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# CONCRETE MIXING RATIOS - WHAT IS THE BASIC MIXING RATIO FOR CONC...

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A concrete mixture ratio of 1 part cement, 3 parts sand, and 3 parts
aggregate will produce a concrete mix of approximately 3000 psi.

Mixing water with the cement, sand, and stone will form a paste that will
bind the materials together until the mix hardens. The strength properties
of the concrete are inversely proportional to the water/cement ratio.

Basically this means the more water you use to mix the concrete (very
fluid) the weaker the concrete mix. The less water you use to mix the
concrete (somewhat dry but workable) the stronger the concrete mix.

Accurate concrete mixing ratios can be achieved by measuring the dry
materials using buckets or some other kind of measuring device. By
measuring the mixing ratios you will have a consistent concrete mix

Mixing ratio to make 1 yard of concrete
To produce a 3000 psi cubic yard of concrete (27 cubic feet) the
concrete mixture ratio is:

1. 517 pounds of cement or (234kg)

2. 1560 pounds of sand or (707kg)

3. 1600 pounds of stone or (725kg)

4. 32 - 34 gallons of water or (132L)

This mixing ratio will give you a concrete mix that is strong, durable, and
good for most concrete projects. A cubic yard of concrete will fill an area 8
feet wide by 10 feet long by 4 inches thick, or 80 square feet @ 4 inches
thick.

At 6 inches thick a cubic yard of concrete will fill an area 52 square feet and
at 5 inches thick, it will fill an area that's 65 square feet.

To produce a cubic yard of 4000 psi concrete, you have to adjust the
concrete mixing ratio to:

1. 611 pounds of cement or (277kg)

2. 1450 pounds of sand or (657kg)

3. 1600 pounds of stone or (725kg)

4. 33- 35 gallons of water or (133L)

As you can see a little more cement and a little less sand is required to
produce this stronger concrete mix that is great for driveways, pool decks,
sidewalks, exterior patios, and commercial garages.

Knowing the weight of the materials and how much water to use should
help you determine how much cement, sand, and stone to purchase to

For estimating purposes, you can make about 1 cubic yard of concrete with
5 1/2 94-pound bags of cement, 17 cubic feet of sand, and 18 cubic feet of
gravel. (It takes about forty 80-pound bags of prepackaged materials to
make 1 cubic yard of concrete.)

Or 1 cubic meter of concrete will require approximately 7.15 bags of
Portland cement, .48 cubic meters of sand, and .51 cubic meters of gravel.