You are on page 1of 12

Ride the Lightning - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.

org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning

Ride the Lightning
Ride the Lightning is the second studio album by American
Ride the Lightning
heavy metal band Metallica, released on July 27, 1984, by the
independent record label Megaforce Records. The album was
recorded in three weeks with producer Flemming Rasmussen at
the Sweet Silence Studios in Copenhagen, Denmark. The artwork,
based on a concept by the band, depicts an electric chair being
struck by lightning flowing from the band logo. The title was taken
from a passage in Stephen King's novel The Stand. Although
rooted in the thrash metal genre, the album showcased the band's
musical growth and lyrical sophistication. This was partly because
bassist Cliff Burton introduced the basics of music theory to the
rest of the band and had more input in the songwriting. Instead of
relying strictly on fast tempos as on its debut Kill 'Em All, Studio album by Metallica
Metallica broadened its approach by employing acoustic guitars,
Released July 27, 1984
extended instrumentals, and more complex harmonies. The
overall recording costs were paid by Metallica's European label Recorded February 20 – March
Music for Nations because Megaforce was unable to cover it. It 14, 1984
was the last album to feature songwriting contributions from Studio Sweet Silence Studios
former lead guitarist Dave Mustaine, and the first to feature in Copenhagen,
contributions from his replacement, Kirk Hammett. Denmark
Genre Thrash metal
Ride the Lightning received positive response from music critics,
who saw it as a more ambitious effort than its predecessor. Length 47:28
Metallica promoted the album on the Bang That Head That Label Megaforce
Doesn't Bang European tour in late 1984, and on its North Producer Metallica · Flemming
American leg in the first half of 1985. The band performed at Rasmussen
major music festivals such as Monsters of Rock and Day on the
Metallica chronology
Green later that year. Two months after its release, Elektra
Records signed Metallica to a multi-year deal and reissued the Kill 'Em All Ride the Master of
album. Ride the Lightning peaked at number 100 on the Billboard (1983) Lightning Puppets
200 with no radio exposure. Although 75,000 copies were initially (1984) (1986)
pressed for the American market, the album sold half a million by Singles from Ride the Lightning
November 1987. It was certified 6× platinum by the Recording
Industry Association of America (RIAA) in 2012 for shipping six 1. "Creeping Death"
million copies in the United States. Many rock publications have Released: November 23, 1984
ranked Ride the Lightning on their best album lists, saying it had
a lasting impact on the genre.

Contents

1 of 12 27/07/18, 22:34

the band members were not used to creating songs in the studio. which were already performed live. the band stayed in a rented house in El Cerrito.[4] Lead guitarist Kirk Hammett took the album's name from a passage in Stephen King's novel The Stand. even though his studio employees questioned about the band's talent. who turned down the offer because Armored Saint was doing well at the time.[4] Drums were recorded in an empty warehouse at the back of the studio. Hetfield and Ulrich went through the tapes and selected the strongest riffs to assemble into songs. When not gigging. and Anthrax lent Metallica some of its equipment to complete the remaining dates. displaying an electric chair in the midst of lightning bolts. "Ride the Lightning". was conceived before recording began. as they had not done so for Kill 'Em All. began performing the songs that were to make up Ride the Lightning at concerts. Kill 'Em All. with the support of drum roadie Flemming Larsen. Drummer Lars Ulrich chose Rasmussen.[1] The album helped to establish thrash metal.[7] Before entering the studio. which was not soundproof. called the Metallica Mansion.org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning Background and recording Music and lyrics Reception Touring Track listing Personnel Charts Certifications References Bibliography External links Background and recording Previously. Denmark. California.[5] Rasmussen. agreed to work on the album. and the band put finishing touches on "Fight Fire with Fire". Rasmussen listened to Metallica's tapes before the members arrived and thought the band had great potential. and from September.[4] Frontman James Hetfield felt uneasy about performing double duty on vocals and rhythm guitar.wikipedia.[6] Metallica rehearsed the album's material at Mercyful Fate's practice room in Copenhagen. The album was produced by Flemming Rasmussen. "Creeping Death". who had a tendency to increase speed and had little knowledge of rhythm theory. Instruments were recorded separately.[9] "For Whom the Bell Tolls". so the band offered the job to Armored Saint singer John Bush. Metallica collected ideas on "riff tape" recordings of various jam sessions.[3] An incident occurred when part of Metallica's gear was stolen in Boston. on the independent label Megaforce Records on July 25.[7] Although four tracks were already arranged. with Hetfield playing only rhythm guitar. who had not heard of Metallica.[11] Metallica initially had sound 2 of 12 27/07/18. the founder of Sweet Silence Studios. 22:34 . Metallica began composing new material. Because the band had little money.Ride the Lightning .[2] After finishing its promotional tour. 1984 at Sweet Silence Studios in Copenhagen. Hetfield gradually built confidence as lead vocalist and kept his original role. its members often ate one meal a day and stayed at fans' homes while playing at clubs across the United States. 1983. because he liked his work on Rainbow's Difficult to Cure (1981). a heavy metal subgenre defined by its brisk riffs and intense percussion. Metallica started recording on February 20.[8] Rasmussen. and "The Call of Ktulu".[10] The cover art. and was keen to record in Europe. and caused reverberation. Metallica released their debut album. taught the basics of timing and beat duration to Ulrich.Wikipedia https://en. "Trapped Under Ice" and "Escape" were written from scratch in Copenhagen.

the rebellion and aggression became much more focused as the enemy became more clearly defined. 22:34 . with sonically broader songs than Kill 'Em All. destruction and total blur" that reminded him of the speed and power of Kill 'Em All. as well as ominous and semi-philosophical references.[18] Grinder magazine's Kevin Fisher summarized the album as "ultimate thrash. More precisely.[6] Metallica's European label Music for Nations paid the studio costs because Megaforce owner Jon Zazula could not afford them.[13] Ride the Lightning was the last Metallica album to feature co-writing contributions from former lead guitarist Dave Mustaine. The album also represented the first time Hammett was given writing credits. philosopher William Irwin wrote: "After Kill 'Em All.[12] The band members slept in the studio by day as they could not afford a hotel and recorded by night. which was noted for its one-dimensional sound. but the deal fell through. who re-released the album on November 19.[13] Although the original album budget was $20.[5] Megaforce released the album on July 27. This was partially because of bassist Cliff Burton's knowledge of music theory. and even considered re-recording the album in another studio.Wikipedia https://en. and the band was offered a contract the following morning. they were highly critical of those in power". He showed Hetfield how to augment core notes with complementary counter-melodies and how basic guitar harmony worked.[6] Metallica appeared second and played ten songs at the Metallica had to record quickly because of European shows scheduled 29 sold-out show at New York days after it entered the studio. because the studio was booked by other artists during the daytime. because its gear was stolen three weeks before the band arrived in Copenhagen. and wanted the US edition to be remixed by engineer Eddie Kramer. 1984. and invited Elektra's chairman and the head of promotion to see the August show in New York. Metallica was put off by Bron's failure to share the band's artistic vision and decided to look for another label for the US release. Metallica signed with Elektra.000.[17] Ulrich explained that Metallica opted not to rely strictly on fast tempos as on the previous album.Ride the Lightning . and decided to part ways with Zazula.org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning problems. Cliff Burnstein and Peter Mensch of Q Prime were concurrently appointed as the band's new managers. and City's Roseland Ballroom on August 3. Recording finished on March 14.000. Major label Elektra Records employee Michael Alago noticed Metallica at The Stone gig in San Francisco. with Anthrax and Metallica opening for Raven.[14] On September 12. several A&R representatives from different labels visited the studio.[5] Metallica was unhappy with the lack of promotion by Megaforce.[19] Music journalist Martin Popoff observed that Ride the Lightning offered "sophistication and brutality in equal measure" and was seen as something new at the time of its release. pleased the Elektra staff. which reflected on the song compositions. who received credit on the title track and the instrumental "The Call of Ktulu". the final expense was above $30.[20] Discussing the album's lyrical content.[21] 3 of 12 27/07/18. The performance at Roseland Ballroom. in spite of the fact that Bronze had already advertised Metallica as one of their bands.[16] Hetfield developed more socially aware lyrics. At first. it seemed that Metallica was going to sign with Bronze Records. Metallica was deeply concerned about various domains in which the common man was wrongfully yet ingeniously deceived. because Bronze executive Gerry Bron did not appreciate the work done at Sweet Silence Studios.[15] Music and lyrics Music writers opine that Ride the Lightning exhibited greater musical maturity. Because the group was looking for a major label deal.wikipedia. but to explore other musical approaches that sounded powerful and heavy.

novel of the same name. The use of acoustic guitars an electric guitar but is actually Burton's bass guitar and clean vocals alienated some of augmented with distortion and a wah-wah pedal.[25] "For Whom the Bell Tolls" was released as a promotional single in two versions. The chromatic introduction. and chorus.[20] "Ride the Lightning" was Metallica's first song to emphasize the misery of the criminal justice system. which was later released on that band's 2004 album Tempo of the Damned. The song's structure foreshadows later Metallica ballads. and its lyrical themes focused on nuclear warfare and Armageddon. Hetfield wrote the words because he felt powerless after the band's equipment was stolen before the January 1984 show in Boston. an edit on side A and the album version on side B.[20] According to Hetfield.[28] "Trapped Under Ice" is about a person who wakes from a cryonic state. reminiscent of the album's opener. The lyrics were written from the perspective of someone who is anticipating execution by the electric chair.wikipedia. begins in a mid-tempo which gradually accelerates as the song progress. "Fade to Black" followed by a marching riff and high-register bass 0:00 MENU melody.org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning The major-key acoustic introduction to "Fight Fire "Ride the Lightning" with Fire" displayed Metallica's evolution towards a 0:00 MENU more harmonically complex style of songwriting. due to it being the result of their record company forcing Metallica to write something more radio friendly. The The title track has a foreboding vibe which fits its subject matter. which Burton "Fade to Black" has a similar structure to Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Free wrote before he joined Metallica.Ride the Lightning . as in the opening lyrics: "Guilty as charged/But Damn it/It ain't right".[29] "Escape" was originally titled "The Hammer" and was intended to be released as a single due to its lighter riffs and conventional song structure.Wikipedia https://en. The song becomes progressively heavier and faster.[5] lyrics were inspired by Ernest Hemingway's 1940 Problems playing this file? See media help. it is Hetfield recorded his guitar parts driven by nimbly tremolo-picked riffs in the verses relatively fast and overlaid them with two more takes played live. The extended solo at the end dissolves in instead of overdubbing them. in glow in the dark green.[27] "Fade to Black" was released as a promotional single in 1984. "One" and "The Day That Never Comes.[30] "Escape" is Hetfield's most hated Metallica song. the person helplessly awaits impending doom.[5] a sound effect of a vast nuclear explosion. The intro features a counterpoint bass melody and a chugging guitar riff that resolves into a standard down-stroked riff.[26] It was inspired by a track Hammett's former band Exodus had demoed called "Impaler". the acoustic intro was something Burton was playing on acoustic guitar at the time. the song begins with an acoustic guitar introduction overlaid with electric soloing. The song is built on a fast- picked galloping riff. fastest Metallica song in terms of picking speed. ending with multi-layered guitar solos.[24] "For Whom the Bell Tolls" begins with a bell tolling. one of the two album tracks that credited Mustaine. Realizing there is nowhere to go.[22] It features an instrumental middle section highlighted by Hammett's soloing. and no-one will come to the rescue. is often mistaken for Bird".[22] The main riff was taped during the Kill 'Em All Tour and Problems playing this file? See media help.[26] The ballad's arpeggiated chords and reserved singing was inconvenient for thrash metal bands at the time and disappointed some of Metallica's fans. the song was not a criticism of capital punishment. 22:34 .[23] The song discouraged the "eye for an eye" approach. "Welcome Home (Sanitarium)". "Fade to Black" is a power ballad whose lyrics contemplate suicide. The song. The Metallica's fanbase at the time. Authors Mick Wall and Malcolm Dome felt the song was influenced by the album-oriented 4 of 12 27/07/18. which explores the horror and dishonor of modern warfare. but a tale of a man sentenced to death for a crime he did not commit.[5] Musically.

the album confirmed Metallica's status as the leading heavy Review scores metal band of the modern era. Rock Hard 10/10[42] He praised Hetfield's vocal performance and The Rolling Stone Album Guide [43] concluded that Metallica was "firing on all cylinders".[43] Colin Larkin. the soft.[38] Popoff regards Ride the Lightning as an album where "extreme metal became art". 22:34 . who recorded it as a demo but did not feature it on a studio album. Sputnikmusic's Pitchfork Media 10/10[40] Channing Freeman named it as one of the few albums Q [41] that can be charming and powerful at the same time. but fans perceived it as an attempt for airplay at rock radio. tentatively titled "When Hell Freezes Over".org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning rock of 1970s bands such as Journey and Foreigner. as well as the Passover. followed by a two-minute bass solo over a rhythmic riff pattern. The lyrics deal with the ten plagues visited on Ancient Egypt. which was introduced to the rest of the band by Burton. four of them are mentioned throughout the song.[32] "The Call of Ktulu". was originally written by Hammett for the song "Die by His Hand" while he was playing in Exodus.[41] Chicago Tribune [36] British rock magazine Kerrang! stated that the album's maturity and musical intelligence helped Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal 10/10[37] Metallica expand heavy metal's boundaries.[44] AllMusic's Steve Huey saw the album as Sputnikmusic 5/5[44] a more ambitious and remarkable effort than Kill 'Em All.[30] The title was inspired by a scene from The Ten Commandments while the band was watching the movie at Burton's house.[7] Reviewing the 2016 reissue.[31] "Creeping Death" describes the Plague of the Death of the Firstborn (Exodus 12:29). although the original name was modified to "Ktulu" for easier pronunciation.[23] The bridge.wikipedia.[33] The title was taken from one of Lovecraft's key stories featuring Cthulhu. P. writing in the Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Journalist Joel McIver called the song a "moshpit anthem" due to its epic lyrical themes and dramatic atmosphere.Wikipedia https://en. by my hand!".Ride the Lightning . The magazine credited Source Rating the group for redefining the norms of thrash metal [35] AllMusic with "Fade to Black".[33] Conductor Michael Kamen rearranged the piece for Metallica's 1999 S&M project and won a Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance in 2001. The track begins with D minor chord progression in the intro. was inspired by H. According to Q magazine. while performing Ride the Lightning in its entirety.[34] Reception Ride the Lightning received widespread acclaim from Professional ratings music critics.[45] "This literally was the first album since (Judas Priest 1976's) Sad Wings of Destiny where the rulebook has changed. 5 of 12 27/07/18. singled out "For Whom the Bell Tolls" as an example of Metallica's growing music potential.[35] The Rolling Stone Album Guide viewed the album as a great step forward for the band and as an album that established the concept for Metallica's following two records.[7] "Creeping Death" was released as a single with a B-side titled Garage Days Revisited made up of covers of Diamond Head's "Am I Evil?" and Blitzkrieg's "Blitzkrieg". He called Ride the Lightning an "all-time metal classic" because of the band's rich musical imagination and lyrics that avoided heavy metal cliches. The Call of Cthulhu. Lovecraft's book The Shadow over Innsmouth. stated Popoff. the speed was superhuman".[36] In a retrospective review.[6] Metallica performed "Escape" live only once.[41] Greg [38] Encyclopedia of Popular Music Kot of the Chicago Tribune described Ride the The Guardian [39] Lightning as a more refined extension of the group's debut. billowy but explosive production was amazing. This was a new kind of heaviness. with its chant "Die. the genre's first power ballad. at the 2012 Orion Music   + More festival.

S. was reissued in 2016 as a boxed set including demos and live recordings. The band was placed between Ratt and Bon Jovi.[51] Many rock publications have ranked Ride the Lightning on their best album lists.[7] Metallica finished 1985 with a show at the Sacramento Memorial Auditorium on December 29 opening for Y&T. Metallica covered "The Money Will Roll Right In" by Fang. and Megadeth. resulting in Metallica's first cover story for Kerrang! in its December issue.000 copies of the album for the US market. the group embarked on a 50-date North American tour. Metallica appeared on the Day on the Green festival in Oakland. Ride the Lightning had moved 85.[50] The album.000 copies in Europe. Hetfield pronounced to the audience: "If you came here to see spandex. and The Rods. Metallica performed at the Monsters of Rock festival held at Castle Donington in England on August 17 in front of 70. The tour continued with dates in Belgium. The American leg ended in May 1985.[29] Corey Deiterman of the Houston Press considers Ride the Lightning the most influential Metallica album. whose recording sessions were scheduled to begin in September. At this gig.[54] In 2017. Exodus. the first time Metallica and Megadeth shared a stage. and the Nordic countries to an average crowd of 1. The album placed fifth on IGN Music's "Top 25 Metal Albums" list. along with Kill 'Em All. 22:34 . After a Christmas Metallica (pictured in 2009) began break. Elektra released the single "Creeping Death" in a sleeve depicting a bridge and a skull painted grey and green.Ride the Lightning . Ride the Lightning "didn't just change the band's trajectory—it reset the course of metal itself".000 fans. with Armored Saint onstage. this ain't the fuckin' band!" Two weeks later. The Hell on Earth Tour never materialized because of poor ticket sales. two glam metal groups whose sound and appearance were much unlike Metallica's. Germany. and then as headliners concert introduction in 1984. At the start of the set.[6] with Armored Saint supporting.[46] Megaforce initially pressed 75. Metallica premiered "Master of Puppets" and "Disposable 6 of 12 27/07/18.[7] In 1984. before 90.[49] Ride the Lightning went gold by November 1987 and in 2012 was certified 6× platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for shipping six million copies in the US. Oregon. and a New Year's Eve concert at the Civic Auditorium in San Francisco on a bill with Metal Church. while Music for Nations took care of the European market. with British NWOBHM band Tank as support.[48] After signing Metallica.P. and 400 copies with the green cover were produced. headlined by Venom.300. California. using Ennio Morricone's music as its firstly as a co-headlining act with W. Metallica commenced the Bang That Head That Doesn't Bang European tour on November 16.Wikipedia https://en.[47] By the autumn of 1984.[52] Spin listed it as a thrash metal essential. The last show Metallica played before recording began was the Loreley Metal Hammer festival in Germany. Music for Nations founder Martin Hooker wanted to arrange a triple bill UK tour in March / April 1984 with Exciter. rather than blue.[56] At a gig in Portland. the French record label Bernett Records misprinted the color of the album cover in green. declaring it "the thrashiest thrash ever".A. Because of their rarity. The album peaked at number 100 on the Billboard 200 with no radio exposure.org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning Jason Anderson of Uncut considers Ride the Lightning the second best Metallica album which set the pace for metal in the years to come. and the band spent the following two months working on the next studio album. in Rouen.000 people. and the words 'oh baby' in every fuckin' song. France. Italy. Master of Puppets. Metallica.[55] Touring After recording was completed. eye make-up. these green albums have become collectors' items.[7] To promote Ride the Lightning. saying it had a lasting impact on genres such as crossover thrash and hardcore punk.[53] According to Guitar World. it was ranked 11th on Rolling Stone's list of "100 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time".wikipedia.

org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning Heroes". 1989. "For Whom the Bell Tolls" Burton · Ulrich · Hetfield 5:11 4. "For Whom the Bell Tolls (Live)" Burton · Ulrich · Hetfield 5:35 10. Side one No. "The Call of Ktulu" (instrumental) Ulrich · Mustaine · Burton · 8:55 Hetfield Total length: 47:28 Bonus tracks (digital re-release)[58] No. backing vocals on "Ride the Lightning". songs from the then-upcoming third studio album. The bonus tracks on the digital re-release were recorded live at the Seattle Coliseum. engineering Mark Whitaker – production assistant. "Trapped Under Ice" Hetfield · Hammett · Ulrich 4:04 6. backing vocals on digital re-release bonus tracks Lars Ulrich – drums. production Cliff Burton – bass. rhythm guitar. Title Music Length 9.Ride the Lightning . production Jason Newsted – bass. 22:34 . concert sound engineer.wikipedia. Title Music Length 5. and later appeared on the live album Live Shit: Binge & Purge (1993). "Escape" Hetfield · Ulrich · Hammett 4:24 7.Wikipedia https://en.[57] Track listing All lyrics written by James Hetfield (Kirk Hammett also contributed to lyrics for "Creeping Death"). "Creeping Death" Burton · Hammett · Ulrich · 6:36 Hetfield 8.[15][59][60] Metallica James Hetfield – vocals. "Fade to Black" Burton · Hammett · Ulrich · 6:55 Hetfield Side two No. Seattle. Frankford Wayne – mastering on Megaforce release Tim Young – mastering on Music for Nations release 7 of 12 27/07/18. "Fight Fire with Fire" Cliff Burton · Lars Ulrich · 4:45 Hetfield 2. production Kirk Hammett – lead guitar. "Ride the Lightning" Hetfield · Burton · Ulrich · 6:38 Dave Mustaine 3. Title Music Length 1. production Production Flemming Rasmussen – production. "Creeping Death (Live)" Burton · Hammett · Ulrich · 8:12 Hetfield Total length: 61:15 Personnel Credits are adapted from the album's liner notes. live production manager Tom Coyne. Washington on August 29 and 30.

22:34 .Ride the Lightning .wikipedia.000^ United Kingdom (BPI)[67] Gold 100. Harold Oimoen – photography Anthony D.org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning Bob Ludwig – mastering on Elektra release George Marino – remastering on 1995 reissue Mike Gillies – mixing of digital reissue bonus tracks Packaging AD Artists – cover design Fin Costello. – management (on Elektra reissue) Michael Alago – A&R coordinator (Elektra Records) Peter Paterno – legal representation (Elektra Records) Charts Peak Chart position Australian Albums Chart[61] 38 Dutch Albums Chart[61] 20 Finnish Albums Chart[61] 9 French Albums Chart[61] 126 Italian Albums Chart[61] 66 New Zealand Albums Chart[61] 32 Norwegian Albums Chart[61] 40 Swedish Albums Chart[61] 22 Swiss Albums Chart[61] 78 UK Albums Chart[62] 87 US Billboard 200[63] 48 Certifications Region Certification Certified units/Sales Australia (ARIA)[64] Platinum 70. Rick Brackett.000^ Denmark (IFPI Denmark)[66] 2× Platinum 40.000.000^ Canada (Music Canada)[65] Platinum 100.000^ *sales figures based on certification alone ^shipments figures based on certification alone 8 of 12 27/07/18. Pete Cronin. Sommella – tour/live photography Crazed Management – management Marsha Vlasic. Robert Hoetink.Wikipedia https://en. Neil Warnock – booking agents for The Agency Group Q-Prime Inc.000^ United States (RIAA)[68] 6× Platinum 6.

Chapter 2: Ride the Lightning. Chapter 1: Kill 'Em All.net/news/metallica-performs-escape-live-for-first-time-ever-pro-shot-footage- available/). 19. McIver 2009. "32 Years Ago: Metallica Release 'Ride the Lightning' " (http://loudwire. Popoff 2013. Metallica. 47. Kory (July 28. 41. 12. p. Popoff 2013. p.archive. 2012. McIver 2014. Archived from the original (http://www.com/releases /creeping-death. June 24. 120. Pro-Shot Footage Available" (http://www. 14. 16.Ride the Lightning . 117. 17. p. Gulla 2009. Gulla 2009. 30. 2014. 49. p. 21. 34. p. 2015. 2014. Metal Hammer. Everley. 22. Dave (May 19. "Metallica Performs 'Escape' Live For First Time Ever. "Metallica: How We Made Ride The Lightning" (http://teamrock. Chapter 11: 1984–1985. Chapter 5: Fight Fire with Fire. p. p. Popoff 2013. Irwin 2009. p. Megaforce Records. 23. McIver 2009. Metallica.org/web/20120623023149/http://www. "Creeping Death" (https://web. Retrieved June 28. Gulla 2009. Jon (July 27. 45. Popoff 2013. Prown & Newquist 1997.net. 121. Popoff 2013. p. 10. 40. 2012. 2016.asp) on June 23. Popoff 2013. 2.org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning References 1.wikipedia. Wiederhorn. 20. p. Blabbermouth. Brad (August 2014). p. Retrieved July 30. p.com/metallica-ride-the-lightning-album-anniversary/). p. 22:34 . p. 13. Guitar World: 54. 9.com/metallicas-kirk-hammett-talks- ride-lightning-cliff-burton-and-benefits-taking-guitar-lessons-joe-satriani). p. Retrieved July 19. "High Voltage" (http://www. 46. 184. 119. Retrieved September 11.guitarworld.com/music/news/fighting-fire-with-fire-metallica-look-back-on-ride-the-lightning- 20140728). Pillsbury 2013. 2014). p. 2016). McIver 2009. 6. Popoff 2013. Irwin 2009. McIver 2009.Wikipedia https://en.com /feature/2016-05-19/metallica-how-we-made-ride-the-lightning). 31. 42. Loudwire. 101.metallica. Dome & Wall 2011. 109.rollingstone. 28. 4. Rolling Stone. 26. Dome & Wall 2011. "Fighting Fire With Fire: Metallica Look Back on 'Ride the Lightning' " (https://www. Grow. 11. 24.blabbermouth. McIver 2009. Retrieved August 12. Retrieved July 19. 8. p. Angle. 18. 102.com/releases /creeping-death. pp. 225. 5. 27. 25. 3. 2012. 9 of 12 27/07/18. 2016. 50. 1984. 15. p. 32. 2016). 7. p. Popoff 2013.metallica. 118.asp). McIver 2009. 29. Ride the Lightning (CD liner notes).com. p. Winwood & Brannigan 2013. 129. 52. 103.

Retrieved August 12. 37. CD Universe. "Thrash Metal Essentials" (https://books. Kemp 2004. "A Guide to Metallica's Recordings" (http://articles. Kühnemund. Corey (August 26.com /music/lists/the-100-greatest-metal-albums-of-all-time-w486923/anthrax-among-the-living-1987- w486946?). 1991). Pitchfork Media. 41. "Ride The Lightning – Metallica" (http://sputnikmusic.' 'Ride the Lightning' Reissues" (https://www.google.cduniverse.ign.asp?pid=8982163&style=music&fulldesc=T). 122. Saby (April 13. 42.com/reviews /albums/21755-kill-em-allride-the-lightning/).com/music/why-ride-the-lightning-is-metallicas-most-influential-album- 6778097). Retrieved November 13. Retrieved January 18. "Metallica: Kill 'Em All.com /review/45717/Metallica-Ride-the-Lightning/).rollingstone. Houston Press. Sputnikmusic.Ride the Lightning . Larkin 2006.rollingstone.com/Metallica-Ride-The-Lightning/release /2195148). 44.com/nominees/search?artist=metallica&title=& year=All&genre=All). Greg (December 1. Uncut. Popoff 2013. Reyes-Kulkarni. Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 11. 2015). 48. Retrieved January 17. Retrieved July 28. Beaujour. Popoff 2004. 50. Channing (September 23. 38. Popoff 2005. (July 7.com /1991-12-01/entertainment/9104180330_1_star-cliff-burton-classic-status). Retrieved February 28. 2016). Joe (July 2007). 2016). 725. Retrieved April 17. 2013. Discogs. "Metallica .metal giants' early years revisited" (https://www. 2013. 43. p. 2011). Retrieved June 22. Spence D. Brannigan. Anderson. 34. 22:34 . 2014). "100 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time" (https://www. McIver 2009. "Metallica – Kill Em All/Ride The Lightning" (http://www. Götz. 35. 2013. "Why Ride The Lightning Is Metallica's Most Influential Album" (http://www.wikipedia. IGN.allmusic.rockhard. 2016.com/music/news/metallica-detail-deluxe-kill-em-all-ride-the-lightning-reissues- 20160217). 55. 56. pp.com/articles /2007/01/20/top-25-metal-albums?page=6). 51. Winwood & Brannigan 2013. Metal Hammer (267): 40–41. AllMusic. 40.chicagotribune. 12. "Metallica: Garage Daze" (http://teamrock. Steve. "IGN: Music – Top 25 Metal Albums" (http://www. 45. p. Paul (February 4. Retrieved June 18.grammy. Chapter 6: Creeping Death.uk /reviews/album/metallica-kill-em-allride-lightning). 2016. Popoff 2013. Ride the Lightning review . "Metallica – Ride the Lightning" (http://pitchfork. Rolling Stone. p. Kory (February 17. Muze. 2010. 55.de/megazine/reviewarchiv /review-anzeigen. 49. 538.uncut.Wikipedia https://en. Kot. p. Gross. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 14. Jason (May 26. Retrieved August 12.html?tx_rxsearch_pi1%5Breview%5D=5730).houstonpress. 2017.theguardian. 2012. Retrieved July 28. "Metallica – Ride the Lightning" (http://www. "Ride the Lightning . 2012.discogs. Deiterman. 47. 50. 2010). 10 of 12 27/07/18. Rock Hard (in German).org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning 33. Huey. National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. p. Mongredien. 2017). 2016. 46. Tom (June 21.com/?id=-gSPOtHSH08C& pg=PA104&dq=ride+the+lightning+spin+metallica#v=onepage& q=ride%20the%20lightning%20spin%20metallica&f=false). 222–223. Retrieved July 28. Freeman. The Guardian. 54. and Ed T. 2016. "Past Winners Search – Metallica" (https://www. 2016). Grow.co. 2016. "Metallica Detail Deluxe 'Kill 'Em All. 52. 2016. p. Phil (April 17. "Metallica – Ride The Lightning" (http://www. 2016.com /productinfo. 2012. Retrieved August 11. Wenner Media LLC. 39. Spin: 104.com/album/ride-the-lightning- mw0000190995).com/feature/2015-02-04 /metallica-garage-daze). 2016). 53.com/music/2016/apr/17/metallica-kill-em-all-ride-the-lightning- review-metal-giants-early-years-revisited).Ride the Lightning CD Album Japan" (http://www.Metallica" (http://www. 36.

McIver. Guitar Gods: The 25 Players who Made Rock History. 11 of 12 27/07/18. 58.webcitation.mtv.com/releases/albums/4210/ride-the-lightning). Recording Industry Association of America.ifpi. Kaufman. Bob (2013). Retrieved September 27. William (2009). MTV. "British album certifications – Metallica – Ride the Lightning" (https://www.aria. 60.aupageshttpwww. (2006).com/artist/24423/metallica/). Pillsbury. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-85712-721-1. ISBN 0-19-531373-9. "Ride The Lightning" (https://metallica. Routledge. Music for Nations. 66. 63. Oxford University Press. Music Canada. 2013.dk/?q=certificeringer). Retrieved March 28. Gil (July 26. 22:34 . Retrieved May 11.com/showitem. Metallica: The Music and the Mayhem.com /news/1537125/metallica-put-catalog-on-itunes-quietly/). 59. Billboard. 2014. Simon & Schuster.com. "Metallica". The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Retrieved May 30. IFPI Denmark. Joel (2009). ISBN 978-1-906002-24-4. "Canadian album certifications – Metallica – Ride the Lightning" (https://musiccanada.uk/brit-certified/). Click on næste to go to page if certification from official website 67.billboard. Popoff. Select Gold in the Certification field. 2015. Omnibus Press.org/6GWtUSMdI?url=http://www. Metallica. 2017. Archived (https://www.com.officialcharts. 5 (4th ed. ed. "American album certifications – Metallica – Ride the Lightning" (https://www. "Metallica – Ride the Lightning" (http://australian-charts. 2012. Wall. 68.bpi. then click SEARCH Bibliography Dome. Omnibus Press. ECW Press. Gulla.com/gold-platinum /?tab_active=default-award&ar=Metallica&ti=Ride+the+Lightning#search_section). Retrieved April 11. 61. To Live Is To Die: The Life and Death of Metallica's Cliff Burton. "Metallica UK Chart History" (http://www. McIver 2014. Official Charts Company. Australian Recording Industry Association. Metallica. Retrieved June 28. click Advanced. 64. then select Album. Retrieved March 28. Hoard. Colin. Christian David.aria. 2014. ISBN 978-0-415-97374-8. Martin (2004). McIver.wikipedia. Retrieved March 28.au/pages /httpwww. "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2008 Albums" (http://www. Chapter 13: 1986. Kemp. 2012.aupagesARIACharts-Accreditations-2008Albums. 65.riaa.). ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. John Wiley & Sons.htm).Ride the Lightning . Damage Incorporated: Metallica and the Production of Musical Identity. Irwin. ISBN 978-1-78323-123-2. Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Mick (2013). Joel (2014). ISBN 978-0-313-35806-7.Wikipedia https://en.com. 2014. 1984. ISBN 978-1-4051-6348-4. Justice For All — The Truth About Metallica. "Danish album certifications – Metallica – Ride the Lightning" (http://www. Nathan. 2014. Malcolm. Rob (2004).com/artist/310639/metallica/chart?f=305).com. Enter Ride the Lightning in the search field and then press Enter. Ride the Lightning (LP liner notes). The Top 500 Heavy Metal Albums of All Time. ABC-CLIO.com/gold-platinum /?fwp_gp_search=Ride+the+Lightning%20Metallica). 2013.aria. Larkin. Retrieved March 28. If necessary.org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning 57.asp?interpret=Metallica& titel=Ride+The+Lightning&cat=a) (in German). Retrieved May 30. Metallica and Philosophy: A Crash Course in Brain Surgery. British Phonographic Industry. Glenn (2013). "Metallica Put Catalog On iTunes — Quietly" (http://www. Hung Medien.co. 62. "Metallica – Chart history" (https://www. 2015. 2006). then click Format.billboard. In Brackett.com/artist/310639/Metallica /chart?f%3D305%26sort%3Dtimeon) from the original on May 11. Select albums in the Format field.

additional terms may apply.wikipedia. Brannigan. Popoff. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.Wikipedia https://en. 12 of 12 27/07/18. Martin (2013). Birth School Metallica Death.com/master/6440) at Discogs (list of releases) Retrieved from "https://en. Pete. Winwood.Ride the Lightning . Martin (2005). a non-profit organization.org/w/index.wikipedia. 2. By using this site. Prown. Harvey P.discogs.php?title=Ride_the_Lightning&oldid=852218560" This page was last edited on 27 July 2018. 1. External links Ride the Lightning (https://www. Metallica: The Complete Illustrated History. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Hal Leonard Corporation.org/wiki/Ride_the_Lightning ISBN 978-1-55022-600-3. Popoff. Inc. The Collector's Guide to Heavy Metal: The Eighties. at 12:01 (UTC). ISBN 978-0-7603-4482-8. 22:34 . Collector's Guide Publishing.. Ian. ISBN 978-1-894959-31-5. (1997). ISBN 978-0-571-29416-9. Newquist. ISBN 0-7935-4042-9. Paul (2013). Legends of Rock Guitar: The Essential Reference of Rock's Greatest Guitarists. Faber & Faber. Voyageur Press.