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2. Breakdown of power usage
i). Air conditioning ii). Lighting iii). Office equipment iv). Fans v). Others –
– 13.4% 0.9%
3. Energy cost saving Opportunities
Chilled water system is not financially feasible. Recommending Building Management System (BMS) Controlling monitoring, starting & shutting down of A/C system Lacks Feasibility Cost report Savings Rs.6.5 million Rs.1.44 million (10%) 4.4 years
Payback period •
Energy management programme
1.002.Employee education.301448 MJ Rs.244.000/1 million 2.381 Rs.736/- • • Maximum Minimum - Rs.060/- . good housekeeping and effective maintenance program.997. Vital Annual savings Estimated capital attitude Payback period - 350.291 166 KVA Useful data Average demand Energy Cost - • • 2. 12. 1.8 years Accuracy is at stake depends on individuals • Utility Meters Reads less than actual √ • • Unbalanced voltage & current Voltage within acceptable level √ √ Energy usage quantities and trends • • Energy - 639.
189.617.345 1. Miscellaneous area – 79.513 31.045.306. Sporting star 2.274 kwh Electricity Consumption by building area 1. Internet café 3.136 12% 2.900 kwh 49. Office area - TOTAL 639.• Average - Rs.53.61.293 18% 4.206.000 kwh Useful data Average .997. 1.717 some divisions 6.115/- Variation of demand • • Maximum demand – 200Kva Minimum demand – 150kva Average demand .981 2.083.467 31% 12. Greatwall - 113. IT section - 48.649 8% 5% - 59.318 645.291 END USER ENERGY DISTRIBUTION .977 17% Useful of 4.541 9% 1.541 but missing 5.757 986. Betsettling section - 107.438 198.166kva Useful data • Variation of energy • • • Maximum Minimum - .381 100% 7.
909 15.4% 1. .• • • Air conditioning – 382.9611.661 13.221 Kw • • • • Energy consumption of chilled water system – 0. Recommendation on energy cost saving 1.2% 114.0 Kw / TR not known Energy consumption of air cool split units – 1.020 10.9 KW / TR (0.040.7% Useful data Office equipment Others Fans TOTAL 85.327.767.271 5.747.291 SITE LOAD PROFILE Maximum demand was recorded on the 3rd December 2009 (Thursday) at 12:00 indicating 169 kva.046 7.381 0.384 58% 2.358 Lighting 100.9% 100% • • 65.2 Kw / TR Total capacity of existing units – 216 TR Total power consumption .8KW / TR) Total power consumption of chilled water system – 194 KW. Air conditioning and ventilation 60% • • • Some units are of 12 year of usage Actual condition Energy consumption of water cooled packages – 1.628 639.997.432 12.
During extreme temperatures the dampers would close .• • • Minimum savings on chilled water system is around – 12. Combine the operations of the packaged units.2% Annual savings Investment Rs.1.45 million NOT RECOMMENDED Building Management System BMS is a total automated control monitoring system for A/C & lighting Features incorporated are i). filter switches and the complete automation of the A/Cs.08 million Rs. To control the temperature of the return air rather than the temperature in the air condition system. Features appears to be attractive Energy saving features of an EMS system: • Control of outside makeup air : Outside air dampers can be automatically open and based on temperature and CO2 levels of the building. Improve efficiency • • • Install temperature controllers to maintain reasonable ambient Coupling temperature controllers to Energy Management System of BMS EMS provides range of A/C control optimization features. outside dampers.
Floating condenser water temperature – This control function would allow the condenser water supply temperature to float according to the prevailing wet-bulb temperatures to achieve the highest possible settling. be programmed switch air conditioners on slightly later in the mornings.limiting the amount of hot outside air requiring conditioning. As a rule for each degree reduction in condenser water supply temperature a gain of 1. 365 Day programmable time control – The EMS could be programmed to ensure all air conditioners are switched off and not left operating on weekends and the public holidays scheduled throughout the year. This strategy alone is estimated to result in air conditioner energy savings of 9%. This strategy will not only result in energy savings but also charge the factory with fresh air each day. Outside peak times the EMS could be programmed to operate half the units during the cooler morning hours. • • • All those 4 features would be very useful in paving way for the air conditioning system to operate with minimum power requirement. and switch them off slightly earlier on middle days. . this will bring down the cooling load in the building. Night purge – The EMS could pump in the outside cool air early in the morning and in turn. all units during the middle of the day and half the units during the last three hours of the day in the cooler months. • Optimized stop/start – The peak cooling season in Colombo is from June to August and then typically from 11:00 am to 4:00 pm. If building CO2 level rise above a certain preset thresh hold the dampers would then automatically open allowing additional fresh air into the building.5% in airconditioner efficiency is achieved. The system could also monitor outdoor conditions.
Cost Benefit Analysis It is assumed that there will be saving of 15% on energy but difficult to assess accurately the saving at Sumathi Court . been in operation for 15 years. POWER FACTOR CORRECTION • Performance quite satisfactorily.000/4.4 years Detailed study needed to implement EMS at Sumathi Court. .364 Kwh (A/C & LIGHTING) 1. • • • • Estimated energy saving Cost of saving Estimated investment Pay back period - - 72. UTILITY ENRGY METER Second data readings were obtained during March 2010. 2.500. – Capacitor bank has 3.240 per annum 6.471.
5%. Maximum recorded is 0. VOLTAGE CURRENT IMBALANCE Deviation in voltage is within the range of 1%. GUIDELINES FOR ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM . CURRENT IMBALANCE It has been observed that variation of more than 10% occurred which needs attention. 4. 5.5% by practicing the above. ENERGY MANAGEMENT POLICY AND STAFF EDUCATION It is recommended to save 2% .Max demand CEB bill KVA during monitored period December 2009 155 169 Mx demand March 2010 150 192 Note : CEB maximum demand readings are lower than that of logged readings of SLEMA instruments.
40 Kw Reduction in demand Reduction in demand Kw 0.221.2%) Annual savings from Energy reduction (13.959 Energy saving potential from Chilled water to existing AC system 12.6) - 383.0.574.60 (Energy Audit AC% Annual Energy saving potential from chilled water to existing AC system 46777 Kwh (Saving potential of 12.186 Rs .4 The accepted ration for a chilled water A/C system .20% Annual energy consumption for existing A/C Kwh (Historical data 639291 Kwh/year) 0.9 Kw/TR Design Electrical Power with chilled water A/C system194. (750 Rs/Kva – demand change) 247./Kwh with 30% Fac) (B) 839.8 Rs.55 Kw Annual savings from demand reduction (A) Rs.00 27.00 TR kw Total power for the existing AC system (rated data) .Total capacity (rated data) - 216.98 pf 27.
l 45. In recent times the electricity bill has risen great magnitude.000. Therefore our power and architectural design wouldn’t have incorporated features to work in accordance with EMS and BMS requirement.000 OBSERVATION ON THE SLEMA PROPOSAL (DRAFT) Electrical power consumption has been quite high for the office complex of Sumathi Court.Total Annual savings (A) + (B) Rs. During that period concept of Energy Management System EMS or Building Management System BMS didn’t exist in Sri Lanka. Management was unsure about the actual reason for this increase as there were many divisions and large segment of common area which was the responsibility of SGC. 1.146 Investment (Supply & install 200 TR Chiller AC system) Rs. .087. Sumathi Court building had undergone many phase of extensions and upgrades giving priority for good outlook and quality ambience which staff and customers had experienced.
1. The reading of which was clearly measured by SLEMA and there aren’t any improvement necessary to this effect.00 – 13:00 PM. Power factor improvement. There was significant reduction in power consumption after implementation of this project. But with the VSD it was possible to maintain the RPM at around 1000 RPM even during peak hours at 12. This measure would have saved appreciable amount of energy if it had been implemented. Variable Speed Control for cooling tower motor. re-installation and restructuring of electrical power cabling and installation of power watt hour meter for individual divisions and departments. Initially Motor RPM of 2800 was maintained throughout whether it was required or not. VARIABLE SPEED CONTROL VSD VSD project was designed and implemented in 2007 by our local team. Unfortunately the second phase of the variable speed control of package air conditioning units didn’t take place yet. First step which was implemented was Power factor correction which was implemented during 1995 by installing suitable capacitor banks capable of improving power factor closer to unity which is a great success. 2.According to MD1’s vision our technical team adopted various methods to curb the rising cost of energy consumption by successfully implemented identified energy segments. In this project temperature of water flow was sensed and speed of the motor was controlled accordingly. POWER FACTOR IMPROVEMENT . SLEMA’S PROPOSAL .
starting & shutting down of A/C system] Factors determine the ground situation of the building as per the Option1. In addition how effectively the staff would be committed to adhere the procedures laid by SLEMA. A.146/. • • • Working efficiency have to be assessed Check the condition of the compressor Check the physical condition of the water cool pipes . In some cases initial preparation process might lead to saving of energy to nominal extent. OPTION 1: BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM [Controlling.SLEMA has suggested us to implement two options which would jointly save Rs. monitoring. Water Cool A/C • Condition of the Package A/C units There are 19 package units in the building which are more than 15 years old.annually. These two methods are highly depended on the ground situation of the condition of the equipment of the building and the building’s architectural efficiency and effectiveness.087. Therefore it would be appropriate to assess the factors which determines the ground situation of the equipment of the building and instruments which would operate in conjunction with the control system to drive BMS. Detailed study needed to assess the operating condition of the fan motor and compressor.1.
4. Energy cost could be worked out easily.• Verify the physical condition of the duct system whether any leakage or poor insulation etc. Evaluation have to be done whether the existing A/C unit in a department is capable of maintaining proper temperature without being overloaded or it’s capacity is more than required. Floating condenser water temperature 7. • PROS & CONS PROS : 1. 365 Day programmable time control . 5. Physical Condition of Building / Architectural • Detailed study. analysis and modification / alteration for the existing structure to be implemented in order to prevent cool air being escaped from the departments / divisions unnecessarily. 6. Security aspect wise superior. Night purge This is a good feature but all depends on the weather condition in Colombo. Control of outside makeup air. monitor and control (remote monitoring). 3. easy to Manage. 8. Centralized system to control light and A/C 2. To control the temperature of the return air rather than the temperature in the air condition system.
High cost to meet the initial conditions before implementing BMS. Lack of overall system configuration diagram 4. Sumathi Court is not ready for BMS. 2. 3. 5. 9. Additional cabling to all the department may be required which is additional cost. 8. There may be space constraint for external units. 7. Cost of Rs. Additional trained qualified technical staff required to work round the clock to manage the system. Extensive proposal required for the BMS highlighting main criteria required to implement successfully in a smaller building like Sumathi Court.CONS : 1. Optimized stop/start This is method to stop and start externally would affect the system as it might affect internal control.6.5 million is for ideal situation. OPTION 2 : . Suppliers details and installation for similar type of building 6. Disadvantage sometimes in short quicker session switching on and off would cause damage to the motor or create power surge. 10.
ENERGY MANAGEMENT POLICY AND STAFF EDUCATION • There is considerable amount of energy has been wasted due to lack of knowledge. motivation and improper awareness among the staff concerning cost of energy. Energy management policy & staff education is always useful for any type of organization. Cost benefit : They have estimated from 2% – 5% of the total energy cost. PROS & CONS PROS : 1. Could extend this to save water and other related energy consumption. Control of light inside office. 2. . • ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM – EMP EMP is a good concept to be implemented in any type of organization regardless of the size of the infrastructure. Main obstacle may the continuous process of training as the trained staff always has the tendency to leave. • • 3.B. Maintain suitable temperature internally depending on the external condition. • Determining of Switching on & off time of the A/C in the morning & evening. Formulation of procedures on energy management. Main criteria for the successful implementation of EMP depends on the proper setup of the infrastructure.
A desktop computer’s power rating is around 250 – 300 watts average. 3. Staff who work may want to operate A/C which is not feasible for limited no. whereas a Thin Client would only consume only 30W. Training of staff is a long process which has to be done on regular basis. By this exercise there could be considerable cost saving in energy.4. of persons. • Convert desktop computers to Thin Client where ever it is possible. 2. Staff will become mindful to switch off all the devices (PC monitors) before leaving office. 4. Retaining of trained staff is a great challenge. . • We could resort Water Heating to LPG gas by adopting adequate safety measures. Get every staff to agree for a set temperature condition. ANY OTHER SUGGESTIONS • Analyze the computer network and change all the CRT monitors to LCD monitors. 5. Agreed cost saving of 2 – 5% could not be guaranteed as it is only a guess or experience with other clients where the building may not be the same. CONS : 1.
.• • • Maintain proper load balancing in all the floors and departments as this won’t cost us anything. Prevent staff from performing overnight downloading of movies. Introduce RF filtering in the power lines to provide pure power which would also contribute to saving of energy.
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