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GROUP 3 PILOT CIRCUIT

Remote control valve RCV pedal Remote control valve


(LH lever) (RH lever)

Swing parking brake


MCV Safety lock
solenoid valve
Travel speed solenoid valve

Power boost solenoid valve

Main pump Boom priority EPPR valve

Line filter
Relief valve
40kgf/cm2

Suction filter
Pilot pump

48093CI01

The pilot circuit consists of suction circuit, delivery circuit and return circuit.
The pilot pump is provided with relief valve, receives the oil from the hydraulic tank through the
suction filter.
The discharged oil from the pilot pump flows to the remote control valve through line filter, EPPR
valve, solenoid valve assemblies, swing parking brake, main control valve and safety lock solenoid
valve.

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1. SUCTION, DELIVERY AND RETURN CIRCUIT

ARM BUCKET BOOM


CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

SWING MOTOR

ps1 ps2

PS PS
T3 T1 T2 T4

pa11 pa10

DR1
pc1

B5

A5 B9
pb9 A9
pb5
ARM1
TRAVEL MOTOR pa9
pci

pa5 pb9
ARM2
PO
pa9
B4 B8
A4
A8
pa11
pb4 pb8
OPTION BUCKET
pa8
pa4 DR2

A3 pc2
A7
B3
B7
pb3 pc2

BOOM2 pb3
pa3
B2 pb7
pa3
A2
BOOM1
pa7
B6
pb2
DR3
SWING A6
pb6
pa2 TRAVEL-LH
pc6 pa6
B1
A1

pb1
pa1 TRAVEL-RH STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
pr1

P3

P1 PS PT PP PA PH P2
SH PS

RCV PEDAL P T TRAVEL

A1 A2

(2) (1) (4) (3) Dr#, dr#


Pa6 Pb6 Pb1 Pa1
FRONT REAR PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP
SWING P T ARM BUCKET P T BOOM

SAFETY
Pc6 Pk PH SOLENOID
(MCV) (T/Joint) (MCV) VALVE
A5 A3 A2 A1
PG
P4 (S/Motor)
(1) (3) (2) (4) (3) (1) (2) (4) P3 PP(MCV) HYDRAULIC TANK
P2
a b d e f g h j T P1
c d1 h1
LINE FILTER
Pb2 PS Pa2 Pb5 PS Pb8 Pa8 PS
Pa5 Pa7 Pb7

48093HC02

The pilot pump receive oil from the hydraulic tank. The discharged oil from the pilot pump flows to the
safety solenoid valve through the line filter. The oil is filtered by the line filter. The pilot relief valve is
provided in the pilot pump for limiting the pilot circuit pressure.
The oil filtered by line filter flows remote control valve through safety solenoid valve.
The return oil from remote control valve returned to hydraulic tank.

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2. SAFETY SOLENOID VALVE (SAFETY LEVER)

ARM BUCKET BOOM


CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

SWING MOTOR

ps1 ps2

PS PS
T3 T1 T2 T4

pa11 pa10

DR1
pc1 pc1

B5

A5 B9
pb9 A9
pb5
ARM1
TRAVEL MOTOR pa9
pci

pa5 pb9
ARM2
PO
pa9
B4 B8
A4
A8
pa11
pb4 pb8
OPTION BUCKET
pa8
pa4 DR2

A3 pc2
A7
B3
B7
pb3 pc2

BOOM2 pb3
pa3
B2
pb7
pa3
A2
BOOM1
pa7
B6
pb2
DR3
SWING A6
pb6
pa2 TRAVEL-LH
pc6 pa6
B1
A1

pb1
pa1 TRAVEL-RH STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
pr1

P3

P1 PS PT PP PA PH P2
SH PS

RCV PEDAL P T TRAVEL

A1 A2

(2) (1) (4) (3) Dr#, dr#


Pa6 Pb6 Pb1 Pa1
FRONT REAR PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP
SWING P T ARM BUCKET P T BOOM
SAFETY
SOLENOID
Pc6 Pk PH VALVE
(MCV) (T/Joint) (MCV)

A5 A3 A2 A1 LEVER UP
PG
P4 (S/Motor)
(1) (3) (2) (4) (3) (1) (2) (4) P3 PP(MCV) HYDRAULIC TANK
P2
a b d e f g h j T P1
c h1 LINE FILTER
d1
Pb2 PS Pa2 Pb5 PS Pb8 Pa8 PS LEVER DOWN
Pa5 Pa7 Pb7

48093HC03

When the lever of the safety solenoid valve is moved downward, oil flows into the remote control
valve through solenoid valve and line filter.
When the lever of the safety solenoid valve moved upward, oil does not flows into the remote control
valve, because of blocked by the spool.

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3. BOOM PRIORITY SYSTEM
ARM BUCKET BOOM
CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

SWING MOTOR

ps1 ps2

PS PS
T3 T1 T2 T4

pa11 pa10

DR1
pc1
TRAVEL MOTOR B5

A5 B9
pb9 A9
pb5
ARM1
pci
pa9
pa5 pb9
ARM2
PO
pa9
B4 B8
A4
A8
pa11
pb4 pb8
OPTION BUCKET
pa8
pa4 DR2

A3 pc2
A7
B3
B7
pb3 pc2

BOOM2 pb3
pa3
B2 pb7
pa3
A2
BOOM1
pa7
B6
pb2
DR3
SWING A6
pb6
pa2 TRAVEL-LH
pc6 pa6
B1
A1

pb1
pa1 TRAVEL-RH STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
pr1

P3

P1 PS PT PP PA PH P2

RCV PEDAL P T TRAVEL

A1 A2

(2) (1) (4) (3) Dr#, dr#


Pa6 Pb6 Pb1 Pa1
FRONT REAR PILOT
BOOM PRIORITY PUMP PUMP PUMP
SWING P T ARM BUCKET P T BOOM
EPPR VALVE
Pc6 Pk PH
(MCV) (T/Joint) (MCV)

A5 A3 A2 A1
PG
P4 (S/Motor)
(1) (3) (2) (4) (3) (1) (2) (4) P3 PP(MCV) HYDRAULIC TANK
P2
a b d e f g h j T P1
c h1 LINE FILTER
d1
Pb2 PS Pa2 Pb5 PS Pb8 Pa8 PS
Pa5 Pa7 Pb7
48093HC04

When carrying out the combined operation of swing and boom up, the boom up operating speed is
lowered then normal operation.
To increase working efficiency, swing speed reducing system is used.
The pilot oil from pilot pump flow into Pc6 port in main control valve through boom EPPR valve. Pc6
oil pressure moves swing reducing spool to right direction and oil flow rate to the swing motor
decreased.
Then, the boom up speed is increased. This is called the boom priority system.

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4. TRAVEL SPEED CONTROL SYSTEM

SWING MOTOR ARM BUCKET BOOM


CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

ps1 ps2

PS PS
T3 T1 T2 T4

pa11 pa10

LH
TRAVEL MOTOR RH
DR1
pc1

B5
R/G R/G
A5 B9
pb9 A9
pb5
MA MB MA MB ARM1
pci
Reverse

pa9
Forward

X X
pa5 pb9
ARM2
PO
pa9
T
B4 B8
S T S
A4
A8
pa11
pb4 pb8
OPTION BUCKET
pa8
pa4 DR2

A3 pc2
A7
Forward

Reverse

B3
B7
pb3 pc2
A B A B
Bre Bre
BOOM2 pb3
pa3
B2 pb7
pa3
A2
BOOM1
pa7
B6
P pb2
A B
DR3
SWING A6
C Dr D pb6
pa2 TRAVEL-LH
pc6 pa6
Pk B1
A1

pb1
pa1 TRAVEL-RH STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
pr1

P3

P1 PS PT PP PA PH P2

RCV PEDAL P T TRAVEL

A1 A2

(2) (1) (4) (3) Dr#, dr#


Pa6 Pb6 Pb1 Pa1
FRONT REAR PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP
SWING P T ARM BUCKET P T BOOM TRAVEL SPEED
SOLENOID VALVE
Pc6 Pk PH
(MCV) (T/Joint) (MCV)

A5 A3 A2 A1
PG
P4 (S/Motor)
(1) (3) (2) (4) (3) (1) (2) (4) P3 PP(MCV) HYDRAULIC TANK
P2
a b d e f g h j T P1
c h1 LINE FILTER
d1
Pb2 PS Pa2 Pb5 PS Pb8 Pa8 PS
Pa5 Pa7 Pb7

48093HC05

When the travel speed switch is pushed, the travel speed solenoid valve is actuated and the
discharged oil from the pilot pump flows to the X port of pilot valve in the travel motors.
As a result, the control piston is pushed by the main oil flow, thus the displacement is minimized.
When the travel speed switch is pushed once more, the travel speed solenoid valve is return to
original position by the force of spring, the hydraulic oil of X port returns to the hydraulic tank.
As a result, the control piston is returned by the main oil flow, thus the displacement is maximized.

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5. MAIN RELIEF PRESSURE CHANGE CIRCUIT

ARM BUCKET BOOM


CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER
SWING MOTOR

ps1 ps2

PS PS
T3 T1 T2 T4

pa11 pa10
TRAVEL MOTOR DR1
pc1

B5

A5 B9
pb9 A9
pb5
ARM1
pci
pa9
pa5 pb9
ARM2
PO
pa9
B4 B8
A4
A8
pa11
pb4 pb8
OPTION BUCKET
pa8
pa4 DR2

A3 pc2
A7
B3
B7
pb3 pc2

BOOM2 pb3
pa3
B2 pb7
pa3
A2
BOOM1
Auto power boost pb2
B6
pa7

DR3
SWING A6
pb6
pa2 TRAVEL-LH
pc6 pa6
B1
A1

pb1
pa1 TRAVEL-RH STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
pr1

P3

P1 PS PT PP PA PH P2

RCV PEDAL P T TRAVEL

A1 A2

(2) (1) (4) (3) Dr#, dr#


Pa6 Pb6 Pb1 Pa1
FRONT REAR PILOT
POWER MAX PUMP PUMP PUMP
SWING P T ARM BUCKET P T BOOM
SOLENOID VALVE
Pc6 Pk PH
(MCV) (T/Joint) (MCV)

A5 A3 A2 A1
PG
P4 (S/Motor)
(1) (3) (2) (4) (3) (1) (2) (4) P3 PP(MCV) HYDRAULIC TANK
P2
a b d e f g h j T P1
c h1 LINE FILTER
d1
Pb2 PS Pa2 Pb5 PS Pb8 Pa8 PS
Pa5 Pa7 Pb7

48093HC06

When the power max switch on the left control lever is pushed ON, the power max solenoid valve is
actuated, the discharged oil from the pilot pump flow into PH port of the main relief valve of main
control valve ; Then the setting pressure of the main control valve is raises from 330 kgf/cm2 to 360 kgf/
cm2 for increasing the digging power. And even when press continuously, it is canceled after 8
seconds.

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6. SWING PARKING BRAKE RELEASE

SWING MOTOR ARM BUCKET BOOM


CYLINDER CYLINDER CYLINDER

SH SH

PG PG

Au Au

Dr Dr
ps1 ps2

GB GA GB GA PS
T1
PS
T3 T2 T4

A(ccw) B(cw) A(ccw) B(cw)


pa11 pa10

DR1
pc1

B5

A5 B9
pb9 A9
pb5
ARM1
TRAVEL MOTOR pa9
pci

pa5 pb9
ARM2
PO
pa9
B4 B8
A4
A8
pa11
pb4 pb8
OPTION BUCKET
pa8
pa4 DR2

A3 pc2
A7
B3
B7
pb3 pc2

BOOM2 pb3
pa3
B2 pb7
pa3
A2
BOOM1
pa7
B6
pb2
DR3
SWING A6
pb6
pa2 TRAVEL-LH
pc6 pa6
B1
A1

pb1
pa1 TRAVEL-RH STRAIGHT
TRAVEL
pr1

P3

P1 PS PT PP PA PH P2

RCV PEDAL P T TRAVEL

A1 A2

(2) (1) (4) (3) Dr#, dr#


Pa6 Pb6 Pb1 Pa1
FRONT REAR PILOT
PUMP PUMP PUMP
SWING P T ARM BUCKET P T BOOM

Pc6 Pk PH
(MCV) (T/Joint) (MCV)

A5 A3 A2 A1
PG
P4 (S/Motor)
(1) (3) (2) (4) (3) (1) (2) (4) P3 PP(MCV) HYDRAULIC TANK
P2
a b d e f g h j T P1
c d1 h1
LINE FILTER
Pb2 PS Pa2 Pb5 PS Pb8 Pa8 PS
Pa5 Pa7 Pb7

48093HC07

When one of the RCV lever (except travel lever) is tilted, the pilot oil flows into SH port through main
control valve.
This pressure moves spool so, discharged oil from pilot valve flows to swing motor PG port.
This pressure is applied to swing motor disc, thus the brake is released.
When all of the RCV lever are set in the neutral position, oil in the swing motor disc cylinder is
drained, thus the brake is applied.

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