permanent or temporary, violation or offense.
whether in the classified or unclassified or
exempt service receiving compensation, even (b) Directly or indirectly requesting or receiving any gift, present, share, percentage, or benefit, for
nominal, from the government as defined in the himself or for any other person, in connection with any contract or transaction between the
preceding subparagraph. Government and any other part, wherein the public officer in his official capacity has to intervene
under the law.

(c) Directly or indirectly requesting or receiving any gift, present or other pecuniary or material benefit,
for himself or for another, from any person for whom the public officer, in any manner or capacity, has
secured or obtained, or will secure or obtain, any Government permit or license, in consideration for
the help given or to be given, without prejudice to Section thirteen of this Act.

(d) Accepting or having any member of his family accept employment in a private enterprise which
has pending official business with him during the pendency thereof or within one year after its

(e) Causing any undue injury to any party, including the Government, or giving any private party any
unwarranted benefits, advantage or preference in the discharge of his official administrative or judicial
functions through manifest partiality, evident bad faith or gross inexcusable negligence. This provision
shall apply to officers and employees of offices or government corporations charged with the grant of
licenses or permits or other concessions.

(f) Neglecting or refusing, after due demand or request, without sufficient justification, to act within a
reasonable time on any matter pending before him for the purpose of obtaining, directly or indirectly,
from any person interested in the matter some pecuniary or material benefit or advantage, or for the
purpose of favoring his own interest or giving undue advantage in favor of or discriminating against
any other interested party.
(g) Entering, on behalf of the Government, into any contract or transaction manifestly and grossly
disadvantageous to the same, whether or not the public officer profited or will profit thereby.

(h) Director or indirectly having financing or pecuniary interest in any business, contract or transaction
in connection with which he intervenes or takes part in his official capacity, or in which he is prohibited
by the Constitution or by any law from having any interest.

(i) Directly or indirectly becoming interested, for personal gain, or having a material interest in any
transaction or act requiring the approval of a board, panel or group of which he is a member, and
which exercises discretion in such approval, even if he votes against the same or does not participate
in the action of the board, committee, panel or group.

Interest for personal gain shall be presumed against those public officers responsible for the approval
of manifestly unlawful, inequitable, or irregular transaction or acts by the board, panel or group to
which they belong.

(j) Knowingly approving or granting any license, permit, privilege or benefit in favor of any person not
qualified for or not legally entitled to such license, permit, privilege or advantage, or of a mere
representative or dummy of one who is not so qualified or entitled.

(k) Divulging valuable information of a confidential character, acquired by his office or by him on
account of his official position to unauthorized persons, or releasing such information in advance of its
authorized release date.

RA 6713 Sec 3(b) (a) Financial and material interest. - Public officials and employees shall not, directly or indirectly, have
CODE OF CONDUCT AND any financial or material interest in any transaction requiring the approval of their office.
ETHICAL STANDARDS FOR "Public Officials" includes elective and appointive
PUBLIC OFFICIALS AND officials and employees, permanent or temporary, (b) Outside employment and other activities related thereto. - Public officials and employees during
EMPLOYEES. whether in the career or non-career service, their incumbency shall not:
including military and police personnel, whether
or not they receive compensation, regardless of (1) Own, control, manage or accept employment as officer, employee, consultant, counsel,
amount. broker, agent, trustee or nominee in any private enterprise regulated, supervised or licensed
by their office unless expressly allowed by law;

(2) Engage in the private practice of their profession unless authorized by the Constitution or
law, provided, that such practice will not conflict or tend to conflict with their official functions;

(3) Recommend any person to any position in a private enterprise which has a regular or
pending official transaction with their office.

(c) Disclosure and/or misuse of confidential information. - Public officials and employees shall not use
or divulge, confidential or classified information officially known to them by reason of their office and
not made available to the public, either:

(1) To further their private interests, or give undue advantage to anyone; or

(2) To prejudice the public interest.

(d) Solicitation or acceptance of gifts. - Public officials and employees shall not solicit or accept,
directly or indirectly, any gift, gratuity, favor, entertainment, loan or anything of monetary value from
any person in the course of their official duties or in connection with any operation being regulated by,
or any transaction which may be affected by the functions of their office.

Sec 1
"public officer or employee" means any person
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holding any public office or employment by virtue
of an appointment, election or contract, and any
person holding any office or employment, by
appointment or contract, in any State owned or
controlled corporation or enterprise.
(a) Light Offense –(1) Refusal to accept application and/or request within the prescribed period or any
document being submitted by a client;

(2) Failure to act on an application and/or request or failure to refer back to the client a
request which cannot be acted upon due to lack of requirement/s within the prescribed

(3) Failure to attend to clients who are within the premises of the office or agency concerned
prior to the end of official working hours and during lunch
Sec 4(e)
"Officer or Employee" refers to a person
(4) Failure to render frontline services within the prescribed period on any application and/or
RA 9485 employed in a government office or agency
request without due cause;
ANTI-RED TAPE ACT required to perform specific duties and
responsibilities related to the application or
(5) Failure to give the client a written notice on the disapproval of an application or request;
request submitted by a client for processing.

(6) Imposition of additional irrelevant requirements other than those listed in the first notice.
(b) Grave Offense - Fixing and/or collusion with fixers in consideration of economic and/or other gain
or advantage.

Fixers, as defined in this Act, shall suffer the penalty of imprisonment not exceeding six years or a fine
not less than Twenty Thousand Pesos (P20,000.00) but not more than Two Hundred Thousand Pesos
(P200,000.00) or both fine and imprisonment at the discretion of the court.
Sec 1(a) Any public officer who, by himself or in connivance with members of his family, relatives by affinity or
Public Officer means any person holding any consanguinity, business associates, subordinates or other persons, amasses, accumulates or
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public office in the Government of the Republic of acquires ill-gotten wealth through a combination or series of overt or criminal acts as described in
the Philippines by virtue of an appointment, Section 1(d) hereof, in the aggregate amount or total value of at least fifty million pesos
election or contract. (50,000,000.00), shall be guilty of the crime of plunder