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HOLY ANGEL UNIVERSITY

STO. ROSARIO ST., ANGELES CITY, PAMPANGA

DETERMINATION OF WATER
CONTENT OF SOIL

CHUPACHUPS

CE-408

Ariola, Chantelle

David, Kleine Kristenne

Mariano, Khaye

Sanchez, Lei

Torres, Rodimar

27 JULY 2018
ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to learn how to acquire the moisture of water content
of the given soil sample. It is hoped that by the end of this experiment, researchers will
be able to obtain the moisture or water content of the soil sample given.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. Objective and Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

II. Theory and Experimental Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

III. Results and Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

IV. Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

V. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
OBJECTIVE AND INTRODUCTION

Water is combined with soil so the soil particles will be closer to each other. That
is why water plays a very important role in the soil. Water content or moisture content is
the quantity of water contained in a material, such as soil (called soil
moisture), rock, ceramics, crops, or wood. Water content is used in a wide range of
scientific and technical areas, and is expressed as a ratio, which can range from 0
(completely dry) to the value of the materials' porosity at saturation. It can be given on a
volumetric or mass (gravimetric) basis.

These are the objectives we set to aim and achieve:

 To identify the moisture content of a soil.

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THEORY AND EXPERIMENTAL METHODS
For the preview, here are the uses and definition of each instruments used for the activity:

1. Container Lid- a lid, also known as a cover, is part of a container and serves as
the closure or seal, usually one that completely closes the object.
2. Balance- an even distribution of weight enabling someone or something to remain
upright and steady.
3. Oven- an enclosed compartment used for heating.
4. Desiccator- a glass container or other apparatus holding a drying agent for
removing moisture from specimens and protecting them from water vapor in the
air.
5. Tongs- an instrument with two movable arms that are joined at one end, used for
picking up and holding things.

Here are the steps and methods (procedure) for the experiment:

1. We first clean our container lid.


2. Right after making sure that our container lid is clean, we get its weight without
putting anything on it.
3. After recording its weight, we put a soil in our container.
4. We, then, get the weight of the container together with soil.
5. Hurriedly, we remove the lid and safely place the container inside the oven.
6. When the soil is completely dry, we took the container outside the oven.
7. We perform five trials in getting the its weight.

The documentation of each procedure is in the appendices.

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RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

WATER CONTENT

RESULTS

W1 = weight of container with cover 0.2837 kg

W2 = weight of wet soil + weight of 2.63 kg


container with cover
W3 = weight of oven dried soil + weight of 2.2 kg
container with cover

Solving for water content:

Water content = ((W2-W3)(W3-W1)) x 100%

Water content = 21.75%

Discussion:

The objective of our laboratory experiment is to identify the water content of a given soil
sample. From the result above, 21.75% of the total weight of the soil is water.

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CONCLUSION

The determination of soil water content is to show gravimetric measurement of


soil water content is based on removal of water from the sample. Sample water is
removed by evaporation, leaching or chemical reaction. Once sample water is removed,
the amount of water removed from the sample is determined and used to calculate soil
moisture content. Determination of water content removed is done using several
methods. The simplest method to determine water content removed is by measurement
of loss of weight of the sample. Extraction of substances which replace sample water
and measurement of a physical or chemical property of the extracting material that is
affected by water content is another method. Oven drying is the most widely used of all
gravimetric methods. The oven dry method is the standard for the calibration of all other
soil moisture determination techniques.

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REFERENCES

“Water content or moisture content “ - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_content