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CODE : MI223 Design of Mining Plants.
HOURS PER WEEK : 5 (Theory–Practice)
PREREQUISITES : EC123 Strength of Materials, TM302 Mining Topography.
CONDITION : Compulsory
DEPARTMENT : Mining Engineering

This course provide to students the theory and tools to organize, plan and manage underground
mining projects, paying special attention to mining infrastructure required at each project stage
according to their size, category and stratum, from the operation start up to the mine closure. At
the end of the course students will be able to understand, evaluate and operate an underground
mine with responsibility, making it profitable and safe. Real world problems are presented and
analyzed throughout the course.

At the end of the course, students:
1. Design the infrastructure and facilities of a mining operation according to its size,
category and stratum.
2. Understand and explain the features and design parameters of mining infrastructure,
according to regulations and internationally accepted safety standards.
3. Construct and analyze diagrams, tables and flowcharts for determining the best available
options that meet the needs of mining infrastructure.
4. Develop a proper understanding of fundamentals and technical criteria on which
underground mines construction and operation are based.
5. Identify and evaluate impact variables and outcomes for decision making, according to
risks analysis, prevention and mitigation.
6. Acquire knowledge, skills and attitudes to design and plan the undertaking of a mining
operation, strategically and safely.

Importance of underground mines design. History and evolution, review of sciences and
engineering applications / Definition of mining business / Basic requirements to start a
mining operation and regulation aspects to care about / Mineralized resources and
reserves: definition, classes and categories, cubage methods, mines size impact /
Mineralized structure: 3D analysis, location, depth, existing background of mining activity,
topography of the area and resources and infrastructure analysis / Legal issues, and
environmental and social responsibility.
Mining infrastructure, size of the mine / Factors determining the size of the mine, design
parameters, infrastructure planning / 3D analysis of the site, review of drawings and
lengthways and crossways sections to set the geotechnical model. / Distribution of cutoff
grades / RMR, Barton’s Q, RQD and structures, geometry of veins and materials /
Determination of the geological model for operations planning / Mining infrastructure

Problems solving and practical exercises. influences and procedures / Location and clearance of areas and foundations. driving and operation. topographical stability controls / Mine water treatment systems. and exercises. Visit to an underground mining operation. and exercises. and exercises. guidelines for location and selection. 3. TAILING PLACES AND DISMOUNT DUMPS Technic specifications for the construction of tailing deposits and dumps of dismount / Definition of storage capacity. • The teacher provides relevant conclusions. • In practical sessions. location of the mineralized structure and the environment envelope / Identification and definition of accesses. it is necessary to realize the following activities: • The teacher makes a presentation about the class topic. location in the timeline of a project. communication systems and safety devices during the operation / Estimation of capital and operating costs. shapes and sizes in construction / Components of a pit extraction system: upload and download system. data analysis. brake systems. / Balance between exploitation rate and production development / Determination of mineralized resources. coronation channel. loads distribution. drum winch. advantages and disadvantages / Definition of shafts. features and main components. problems. The teacher will be the guide based on his/her practical experience. site characterization. development of a business model / Resolution of practical cases. 3. 5. safety systems and standards in winches use / Friction winch. hydrology. guidelines and methodologies for operating expenditure estimation. . CAPEX & OPEX : Capital expenditures: Definition. V. features and performance. cubage ratios to make the operation sustainably / Resolution of practical cases. windows. 2. support and clearance / Technical parameters. EXTRACTION SYSTEMS BY SHAFTS Systems of ore lifting by winches. safety factor. support evaluation. guidelines for the capital expenditure estimation and investment opportunities. drainage systems and their construction. topography. reengineering and redesign of processes as an alternative method of costs control / Technological innovation in operations for costs reduction / Analysis and technical- economic assessment of a mining project. electric control room. design parameters determination. risks and policy aspects / Operation expenditures: Definition. and other services / Characterization and sizing of the pit as the basic unit of production / Exploitation methods / Cycle of mining / Unit operations. In-class presentations of real cases. shafts. planning: ramps. chemical stability. geological mapping. inclined planes and pockets. stability criteria for tailing places construction. piezometers. geology. VI. stresses distribution around excavations. winches house. extractive and ventilation systems. operation criteria. closure / Characterization of foundation materials. balance of acid base test. monitoring programs. engineering analysis. INFRASTRUCTURE FOR PITS EXPLOITATIONS Identification and analysis of exploitable areas. 4. 6. plant design parameters. problems. determination of dilution and ore recovery percentage. students form groups of 3 or 4 people to solve and explain practical cases. excavation methods. • Students analyze and discuss about the topic. profiling. galleries. typical sections. cruises. standards and procedures of excavation. problems. hydrological studies. bearing capacity calculation / Analysis of slopes physical stability. and exercises. PRACTICAL EXPERIENCES: 1. disposal of tailing and dismount-waste. determination of the zone of risk influence. METHODOLOGY To accomplish main goals of the course. selection of exploitation method based on the characteristics. sensitivity. physical and chemical stability / Resolution of practical cases. features and main components. selection criteria / Mechanical and electrical components of a winch. problems. useful life time / Resolution of practical cases. features and design parameters. climate. support design. foundation types and depth.

Third edition. Metallurgy and Exploration. Underground Mining Methods. Society for Mining. 2011.. BAWDEN. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. HUISTRULID. K.F. PETER DARLING. Mining Engineering Handbook. A. Inc. HOEK P. GRADING FORMULA The Final Grade PF is calculated as follow: PF = (EP + EF + PP) / 3 EP: Mid-term Exam EF: Final Exam PP: Practical Work VIII. Mining Research . KAISER AND W.VII. 3. SME 2011. 2. W.