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Austin Jones

Developmental Psychology

Homework 1
Psychology 4301
For the following homework assignment, you must answer 20 of questions. To receive credit for the
assignment, you must upload either a Microsoft Word document or a PDF document (i.e., no text or pages
document will be accepted) to Blackboard by the due date. Only assignments submitted to blackboard
will be graded- no email submissions will be accepted. In your assignment, please indicate the question
number being answered. An electronic copy of the assignment is due on Tuesday, February 20, 2018 by
11:45 p.m. NO LATE ASSIGNMENTS WILL BE ACCEPTED.

Chapter 1
1. What is lifespan development?
a. The process of how humans change throughout their lifespan.
2. What are some basic influences on human development?
a. Nature vs. Nurture
3. What are the key issues in the field of development?
a. It takes a lifespan to monitor accurately development. It also has so much variance
between person to person.
4. Describe what correlational research and the relationship to cause and effect.
a. Correlation does not equal Causation. Correlational research only shows the
relationship between two things; not how they are caused.
5. What are the main features of an experiment?
a. Independent Variable and Dependent Variable
Chapter 2
6. How do the environment and genetics work together to determine human characteristics?
a. Nature: how genetic predispositions affect development
b. Nurture: How the environment shapes the development of a human
7. What stages comprise prenatal stages development?
a. Conception to Birth: Germenal, Embryonic, and Fetal
8. How the sex of a child is determined?
a. By the 23rd Chromosome (X or Y)
9. What are the threats to the fetal environment, and what can be done about them?
a. Teratogens are the threats to the fetal environment. They can be prevented by taking
the necessary prenatal steps and good planning ahead of time before conception.
Chapter 3
10. What is the normal process of labor?
a. Consists of 3 stages, where contractions gradually become stronger and more
frequent, resulting in birth of the baby.
11. What complications can occur at birth?
a. The baby can be born addicted to drugs, the mother’s skin between vagina and anus
can rip, etc.
12. What are some of the causes, effects, and treatments of birth complications?
13. What is postpartum depression?
a. The mother’s hormones become abnormal in the time following the birth which
results in depressive characteristics
14. What capabilities does the newborn have?
a. Simple reflexes, and the ability to monitor their caloric intake.
Austin Jones
Developmental Psychology

Chapter 4
15. How do the human body and nervous system develop?
16. What developmental tasks must infants accomplish during this period?
17. How are reflexes? Name and give examples of infant reflexes?
18. What are the important milestones for physical development during infancy?
19. What is the role of nutrition in physical development?
20. What is Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and the guidelines to prevent it?
Chapter 5
21. What are the fundamental features of Piaget’s theories of cognitive development?
22. According to Piaget, how does children’s understanding develop?
a. 4 Stages: Schema, Object Permanence, assimilation, accomodation
23. How do infants process information?
24. By what processes do children use language?
a. Cooing, babbling, Phonology, morepheme, etc.
25. How do children influence adults’ language?
a. Infant directed speech is used to better help kids understand language.
Chapter 6
26. How do infants experience emotions?
a. Interest, Disgust, Disinterest, and Distressed.
27. What is attachment in infancy and how does it relate to future social competence?
a. Attachment is the total of Parent/Child interactions. The attachment style can relate
to future personality. Secure, Avoidant, Disorganized, or Other
28. What individual differences distinguish one infant from another?
a. Attachment Style, Temperament, Personality
29. What are stranger anxiety and separation anxiety? Why are they important developmental
processes?
30. What is social referencing?
31. What is temperament, and how does it affects a child in the first two years of
life?
a. Temperment is stable throughout the lifespan. It can result in an easy baby, difficult baby,
slow-to-warm baby, or a baby that doesn’t fit any of these.

32. How does the gender of a child affects his or her development in the first two years
of life?