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Exam Time: Dept. Written (12 question) = 4*10+5*2 = 50

3.30 PM ~ 5.00 PM ( 1Hr 30 min) Marks

Exam venue: BUET -------------------------------------------------------

Total = 75 Marks

Questions

MCQ:

1. Where cash memory is placed?

2. Who is the writer of “love and prejudice”?

𝑥

3. if 𝑒 6𝑙𝑛2 = x , then find the value of + 9 ?

32

4. বাাংলাদেশ ভারদের মদযে পানি চুনি কদব সাক্ষনরে হয় ?

5. নিউনিয়ার পাওয়ার প্লান্টে Coolant নিসান্টে নি েযেিার িরা িয় ?

6. মুনিযু ন্টের সময় ঢািা িত িম্বর সসক্টন্টর নিল ?

7. জন্টয়ে স ান্টসের সসক্টর িমান্ডার সি নিন্টলি ?

8. বঙ্গবন্ধু কদব জেল জেদক মুনি পাি ?

Departmental Question:

1. For the following hydraulic block diagram draw energy gradient line (EGD) & Hydraulic

gradient line (HGD).

2. For pipe flow having diameter 8 cm, flow rate 15L/s, length of pipe 20 m find the flow

whether it is laminar or turbulent ? f= 0.032

3. If area of a square pipe and a circular pipe is same & parameters like density of flow, velocity

& viscosity if flow is same then in which pipe Reynolds number will be larger?

Engr. Md. Al-amin, ME, BUET.

(Obviously with the help of some talented people)

If any mistake/wrong solution is found please feel free to comment/discuss at alaminbuet2008@gmail.com

4. Write down the three dimensional heat transfer equation in Cartesian co-ordinates & state

its boundary conditions.

5. A pressure vessel having dia 400 mm, internal pressure 50 MPa, Max. value of tangential

and longitudinal stress is 140 MPa and 190 MPa, find out the thickness of the pressure vessel.

6. The bob of a 2m simple pendulum describes an arc of a circle in a vertical plane. If the

tension in the cord is 2.5 times the weight of the bob for the position shown, find the velocity

of the bob at this position.

7. Derive the equation for elongation of bar due to its own weight hanging vertically having

length L, mass m, area A, modulus of elasticity E.

8. A parallel flow pipe heat exchanger is to heat water by ethanol of 10000 Kg/hr from 64.5 ֯C

to 38.2֯C having specific heat 1905 J /Kg.K. Water at a rate of 7000 Kg/hr is heated. If water

enter at 8֯C and have specific heat 4180 J/Kg.K then find out the exit temperature of water &

LMTD.

9. Draw the T-s diagram of a vapor compression refrigeration cycle. Calculate COP of the

bellow p-h diagram.

10. A steel pipes is under load of 2000N, length of the bar is 2m & is under maximum stress

of 150MPa. For those condition maximum deflection is 30 mm, then find the required

diameter.E=200GPa

11. For a belt system initial pull is 2500N, angle of smaller pulley is 150 degree, coefficient

0.25, velocity 6.5 m/s. then find the power transmitted.

12. Draw top view and front view of the following drawing.

Engr. Md. Al-amin, ME, BUET.

(Obviously with the help of some talented people)

If any mistake/wrong solution is found please feel free to comment/discuss at alaminbuet2008@gmail.com

Solutions

Come.

Let’s solve it together…

Engr. Md. Al-amin, ME, BUET.

(Obviously with the help of some talented people)

If any mistake/wrong solution is found please feel free to comment/discuss at alaminbuet2008@gmail.com

Departmental Question:

1. For the following hydraulic block diagram draw energy gradient line (EGD) & Hydraulic

gradient line (HGD).

Ans:

2. For pipe flow having diameter 8 cm, flow rate 15L/s, length of pipe 20 m, specific weight

0.8 then find loss in KPa & the flow whether it is laminar or turbulent ? f= 0.0032

Ans:

We know, Given Data:

Q=AV⇒ V= Q/A = Q/(πD /4)=4Q/ πD 2 2

dia, d = 8 cm = 0.08 m

= 4 x 0.015/π x 0.08 = 2.984 m/s

2

flow rate, Q = 15 L/s = 0.015 m3/s

4𝑓𝑙𝑣 2 4 𝑥 0.0032 𝑥20𝑥2.9842 length, l = 20 m

Head loss, Hf = =

2𝑔𝑑 2𝑥9.81𝑥0.08

sp. wt = 0.8

= 9.558 m of H2O density , ⍴ = sp. wt x 1000 Kg/ m3

head loss in KPa, = 800 Kg/ m3

𝐻⍴𝑔 9.558𝑥800𝑥9.81

P= = = 75.24 KPa f= 0.0032

1000 1000

loss , Hf = ?

flow type: flow type= ? ?

need to determine reynolds no, not enough is

data was provided.

Engr. Md. Al-amin, ME, BUET.

(Obviously with the help of some talented people)

If any mistake/wrong solution is found please feel free to comment/discuss at alaminbuet2008@gmail.com

3. If area of a square pipe and a circular pipe is same & parameters like density of flow, velocity

& viscosity if flow is same then in which pipe Reynolds number will be larger?

Ans:

⍴𝑉𝐷′

we know, Reynolds no , Re=

𝜇

if area, density of flow, velocity&

viscosity of a square & circular

pipe is same then reynolds will

vary only for hydraulic diameter

= D’

hydraulic diameter for square

pipe,

4 𝑥 𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎 4𝑥𝐴

D’ = =

𝑤𝑒𝑡𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑃

4 𝑥 𝑎2

= = a = √πr = 1.77248r

2

4𝑎

⇒ As the hydraulic diameter for circular pipe (=2r) is

hydraulic diameter for circular greater then the hydraulic diamtere for square pipe (=

pipe, 1.77248r) So Reynolds no will be greater for circular

4 𝑥 𝑐𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙 𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑎 4𝑥𝐴 pipe.

D’ = =

𝑤𝑒𝑡𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑃

4 𝑥 𝜋𝑟2

= = 2r

2𝜋𝑟

4. Write down the three dimensional heat transfer equation in Cartesian co-ordinates & state

its different boundary conditions.

Ans:

Three dimensional heat conduction equation in Cartesian co-ordinates is

+ + + = .

δx 2

δy 2

δz 2

k α δt k= thermal conductivity

𝐾

α = thermal diffusivity =

⍴𝐶

Conditions Equation

1. Steady state δ2T δ2T δ2T egen

+ + + = 0

(Poission equation) δx 2

δy 2

δz 2

k

2. Transient, no heat generation δ2T δ2T δ2T 1 δT

+ + = .

(diffusion equation) δx 2

δy 2

δz 2

α δt

3. Steady state, no heat generation δT

2

δT

2

δT

2

+ + = 0

(Laplace equation) δx 2

δy 2

δz2

Engr. Md. Al-amin, ME, BUET.

(Obviously with the help of some talented people)

If any mistake/wrong solution is found please feel free to comment/discuss at alaminbuet2008@gmail.com

5. A pressure vessel having dia 400 mm, internal pressure 50 MPa, Max. value of tangential

and longitudinal stress is 140 MPa and 190 MPa, find out the thickness of the pressure vessel.

Ans:

𝑃𝐷 𝑃𝐷 Given Data:

we know tangential stress, σt = ⇒ t =

2𝑡 2σt

50 𝑥 400 D = 400 mm

t= = 71.42 mm

2 x 140 P = 50 MPa

𝑃𝐷 𝑃𝐷

we know longitudinal stress, σL = ⇒ t = σt = 140 MPa

4𝑡 4σL

50 𝑥 400 σL = 190 MPa

t= = 52.63 mm

4 x 190 thickness, t = ?

safe thickness for the pressure vessel = 71.42 mm

6. The bob of a 2m simple pendulum describes an arc of a circle in a vertical plane. If the

tension in the cord is 2.5 times the weight of the bob for the position shown, find the velocity

of the bob at this position.

Ans: Given Data:

We know, r=2m

∑Ft = mat T = 2.5W = 2.5 mg

⇒ mg sinꝊ = mat v=?

⇒ at = g sinꝊ = 9.81 x sin30֯

⇒ at = 4.9 m/s2

Again,

Again,

an = v2/r

∑Fn = man

⇒ v= √( an . r)

⇒ T- mg cosꝊ = man

⇒ v= √( 16.03 x 2)

⇒ 2.5 mg- mg cosꝊ = man

⇒ v= 5.66 m/s

⇒ 2.5 g- g cosꝊ = an

⇒ an =2.5g-gcos30֯= 2.5x9.81 -

9.81xcos30֯ = 16.03 m/s2

⇒ an = 16.03 m/s2

7. Derive the equation for elongation of bar due to its own weight hanging vertically having

length L, mass m, area A, modulus of elasticity E.

Ans:

As the Self weight works on centroid of the bar then for

elongation active length will be half if the total length.

length for elongation L’= L/2

Load = W = mg

We know,

𝑃𝐿′ 𝑚𝑔𝐿/2 𝑚𝑔𝐿

elongations , δ = = =

𝐴𝐸 𝐴𝐸 2𝐴𝐸

𝒎𝒈𝑳

δ=

𝟐𝑨𝑬

Engr. Md. Al-amin, ME, BUET.

(Obviously with the help of some talented people)

If any mistake/wrong solution is found please feel free to comment/discuss at alaminbuet2008@gmail.com

8. A parallel flow pipe heat exchanger is to heat water by ethanol of 10000 Kg/hr from 64.5 ֯C

to 38.2֯C having specific heat 1905 J /Kg.K. Water at a rate of 7000 Kg/hr is heated. If water

enter at 8֯C and have specific heat 4180 J/Kg.K then find out the exit temperature of water &

LMTD.

Heat released by ethanol = heat absorbed by water Given Data:

me Se∆ Te = mw Sw∆ Tw me =10000 Kg/hr

⟹ 10000 x 1905 x 26.3 = 7000 x 4180 x (t-281) Te,in = 64.5 ֯C = 64.5+273 = 337.5 K

= 281 + 17.1 = 298.1K Te,out = 38.2 ֯C = 38.2+273 = 311.2 K

10000 x 1905 x 26.3

⟹ t=281 +

7000 x 4180

∆ Te = Te,in- Te,out = 337.5 – 311.2 = 26.3

t= 298.1 K = 25.1 ֯C

Se =1905 J /Kg.K

Now ,

mw =7000 Kg/hr

for LMTD ,

Tw,in = 8 ֯C = 8+273 = 281 K

∆T1 = 64.5-8 = 56.5

Tw,out = t (let) = ?

∆T2 = 38.2-25.1 = 13.1

∆ Tw = Tw,out- Te,in = t- 281

we know,

∆T1−∆T2 56.5−13.1

Sw =4180 J /Kg.K

LMTD = ∆T1 = 56.5 LMTD = ?

ln ln

∆T1 13.1

43.4 43.4

= 56.5 =

ln 1.46

13.1

= 29.7

9. Draw the T-s diagram of a vapor compression refrigeration cycle. Calculate COP of the

bellow p-h diagram.

We have,

𝐶𝑜𝑜𝑙𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑒𝑓𝑓𝑒𝑐𝑡

According to the P-h figures, COP =

h1= enthalpy at suction of compressor = 234 KJ/Kg 𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑜𝑟 𝑤𝑜𝑟𝑘

h2= enthalpy at exit part of compressor = 290 KJ/Kg

h4= enthalpy at the entry port of evaporator = 65.5 ℎ1−ℎ4 234−65.5 168.5

KJ/Kg = = = = 3.0089

ℎ2−ℎ1 290−234 56

Engr. Md. Al-amin, ME, BUET.

(Obviously with the help of some talented people)

If any mistake/wrong solution is found please feel free to comment/discuss at alaminbuet2008@gmail.com

10. A steel pipe is under load of 2000N, length of the bar is 2m & is under maximum stress of

150MPa. For those condition maximum deflection is 30 mm, then find the required diameter.

E=200GPa

We know, Given Data:

𝑃 𝑃 4𝑃 4𝑃 4𝑥2000 load, P = 2000 N

σmax = = ⟹D=√ =√ =√

𝐴 𝜋𝐷2/4 𝜋 𝑥 σmax 𝜋 𝑥 σmax 𝜋 𝑥 150x1000000 L= 2 m

= 4.12 mm σmax = 150 MPa

Again, δmax = 30 mm

𝑃𝐿 𝑃𝐿 4𝑃𝐿 4𝑥2000𝑥2 E = 200 GPa

δmax = = 𝜋𝐷2 ⟹ D = √ = √ 200𝑥1000000000𝑥30

𝐴𝐸

4𝐸

𝜋 𝐸δmax 𝜋𝑥 1000

dia , d = ?

= 0.92 mm

Required dia = safe dia = 4.12 mm

11. For a belt system initial pull is 2500N, angle of smaller pulley is 150 degree, coefficient

0.25, velocity 6.5 m/s. then find the power transmitted.

We know, Given Data:

𝑇1 𝑇1 2500 2500 T1 = 2500 N

= 𝑒 𝜇Ꝋ ⇒ T2 = 𝜇Ꝋ = 0.25𝑥150 x 𝜋 =

𝑇2 𝑒 𝑒 180 1.92418 𝜋

Ꝋ = 150֯ = 150 x

= 1299.25 N 180

p = (T1-T2) v v= 6.5 m/s

= (2500-1299.25) x 6.5 Power, p = ?

= 7.804 KW

12. Draw top view and front view of the following drawing.

Engr. Md. Al-amin, ME, BUET.

(Obviously with the help of some talented people)

If any mistake/wrong solution is found please feel free to comment/discuss at alaminbuet2008@gmail.com

Md. Iqbal Hussain

B. Sc in Mechanical Engineer, RUET

Senior Cooling Engineer, R&D Refrigerator

Walton Hi-Tech Industries Ltd.

Email: iqbal092067@gmail.com

B. Sc in Mechanical Engineer, CUET

Senior Cooling Engineer, R&D Refrigerator

Walton Hi-Tech Industries Ltd.

Email: tafhim.hossain@gmail.com

Abdul Aziz

B. Sc in Mechanical Engineer, IUT

Product Engineer

Samsung

Email: azizfuad111439@gmail.com

Arnab Das

B. Sc in Mechanical Engineer, KUET

Senior Design Engineer, R&D Refrigerator

Walton Hi-Tech Industries Ltd.

Email: arnabs2009@gmail.com

B. Sc in Mechanical Engineer, RUET

Creative Design Engineer, R&D Refrigerator

Walton Hi-Tech Industries Ltd.

Email: wasekahmed07@gmail.com

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