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GI-0175-TDC-06_Rev.1 Page 1 of 3
Technical Delivery Conditions Job No: GI-0175
Carbon Steel Plates for shell & head
Drawing No:1-GI-0175-2953 & 2954
(NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 + HIC Tested)

1. Material Specification: SA-516 Gr.70N of ASME Section II, Part A, Edition 2015.

2. Other Applicable Specifications

2.1 SA-20, Edition 2015.

2.2 SA-370, Edition 2015.
2.3 SA-578, Edition 2015.
2.4 NACE TM0284-Latest Edition.
2.5 ANSI/NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 Latest Edition.
2.6 Annexure-1, Annexure-2

3. Sizes / Dimensions / Finish

3.1 Plate Sizes - as per Purchase Order.

3.2 Tolerances - as per clause 14 of SA-20 except that no negative tolerance on thickness is permitted.
3.3 Surface Finish / imperfections - as per clause 9 of SA-20. The plates shall be free from injurious defects
and shall have workmanlike finish. Reconditioning/repair of plates by welding is not being permitted.
Surface condition shall meet requirements of EN 10163 Class A subclass 3.
3.4 Final rolling shall be lengthwise. Plate shall be from discrete cut length of Flat Products.
3.5 All plate ends shall be plane and square cut. Adjacent sides of plates shall be exact perpendicular

4. Steel making Practice / Metallurgical structure[ For Manufacturer’s requirements refer attached Annexure-2 ]

4.1 Plates shall be from fully killed steel conforming to fine austenitic grain size requirements of SA-20.
4.2 Plates shall be vacuum degassing treatment as per the supplementary requirement S1 of specification SA-
20, fully deoxidized, desulfurized and dephosphorised. The manufacturing/rolling process shall be such
that a homogeneous microstructure is obtained. Calcium treatment shall be applied for inclusion shape
control, except that it need not be applied to plate with very low sulphur levels (below 0.001%). The
calcium content should not exceed 3 times the sulphur content
4.3 Steel shall be manufactured by either basic oxygen or electric arc furnace route.
4.4 The manufacturing/rolling process shall be such that a homogeneous microstructure is obtained. Calcium
treatment shall be applied for inclusion shape control, except that it need not be applied to plate with
very low sulphur levels (below 0.001%). The calcium content should not exceed 3 times the sulphur
4.5 Carbon steel shall not be contained intentional addition of elements such as lead, selenium, or sulfur to
improve machinability.
4.6 Steel shall be made through a clean steel making route and shall have minimum of inclusions.

5. Chemical Composition

5.1 Shall be as per Table 1 of SA-516 & SA-20 and in addition shall comply the following requirements
5.2 Carbon content shall not exceed 0.20%.
5.3 Sulfur (S) content ≤ 0.002% mass fraction. [ refer attached Annexure-1 for other elements ]
5.4 Carbon equivalent (Ceq.) shall not exceed 0.43, Where Ceq.= C + Mn/6 + (Cr + Mo+V)/5 + (Ni+Cu)/15.
5.5 The micro-alloying elements boron (B), titanium (Ti), niobium (Nb) and vanadium (V) shall not be
intentionally added to the steel. Chemical analysis results and carbon equivalent shall be reported in a
material test report (MTR).
5.6 Chemical analysis for plates shall be carried out on heat as well as on product & reported in the MTC.
5.7 Shall comply with NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 Latest Edition.

6. Heat Treatment: Normalizing required.


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7. Mechanical Properties: As per Table-2 of SA-516 & SA-20 and in addition, shall comply followings:

7.1 All Plates tensile strength shall not exceed 585 MPa.
7.2 Hardness measurement Shall comply with NACE MR0175/ISO15156 requirement on parent metals and
shall include tests made on a specimen cut as a cross-section through the thickness of the test piece and
prepared for metallographic examination. Vickers hardness readings shall be made using a 10 kgf load.
Nine readings shall be taken in total, 3 each from the middle of the plate and 2 mm (0.08 in) below each
outer edge. The distance between each measurement shall be approximately. 5 mm (0.20 in) and the
highest value measured shall be reported on the test certificate. Hardness shall be <200 BHN.
7.3 Mechanical properties of materials to be tested after simulation HT (3 cycles) as follows:
7.3.1 PWHT Cycle (3 nos.): Max. Heating & Cooling rate @120oC/Hr., Soaking@621oC+10oC,with Min. hold
Time: 40 minute. Applicable both for shell and dish end plates.
7.3.2 Normalizing Cycle: Max. Heating &@120oC/Hr., Soaking@910oC±10oC, Min. holds Time: 40 minute,
cooling in still Air. Applicable for dish end plates.

8. Ultrasonic Testing Requirements [ 100% Scanning ]: Plates shall be ultrasonically examined as per ASTM A578,
Acceptance level A with supplementary requirement of S1, S2.2; maximum defect area 100mm2 to avoid the
presence of delamination’s that may initiate HIC.

9. HIC Requirements [ For testing Laboratories requirements refer attached Annexure-2 ]

9.1 HIC tests shall be performed and reported in accordance with NACE TM0284 and
amended/supplemented by followings of DEP
9.2 The tests shall be performed with Solution A, a sodium chloride, acetic acid (NaCl, CH3COOH) solution
saturated with H2S at ambient temperature and pressure. After a specified time the test specimens shall
be removed and evaluated.
9.3 The H2S purity shall be 99.5 Vol% or better and shall be oxygen free.
9.4 Materials shall be subjected to HIC testing at a frequency of one test per heat.
9.5 For plate or strip where more than one thickness may be rolled from the same heat, tests shall be
performed on both the thickest and the thinnest material produced from each heat.
9.6 Test Procedure: The test solution (Solution A) shall be prepared in a separate sealed vessel that is purged
with nitrogen for at least one hour at a rate of 100 cm /min per litre of test solution before transferring
the test solution to the test vessel, which has been subject to nitrogen purging in advance.
9.7 The rate of bubbling shall be at least 200 cm3/min per liter of test solution for the first 60 min; thereafter,
while maintaining a positive pressure of H2S gas, the H2S flow rate may be reduced to 10 cm3/min per
litre of test solution and maintained at this rate for the remainder of the test period to ensure that the
test solution remains saturated with H2S.
9.8 pH Measurement: pH at start of test ─ The pH of the Solu on A at the start of the test shall be measured
immediately after H2S saturation and shall not exceed 3.3.
9.9 pH at end of test ─ The pH of the Solu on A at the end of the test shall be measured and shall not exceed
4.0 for the test to be valid.
9.10 Oxygen Contamination: The small positive pressure of H2S shall be maintained in the test cell by the use
of an outlet trap to prevent oxygen contamination from the air. If at any time during the test a white haze
clouds the solution, this is evidence that oxygen ingress has occurred so the test shall be stopped and
repeated with new specimens and fresh solution.
9.11 Evaluation of Test Specimen: The tendency to blister shall be reported after visual examination, and
photographs shall be taken of the two wide faces of each coupon to show any blistering.
9.12 For each section containing cracks, one photograph shall be taken showing the complete transverse
9.13 Photomicrographs of all reportable cracks shall be included with the test report.

10. Acceptance Criteria shall be as follows:-

10.1 After HIC testing, if any section of the sample reveals vertical cracks (perpendicular to the rolling
direction) greater than 0.5 mm the test shall be deemed to have failed.
Acceptance criteria % maximum)
Average per specimen 15 5 2

GI-0175-TDC-06_Rev.1 Page 3 of 3

10.2 The maximum individual crack length on any section shall not exceed 5 mm.
10.3 If any specimen fails to meet any of the above acceptance criteria, the heat of Steel represented by the
test shall be rejected.
10.4 Retesting of the failed heat shall not be permitted. The failed heat shall be rejected.

11. HIC testing additional requirements

11.1 All HIC tests shall include a control sample. The control sample after testing shall exhibit minimum
Average Crack Length Ratio (CLR) of 20%. If the controlled sample fails to meet this requirement the test
shall be deemed as failed.
11.2 Testing shall be witnessed by P.D.O authorized inspector.
11.3 After testing, each specimen section shall be polished metallographically as per ASTM E3 and etched if
required as per ASTM E407 for evaluation.
11.4 Extreme care shall be taken not to contaminate the specimens. They shall be handled using only
degreased tongs or clean gloves. Specimens shall not be coated in any way before exposure to
11.5 The evaluation of the risk associated with HIC damage to material shall be documented.
11.6 Unless otherwise indicated, test requirements shall be in accordance with NACE TM0284 and with the
amendments as per DEP

12. Evaluation of plate/strip microstructure for banding: One specimen from each plate/strip shall be polished and
etched (in thicker plates, multiple specimens representing the full thickness shall be prepared) and the
microstructure evaluated for the degree of banding according to ASTM E 1268. Micro indentation hardness
tests are not required. Results shall be reported, for information only, using ASTM E 1268 reporting

13. The report shall also include:

13.1 For each section, the maximum individual crack length shall be reported. For each value, a pass/fail mark
shall be reported according to the specified acceptance criteria.
13.2 Photomicrographs of the specimens showing cracking, together with photomicrographs of adjacent
material structures and photomicrographs of the bulk material structure (samples) used to assess
microstructure banding:
13.2.1 Un-etched, showing the type of inclusions in the steel.
13.2.2 Etched, showing the parent material microstructure.
13.2.3 Assessment of microstructure banding in accordance with ASTM E 1268.
13.3 Photographs of specimens, showing any blisters.
13.4 Location and dimensions of specimens.
13.5 Full chemical analysis of material tested, including analysis for micro-alloying elements.
13.6 Mechanical properties of materials tested after a simulated heat treatment.

14. Inspection: By P.D.O Approved TPIA + Free access to A.I

15. Identification Marking

15.1 As per clause 13 of SA-20[Only low stress marking].

16. Certification
16.1 Manufacturer’s Material Test Report (MTR) as per clause 19 of SA-20.
16.2 Reference to ISO 10474, 3.1B/EN 10204, 3.1 and NACE MR0175/ISO15156/NACE TM0284 is required on
the MTR / MTC.

1 28.04.2017 Issued for Procurement JSC GKP GKP

0 20.03.2017 Issued for Enquiry JSC GKP GKP