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Number System Questions

for CAT
   2017
16 Oct
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Question 1:

Five-digit numbers are formed using only 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 exactly


once. What is the difference between the maximum and
minimum number that can be formed?

A. 19800

B. 41976

C. 32976

D. None of these

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Question 2:

A is the set of positive integers such that when divided by 2, 3,


4, 5, 6 leaves the remainders 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 respectively. How
many integers between 0 and 100 belong to set A?

a) 0

b) 1

c) 2

d) None of these

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Question 3:

Twenty-seven persons attend a party. Which one of the


following statements can never be true?

a) There is a person in the party who is acquainted with all the


twenty-six others.

b) Each person in the party has a different number of


acquaintances.

c) There is a person in the party who has an odd number of


acquaintances.

d) In the party, there is no set of three mutual acquaintances.

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Question 4:

P, Q and R are three consecutive odd numbers in ascending


order. If the value of three times P is 3 less than two times R,
find the value of R.

a) 5

b) 7

c) 9

d) 11

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Question 5:

A positive whole number M less than 100 is represented in


base 2 notation, base 3 notation, and base 5 notation. It is
found that in all three cases the last digit is 1, while in exactly
two out of the three cases the leading digit is 1. Then M equals

a) 31

b) 63

c) 75

d) 91

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Solutions:

1) Answer (C)

Maximum five digit number which can be formed by using


numbers is 43210
And minimum five digit number = 10234
Difference = 43210 - 10234 = 32976

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2) Answer (B)

Let the number 'n' belong to the set A.


Hence, the remainder when n is divided by 2 is 1
The remainder when n is divided by 3 is 2
The remainder when n is divided by 4 is 3
The remainder when n is divided by 5 is 4 and
The remainder when n is divided by 6 is 5

So, when (n+1) is divisible by 2,3,4,5 and 6.


Hence, (n+1) is of the form 60k for some natural number k.
And n is of the form 60k-1

Between numbers 0 and 100, only 59 is of the form above and


hence the correct answer is 1

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3) Answer (B)

From the options a, c and d all can possibly occur. Hence


option b. Besides, if all people have different number of
acquaintances, then first person will have 26 acquaintance,
second person will have 25 acquaintance, third person will
have 24 and so on till 27 th person will have 0 acquaintance. 0
acquaintance is practically not possible.

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4) Answer (C)

Let's say three numbers are (a-2),a,(a+2)

So 3(a-2) = 2(a+2) - 3

a=7 and a+2 = R = 9

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5) Answer (D)

Since in all three cases the last digit is 1, the number should
give remainder 1 when divided individually by 2,3,5 . So the
no. may be 31 or 91 . Now 31 in base 2,3 and 5 give first digit
as 1 in all the 3 cases while 91 gives exactly two out of the
three cases the leading digit as 1. Hence option D.

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