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practice question for probability

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questions on the true or false question.

A. 0.04 D. 0.671

B. 0.15

C. 0.12

D. 0.08 7. An urn contains 5 white balls, 4 black balls and 3 red

balls. If 3 balls are drawn simultaneously, find the

2. In the ECE board examinations, the probability that probability that all are white balls.

an examinee pass in each subject is 0.8. What is the A. 1/20

probability that he will pass in at least 2 subjects?

B. 1/21

A. 0.896

B. 0.986 C. 1/22

C. 0.689

D. 0.869 D. 1/23

either a dot or dash signal. The signal is received at 8. A bag contains 4 black balls and 6 red balls. Two

station B, from where it is retransmitted to station C. balls are drawn at random. What is the probability

The probability that the signal being sent from A is that the balls drawn are both black?

receives correctly at B is 0.98, while the probability A. 0.131

that the signal being received correctly at C is 0.965.

What is the probability that when a dot signal is B. 0.133

transmitted from A, a dot signal is also received at

C. 0.134

C?(Express your answer up o four decimal places)

A. 0.9557 D. 0.135

B. 0.9457

C. 0.4957

D. 0.5947 9. What is the probability of getting a sum of 5 by

throwing two dice once?

4. From a box containing 8 red balls, 8 white balls and A. 0.111

12 blue balls, one ball is drawn at random.

Determine the probability that it is red or white: B. 0.112

a) 0.571

b) 0.651 C. 0.113

c) 0.751

d) 0.0571 D. 0.115

10. In a single throw of a pair of dice, what is the

probability of drawing a black king?

probability of obtaining a total of 9?

A. 1/25

A. 1/8

B. 1/26

B. 1/9

C. 1/27

C. 1/7

D. 1/28

D. 1/6

6. The odds are 13 to 8 in favor of winning the first

prize of a lottery. What is the probability of winning

that prize?

11. A bag contains 4 white balls and 5 black balls. Four D. 1/7

balls are drawn in succession and not replaced. Find

the probability that the first two balls are white and

the last two balls are black. 16. Two dice are rolled. Find the probability that the

A. 3/63 sum of the two dice is greater than 10.

A. 1/11

B. 4/63

B. 1/12

C. 5/63

C. 1/13

D. 6/63

D. 1/14

group of 6 men and 4 women. What is the 17. A card is drawn from a deck of 52 cards. What is the

probability that it will consist exactly of 2 men? probability of drawing an ace or a spade?

A. 2/7 A. 17/52

B. 1/7 B. 16/52

C. 3/7 C. 15/52

D. 4/7 D. 14/52

13. What is the probability that a coin will turn up heads men and 4 women. The probability that a man and a

twice in 6 tosses of the coin? woman are selected is

A. 15/64 A. 4/7

B. 14/64 B. 2/7

C. 13/64 C. ¼

D. 12/64 D. 3/7

14. If the odds are 5:3 that Juan will receive P5,000 in a 19. Six coins are tossed. What is the probability that

Math contest, find his mathematical expectation. exactly two of them are heads?

A. P2,135 A. 0.423

B. P2,315 B. 0.342

C. P3,215 C. 0.234

D. P3,125 D. 0.243

15. Two balls are drawn from a bag containing 9 balls 20. There are 0 defective per 1000 items of product in a

numbered from 1 to 9. Find the probability that both long run. What is the probability that there is one

balls drawn are numbered even. and only one defective in a random lot of 100?

A. ¼ A. 0.2770

B. 1/5 B. 0.2707

C. 1/6 C. 0.2077

D. 0.2207 C. 0.345

D. 0.335

21. A bag contains 6 red balls, 4 white balls and 8 black

balls. If 3 balls are drawn at random, determine the

probability that 2 balls are white and one is red. 26. A fair coin is tossed 3 times. Find the probability of

A. 0.0414 getting either 3 heads or 3 tails.

A. 1/8

B. 0.0441

B. ½

C. 0.0144

C. 3/8

D. 0.0141

D. ¼

22. Three drawn from a pack of 52 cards. Determine the

probability that all cards drawn are of the same suit.

A. 0.0516 27. If two dice are cast, what is the probability that the

sum will be less than 6?

B. 0.0518 A. 1/15

C. 0.0520 B. 1/16

D. 0.0522 C. 5/18

D. 2/19

23. In a throw of two dice, the probability of obtaining a

total of 10 or 12 is

A. 1/16 28. The probability that both Vic and Ric can solve a

certain puzzle is 0.95. The probability that Vic alone

B. 1/12 can solve the same puzzle is 0.98. What is the

probability that Ric can solve the puzzle given the Vic

C. 1/9 does?

A. 0.9361

D. 1/18

B. 0.9694

balls are drawn in succession without replacement,

find the probability that the balls are drawn in the D. 0.9496

order black, black and white.

A. 0.0733

29. A lottery has a first prize of P10,000,000. Suppose

B. 0.0723 only 8,000,000 tickets are sold and you have bought

40 tickets, what is your mathematical expectation?

C. 0.0743 A. P30

D. 0.0713 B. P40

C. P50

25. Find the probability that a couple with three children

have exactly two boys. D. P60

A. 0.375

second basket contains 4 apples and 3 oranges. If a

fruit is taken from one of the two baskets at 34. If three sticks are drawn from 5 sticks whose lengths

random, what is the probability that it is an orange? are 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9, what is the probability that they

A. 0.4133 will form a triangle?

A. 0.24

B. 0.4143

B. 0.21

C. 0.4153

C. 0.30

D. 0.4163

D. 0.36

If two balls are drawn from it at random, the 35. Three card are drawn from a deck of 52 cards

probability that 2 red balls are drawn is 5 times the without replacement. Find the probability that all

probability that 2 blue balls are draw. Furthermore, are of the same color.

the probability that one ball of each color is drawn is A. 0.2353

6 times the probability that 2 blue balls are drawn.

How many red balls are there in the bag? B. 0.3523

A. 3

C. 0.3323

B. 4

D. 0.2335

C. 5

town. If the odds that candidate A will win are 7:5

that of B are 1:3, what is the probability that

32. A bag contains 10 red balls. 30 white balls, 20 black candidate C will win?

balls and 15 yellow balls. If 2 balls are drawn, A. 0.25

replacement being made after each drawing, find

the probability that only one is red. B. 0.13

A. 0.2211

C. 0.17

B. 0.2311

D. 0.21

C. 0.2411

D. 0.2511 37. A basket contains 3 red balls and 2 white balls while

a second basket contains 2 red balls and 5 white

balls. A man selected a basket at random and picked

33. There is a 30% chance of rain today. If it does not a ball and placed it on the other basket. Then

rain today, there is a 20% chance of rain tomorrow. another ball is drawn from the second basket. Find

If it rains today, there is a 50% chance of rain the probability that both balls he picked are of the

tomorrow. What is the probability that it rains same color.

tomorrow? A. 601/1680

A. 0.27

B. 701/1680

B. 0.28

C. 801/1680

C. 0.29

D. 901/1680

D. 0.26

tossing at most 6 heads.

A. 0.9911

43. An urn contains 4 red marbles and 8 black marbles.

B. 0.9922 A marble is drawn from the urn and a marble of the

other color is then put into the urn. A second marble

C. 0.9933 is drawn from the urn. Find the probability that the

nd

2 marble is red.

D. 0.9944

A. 5/18

B. 7/24

39. Maria, Ana, Cora, Cely, Jose, Juan and Pedro are

participating in elections for four student officers: C. 13/36

President, Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer.

What is the probability that a girl becomes a D. 1/12

President and a boy Vice-President?

A. 0.8257

44. A number of 5 different digits is written at random

B. 0.2857 by use of the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,8. Find the probability

that the number will have even digits at each end.

C. 0.5827 A. 0.2578

D. 0.7285 B. 0.2785

C. 0.2857

40. In a single toss of a pair of dice, find the probability

of tossing a total of at most 5. D. 0.2587

A. 0.278

first selection from a deck of 52 cards without

C. 0.258 replacement drawing an ace on the second

selection?

D. 0.248

A. 0.0181

B. 0.0118

41. Find the probability of throwing 11 each time in 3

tosses of 2 dice. C. 0.0811

A. 0.00017

D. 0.0188

B. 0.00170

are drawn at random. Find the probability that one

D. 0.17000

is odd and the other is even.

A. 7/9

42. The probability of Juan’s winning whenever he plays

B. 5/9

a certain game is 1/3. If he plays 4 times, find the

probability that he wins at most twice. C. 6/9

A. 0.86

D. 4/9

B. 0.94

draw 4 balls, find the probability that at least 3 balls

D. 0.79

are white.

A. 0.2578 52. When a test was given, the probability of getting a

score of 85 was 0.70. If 40 students took the test,

B. 0.4385 what is the expected number of students who will

get a score of 85?

C. 0.3485 A. 28

D. 0.3845 B. 27

C. 26

48. The probability that Juan will win a game of chess

whenever he plays is ¼. If he plays twice, what are D. 25

st nd

the odds that he wins the 1 game and loses the 2

game?

A. 0.2108 53. The odds that a new product will succeed are

estimated as being 5:3. Find the probability that the

B. 0.2208 product will succeed.

A. 0.625

C. 0.2308

B. 0.652

D. 0.2408

C. 0.562

49. A bag contains 3 black balls, 7 white balls, 6 black D. 0.626

cubes and 14 white cubes. Find the probability of

drawing a ball and a black object. 54. In a basketball game, Jawo is given two free throws.

A. 0.10 Based on his previous record, the probability that his

first free throw will be successful is 0.75 and the

B. 0.15 probability that he will be successful on both throws

is 0.55. If Jawo is successful on the first throw, what

C. 0.20 is the probability that he makes the second throw?

A. 0.71

D. 0.25

B. 0.73

50. The probability of an impossible event is C. 0.74

A. zero

D. 0.75

B. unity

mathematics and 80 are currently enrolled in

D. undefined

Physics. These enrolment figures include 30 students

51. If the probability of a defective bolt is 0.20, how who are enrolled in both subjects. What is the

many bolts are expected to be defective if there are probability that a randomly chosen student will be

a total of 600 bolts? enrolled in either Mathematic or Physics?

A. 100 A. 0.45

B. 105 B. 0.50

C. 115 C. 0.55

D. 120 D. 0.60

56. Out of 10,000 men, the probability that a man B. 0.2431

picked at random weighs over 86 kg is 0.25 and the

probability that the man weighs less than 61 kg is C. 0.1432

0.15. What is the probability that a man picked at

random weighs between 61 kg and 86 kg? D. 0.4231

A. 0.55

61. A box contains 4 red marbles, 8 white marbles and

B. 0.60 12 blue marbles. If 3 marbles are drawn, what is the

probability that one of each color is drawn?

C. 0.65 A. 0.1897

D. 0.70 B. 0.1987

C. 0.1798

57. An urn contains 3 white balls and 2 black balls. If two

balls are drawn at random, what is the probability D. 0.1879

that the two balls drawn are of different colors?

A. 4/5

62. What is the probability of obtaining a sum of 11

B. 2/5 when 3 dice are tossed?

A. 0.145

C. 1/5

B. 0.135

D. 3/5

C. 0.125

probability formula, determine the probability of

63. Find the probability of getting between 2 and 5

rolling the number 5 four times.

heads inclusive in 8 tosses of a fair coin.

A. 0.00804

A. 0.8203

B. 0.00480

B. 0.8302

C. 0.08004

C. 0.8230

D. 0.00840

D. 0.8032

64. Five sealed envelopes are placed in a box, three of

0.68 and the probability that his wife will be alive in

them containing P50 bill each and two of them

20 years is 0.45. What is the probability than both

containing P100 bill each. Another box has ten

will be alive in 20 years?

sealed envelopes, six of them containing P50 bill

A. 0.360

each and four of them containing P100 bill each. If a

B. 0.306 box is selected at random and an envelope is drawn

from it, what is the probability that it contains a

C. 0.630 P100 bill?

A. 3/5

D. 0.603

B. ¾

that it shows a king, a jack, a spade or an ace?

A. 0.3421 D. 2/5

65. A box contains 3 red balls and 7 black balls. A person 70. The probability that a man will be alive in 25 years is

selects a ball at random and the color is noted. Then 3/5 and the probability that his wife will be alive in

the ball is replaced. After shaking the box, a second 25 years is 2/3. Find the probability that one of them

ball is drawn and followed by the same procedure will be alive in 25 years.

until five drawings were made. What is the A. 4/15

probability that of the 5 balls drawn, 2 were red?

A. 0.3078 B. 1/5

B. 0.3708 C. 2/5

C. 0.3087 D. 7/15

D. 0.3807

in long run. What is the probability that there is one

and only one defective in random lot of 100?

A. 0.3697

B. 0.3967

C. 0.3796

D. 0.3679

Another box contains three cards numbered 2, 4,

and 7. One card is drawn from each bag. Find the

probability that the sum is even.

A. 5/12

B. 3/7

C. 7/12

D. 5/7

For each question, one (1) mark will be awarded for

a correct answer and no mark for a wrong answer. If

the probability that Mary correctly answers a

question in a test is 2/3, determine the probability

that Mary gets two marks.

A. 4/27

B. 8/27

C. 4/9

D. 2/9

and a second bag, find the probability that all are of

one color, if the first ball is replaced immediately

while the second is not replaced before the third

draw.

A. 10/121

B. 18/121

C. 28/121

D. 180/14641

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