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HT XC1/XL1 XL1/XC1 %XL1/XC1

1
2 4 0.25 25
3 9 0.111111 11.11111
4 16 0.0625 6.25
5 25 0.04 4
6 36 0.027778 2.777778
7 49 0.020408 2.040816
8 64 0.015625 1.5625
9 81 0.012346 1.234568
10 100 0.01 1
11 121 0.008264 0.826446
12 144 0.006944 0.694444
13 169 0.005917 0.591716
KV LOAD KVA LOAD PF LOAD KW LOAD KVAR TARGET PF
6.6 3000 0.8467 2540.1 1596.2117622672 0.95
NEW LOAD KVAR CAPCITOR KVAR XC1 IN OHM ht XL1 in ohm
834.8904955648 761.3212667023 57.2163183996 4 3.5760199
f pie w (2pif) tau X/R
50 3.14 314 0.045 14.13
HVCB tepe test IEC62217 freq
fre 50 hz
omega 314.1592654 rad/sec
test tau 31.83098862 ms approx
L/R= tau in sec 0.031830989 sec
test x/r 10

Iac symm rms 40 ka rms

cycle t=time Iac symm norml peak Idc(t) Peak make


msec KA rms Ka peak KA KA peak
0 0 25 56.56854249 56.56854249
0.5 10 25 56.56854249 41.31781567 97.88636
1 20 25 56.56854249 30.17864375
1.5 30 25 56.56854249 22.04256261
2 40 25 56.56854249 16.09994705
2.5 50 25 56.56854249 11.75944465
3 60 25 56.56854249 8.589130017
3.5 70 25 56.56854249 6.273523678
4 80 25 56.56854249 4.582198577
4.5 90 25 56.56854249 3.346850171
5 100 25 56.56854249 2.444548372
2.828427
2.545584
Peak make Asymm break %dc component
factor KA Rms factor
100
2.447159 73.04027
53.34881
38.96611
29.7356401462 0.743391004 28.46095
27.6276046454 0.690690116 20.78796
26.4343177412 0.660857944 15.18358
25.775125593 0.64437814 11.09013
25.4164620629 0.635411552 8.100259
25.2230332448 0.630575831 5.916451
25.1192320094 0.6279808 4.321392
HVCB tepe test IEC62217 freq
fre 50 hz trafo MVA
omega 314.1592654 rad/sec z per unit
test tau 31.83098862 ms approx falut mva sec
L/R= tau in sec 0.031830989 sec sec KV
test x/r 10 fault KA sec
x/r
Iac symm rms 25 ka rms tau
tau ms
cycle t=time Iac symm norml peak Idc(t)
msec KA rms Ka peak KA
0 0 25 35.35533906 35.35533906
0.5 10 25 35.35533906 25.82363479
1 20 25 35.35533906 18.86165234
1.5 30 25 35.35533906 13.77660163
2 40 25 35.35533906 10.0624669
2.5 50 25 35.35533906 7.349652905
3 60 25 35.35533906 5.36820626
3.5 70 25 35.35533906 3.920952299
4 80 25 35.35533906 2.86387411
4.5 90 25 35.35533906 2.091781357
5 100 25 35.35533906 1.527842732

Ip calculate
Ib asymm@40
27 mva can I buy type tested breaker of 25 KA
0.1
270
6.6
23.6195675 if x/r< 14 may be ignore otherwise to be considered as short
10
0.03183099 sec we should ask x/r for dc compoent
31.8309886 ms
Peak make Asymm break %dc component
KA peak factor KA Rms factor
100
61.1789739 2.447159 73.04027
53.34881
38.96611
26.9490860735 1.077963443 28.46095
26.0579622732 1.042318491 20.78796
25.5698580061 1.02279432 15.18358
25.3056093965 1.012224376 11.09013
25.1635008479 1.006540034 8.100259
25.0873583553 1.003494334 5.916451
25.0466425577 1.001865702 4.321392
type test factor CB symm K requird
61.1789739 2.5 24.47158954
26.9490861 1.15 23.43398789
wise to be considered as short cky is done at 14 ms

2.828427
2.545584
KA factor required CB
calculated peak 113.56 2.5 45.424 50 ka is ok
calculated asymm break@40 ms 48.754 1.15 42.39478261
LVCB tepe test IEC60947 freq
fre 50 hz short ckt pf r/z 0.2
omega 314.1592654 rad/sec X/R 4.898979
test tau 15.59393602 ms approx tau 0.015594
L/R= tau in sec 0.015593936 sec tau 15.59394
test x/r 4.898979486

Iac symm rms 40 ka rms

cycle t=time Iac symm norml peak Idc(t) Peak make


msec KA rms Ka peak KA KA peak
0 0 25 56.56854249 56.56854249
0.5 10 25 56.56854249 29.79015975 86.3587
1 20 25 56.56854249 15.68811178
1.5 30 25 56.56854249 8.261682829
2 40 25 56.56854249 4.350772363
2.5 50 25 56.56854249 2.291206349
3 60 25 56.56854249 1.206596461
3.5 70 25 56.56854249 0.635418551
4 80 25 56.56854249 0.334624498
4.5 90 25 56.56854249 0.176220154
5 100 25 56.56854249 0.092801163
insec
msec

2.828427
2.545584
Peak make Asymm break %dc component
factor KA Rms factor
100
2.158968 52.66206
27.73293
14.60473
25.3757604843 0.634394012 7.691152
25.1047729832 0.627619325 4.050319
25.0291005635 0.625727514 2.132981
25.008073831 0.625201846 1.123272
25.0022393708 0.625055984 0.591538
25.0006210631 0.625015527 0.311516
25.0001722405 0.625004306 0.164051
GCB tepe testwith special t freq
fre 50 hz
omega 314.1592654 rad/sec
test tau 133 ms approx
L/R= tau in sec 0.133 sec
test x/r 41.78318229

Iac symm rms 40 ka rms

cycle t=time Iac symm norml peak Idc(t) Peak make


msec KA rms Ka peak KA KA peak
0 0 40 56.56854249 56.56854249
0.5 10 40 56.56854249 52.47123289 109.0398
1 20 40 56.56854249 48.67069505
1.5 30 40 56.56854249 45.14543352
2 40 40 56.56854249 41.87550981
2.5 50 40 56.56854249 38.84242957
3 60 40 56.56854249 36.02903801
3.5 70 40 56.56854249 33.4194229
4 80 40 56.56854249 30.99882452
4.5 90 40 56.56854249 28.75355222
5 100 40 56.56854249 26.67090698
2.828427
2.545584
Peak make Asymm break %dc component
factor KA Rms factor
100
2.725994 92.75691
86.03845
79.80661
57.9099155762 1.447747889 74.02614
55.7560250997 1.393900627 68.66436
53.833925923 1.345848148 63.69094
52.123486328 1.303087158 59.07775
50.6056036571 1.265140091 54.7987
49.2622245259 1.231555613 50.82958
48.0763692387 1.201909231 47.14795
short ckt ka ratng wihstand tme ( sec) i^2t
25 3 1875
40 1 1600

ka symm ka peak
25 62.5
40 100

so decide peak making,asymm breaking & thermal ratng

asymm include dc componets also so it shall be considered


MVA 6.963
J J=W^2 1000 kg-M^2
Ns 1500 rpm
omega s 157.0796 rad/s
kinetc enrgy 12337006 joule ( 1watt-sec)
12337006 Ws
12.33701 Mws
H( KE/MVA) 1.771795 Mwatt/MVA
( Hinerta constant)
cu
sqmm 2.5 rdc 7.41 ohm/km
rac@90 degree c 9.633 ohm/km

sqmm cu 431 0.055876 ohm/km

sqmm al 1.6 tmes of cu 0.089401 ohm/km


source data
KV 6.6
Fault KA 10
Fault MVA 114.312

motor data
motor MVA 6.952
Motor LRC 4.2 p.u@ V= 1 pu
XmLr ( locked rotor) 0.238095 pu

pu reacatance @ common base


base MVA 100 MVA
Xs pu 0.874799 pu
XmLr 3.424845
Vs 1 pu
Vm 0.796542 79.65416 % bus voltage @ motor start
RELAY CORODINATION WITH UPSTREAM GEC RELAY MANUAL

T=OPRTAING TIME 0.5 SEC DOWNSTREAM TIME


TCB 0.1 SEC BREAKER OPERATING TIME
TO 0.02 SEC OVERSHOOT TIME
TS 0.03 SEC SAFETY TIME
ECT 5%
E RELAY 7.5 %

CTI 0.25 SEC 2 ER = BTOH DOWN STREAM & UPSTREAM REALY ACCURAC
GEC RELAY MANUAL

& UPSTREAM REALY ACCURACY TAKEN


Ct primary 3000 amp
Ct sec 1 amp
CTR 3000

relay detaisl
Curve type IEC SI
current pickup 100 % could be in % or pu or A
sec pick up in amp 1A
pmy pickup in amp 3000 A
TMS 1 TMS 0.1

Ir ( pu) I in A t in sec T IN SEC


2 6000 10.02903 1.002903
3 9000 6.301931 0.630193
5 15000 4.27972 0.427972
8 24000 3.296774 0.329677
10 30000 2.970599 0.29706
15 45000 2.515517 0.251552
20 60000 2.267356 0.226736
21 63000 2.267356 0.222992
22 66000 2.267356 0.219533