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Nome__________________________________________________nº______.

8º.ano “_____” do ensino fundamental


data:______________.
Professora: Francismeiry

TER – 4º BIMESTRE 2014 - INGLÊS

Unit 13
Reading Comprehension
Vocabulary
Indefinite Pronouns p.8, 9

Pronomes Indefinidos (Pronomes Substantivos e Adjetivos) - Indefinite Pronouns


and Adjectives

1. SOME - ALGUM, ALGO, ALGUNS, ALGUMA, ALGUMAS, UM, UNS, UMA,


UMAS, UM POUCO DE
* Some e seus compostos são usados em frases afirmativas. Some também pode ser
usado em frases interrogativas quando se trata de um oferecimento ou pedido ou
quando se espera uma resposta positiva.

Some exercises are difficult to do. (Alguns exercícios são difíceis


de fazer.)
Would you like some tea? (Você gostaria de um pouco de chá?)

2. SOMEBODY/SOMEONE - ALGUÉM
Somebody/Someone is knocking the door. (Alguém está batendo na porta.)

3. SOMETHING - ALGUMA COISA, ALGO

There is something under the bed.


(Há/Tem alguma coisa embaixo da cama.)

4. SOMEWHERE - EM ALGUM LUGAR


I saw your keys somewhere. (Eu vi suas chaves em algum lugar.)

5. ANY - ALGUM, ALGUNS, ALGUMA, ALGUMAS, NENHUM, NENHUMA,


UM, UNS, UMA, UMAS, QUALQUER
*Any é usado em frases interrogativas e negativas. Nas frases afirmativas, any é
usado quando: aparecer após a palavra if; significar qualquer; houver palavra de sentido
negativo na frase como seldom,never, rarely, without, etc.
Do you have any talent for dance? (Você tem algum talento para a dança?)
He didn't have any chance. (Ele não tinha chance alguma.)
If you have any doubt, ask me. (Se você tiver qualquer / alguma dúvida, pergunte-me.)
She rarely has any free weekend.
(Raramente ela tem algum fim de semana livre.)
7. ANYBODY / ANYONE - ALGUÉM, QUALQUER UM, NINGUÉM
There isn't anybody upstairs. (Não há ninguém lá em cima.)
Is there anybody home? (Há alguém em casa?)

8. ANYTHING - ALGUMA COISA, QUALQUER COISA, NADA


I am hungry because I didn't eat anything this morning. (Estou com fome porque não
comi coisa alguma / nada hoje de manhã.)
There isn't anything to do in this city. (Não há coisa alguma / nada para fazer nesta
cidade.)
He may buy anything he wants. (Ele pode comprar qualquer coisa que quiser.)

9. ANYWHERE - EM ALGUM LUGAR, EM QUALQUER LUGAR


Did you see him anywhere? (Você o viu em algum lugar?)
Your shoes must be anywhere. (Seus sapatos podem estar em qualquer lugar.)

10. ANYWAY - DE ALGUMA MANEIRA, DE QUALQUER JEITO


Please, don't tell me what I have to do, anyway, I will only do what I want. (Por favor,
não me diga o que tenho que fazer, de qualquer maneira, farei apenas o que quero.)
I will buy the house anyway. (De qualquer jeito, comprarei a casa.)

11. NO (PRONOME ADJETIVO) - NENHUM,


NENHUMA
I have no money in my wallet. (Não tenho dinheiro
nenhum na minha carteira.)

13. NOBODY / NO ONE - NINGUÉM


Nobody/No one knows what our secret is. (Ninguém sabe qual é o nosso segredo.)

14. NOTHING - NADA


I have nothing to say. (Não tenho nada a dizer.)
There was nothing in the fridge. (Não havia nada na geladeira.)

15. NOWHERE - NENHUM LUGAR


She is nowhere in this park. (Ela não está em lugar nenhum deste parque.)

1)
Put in something, someone, somewhere or anything, anyone, anywhere into the gaps.

1) I've got ___ ___________ in my eye.


2) There is _________________ at the door.
3) We haven't heard _________________ about Peter. Is he ill?
4) Do you live __________________ near Vila Carvalho?
5) ________________ wants to see you.
6) Has _________________ seen my bag?
7) My teacher asked me ______________________.
8) Can I have ________________ to drink?
9) Don't worry. __________________ can tell you where the post-office in this town is.
10) I don't know __________________ about it.

Unit 14
Verb + verb – ing page 13
Prepositions + verb – ing page 13

Verb Forms:
The - ing Form

The -ing form is also used for gerunds (verbs which are used as nouns).

Gerunds can be used as nouns for subjects and subject complements:

Learning a language isn't easy.


Talking to Bill was a lot of fun.
Communicating by e-mail has become very common.
His hobby is collecting stamps.
______________________________________

Gerunds can also be used as nouns for objects of verbs and prepositions:

They dislike studying.


For exercise, he recommends swimming.
He doesn't care about being on time.
They're tired of listening to you.
Did he succeed in solving the problem?

We use verb+ ing after some verbs like:


Stop - finish - consider - enjoy - miss - avoid - begin
We use verb + ing after prepositions:

After - about - in - at - for - with - by - of

2) Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

1. Dan enjoys ________________ (read) science fiction.


2. Cheryl suggested __________________ (watch) a movie after work.
3. I miss ________________ (work) in the travel industry. Maybe I can get my old job
back.
4. Do you mind ________________ (help) me translate this letter?
5. If he keeps _________________ (arrive) to work late, he's going to get fired!
6. Debbie began ________________ (think) about travelling abroad next year.
7. I finished _________________ (wash) Jack’s car.
8. The girls insisted on ________________ (go) out with Perry.
9. They are afraid of _________________ (lose) the game.
10. She complains about _______________ (bully)
11. Laura dream of ________________ ( live) on a small island.
12. My friend is good at __________________ (play) volleyball.

Unit 15

Adverbs: perhaps, maybe, possibly, probably, definitely


Modal Verbs: may, might, could, must

Modal Verbs

São verbos modais: can (pode), could (poderia), may(pode, poderia), might (pode,
poderia), should(deveria), must (deve), ought to (precisa) e used to(costumava).

Could: é empregado para expressar habilidade, só que no passado. É usado também com o
sentindo depoderia, em um contexto mais formal.

I could ride a bike when I was 5 years old. (Eu podia/conseguia andar de bicicleta quando tinha
5 anos de idade).
Could you bring me a sandwich and a coke, please? (Você poderia me trazer um sanduíche e
uma coca, por favor?).

May: é usado para expressar uma possibilidade no presente ou no futuro. Também pode ser
usado para pedir permissão, no entanto, may é usado em contextos mais formais que o can.

It may rain tomorrow. (Pode chover amanhã).


May I go to the bathroom? (Eu poderia ir ao banheiro?).

It’s ten o’clock. They might have arrived now.[= Perhaps they have arrived]
They may have arrived hours ago. [= Perhaps they arrived hours ago.]

Might: é usado para expressar possibilidades no passado ou no presente.


She might have come to the party. (Ela poderia ter vindo à festa).
He might have lunch with us tomorrow. (Ele pode vir almoçar com a gente amanhã).

Must: é usado para expressar obrigação.

You must go to school. (Você deve ir à escola).


She must study more. (Ela deve estudar mais).

3) Complete the sentences using the correct modal verb – must, might, may, could -.

1 I'm sure he is here - I can see his car in front of the building.
He ________________ be here. I can see his car in front of the building.
2 They're coming this week but I don't know which day.
They _________________ be coming tomorrow.
3 I'm not sure I'm going to pass the exam. I don't feel very confident.
I _____________________ pass the exam. I don't feel very confident.
4 I've bought a lottery ticket. There's a chance I'll become a millionaire!
I _____________________ become a millionaire!
5 I'm sure she doesn't speak French very well - she's only lived in Paris for a few weeks.
She __________________ speak French very well. She's only lived in Paris for a few
weeks.
6 My key's not in my pocket or on my desk so I'm sure it's in the drawer.
My key's not in my pocket or on my desk so it __________________ be in the drawer.
7 Someone told me that Mark was in Mexico but I saw him yesterday so I'm sure he's not
abroad.
Mark __________________ be abroad.

Unit 16
Vocabulary : Facial Expressions page 23
Tag Questions page 25

A tag question é utilizada no final das sentenças para obter confirmação do que foi dito
anteriormente, e por isso ela é curta e rápida.

VERBOS AUXILIARES
Quando temos o verbo auxiliar na sentença, como o verbo to be, to have, can, could, should, nós
utilizamos esses verbos para formar a tag question. Observe os exemplos:

It is cold today, isn’t it? (Está frio hoje, não está?)


Fernanda is a good girl, isn’t she? (Fernanda é uma boa garota, não é?)
David was there, wasn’t he? (David estava lá, não estava?)
They were friends, weren’t they? (Eles eram amigos, não eram?)
She has a car, hasn’t she? (Ela tem um carro, não tem?)
My parents can’t run, can they? (Meus pais não podem correr, podem?)
My sister could travel, couldn’t she? (Minha irmã poderia viajar, não poderia?)
The teacher should do this, shouldn’t he? (O professor deveria fazer isso, não deveria?)

VERBOS NÃO AUXILIARES


Quando não temos o verbo auxiliar na sentença, nós utilizamos outras formas verbais para
formar a tag question, como: do, does, don’t, doens’t – para o presente – e did ou didn’t – para
o passado. Devemos relembrar que se a primeira parte está na forma positiva, a segunda deve
estar na negativa e vice-versa. Observe os exemplos:

You understand English, don’t you? (Você entende inglês, não entende?)
You don’t live here, do you? (Você não mora aqui, mora?)
She doesn’t cook very well, does she? (Ela não cozinha muito bem, cozinha?)
You went to Salvador last week, didn’t you? (Você foi a Salvador semana passada, não foi?)
Raquel didn’t go to school, did she? (Raquel não foi à escola, foi?)

FUTURE AND CONDITIONAL


Para o futuro se usa o auxiliar will, na forma afirmativa, e won’t na forma negativa;
ou would para expressar condição, na forma afirmativa, e wouldn’t, na forma negativa.
Observe os exemplos:

You will travel to Buenos Aires, won’t you? (Você irá viajar para Buenos Aires, não vai?)
He won’t arrive on time, will he? (Ele não chegará a tempo, chegará?)
Marcela would arrive, wouldn’t she? (Marcela iria chegar, não iria?)
The players wouldn’t go, would they? (Os jogadores não iriam, iriam?)

Observação:
Para a 1º pessoa do singular I, a tag question tem uma forma irregular.
Ex.: I am your friend, aren't I?

4) Instructions: Add a suitable question tag to the following sentences. In each case the
speaker wants clarification that what he is saying is correct.
1There wasn't enough paper in the printer , ___________________?
2If he spoke better English he would look for a job abroad, _____________________ ?
3They've already sent you the invitation, _____________________ ?
4We should invite them to our party, ______________________?
5You had to sell some shares, _____________________ ?
6You were disappointed when you got your exam results, ______________________ ?
7We won't have to work tomorrow, _____________________ ?
8We'll have to finish the project before next week, _____________________ ?