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Learning goals

After this course the student is able to

formulate definitions and properties of functions of one variable;
calculate limits, for instance to demonstrate coninuity or to calulate the
dirivative with the definition;
calculate the derivative of a function, and also to calculate extreme values and
inflection points;
solve first and second order (linear) differential equations;
reproduce the definition of coninuity,differentiability and integrability of
functions of two variables;
reproduce the definition of the patial derivative of a function of two or more
apply the chain rule for functions of more than one variable;
calculate the directional derivative and the gradient vector, and to apply the
rules for the gradient;
find the extreme values of functions of more than one variable.


This course gives the student a basic knowledge of functions of one variable and
gives an introduction to functions of two or more variables. It extends the prior
knowledge about functions of one variable acquired from second grade education, but
can also be used as a repetition of the mathematics that is presented at the
Polytechnic University.

After this course the student is able to:

calculate double and triple integrals over a general defined region;

apply standard coordinate transformations (polar, cilindrical and spherical) to
multile integrals;
work with divergence and curl of a vector field
calculate line and surface integrals of functions and vector fields over general
apply the theorems of Green, Stokes and Gauss;
formulate the notions of series, sequences and absolute and relative convergence;
determine the convergence of series and sequences.
find the radius of convergence of a power series;
find the Taylor series expansion of simple functions;


Calculus B is the direct successor to Calculus A. In Calculus A the focus was

differentiation, while in Calculus B the focus lies at multiple integration of
functions of two or more variables. We start with an introduction to multiple
integration and exercise with various computation techniques. We extend our
knowledge to integration over non-straight curves and non-flat surfaces. This is a
prerequisite for the great integration theorems of Green, Stokes and Gauss, with
which we conclude this course.

Topics for the probability theory part include sample space and probability
measure, combinatorial probability, conditional probability and independence,
discrete and continuous random variables, expectation, variance, covariance and
correlation, and the central limit theorem.

The main topics for the statistics part are confidence intervals and hypothesis

Learning goals

The student is able to:

� work with systems of linear equations, vectors, matrices, subspaces of the n-
dimensional real space, and explain the connections between these concepts,
� work with determinants, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, linear transformations and
connect them with the previous concepts.


In Linear Algebra A we mainly focus on systems of linear equations (linear

systems). Many real life situations can be modeled as a linear system. Examples are
networks (traffic networks, data networks, electrical networks, etc.), economic
models, chemical reactions, cryptography (coding of messages), scheduling, computer
graphics, GPS.
Linear Algebra A starts with an introduction of linear systems which will be
described using a (coefficient-)matrix. We learn how to solve linear systems
systematically, using a row reduction technique on the coefficient matrix.
Thereafter, we focus on operations for vectors and matrices, such as addition,
multiplication, inverse and transpose. These operations are fundamental in Linear
Next, we deal with sets of vectors with very nice properties: subspaces. It turns
out that the properties of subspaces tell us a lot about the structure of solution
sets of linear systems. Here the concepts of linear combination, linear
independence, basis and dimension play an important role.
We also introduce the concept of determinant of a square matrix. We explore its
properties and show some interesting interpretations.
Further, we deal with eigenvectors and eigenvalues of a square matrix. These
concepts play a crucial role in discrete dynamic systems, which arise in many
scientific fields.
Finally, we examine linear transformations and their properties. Some well-known
applications in geometry will be treated as well.
Throughout, much emphasis is laid on the relations among the various concepts.

Electric charge and electric field
Coloumbs�s law
Gauss� law
Divergence and Curl of E
Electric potential
Electric work
Multipole expansion
Electrostatics in materials:
Induced dipoles and Polarisation
Bound charges and Electric Displacement
Boundary conditions
Energy in dielectrics
Currents and magnetic field
The Biot-Savart law
Amperes law
Divergence and Curl of B
Comparison of electric and magnetic fields
The vector potential
Magnetostatics in materials:
Dimagnetisme, Paramagnetism and Ferromagnetism
Bound currents and H-field
Amperes law in magnetic materials
Boundary conditions
Ohm�s law
Electromotive force
Electromagnetic induction
Maxwell equations
Conservation laws
Electromagnetic waves

You will get acquainted with concepts related to systems and signals and you will
acquire experience with methods to systemtically analyse the properties of linear
time-invariant systems in discrete and continuous time. Representations and methods
of analysing systems and signals: difference and differential equations, state-
space representations, transfer function, convolution sum and integral, stability,
state-transition matrix, Fourier series, Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-