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ASSIGNMENT # 4 A. 0.

691

TOPIC: PROBABILITY B. 0.617

1. Find the probability of getting exactly 12 out of 30 C. 0.619


questions on the true or false question.
A. 0.04 D. 0.671
B. 0.15
C. 0.12
D. 0.08 7. An urn contains 5 white balls, 4 black balls and 3 red
balls. If 3 balls are drawn simultaneously, find the
2. In the ECE board examinations, the probability that probability that all are white balls.
an examinee pass in each subject is 0.8. What is the A. 1/20
probability that he will pass in at least 2 subjects?
B. 1/21
A. 0.896
B. 0.986 C. 1/22
C. 0.689
D. 0.869 D. 1/23

3. A Morse code transmitter at station A sending out


either a dot or dash signal. The signal is received at 8. A bag contains 4 black balls and 6 red balls. Two
station B, from where it is retransmitted to station C. balls are drawn at random. What is the probability
The probability that the signal being sent from A is that the balls drawn are both black?
receives correctly at B is 0.98, while the probability A. 0.131
that the signal being received correctly at C is 0.965.
What is the probability that when a dot signal is B. 0.133
transmitted from A, a dot signal is also received at
C. 0.134
C?(Express your answer up o four decimal places)
A. 0.9557 D. 0.135
B. 0.9457
C. 0.4957
D. 0.5947 9. What is the probability of getting a sum of 5 by
throwing two dice once?
4. From a box containing 8 red balls, 8 white balls and A. 0.111
12 blue balls, one ball is drawn at random.
Determine the probability that it is red or white: B. 0.112
a) 0.571
b) 0.651 C. 0.113
c) 0.751
d) 0.0571 D. 0.115

5. A card is drawn from a deck of 52 cards. What is the


10. In a single throw of a pair of dice, what is the
probability of drawing a black king?
probability of obtaining a total of 9?
A. 1/25
A. 1/8
B. 1/26
B. 1/9
C. 1/27
C. 1/7
D. 1/28
D. 1/6
6. The odds are 13 to 8 in favor of winning the first
prize of a lottery. What is the probability of winning
that prize?
11. A bag contains 4 white balls and 5 black balls. Four D. 1/7
balls are drawn in succession and not replaced. Find
the probability that the first two balls are white and
the last two balls are black. 16. Two dice are rolled. Find the probability that the
A. 3/63 sum of the two dice is greater than 10.
A. 1/11
B. 4/63
B. 1/12
C. 5/63
C. 1/13
D. 6/63
D. 1/14

12. A committee of 4 is to be selected by lot from a


group of 6 men and 4 women. What is the 17. A card is drawn from a deck of 52 cards. What is the
probability that it will consist exactly of 2 men? probability of drawing an ace or a spade?
A. 2/7 A. 17/52

B. 1/7 B. 16/52

C. 3/7 C. 15/52

D. 4/7 D. 14/52

18. Two people are selected randomly from a group of 4


13. What is the probability that a coin will turn up heads men and 4 women. The probability that a man and a
twice in 6 tosses of the coin? woman are selected is
A. 15/64 A. 4/7

B. 14/64 B. 2/7

C. 13/64 C. ¼

D. 12/64 D. 3/7

14. If the odds are 5:3 that Juan will receive P5,000 in a 19. Six coins are tossed. What is the probability that
Math contest, find his mathematical expectation. exactly two of them are heads?
A. P2,135 A. 0.423

B. P2,315 B. 0.342

C. P3,215 C. 0.234

D. P3,125 D. 0.243

15. Two balls are drawn from a bag containing 9 balls 20. There are 0 defective per 1000 items of product in a
numbered from 1 to 9. Find the probability that both long run. What is the probability that there is one
balls drawn are numbered even. and only one defective in a random lot of 100?
A. ¼ A. 0.2770

B. 1/5 B. 0.2707

C. 1/6 C. 0.2077
D. 0.2207 C. 0.345

D. 0.335
21. A bag contains 6 red balls, 4 white balls and 8 black
balls. If 3 balls are drawn at random, determine the
probability that 2 balls are white and one is red. 26. A fair coin is tossed 3 times. Find the probability of
A. 0.0414 getting either 3 heads or 3 tails.
A. 1/8
B. 0.0441
B. ½
C. 0.0144
C. 3/8
D. 0.0141
D. ¼
22. Three drawn from a pack of 52 cards. Determine the
probability that all cards drawn are of the same suit.
A. 0.0516 27. If two dice are cast, what is the probability that the
sum will be less than 6?
B. 0.0518 A. 1/15

C. 0.0520 B. 1/16

D. 0.0522 C. 5/18

D. 2/19
23. In a throw of two dice, the probability of obtaining a
total of 10 or 12 is
A. 1/16 28. The probability that both Vic and Ric can solve a
certain puzzle is 0.95. The probability that Vic alone
B. 1/12 can solve the same puzzle is 0.98. What is the
probability that Ric can solve the puzzle given the Vic
C. 1/9 does?
A. 0.9361
D. 1/18
B. 0.9694

24. A bag contains 10 white balls and 5 black balls. If 3 C. 0.9310


balls are drawn in succession without replacement,
find the probability that the balls are drawn in the D. 0.9496
order black, black and white.
A. 0.0733
29. A lottery has a first prize of P10,000,000. Suppose
B. 0.0723 only 8,000,000 tickets are sold and you have bought
40 tickets, what is your mathematical expectation?
C. 0.0743 A. P30

D. 0.0713 B. P40

C. P50
25. Find the probability that a couple with three children
have exactly two boys. D. P60
A. 0.375

B. 0.365 30. One basket contains 5 apples and 2 oranges and a


second basket contains 4 apples and 3 oranges. If a
fruit is taken from one of the two baskets at 34. If three sticks are drawn from 5 sticks whose lengths
random, what is the probability that it is an orange? are 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9, what is the probability that they
A. 0.4133 will form a triangle?
A. 0.24
B. 0.4143
B. 0.21
C. 0.4153
C. 0.30
D. 0.4163
D. 0.36

31. A bag contains an assortment of red and blue balls.


If two balls are drawn from it at random, the 35. Three card are drawn from a deck of 52 cards
probability that 2 red balls are drawn is 5 times the without replacement. Find the probability that all
probability that 2 blue balls are draw. Furthermore, are of the same color.
the probability that one ball of each color is drawn is A. 0.2353
6 times the probability that 2 blue balls are drawn.
How many red balls are there in the bag? B. 0.3523
A. 3
C. 0.3323
B. 4
D. 0.2335
C. 5

D. 6 36. There are three candidates A, B and C for mayor in a


town. If the odds that candidate A will win are 7:5
that of B are 1:3, what is the probability that
32. A bag contains 10 red balls. 30 white balls, 20 black candidate C will win?
balls and 15 yellow balls. If 2 balls are drawn, A. 0.25
replacement being made after each drawing, find
the probability that only one is red. B. 0.13
A. 0.2211
C. 0.17
B. 0.2311
D. 0.21
C. 0.2411

D. 0.2511 37. A basket contains 3 red balls and 2 white balls while
a second basket contains 2 red balls and 5 white
balls. A man selected a basket at random and picked
33. There is a 30% chance of rain today. If it does not a ball and placed it on the other basket. Then
rain today, there is a 20% chance of rain tomorrow. another ball is drawn from the second basket. Find
If it rains today, there is a 50% chance of rain the probability that both balls he picked are of the
tomorrow. What is the probability that it rains same color.
tomorrow? A. 601/1680
A. 0.27
B. 701/1680
B. 0.28
C. 801/1680
C. 0.29
D. 901/1680
D. 0.26

38. If 7 coins are tossed once, find the probability of


tossing at most 6 heads.
A. 0.9911
43. An urn contains 4 red marbles and 8 black marbles.
B. 0.9922 A marble is drawn from the urn and a marble of the
other color is then put into the urn. A second marble
C. 0.9933 is drawn from the urn. Find the probability that the
nd
2 marble is red.
D. 0.9944
A. 5/18

B. 7/24
39. Maria, Ana, Cora, Cely, Jose, Juan and Pedro are
participating in elections for four student officers: C. 13/36
President, Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer.
What is the probability that a girl becomes a D. 1/12
President and a boy Vice-President?
A. 0.8257
44. A number of 5 different digits is written at random
B. 0.2857 by use of the digits 1,2,3,4,5,6,8. Find the probability
that the number will have even digits at each end.
C. 0.5827 A. 0.2578
D. 0.7285 B. 0.2785

C. 0.2857
40. In a single toss of a pair of dice, find the probability
of tossing a total of at most 5. D. 0.2587
A. 0.278

B. 0.268 45. What is the probability of drawing a face card on the


first selection from a deck of 52 cards without
C. 0.258 replacement drawing an ace on the second
selection?
D. 0.248
A. 0.0181

B. 0.0118
41. Find the probability of throwing 11 each time in 3
tosses of 2 dice. C. 0.0811
A. 0.00017
D. 0.0188
B. 0.00170

C. 0.01700 46. A bag contains 9 balls numbered 1 to 9. Two balls


are drawn at random. Find the probability that one
D. 0.17000
is odd and the other is even.
A. 7/9
42. The probability of Juan’s winning whenever he plays
B. 5/9
a certain game is 1/3. If he plays 4 times, find the
probability that he wins at most twice. C. 6/9
A. 0.86
D. 4/9
B. 0.94

C. 0.89 47. A bag contains 5 red balls and 6 white balls. If we


draw 4 balls, find the probability that at least 3 balls
D. 0.79
are white.
A. 0.2578 52. When a test was given, the probability of getting a
score of 85 was 0.70. If 40 students took the test,
B. 0.4385 what is the expected number of students who will
get a score of 85?
C. 0.3485 A. 28
D. 0.3845 B. 27

C. 26
48. The probability that Juan will win a game of chess
whenever he plays is ¼. If he plays twice, what are D. 25
st nd
the odds that he wins the 1 game and loses the 2
game?
A. 0.2108 53. The odds that a new product will succeed are
estimated as being 5:3. Find the probability that the
B. 0.2208 product will succeed.
A. 0.625
C. 0.2308
B. 0.652
D. 0.2408
C. 0.562
49. A bag contains 3 black balls, 7 white balls, 6 black D. 0.626
cubes and 14 white cubes. Find the probability of
drawing a ball and a black object. 54. In a basketball game, Jawo is given two free throws.
A. 0.10 Based on his previous record, the probability that his
first free throw will be successful is 0.75 and the
B. 0.15 probability that he will be successful on both throws
is 0.55. If Jawo is successful on the first throw, what
C. 0.20 is the probability that he makes the second throw?
A. 0.71
D. 0.25
B. 0.73
50. The probability of an impossible event is C. 0.74
A. zero
D. 0.75
B. unity

C. infinity 55. Of 300 students, 100 are currently enrolled in


mathematics and 80 are currently enrolled in
D. undefined
Physics. These enrolment figures include 30 students
51. If the probability of a defective bolt is 0.20, how who are enrolled in both subjects. What is the
many bolts are expected to be defective if there are probability that a randomly chosen student will be
a total of 600 bolts? enrolled in either Mathematic or Physics?
A. 100 A. 0.45

B. 105 B. 0.50

C. 115 C. 0.55

D. 120 D. 0.60
56. Out of 10,000 men, the probability that a man B. 0.2431
picked at random weighs over 86 kg is 0.25 and the
probability that the man weighs less than 61 kg is C. 0.1432
0.15. What is the probability that a man picked at
random weighs between 61 kg and 86 kg? D. 0.4231
A. 0.55
61. A box contains 4 red marbles, 8 white marbles and
B. 0.60 12 blue marbles. If 3 marbles are drawn, what is the
probability that one of each color is drawn?
C. 0.65 A. 0.1897

D. 0.70 B. 0.1987

C. 0.1798
57. An urn contains 3 white balls and 2 black balls. If two
balls are drawn at random, what is the probability D. 0.1879
that the two balls drawn are of different colors?
A. 4/5
62. What is the probability of obtaining a sum of 11
B. 2/5 when 3 dice are tossed?
A. 0.145
C. 1/5
B. 0.135
D. 3/5
C. 0.125

58. A die is tossed 6 times. Using the binomial D. 0.115


probability formula, determine the probability of
63. Find the probability of getting between 2 and 5
rolling the number 5 four times.
heads inclusive in 8 tosses of a fair coin.
A. 0.00804
A. 0.8203
B. 0.00480
B. 0.8302
C. 0.08004
C. 0.8230
D. 0.00840
D. 0.8032

59. The probability that a man will be alive in 20 years is


64. Five sealed envelopes are placed in a box, three of
0.68 and the probability that his wife will be alive in
them containing P50 bill each and two of them
20 years is 0.45. What is the probability than both
containing P100 bill each. Another box has ten
will be alive in 20 years?
sealed envelopes, six of them containing P50 bill
A. 0.360
each and four of them containing P100 bill each. If a
B. 0.306 box is selected at random and an envelope is drawn
from it, what is the probability that it contains a
C. 0.630 P100 bill?
A. 3/5
D. 0.603
B. ¾

60. If a pack of 52 cards is cut, what is the probability C. 2/3


that it shows a king, a jack, a spade or an ace?
A. 0.3421 D. 2/5
65. A box contains 3 red balls and 7 black balls. A person 70. The probability that a man will be alive in 25 years is
selects a ball at random and the color is noted. Then 3/5 and the probability that his wife will be alive in
the ball is replaced. After shaking the box, a second 25 years is 2/3. Find the probability that one of them
ball is drawn and followed by the same procedure will be alive in 25 years.
until five drawings were made. What is the A. 4/15
probability that of the 5 balls drawn, 2 were red?
A. 0.3078 B. 1/5

B. 0.3708 C. 2/5

C. 0.3087 D. 7/15

D. 0.3807

66. There are 10 defectives per 1000 items of a product


in long run. What is the probability that there is one
and only one defective in random lot of 100?
A. 0.3697
B. 0.3967
C. 0.3796
D. 0.3679

67. One box contains four cards numbered 1, 3,5,and 6.


Another box contains three cards numbered 2, 4,
and 7. One card is drawn from each bag. Find the
probability that the sum is even.
A. 5/12
B. 3/7
C. 7/12
D. 5/7

68. There are three short questions in mathematics test.


For each question, one (1) mark will be awarded for
a correct answer and no mark for a wrong answer. If
the probability that Mary correctly answers a
question in a test is 2/3, determine the probability
that Mary gets two marks.
A. 4/27
B. 8/27
C. 4/9
D. 2/9

69. If three balls in drawn in succession from 5 white


and a second bag, find the probability that all are of
one color, if the first ball is replaced immediately
while the second is not replaced before the third
draw.
A. 10/121
B. 18/121
C. 28/121
D. 180/14641