HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS

Volume 1

PDMS Version 11.6

pdms1160/HVAC Using PDMS Vol1 issue 230804

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Revision History
Date September 2003 August 2004 Version 11.5 11.6 Notes Updated to incorporate the Design Explorer and the new view manipulation facilities introduced at this version of PDMS. Changed to add new Design Explorer and Reference List.

HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6

Revision History-i

Revision History Revision History-ii HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 .

Contents
1 Read This First
1.1

1-1

1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5

The scope of this guide ...................................................................................................1-1 1.1.1 Intended audience............................................................................................1-1 1.1.2 Assumptions ....................................................................................................1-1 1.1.3 About the tutorial exercise...............................................................................1-1 1.1.4 Further reading ................................................................................................1-2 Text conventions .............................................................................................................1-2 Terminology....................................................................................................................1-2 How the guide is organised .............................................................................................1-3 Further training in the use of PDMS ...............................................................................1-4

2

Introducing VANTAGE PDMS
2.1 2.2 2.3

2-1

Introducing the structure of PDMS .................................................................................2-1 The strengths of PDMS...................................................................................................2-1 PDMS HVAC design features ........................................................................................2-2

3

Getting Started
3.1 3.2 3.3

3-1

Logging in .......................................................................................................................3-1 Using the mouse..............................................................................................................3-2 Using forms.....................................................................................................................3-2 3.3.1 Using text boxes ..............................................................................................3-2 3.3.2 Using drop-down lists .....................................................................................3-3 3.4 The PDMS startup display ..............................................................................................3-4 3.5 Using menus....................................................................................................................3-5 3.6 Using the tool bar............................................................................................................3-6 3.7 Using the Design Explorer ..............................................................................................3-7 3.8 Using the status bar .........................................................................................................3-8 3.9 More on using forms .......................................................................................................3-8 3.9.1 Using option buttons .......................................................................................3-9 3.9.2 Using check boxes...........................................................................................3-9 3.9.3 Using scrollable lists .......................................................................................3-9 3.9.4 Using action buttons......................................................................................3-10 3.10 Responding to alert forms .............................................................................................3-10 3.11 Using on-line Help ........................................................................................................3-10

4

Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy
4.1 4.2 4.3

4-1

4.4

How PDMS stores design data........................................................................................4-1 4.1.1 PDMS design data definitions .........................................................................4-2 Viewing the design..........................................................................................................4-3 4.2.1 Exploring the HVAC database hierarchy ........................................................4-4 Viewing the design..........................................................................................................4-4 4.3.1 Setting the scale and direction of the view ......................................................4-4 4.3.2 Using the draw list...........................................................................................4-5 4.3.3 Manipulating the displayed view.....................................................................4-7 Saving the current design and leaving your design session ............................................4-9

5

Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components
5.1

5-1

5.2 5.3

HVAC component representation in the catalogue.........................................................5-1 5.1.1 HVAC physical shape .....................................................................................5-1 5.1.2 HVAC variables ..............................................................................................5-1 Restoring your PDMS session and starting the HVAC application................................5-2 Setting HVAC defaults ...................................................................................................5-3
Contents-i

HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6

Contents

5.4

5.5

5.6

5.3.1 Setting a default detailing specification ..........................................................5-3 5.3.2 Choosing the HVAC form format ...................................................................5-3 5.3.3 Customising HVAC forms ..............................................................................5-5 Creating HVAC administrative elements........................................................................5-6 5.4.1 Creating an HVAC system element ................................................................5-6 5.4.2 Creating an HVAC branch element.................................................................5-6 Creating HVAC components ..........................................................................................5-8 5.5.1 Creating a fire damper ...................................................................................5-10 5.5.2 Moving the fire damper .................................................................................5-10 5.5.3 Creating a composite component ..................................................................5-11 Adding more HVAC components to your ductwork ....................................................5-13 5.6.1 Creating a rectangular radiused bend ............................................................5-13 5.6.2 Repositioning the rectangular radiused bend.................................................5-13 5.6.3 Creating a rectangular mitred offset ..............................................................5-14 5.6.4 Creating a second rectangular radiused bend ................................................5-14 5.6.5 Adding a circular section silencer .................................................................5-15 5.6.6 Adding a three-way component and terminating the branch.........................5-16 5.6.7 Defining the branch tail .................................................................................5-17

6

Adding to the HVAC Model
6.1 6.2

6-1

The grid/tiling utility.......................................................................................................6-1 Creating side branches ....................................................................................................6-3

7

Completing the Design
7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4

7-1

7.5

Filling ductwork gaps automatically...............................................................................7-1 Adding stiffening flanges................................................................................................7-4 Automatic item numbering and naming..........................................................................7-5 Finishing off design details .............................................................................................7-6 7.4.1 Modifying joint types ......................................................................................7-7 7.4.2 Inserting an access panel .................................................................................7-7 Changing the view representation...................................................................................7-8

8

Checking and Outputting Design Data
8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4

8-1

8.5

8.6

Querying data settings.....................................................................................................8-1 Checking for design data inconsistencies .......................................................................8-2 Data check functions.......................................................................................................8-4 Checking for clashes .......................................................................................................8-4 8.4.1 Obstruction levels............................................................................................8-4 8.4.2 Extent of clashing............................................................................................8-5 8.4.3 The clash detection process .............................................................................8-6 Generating a data output report.......................................................................................8-8 8.5.1 Generating a tabulated data report...................................................................8-8 8.5.2 Plotting the design model ..............................................................................8-10 8.5.3 Setting up a drawing administration hierarchy..............................................8-11 8.5.4 Defining the content of a drawing sheet........................................................8-14 Conclusion ....................................................................................................................8-17

Contents-ii

HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6

1

Read This First

1.1

The scope of this guide
This guide introduces some of the facilities provided by VANTAGE PDMS for the design and documentation of interconnected Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) ducting networks. It explains the main concepts underlying PDMS and its supporting applications, and shows how you can apply these to your own design projects. The chapters of this guide take the form of a hands-on tutorial exercise combined with frequent explanation of the underlying concepts. As you work progressively through the exercise, you will gain practical experience of the ways in which you can use PDMS while learning about the powerful facilities it provides.

1.1.1 Intended audience
This guide has been written for engineers familiar with HVAC design practices, who may or may not have prior knowledge of PDMS.

1.1.2 Assumptions
For you to use this guide, the sample PDMS project, Project SAM, must be correctly installed on your system, and you must have read/write access to the project databases. It is assumed that you know: • • where to find PDMS on your computer system you know how to use the Windows operating system installed on your site.

Contact your systems administrator if you need help in either of these areas.

1.1.3 About the tutorial exercise
All the steps of the exercise are numbered sequentially throughout the guide. The start and end of each part of the exercise is marked by lines across the page to separate them from the general information sections, like this:

HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6

1-1

Read This First 1. then click the lefthand mouse button twice in quick succession. to denote keys on your keyboard. but you need to recognise what is happening when you select from the different functions available to you from the various menus. then quickly press and release the designated mouse button.4 Further reading You can find a list of relevant AVEVA documentation in the appendices of this guide. Place the mouse cursor over a specified point. so that the distinctions between them become almost imperceptible. Click on the required item to select it. Serif italic Sans-serif Sans-serif bold for menu names and options. Pick Drag Double-click 1-2 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. The following terms are used throughout this guide to describe what action to carry out: Enter Click Type text into the specified dialogue box.6 . then press the Enter (or Return) key to confirm the entry. including text that you enter yourself using the keyboard. then press and hold down the required mouse button while moving the cursor to a second specified point. and for the names of forms. Place the mouse cursor over a specified point.3 Terminology You can switch rapidly between the different parts of the program. If no button is specified. use the left-hand mouse button. 1. Place the mouse cursor over a specified point.2 Text conventions This guide uses the following text conventions: Serif Bold for the majority of the text. to highlight important information. and to introduce special terminology. to denote internal cross references and citations. 1. Release the button over the second point.1. Typewriter for text within a form.

contains annotated illustrations of all of the HVAC components which are provided in the catalogue database which forms an integral part of the product. to illustrate essential concepts. shows how to check your design for clashes.6 . It concludes the worked example. demonstrates the key features of HVAC design using PDMS and shows you how to build up a ductwork sequence component by component. and how to generate reports and plots directly from the design data. pull-down menus and submenus in a convenient quick-reference format. A running example is used from this chapter on. summarises the database hierarchy which PDMS uses to store your HVAC design data. explains how PDMS stores its design data and shows you how to organise your data. gives you a general guide to using the PDMS graphical user interface.4 How the guide is organised This guide comprises two volumes divided into chapters and appendices.Read This First 1. In doing so. including an explanation of how to access detailed online help. it introduces a useful facility for creating a reference grid which can be used to position ceiling tiles for locating HVAC grilles etc. Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Volume 2: Appendix A shows the complete hierarchy of all options available from the application bar menus. gives a general overview of the main design facilities provided within the HVAC application. as follows: Volume 1 (this volume): Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 introduces this guide and summarises its scope. contains some examples of the types of HVAC layout plots which can be produced easily by using PDMS 1-3 Appendix B Appendix C Appendix D HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. explains some ways of finishing off the design details by using some automated facilities provided by the application. shows you how to extend the basic ductwork sequence by adding side branches to form a more complex network.

The guide concludes with an index. If you wish to learn more about the wide-ranging facilities of PDMS. covering all levels of expertise and all design disciplines.6 .Read This First Appendix E identifies other sources of information which supplement. For details of courses.5 Further training in the use of PDMS This guide teaches you about the key features of using PDMS for HVAC designs only. AVEVA provides a wide range of training courses. allowing you to refer back to any specific topics about whose details you need to be reminded. 1-4 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. and to arrange course attendance. and expand upon. contact your nearest AVEVA support office (see the copyright page at the front of this guide for our web address). the brief details given in this guide. 1.

You can incorporate modifications into your design at any stage without fear of invalidating any of your prior work. This guide covers the following modules: • • • Design. The emphasis is on maximising both design consistency and design productivity: • The design modelling functions incorporate a degree of apparent intelligence that enables them to make sensible decisions about the consequential effects of many of your design choices.2 The strengths of PDMS In VANTAGE PDMS.1 Introducing the structure of PDMS PDMS comprises the following functional parts: • • modules applications. which you use for generating annotated and dimensioned drawings of your design. you have a powerful suite of facilities for the creation. PDMS automatically manages drawing production. analysis and documentation of interconnected HVAC ducting networks. The application you will use for HVAC design work in this guide the HVAC Designer. 2-1 • HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. which you use for creating the 3D design model Draft. 2. A module is a subdivision of PDMS that you use to carry out specific types of operation. This allows you to implement a sequence of related decisions with a minimum of effort.6 . An application is a supplementary program that has been tailored to provide easy control of operations that are specific to a particular discipline.2 Introducing VANTAGE PDMS This chapter introduces: • • • the structure of PDMS the strengths of PDMS HVAC design features. 2. because data consistency-checking is an integral part of the product. You can switch quickly and easily between different parts of PDMS.

and by entering data into on-screen forms. The catalogue also includes a range of inline plant items such as centrifugal and axial fans. User-definable detailing specifications. so the chances of errors and inconsistencies reaching the final documented design are reduced to an exceptionally low level. each ready for insertion into the design model in a single operation.. dampers etc.Introducing VANTAGE PDMS material take-off reports. ductwork gauge. User-definable default settings ensure compliance with company standards and a high level of design consistency throughout the project. Explicitly positioned design components are interconnected automatically with implied ductwork as the design of the ductwork sequence is built up. to prevent errors from being introduced by transcribing information between different disciplines. leading to good space management and the early elimination of positional errors. silencers. you can select most of the components you require by picking them from a set of diagrammatic representations. The application provides facilities for creating rectangular. • • 2. • The applications let you check all aspects of your design as work progresses.. and many common actions are represented by pictorial icons.6 • • • • 2-2 . a conceptual layout can be created and analysed rapidly. The HVAC application offers the following key benefits: • The HVAC Designer application lets you build up and detail complex ducting networks simply by selecting components from standard catalogues. For ease of use. access panels. This means that all design. all of which will be accurately detailed in the design model. By using standard default settings. define precise manufacturing requirements. such as those for construction materials. and so on. On-screen help is available to assist you whenever you need help.3 PDMS HVAC design features VANTAGE PDMS has been designed by HVAC engineers for HVAC engineers. drawing and reporting operations are initiated by selecting choices from menus. splitter plates etc. air handling units. Individual design components can be selected from over 100 parametric catalogue items covering all likely requirements.. An autofilling facility is provided which can then calculate the optimum use of standard ducting straights to complete the material take-off list for the entire network. including a range of auxiliary items such as stiffening frames. flange dimensions etc. The applications are controlled from a graphical user interface. leaving the design details to a later post-approval stage. by reading all design data directly from a common set of databases. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. circular and oval cross-sectional items. This includes on-line interdisciplinary clash detection. Accurate geometric representation of all design items ensures reliable clash checking during the design process.

so you can derive lists of commonly-required information very quickly. HVAC elements may be named in accordance with a predefined set of rules. sorted in any way you require. or you can design a oneoff report format to suit special needs. The application’s user interface can be tailored readily to suit the level of experience of any individual user. graphical illustrations of all catalogue items can be displayed if required to simplify component selection and dimensioning. This can greatly aid the layout of building services in an architectural environment.6 2-3 .Introducing VANTAGE PDMS • Several design aids are incorporated. including a facility for creating horizontal grids which can be used to position ceiling tiles. • • • • HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. can be either displayed on your screen or sent to a file (for storage and/or for printing). This is particularly important where different features of the design model are under the control of different designers. At any stage of your work. which can include data from any design discipline. The resultant output. so that their positions in the database hierarchy are always obvious without you having to enter specific texts during the design process. In particular. You can carry out multi-disciplinary clash checks at any stage of the design. thus avoiding spatial conflicts within the overall model which could be expensive to rectify at the construction stage. You can specify a standard report template. you can create reports listing specified data from the current database.

Introducing VANTAGE PDMS 2-4 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 .

Exercise begins: 1.6 3-1 . menus and forms that comprise the PDMS graphical user interface on-line help.1 Logging in This is the first step of the tutorial exercise. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. 3. you will have to contact your system administrator at this point.3 Getting Started This chapter explains: • • • how to log in to PDMS how to use the windows. and the exercise continues afterwards. The VANTAGE PDMS Login form that appears requires you to specify a number of details at the outset of your session. Start PDMS by double-clicking on the PDMS icon. If you do not know where the PDMS program is stored on your system. The next section describes how to complete the boxes. Ignore any entries currently shown in this form.

3.6 . the first text-box on the form is current and a text editing cursor (a vertical bar) is displayed in the box.3 Using forms Forms can include any of the following: • • • • • • text boxes drop-down lists option buttons check boxes scrollable lists action buttons. Text boxes and drop-down lists are explained below.1 Using text boxes Text boxes are the areas where you type in alphanumeric data such as names or dimensions. where the cursor is positioned.2 Using the mouse You use the mouse to steer the graphics cursor around the screen and to select or pick items by using the mouse buttons. dragging with the left-hand button activates the command represented by the highlighted menu option when the button is released. and the position within the window. On a form. 3. In a sequence of menus. the design item on which you want to carry out the next operation). • • The middle mouse button is used primarily to manipulate a graphical view. A text box will usually have a label to tell you what to enter. clicking the left-hand button with the cursor over a design element results in that element becoming the current element (that is. the righthand button (which gives a shortcut menu) is used to access the menu options specific to the graphical view window. Some text boxes 3-2 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. The appearance of the cursor changes according to the type of display item that is underneath it. The left-hand mouse button has three functions: • On a graphical view.3. When you first open a form which contains text boxes. A text-box often contains a default entry (such as unset) when first displayed.Getting Started 3. The buttons perform different tasks depending on the type of window. the remainder are explained later in this chapter. the effect varies according to what you select.

Getting Started accept only text or only numeric data. Make sure that you leave the Read Only box unchecked. You must specify which files to load at startup. the form looks like this: HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. When you have entered all the necessary details. Give the name of the module you wish to use: select Design. Select Macro Files. You can choose either the application default settings (Load from Macro Files) or a customised setup saved during an earlier session (Load from Binary Files). Give your allocated Username: enter HVAC.6 3-3 . To enter data into a text box: • • • Click in the box to insert the text editing cursor. (You may need to delete the existing entry first. 7. Any text box with an unconfirmed setting is highlighted by a yellow background. editing any existing entry as necessary. The list will usually have a label to tell you what you are setting and will show the current selection. 6. Type in the required data. Give the name of the Project in which you want to work: enter SAM. 3. so that you can modify the database as you work. 3.3. Exercise continues: 2. Give the part of the project Multiple Database (MDB) you want to work in: enter HVAC. and entries with the wrong type of data are not accepted.2 Using drop-down lists Drop-down lists let you choose one option from a multiple selection. 4. Give your allocated Password: enter HVAC. click on the down arrow or button face to reveal the full list of available options. then pick the required option. 5.) When you have finished. Click on the VANTAGE PDMS Login form to make it active. They typically have the following appearance: To change the setting. 8. confirm the entry by pressing the Enter (or Return) key.

3-4 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 .4 The PDMS startup display When PDMS has loaded.Getting Started Click . 3. the display comprises the following: Title Bar This shows the current PDMS module. your screen looks like this: Title Bar Main Menu Bar Main Toolbar 3D View Toolbar 3D Graphical View Status Bar As labelled above. and its sub-application if applicable.

Status Bar This displays information about the current status of your operations. Select Move from the resulting pull-down menu Move the cursor to the right and select Distance from the resultant submenu. display a subsidiary menu that offers a further range of options. Throughout this guide. 3D Graphical View This is the window in which you display the design model graphically as you build it.Getting Started Main Menu Bar This is the area you use to make menu selections. related selections from menus are abbreviated form using the > symbol as a separator. This window also has its own tool bar.6 3-5 . To move to a different point in the database. Options followed by three dots display a form. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. you click on the appropriate item in the list. Main Tool Bar This has a number of icon buttons and drop-down lists that offer shortcuts to a selection common PDMS operations and standard settings.7 below explains more about how to use the Design Explorer. For example: Select Position>Move>Distance means: a) b) c) Select Position from the bar men.5 Using menus Menu options in pull-down or pop-up menus can be in any of three formats: Standalone options initiate an action immediately. 3. You can reposition or minimise these windows at any time using standard window management facilities. Section 3. Design Explorer This shows your current position in the PDMS database hierarchy. Options followed by a pointer. A pop-up menu (which you access with the right-hand mouse button) enables you to control how the model is represented.

or displayed with larger icons. To do so. 3-6 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. a tool-tip pop-up box will remind you of the function of the button. Note: The tool bar can be switched off. It contains a number of icon buttons which let you carry out common tasks without searching for the options in the menus.6 .Getting Started 3. If you pause the cursor over a button. you click on it. select Settings>System from the main menu bar and then set the required options on the resulting System Settings form. To activate a button.6 Using the tool bar The tool bar is displayed immediately below the main menu bar in the application window. The actions of the buttons are explained in the on-line help.

and description.7 Using the Design Explorer The Design Explorer presents a hierarchical view of the PDMS databases and makes navigating around the Design Database quick and easy. If you place the mouse-pointer over an element. you will get a ToolTip that gives the element’s name. clicking-the right mouse-button while the cursor is over an element will bring up a context menu from which you can choose to perform various actions.6 3-7 . HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. you can change the settings in the Explorer Settings. click on the or icon. If you want to narrow the view down even more. which you can access by selecting Settings>Explorer from the main menu. The figure below shows a typical example of the information the Design Explorer displays: To expand or collapse any branch of the tree. What actions are available depend on which DB and module you are using. type. You can reduce the amount of information the tree displays by ticking the filter checkbox and selecting one of the predefined core filters from the drop-down combo-box list.Getting Started 3.

return to the initial values. text-boxes.6 . Forms typically comprise an arrangement of buttons of various types. Note that if you dock the window vertically. even if the Explorer is not the active window. selecting a previously typed in element from the combo-box’s pull-down list. selecting elements from anywhere in the History List using the drop down lists on the backwards and forwards buttons. such as picking a selection of items using the cursor. You should look at it frequently. accept and act on the current data. or you can drag-and-drop from the Explorer to add elements to the 3D view and My Data. which you will find by default on the main menu bar. it will not display the combobox. If the prompt lets you repeat a task an unspecified number of times.9 More on using forms Forms are used both to display information and to let you enter new data.8 Using the status bar The status bar displays messages telling you what actions the application is carrying out. While you have access to a form. you can change a setting. the tree will automatically expand to show the Current Element if it is not currently in view. If you set the Expand to CE check box in the Explorer Settings. The figure below shows the History List. and scrollable lists. since it will always prompt you for any input or action which is required to carry out the next step of your current activity. 3-8 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. The Current Element is highlighted in the tree view and the Current Element will change to follow selections made elsewhere. You can make another element the Current Element using the History List by: • • typing the element’s name into the combo box. • • 3.. The Current Element is also the displayed in the History List. according to the nature of the form. 3.Getting Started You can drag-and-drop elements within the Design Explorer to copy them. Input to a form is usually via a combination of mouse and keyboard. navigating through the history one element at a time using the backwards and forwards buttons. you must press the Escape key when you have finished to indicate that you are ready to move to the next operation. especially if the system appears to be waiting for you to do something. or cancel the form without applying any changes.

Unlike option buttons.9. from a group of options. and only one. click on the line you want.Getting Started You were introduced to text boxes and drop-down lists in Section 3. 3. buttons and lists: • • • • option buttons check boxes scrollable lists action buttons. Other lists let you make multiple selections. with vertical and horizontal scroll bars along its sides. so that selecting one option deselects others in that group automatically. 3.9. Some scrollable lists let you make only a single selection. with all selected options highlighted simultaneously.3.2 Using check boxes Check boxes are used to switch an option between two states. The selection is mutually exclusive. so that selecting any option deselects all others automatically. They typically have the following appearance: Option selected Option not selected To change the selected option button in a group. typically set and unset. they do not interact. this section describes the remaining boxes. click the required button. so that you can set any combination of check boxes at the same time.1 Using option buttons Option buttons are used to select one.3 Using scrollable lists A scrollable list is displayed as a vertical list of options within the form. They typically have the following appearance: Set Unset 3. by clicking on it again (repeated clicks toggle a selection). HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.9.6 3-9 . To select an option. The selected line is highlighted. You can deselect a highlighted option in a multiple-choice list.

Closes the form. The action is indicated by the name of the button (such Add or Remove). You respond to these by carrying out the task prompted for. and leaves the form displayed for further use.Getting Started 3.11 Using on-line Help Most bar menus end with a Help option. Cancels any changes you have made to the form. Some forms contain more specific types of action button which carry out particular instructions. Cancels any changes you have made to the form. and closes the form. keeping the current settings. and leaves the form displayed for further use.6 . Tells PDMS to accept the current form settings. on-line help gives detailed instructions on how to use the forms and menus from which you control each application.9. The common action buttons are: Tells PDMS to accept the current form settings. You use these to tell PDMS what to do with the details you have entered in the form. or by clicking on one of the action buttons on the form (usually an OK or Cancel button). 3. and closes the form. Where available. Choosing one of the Help options will bring up the Help window. 3. prompts and requests for confirmation of changes. The picture below shows a typical example of what you will see: 3-10 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.10 Responding to alert forms Alert forms are used to display information such as error messages.4 Using action buttons Most forms include one or more action buttons.

Help>About This displays information about the current operating system on your computer and about the versions of PDMS and its applications to which you have access. the image will be replaced by text that describes the part of the image you clicked on. The left pane contains a set of tabs that allow you to use Help in different ways. Choosing one of the options described below activates the relevant tab for you so it is at the front when the Help window comes up.Getting Started The pane on the right shows by default a clickable image of the main PDMS Design window. You can locate topics quickly by typing in the first few letters of their title. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. so that you can browse for the topic you want to read about from the alphabetically-arranged list. If you click on an area of the image. The Help option gives you the following choices from its submenu: Help>Contents This displays the Help window so that you can find the required topic from the hierarchical contents list.6 3-11 . Help>Index This displays the Help window with the Index tab selected. Help>Search This displays the Help window with the Search tab at the front so that you can find all topics containing the keywords you specify.

Do not close the Design Explorer or the 3D View windows. Use the Help>On Context option to read the help texts for any forms which you can currently see on your screen.Getting Started Pressing the F1 key at any time will display the help topic for the currently active window. 3-12 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 . You are advised to make full use of the on-line help facilities whenever you want clarification of any operations during the exercise. If a form has its own menu bar. select Control>Close from that menu. 10. Exercise continues: 9. click this button. Experiment with each of the Help options until you understand the search and navigation facilities for finding specific items of information. Close any Help windows which are displayed by double-clicking in the control box in the top left-hand corner of each window. because you will use these in the next parts of the exercise. close any forms which you have been experimenting with as follows: • • • If a form has a Dismiss button. When you are ready to continue.

6 3-13 .Getting Started HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.

6 .Getting Started 3-14 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.

Each HVAC can represent any portion of the overall ducting network. The data which defines the physical design of the individual HVAC components is held below Branch level. floors and ceilings of a building. 4. and only two. Structure (STRU) level. you will: • • learn how PDMS stores design data see how the design model can be viewed and manipulated.6 . The names used to identify database levels below Zone depend on the specific engineering discipline for which the data is used.4 Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy Although this guide is about the design of HVAC ducting networks. To represent the parts of the building within which you will route your ductwork. Site and Zone. Each Branch within an HVAC represents a single sequence of components running between two. World (usually represented by the symbolic name /*) two principal administrative sublevels. The physical design of each part of the building is represented by a set of basic 3D shapes known as Primitives. You will therefore learn how these other items are defined in PDMS as well as learning how to route sequences of HVAC components and ducting within them. the lower administrative levels (and their PDMS abbreviations) are: • • HVAC (HVAC) Branch (BRAN). In this chapter. A PDMS Design database has: • • a top level. For HVAC design data.1 How PDMS stores design data All PDMS data is stored in the form of a hierarchy. held below Structure level: • Primitives are used to represent physical items 4-1 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. points: • • Branch Head Branch Tail. you use an administrative level below Zone. in practice you will usually route your ductwork with reference to predefined design items such as the framework.

1 PDMS design data definitions All data is represented in the database (DB) as follows: • • Each identifiable item of data is known as a PDMS element. offsets. NBOX primitives. and negative boxes. The element at this location is called the current element (usually abbreviated to CE). Each element has a number of associated pieces of information which. Additional items of information about an element which can be stored as attribute settings include the: • • • • element type element physical dimensions and technical specifications element physical location and orientation in the design model element connectivity. you can consider yourself to be positioned at a specific point within the hierarchy.Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy • Negative Primitives are used to represent holes through items. so you must understand this concept and always 4-2 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. Some attribute settings must be defined by you when you create a new element. together.1. completely define its properties. These are known as its attributes. these hierarchic levels give the following overall format: WORLD (/*) SITE SITE ZONE ZONE HVAC STRUCTURE BRANCH Design data defining structural shapes (primitives) and and negative primitives) Design data defining individual HVAC components (straights.6 . During the exercise. you will use rectangular BOX primitives for ducting. bends. optionally. where HVAC ducting is to pass through the walls.) 4. Together. threeway connectors. inline plant etc. when you are creating new elements or changing the settings of their attributes). by a user-specified name. others will be defined automatically by PDMS. commands which you give for modifying the attributes of an element will assume that the changes are to be applied to the current element unless you specify otherwise. Every element is identified within the database structure by an automaticallyallocated reference number and. In many cases. • When you are modifying a database (for example.

by following the owner-member links up and down the hierarchy. but it can have only one owner. The lower level elements are members of their owning element.Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy be aware of your current position in the database hierarchy. contains a number of predefined elements that represent a simple building constructed from sets of box shapes. 4. Each element can have many members. The Design Explorer displays this information continuously. thereby changing the current element. In this and the following section.6 4-3 .2 Viewing the design The sample database provided as the starting point for your HVAC routing exercise. • The vertical link between two elements on adjacent levels of the database hierarchy is defined as an owner-member relationship. You can navigate from any element to any other. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. The element on the upper level is the owner of those elements directly linked below it. you will look at the hierarchic structure and 3D representation of this model.

1 Exploring the HVAC database hierarchy The Design Explorer holds the design element hierarchy currently present in the HVAC multiple database. Having your design in a 3D View window also enables you to identify design items by simply pointing to them rather than having to navigate to them in the Design Explorer.Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy 4. 4. the list may also contain other elements. You can see that there is already: • • • a Site (HVACSITE) that owns a Zone (HVACZONE) that owns a number of Structures. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. and learn how to manipulate this display. 4-4 Click on HVACZONE in the Design Explorer.2.3. Note: If you or other users have accessed this database before. you will display it in a 3D View window. You will: • • • set the scale and direction of the view specify which design elements you want to see and how you want them to be represented experiment with the view. and navigate up and down the hierarchy by clicking on the various elements.3 Viewing the design So that you can see what the design model looks like. expand the elements in the HVAC database. each of which is the owner of one or more Boxes. This hierarchy is collapsed by default. 4.6 . Exercise continues: 11.1 Setting the scale and direction of the view Exercise continues: 12. In the Design Explorer. Together these elements represent the building that will hold your HVAC ducting network.

Select Isometric>Iso 3 from it. This adjusts the scale of the view automatically such that it corresponds to a volume the right size to hold the chosen element(s). 14. To set an isometric view direction. right-click the mouse and select 3D View>Add. the Zone.3. in this case. columns and beams of this building. select View>Settings>Black Background from the 3D View menu. Make sure that in the Design Explorer you have expanded HVACZONE to display the structures below it. by adding them to or removing them from the draw list. click on the Limits CE button. select the option Display>Draw List from the main menu bar. Select Display>Draw List from the main menu bar. 4. To route your ducting network. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. 18. 15. . position the cursor in the 3D View window and hold down the right-hand mouse button to display the pop-up menu. walls. Pick the HVACFLOOR Structure from the design element hierarchy. You specify which elements of your design you wish to display. This adds HVACFLOOR to the Draw List: 17.2 Using the draw list To view the Draw List. Exercise continues: 16. you can dock this window. If the graphical view background colour is not already black.6 4-5 . You will display the required structures in different colours. If you wish. but not the roof. you need to be able to see the floors. The sample database associated with this exercise represents the whole of a simple building.Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy 13. You should see the Draw List come up in a separate floating window. In the 3D View tool bar.

Use the same method to add: • • HVACCOLS (columns) in green HVACBEAMS in blue. (See the online help for the Design Explorer for details of how to do this). Now pick the HVACWALLS Structure from the design element hierarchy and add it to the draw list in the same way.Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy Alternatively. 21. Do not add HVACROOF at this stage. You can now use the controls in the Draw List to set the colour from the popup palette. you can click the right or left mouse-button and drag-and-drop the element into the 3D View.6 . Make the floor Black. 20. click on the HVACFLOOR element. 19. On the Draw List. Your building now looks like this: 4-6 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. Set the colour of the walls to aquamarine.

Zoom In/Out. the view can manipulated in the selected way simply by moving the mouse.Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy 22. The three view manipulation modes are: • • • Rotate the view Pan the view across the display area Zoom in or out to magnify or reduce the view. Revert to Iso>3 when you have finished. thus: HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. or by using the View Manipulation tool bar buttons. 4. The current manipulation mode is shown in the status line at the bottom of the 3D View window. The options of interest are Zoom Rectangle.6 4-7 . and is currently set to Rotate. By pressing and holding down the middle mouse button with the pointer within the 3D View. look at the Middle Button Drag options on the 3D View shortcut menu. Pan and Rotate. as shown in the previous illustration. To change the view manipulation mode. you can change the manipulation mode by pressing one of the function keys.3 Manipulating the displayed view You can manipulate the displayed model view in a number of ways.3. Alternatively. Observe the effect of selecting different view directions from the Look and Isometric menu options provided by the 3D View shortcut menu.

27. 24. 31. Repeat the rotation operations while holding down the Ctrl key. so that the displayed model appears to move in the opposite direction to the mouse. Position the cursor in the view area and hold down the middle mouse button. then move the mouse slowly from side to side while watching the effect on the displayed model. 28. starting with a left or right movement causes the observer’s eye-point to move across the view. Note that the word Fast appears in the status line and that the rate of rotation is increased. You can rotate the model in this way at any time. then move the mouse slowly in all directions. you move the mouse towards that part of the view which you want to see. For an alternative way of rotating the model. 26. in effect. Exercise continues: 23. but this time hold down the key. regardless of the current manipulation mode. Repeat the rotation operations. Position the cursor in the view area and hold down the middle mouse button. 4-8 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. Select . 30. 25. try dragging the horizontal and vertical sliders to new positions along the view borders. Select . You can also choose the view manipulation mode from the options on the View>Middle Button>Drag menu. hold it down again and move the mouse away from you and towards you. Note that it is the observer’s eye-point which follows the mouse movement (while the viewing direction remains unchanged). Repeat the pan operations while holding down first the Control key (to increase the panning speed) and then the Shift key (to decrease the panning speed). Select . 29. The initial direction of movement determines how the view appears to rotate.6 .Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy F2 or F3 or F5 or selects Zoom mode selects Pan mode selects Rotate mode (Try these selection options and observe the effect on the Middle Button Drag shortcut menu. this time the observer’s eye-point appears to rotate up and down around the model. Now release the mouse button. Note that the word Slow appears in the status line and that the rate of rotation is decreased. a tick appears against the selected option).

To restore the original view when you have finished. whatever the current manipulation mode. effectively magnifying the view. Do this by selecting Display>Save>Forms & Display. effectively reducing the view. such as a power failure. 34. they do not change the observer’s eye-point or the view direction. Update the database to store changes to the design model so far by clicking on .Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy 32. Note that these operations work by changing the viewing angle (like changing the focal length of a camera lens). make sure that your current element is HVACZONE and click on the Limits CE button. Notice how the view changes so that the picked point is now at the centre of the view. reselect View>Isometric>Iso 3. 33. Set the centre of interest to the grille in the front wall. You will find this a very useful technique when making small adjustments to the design.6 4-9 . or selecting Design>Save Work. It is good practice regularly to save your work. 37. You should also save your current screen layout and display settings. moving the mouse towards you (down) zooms out. Whenever you click the middle button. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. then zoom in for a close-up view. and 35. then move the mouse slowly up and down. this is a suitable point at which to demonstrate how to store the current design at any stage of a PDMS Design session and how to record your screen layout so that you can start your next design session in exactly the same state that you ended the current one. Repeat the zoom operations while holding down first the Ctrl key and then the key. Moving the mouse away from you (up) zooms in. so that next time you use the application you can easily pick up your design as it stands. Exercise continues: 36. 4. This avoids the need to start all over again in the event of loss of work due to an unforeseen interruption. you reset the centre of interest. Position the cursor in the view area and hold down the middle mouse button. Position the cursor at the top of one of the corner columns and click (do not hold down) the middle mouse button.4 Saving the current design and leaving your design session Even though you have not yet made any changes to the design database.

this time. if you had made any changes since your last Save Work operation.6 . an alert form would ask whether you want to save those changes. 4-10 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. You can now leave PDMS and return to the operating system. Click OK. In the next chapter. Ordinarily. you will install a simple HVAC ducting network into the building model. you are just asked to confirm that you want to leave PDMS. Do this by selecting Design>Exit. 39.Learning about the PDMS Database Hierarchy 38.

5

Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components
In this chapter you will learn: • • • more about how the design data is stored and accessed in PDMS; how to route an HVAC network between the grilles in the building walls; how to position a selection of HVAC components within the ducting runs.

5.1

HVAC component representation in the catalogue
Each HVAC component is represented in the PDMS catalogue by the following types of data: • • physical shape variables.

5.1.1 HVAC physical shape
The physical shape of a component is defined by a set of geometric primitives. So that a component can be manipulated and linked to adjacent HVAC items, all principal points needed to define the component position, orientation and connectivity are identified by uniquely-numbered tags. These tags, which have both position and direction, are called p-points: • • Each p-point is identified by a number of the format P0, P1, P2 and so on.
P0 always represents the components origin position.

The principal inlet and outlet points are also identified as p-arrive (PA) and p-leave (PL). P1 is the same point as p-arrive, and P2 is the same point as p-leave. The reason for this is that the logical flow statement is not true for HVAC (only Piping flow).

5.1.2 HVAC variables
The settings of all variables needed to distinguish a component from others with the same geometry and p-point sets are defined by parameters. The values of these are defined to suit the specific design requirements.

HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6

5-1

Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components

For example, a rectangular three-way component (or branch connector) might be represented in the PDMS catalogue as follows:
P0 (origin)

P2 (P-leave or PL)

P3 (branch connection)

P1 (P-arrive or PA)

• • •

the two curved duct sections form the component geometry set the four p-points form its point set p-point, P3, enables you to control the direction of the branch connection arm when you incorporate the component into your design.

The dimensions of the component, and other constructional details, are represented in the catalogue by parameters whose values are set to suit the design requirements.

5.2

Restoring your PDMS session and starting the HVAC application
You can now go back into PDMS Design.

Exercise continues:

Note:

It is assumed from now on that you know how to use the OK, Apply, Cancel and Dismiss buttons on forms, so they will not always be mentioned in the rest of the exercise.

40.

Restart PDMS and enter the Design module as you did at the start of the exercise, but this time set the Load From button on the PDMS Login form to User’s Binary. When loading is complete, your screen should look the same as it did when you saved the layout in the previous chapter. (If you intend to continue from where you finish at the end of any PDMS session, it is always quicker to use the Display>Save>Forms & Display option so that you can reload the binary files in this way, rather than to reload the applications from their source macros each time you use the Design module. You can revert to the most recently saved layout at any time by selecting Display>Restore>Forms & Display.) So far, you have been working in PDMS Design’s General application mode, where the menus and facilities available are common to all engineering design

5-2

HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6

Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components

disciplines. You can now start the HVAC-specific application, which tailors the functionality of the PDMS Design module to suit the explicit needs of the HVAC designer. 41. Change from the General application to the HVAC application, by selecting Design>HVAC Designer. The menu bar for the General application is replaced by that for the HVAC application. The menu bars for both applications look very similar, but the latter gives you access to options with specific relevance to creating and manipulating HVAC components.

5.3

Setting HVAC defaults
To minimise the complexity of this exercise, you will set some defaults for your HVAC Designer exercise: • • • a default detailing specification the format of the HVAC form customised HVAC forms.

5.3.1 Setting a default detailing specification
The constructional details of components that you select from the HVAC catalogue are determined by the current detailing specification, which is shown on HVAC application menu bar. The current detailing specification is automatically set to TUTORIAL here. The TUTORIAL specification gives access to a range of catalogue components that are suitable for use with this exercise. Although you can, if you wish, choose select a different specification for each HVAC branch, you will use the same specification throughout the design exercise.

5.3.2 Choosing the HVAC form format
All the principal functions for creating, positioning, orientating and connecting HVAC elements are available from within a single form, the Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning (HVAC) form (generally referred to as the HVAC form). The HVAC form has two display formats: • • the brief form, the default, uses drop-down lists to show the elements available for selection when you are creating a design. the full form uses scrollable lists to show the elements available for selection, and also offers more complex positioning options.

HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6

5-3

Display the HVAC settings form by selecting Settings>Ductwork Defaults. so this guide uses examples of the full form only. 43. Display the HVAC form by selecting Create>HVAC. You will see a form like the one below: 5-4 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components It is preferable to use the full form while you are learning about PDMS. Exercise continues: 42.6 .

or the type of design work you are doing. so that you can adjust the default dimensions and/or orientation as required. Set the Show Pixmaps check box. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 5-5 . Set the Show Forms check box.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components 44. so that they remain available for repeated use until dismissed explicitly. You will apply settings that provide you with the support you need as you learn about the HVAC application. Exercise continues: 45. This displays a small 3D graphical view showing the current component in its design context. On the HVAC Form Style form: • • • • • Set the Show Local Views check box. Set the Local Views Shade check box. 47. This enables you to modify forms to suit. your preferences.3. Select Style>Style Options from the HVAC Defaults form menu. Select Control>Close from the HVAC Defaults form menu. 48. 46. for example. Select Style>Use Full Form… from the HVAC Defaults form menu. This automatically displays diagrams showing component geometries to help you select items from the catalogue. Leave the OK/Cancel Forms check box unset. 5. This gives component create and modify forms Apply and Dismiss buttons (instead of OK and Cancel buttons). Click Dismiss.3 Customising HVAC forms You can customise the appearance and behaviour of the forms for creating and modifying HVAC components. This shows local views in colourshaded (as opposed to wireline) representation. This displays a create/modify form automatically when you add a new component to the design.

51. enter HTESTHVAC in the HVAC Name text box Click Apply to create the element. 5. select PDMS Branches.6 .1 Creating an HVAC system element Exercise continues: 49.4. 50.4 Creating HVAC administrative elements You are now ready to create administrative elements which govern the positions of individual HVAC components within the database hierarchy. Make sure that your current element is HVACZONE. 52. In the HVAC form • From Categories. • From Available Types. 5. In the displayed Create HVAC form. the branch head.4. The first elements are: • • an HVAC system element an HVAC branch element (the branch head). select HVAC System Element. then Dismiss to remove the Create HVAC form.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components 5. Exercise continues: 5-6 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.2 Creating an HVAC branch element There are two types of HVAC branch element: • • • • main branch side branch. These differ only in the way they are added to the design: Your first HVAC branch element will be a main branch element. a main branch requires you to position and orientate its head explicitly a side branch takes its head position and orientation from a branch connection point (P3) on an existing three-way component.

HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. 55. Set the Arrive A dimension. .Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components 53. ID Design PPoint. Set Branch Head Shape to Rect (rectangular). 57. enables you to specify the position of the Branch Head by picking a p-point. and zoom in on the hole in the front wall of Now go back to the HVAC Main Branch Element form. and go to the 3D View. select Main Branch Element from Available Types. 54. click the building . Select ID Design PPoint from the Head Start drop-down list: Your last selection. You will pick the p-point at the centre of the hole in the front wall of the building.6 5-7 . In the HVAC form. Select Insulation Thickness to 50 mm (this adds 50mm of insulation automatically to each surface of all components and ducting owned by the branch). Duct width AA to 1000. with Categories still set to PDMS Branches. 56. and click Apply. In the 3D View tool bar. Duct width AB to 500. In the displayed HVAC Main Branch Element form: • • • • • • • Enter Branch Name: HTESTB1. Leave the HVAC Main Branch Element form as it is. You are prompted by the status bar to Identify design ppoint. Set the Arrive B dimension. Set Head Direction to N (this is the direction looking along the ductwork run from the head position towards the first component).

You have now defined the branch head. to be aligned with the hole in the southernmost wall: 5-8 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.5 Creating HVAC components Starting at the branch head. The first component required is a rectangular straight. Dismiss the HVAC Main Branch Element form. Each time the cursor is over a p-point. Position the cursor on the edge of the box representing the hole and press and hold down the left-hand mouse button. the p-point is identified in the status bar. and release the mouse button over it. and position and orientate each of these as you proceed. 5. Move the cursor around the box. 60. The p-points appear as dots. continuing to hold down the left-hand mouse button. You will be creating the following overall HVAC configuration: squ a r e to r ou n d r ou n d to squ a r e t h r ee-wa y con n ect or r a diu sed ben d cir cu la r silen cer B ra n c h ta il r a diu sed ben d r a diu sed ben d fir e da m per squ a r e ben d wit h deflect or va n es fir e da m per N st r a igh t B ra n c h head Exercise continues: 61. 59. you will now build up your HVAC design. Locate p-point P5 in the centre of the southernmost face of the negative box representing the hole in the wall.6 .Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components 58. You will add individual components sequentially.

then click Dismiss. 66. The diagrams used throughout this exercise are for illustrative purposes only and are not to scale. In the text box next to the Move by button. click on the Straight diagram in the top left-hand corner of the palette.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components St r a igh t will be cr ea t ed h er e Br a n ch h ea d is h er e St r a igh t will be m oved t o h er e Br a n ch h ea d will be m oved t o h er e N Note: 62.6 5-9 . Go to the POSITION :. To move the straight to the required position. This displays the HVAC Component form containing a dimensioned and annotated diagram showing how the component is defined in the catalogue. Note: There is a full set of component geometry diagrams in the appendices of HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Volume 2. The rectangular straight is created and positioned with its p-arrive at the branch head. so that it is inside the building (as shown in the above diagram). click the Picture button on the form. In the displayed HVAC Rectangular Ductwork form. you need to move it south 5000mm and down 96mm.area on the HVAC form. The initial data settings on component definition forms are determined by a set of default values. S5000D96. In the HVAC form. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. Click Apply on the Rectangular Straight form to accept the default parameters. The straight is moved as soon as you press Return to confirm the data. 65. Close the HVAC Component form. select Rectangular from the Categories list. To see what the parameters mean in terms of the component geometry. 67. This displays the Rectangular Straight form which has data fields for all the parameters needed to define the component. 68. to see how these are related. 64. 63. Compare the data categories on the Rectangular Straight form with the diagram. enter the required displacement.

go to the drop-down lists in the bottom row of the CONNECT:. is: E 3048 mm S 5125 mm U 3300 mm.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components 69.5. 5.1 Creating a fire damper The next step in the construction of your HVAC design is to create a fire damper at the position where the ducting will pass through the hole in the wall. 70.6 . In the HVAC form: • • from Categories. the straight (the only branch member so far). shown in an HVAC Command Output window. To do this. 5-10 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. 73. This connects (and therefore repositions) the head of the current branch to the PA of the first component. To reposition the branch head so that it coincides with the PA of the straight. The position. you must navigate back to the straight. 72. name the component FD1.5. 5. Exercise continues: 71. click on the straight in the 3D View. The last operation made the branch head the current element. Note: You could have positioned the branch head here when you first created it. as here. but this would have required you to calculate its coordinates explicitly. to position a new item relative to an existing design point and then to move it later.area on the HVAC form: • • Set HVAC Branch to Head Set to First Member. select Rectangular Fire Damper.2 Moving the fire damper The fire damper is automatically positioned so that its PA is coincident with the PL of the preceding straight. Each new component is created immediately after the current component in branch list order. It is usually easier. select Inline Plant Equipment from Available Types. So to create a component after the straight. and click Apply to create the fire damper. On the Rectangular Fire Damper form. You will now move it so that it fits within the wall. Leave all parameter settings at their default values. You can check that the straight is in the correct position by selecting Query>Position>Origin from the main menu bar.

Note that implied ducting is not shown as an element in the Design Explorer. In the POSITION :. The next part of the exercise shows you how composite components are represented within the PDMS hierarchy. so that your view appears similar to the diagrams shown here.5. Use the HVAC form to create a Rectangular Square Bend: • set Leave Direction to W 5-11 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. set Through to ID Element. because it is hidden within the negative box that represents the hole through the wall. pick any part of the southernmost wall. The gap between the straight and the fire damper is filled automatically by a length of implied ducting in the 3D View.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components F ir e da m per m oved t o h er e F ir e da m per cr ea t ed h er e N Exercise continues: 74. composite components.6 . Change the 3D View direction to Plan>North. are represented by more than one PDMS element. 76. however.3 Creating a composite component The HVAC components you have created so far have each been represented by a single PDMS element. 5. Exercise continues: 77. Some HVAC components. You are prompted to identify an element. and you are now no longer able to see the fire damper in the 3D View. 75.area of the HVAC form. You must be particularly careful that you are at the correct position in the Design Explorer when you want to refer to such a component. The fire damper is moved northward along its axis until it lies in the plane of the wall.

or press F8.. The bend is created as follows: P L of ben d N N o te : Im plied du ct in g sh own by ligh t er sh a din g t h a n H VAC com pon en t s in a ll dia gr a m s The Design Explorer now shows two new elements: • • BEND 1 represents the bend ducting SPLR 1 represents the set of air deflectors within the bend (created because a square bend requires turning vanes). The deflector set that also forms part of the component. PL To see the deflectors inside the bend. OK the warning message. Click Apply.. you are almost certain to select the element representing the outer ducting. follows the bend in branch order (as you can see in the Design Explorer). previou s com pon en t ben d du ct in g (BE ND) deflect or set (SP LR) n ext com pon en t PA . if you wish to create a component to follow the bend in the branch order. A message appears warning you that the hierarchy has been affected by the creation of this component. If you navigate to the square bend simply by picking it with the cursor. you must click on the element that represents the deflectors. 80.. You must make sure that.6 .. switch the 3D View temporarily to wireline mode (use the Settings>Shaded option on the 3D View pop-up menu. 5-12 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. Br a n ch m em ber s: . to toggle between colour-shaded and wireline views). • leave all other settings at their default.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components 78. 79. The message you saw when creating this component was warning you to be careful when you attempt to navigate to this component because the component itself comprises more than one PDMS element.

6.2 Repositioning the rectangular radiused bend You need to position the new bend in the plane of the westernmost wall.6 5-13 . Exercise continues: 84. because you are using a plan view.1 Creating a rectangular radiused bend Exercise continues: 81. 82.6.Through ID Element on the HVAC form. N Ra diu sed ben d 5.Move by E800D150. make sure that the deflector set of the rectangular square bend (SPLR 1) is your current element. Click Apply. Use the HVAC form to create a Rectangular Radiused Bend: • • • set Inside Radius to 100 set Leave Direction to N leave the defaults for all other settings. Position the new bend in the plane of the westernmost wall by using POSITION :. Using the Design Explorer. The result is: 85. pick the beam above it. Now move the bend to fit just inside the wall. 83.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components 5.6 Adding more HVAC components to your ductwork 5. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. and downwards so that the ducting leaving it passes under the beam across the building roof. Enter POSITION :. or rather. Pick the wall.

Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components Du ct t o pa ss u n der bea m N Br oken line her e sh ows com pon en t s a re n ow m isa lign ed 5. Create a second radiused bend with: • the default Inside Radius (0. so navigate back to the deflector set (SPLR1) of the square bend. This is indicated in the 3D View by a broken line between the components. rather than implied ducting. PDMS has a powerful facility that can calculate the length and amount of offset needed to fit the new component automatically into the available space. 90.4 Creating a second rectangular radiused bend Exercise continues: 89. 88. Create a Rectangular Mitred Offset. Simply click the Fit button on the Rectangular Mitred Offset form.6. You may wish to zoom in close to the mitred offset and view it from different angles to see how it has been adjusted to fit between the two bends.6. Navigate back to the last component in the branch. The calculated data is entered into the parameter data fields: note. that the A Offset is now set to 150. To correct this problem. Exercise continues: 86.3 Creating a rectangular mitred offset Because you have moved the radiused bend downwards. its inlet (PA) is not vertically aligned with the outlet (PL) of the preceding component.5 x duct width) HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 5-14 .5 means 0. 5. Remember that a new component is always added immediately after the current element. 87. the radiused bend. you will insert a mitred offset section between the two components. for example.

select Circular Silencer name the component SILE1 set Outer Diameter to 950. select Square to Round set Duct Diameter to 750.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components • Leave Direction E. you need a transformation piece either side of the silencer. 96. select Inline Plant Equipment from Available Types. Position the transformation piece in line with the first beam reached in the branch-creation direction.6. In the HVAC form: • • • from Categories.6 5-15 . in the following position: New ben d h er e N 91. Exercise continues: 93. 95. Position the bend in the plane of the northernmost wall (use Through ID Element and pick the wall or beam above it) Move the bend South by 1500 mm (use Move by : S1500). 94. 5. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. select Transformations from Available Types. 92. Back in the HVAC form: • • • • from Categories. shown striped in the preceding diagram Move the transformation piece 300 mm east.5 Adding a circular section silencer To include a circular section silencer in your rectangular ductwork.

pick the square-to-round transformation that you want to copy. click the Create Copy ID button. 97.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components You will now add another transformation piece to revert back to rectangular ducting. set the Flip Circ/Rect option to Yes. Your HVAC layout now looks like this: Rou n d t o squ a r e Squ a r e t o r ou n d Cir cu la r silen cer N 5. select Square Threeway set Duct Width LA (leave A dimension) to 800 set Second Width (for the branch connection) to 800 set Leave Direction to S. Exercise continues: To create a three-way component: 99.6 . You will need a three-way component so that you can connect a side branch into your existing main branch later in the exercise. you will create a copy of the existing transformation piece. However. On the Square to Round Transformation form.6. 98. 5-16 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. When prompted. instead of specifying this from first principles. On the HVAC form. This interchanges the PA and PL points reversing the component’s direction. select Rectangular from Available Types. In the HVAC form: • • • • • from Categories.6 Adding a three-way component and terminating the branch A three-way component enables you to connect one branch to another. and reverse it to achieve the desired round-to-square result.

6 5-17 . 104.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components You require a gap of 1500 mm between the three-way component and the preceding component (the round-to-square transformation). This uses the same method that you used to connect the branch head in Step 70. 103. give it the name FD2.6. 5. Create a second Rectangular Fire Damper. You can make sure that the gap is correct. Return to the square three-way component and create a Rectangular Radiused Bend with default dimensions and Leave Direction East. Exercise continues: 105. Note: The current branch direction (the PL direction of the previous component) was changed to South by the three-way item. navigate back to the round-to-square transformation and select Query>Gap to next from the main menu bar. 101. 100. Select Last Member. Pick the edge of the box outline on this wall. The Distance operation on the HVAC form enables you to do this by allowing you to specify the gap between the PL of one component and the PA of the next.7 Defining the branch tail You complete the definition of your main branch by defining the branch tail. and position it through the hole in the easternmost wall.) The final HVAC configuration is: HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. thereby avoiding the need for you to calculate the movement required to reposition it. 102. Connect the Branch Tail to the fire damper (the last member of the branch): • • Select Tail from the HVAC Branch menu at the foot of the HVAC form. Move the three-way component along the branch axis by setting Distance to 1500. so the bend moves south until it is aligned with the picked element. Align the bend with the hole in the easternmost wall using the Through ID Element option.

6 . deflect or va n es) st r a igh t B ra n c h head r a diu sed ben d fir e da m per N 106.Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components r a diu sed ben d squ a r e to r ou n d r ou n d to squ a r e u n con n ect ed P3 r ea dy t o a t t a ch a side br a n ch t h r eewa y con n ect or 1500 cir cu la r silen cer B ra n c h ta il ver t ica l offset r a diu sed ben d fir e da m per squ a r e ben d (in c. you will add some side branches and demonstrate a convenient utility for representing ceiling tiles which incorporate ventilation grilles. In the next chapter. That completes the creation of your main branch. 5-18 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. You will also replace all of the implied ducting with appropriate standard straights. Save your design changes.

Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 5-19 .

Routing a Sequence of HVAC Components 5-20 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 .

With reference to your existing design model. referenced from the SOP.6 Adding to the HVAC Model In the last chapter you created a sequence of components to form the main branch of your HVAC ductwork. in a horizontal plane. In this chapter you will: • • learn how to position tiles using a working grid extend your model by adding some side branches. In order to position these grilles.P. The grid/tiles are created below this hierarchic level. 6. Add tiles at specified positions in the plane of the grid. From the main menu bar. If your screen is cluttered. Navigate to the zone which owns the design model. Enter Setting Out Point Height: 2700 (the elevation of the ceiling in which you will eventually position the grilles).O. • • HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. You are prompted to pick the SOP position using the cursor in a plan view. 108.1 The grid/tiling utility You begin by using some facilities for setting out a working grid and positioning ceiling tiles within it. This displays the HVAC Grid Setting Out Point form: Enter S. Name: HTESTSOP1. the next part of the HVAC ducting network which you are going to design will feed two ceiling grilles above the small room in the north-east corner of the building. select Utilities>HVAC Tiles/Grid Layout>Setting Out Point. HVACZONE. • Click OK. Create grid lines at specified intervals.6 6-1 . Exercise continues: Note: 107. you may wish to dock the HVAC form to one side of the window and then unpin it. so that you can then use these tiles as references for positioning HVAC grilles. you will use a facility which lets you set out a horizontal grid and a ceiling tile layout based on a specified datum point. There are three stages to tiling: Specify a setting-out point (SOP) to represent the datum from which grid line positions are to be calculated.

112. 110. select Position>Explicitly (AT) from the main menu.O. 111. To move this point to the centre of the room. You might be prompted to identify the SOP from which the grid line positions are calculated (unless it is already the current element): if so. Enter the coordinates E15000 N9000 U2700 on the Explicit Position form (ignore the Positioning Control form). with the grid lines spaced out from the SOP in both directions. pick the SOP which you have just created. Select Utilities>HVAC Tiles/Grid Layout>Grid from S.O. Leave the East/West and North/South Grid Spacing separations set to the default of 600. and is represented by a DISH element in the PDMS hierarchy.6 . Pick the corresponding corners of the room (the intersections of the beams at these corners). The SOP appears in the 3D View as a small sphere. Click OK. You are prompted to pick first the south-west corner and then the north-east corner in a plan view. the 600 mm grid line spacing gives you 10 grid squares in each direction within the ceiling area.. like this: P ick NE cor n er secon d = S . you will pick a random point in the ceiling plane as the SOP. Since your room is 6000 x 6000 mm. You must now define the horizontal rectangular area which represents the grid boundaries.Adding to the HVAC Model You want to position the SOP at the exact centre of the room’s ceiling. Rather than trying to pick this point precisely. You will next define a grid in the plane of the ceiling (a horizontal reference grid) through the SOP datum. = Tile s to be a d d e d N P ick SW cor n er fir st 6-2 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. This displays the HVAC Layout Grid from SOP form. 109. and then move this point to the exact position required. Pick a point.P .P.

Even though there is only one. so you don’t need to be too precise).6 . Exercise continues: 116. from the unconnected arm of the square three-way component. you could build up an overall grid by using abutting rectangles based on separate setting-out points. each running from a point on the first side branch to the tile positions (remember that you need a separate branch for each length of ducting between two points). 6. 118. select Branch Connectors 6-3 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. This displays the HVAC Apply Tiles in Grid form. 113.) 114. Navigate to the existing three-way item. To complete this part of the exercise. 115. pick the SOP to confirm your intentions. Pick the grid squares marked and in the above diagram (the picked points snap to the nearest half tile. To start with. re-display the HVAC form by hovering over the HVAC tab. You are prompted to identify the SOP with the grid for to positioning the tiles. Then press the Escape key to indicate that you have finished adding tiles. Click OK. You will insert another branch connector immediately after it in the branch sequence. 117. (They do not have to be the same size as the grid squares.2 Creating side branches You next want to create a side branch which runs from a start point on the main branch and which passes between the tile positions. If you unpinned it earlier. you must insert a suitable connector into the main branch so that you have a point to which you can connect the side branch head. You will then add two more side branches. You will complete the ducting network by adding a fourth side branch. Leave the East/West and North/South Tile Width dimensions set to the default of 600. Select Utilities>HVAC Tiles/Grid Layout>Apply Tiles in Grid. but are usually so in practice.Adding to the HVAC Model Note: If the room were not rectangular. You are now prompted to identify the locations at which you want to insert tiles. Use the HVAC form to create the next component: • from Categories. leading to an angled outlet mesh. you will create two tiles in the ceiling grid where you want to install HVAC grilles (as shown by the shaded and striped grid squares in the preceding diagram).

In the HVAC form: • from Categories. Click OK. • Note: 6-4 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 . select Side Branch (off main). select Flat Oval ‘A’ Boot.Adding to the HVAC Model • • • • • 119. From the HVAC Side Branch Element (Connected to ‘Main’) form: • • • • Set Branch Name to HTESTB1. from Available Types. You can pick any part of the component.) 121. Click Apply. select PDMS Branches • from Available Types. Set Connect Head to Branch Connector to show the type of component to which this connection is made.1 (showing that it is a side branch of main branch HTESTB1) Set Insulation Thickness to 50 mm Leave Specification set to the current default (the same specification as the main branch) Because you are creating a side branch. it is assumed that you will connect its head to a free P3 point on an existing component. P3 P3 of boot con nect or Boot con n ect or wit h fla t ova l side ou t let a lign ed wit h SOP P3 N You want the oval ducting to pass along the centreline of the ceiling. set Boot Width to 610 set Boot Depth to 152 set B Offset to 100 set Boot Direction to E. pick the flat oval boot connector. so position the current component so that its outlet is aligned with the SOP datum at the ceiling’s centre. the new branch head will always be connected to its P3 point. When prompted. (using the Through ID Element facility on the HVAC form): 120.

Set its Width Direction to N. 124. 125. 126. The result is as follows: HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. Create a second circular boot as follows: • • • • • • from Categories. Since the previous boot was set back 100 mm from its PL. the difference between the boot positions corresponds to the 600 mm offset between the two tile positions. 123. In the HVAC form: • • • • • • from Categories. select Circular Boot set Boot Diameter to 150 set Inner Extension to 76 set Dist from Leave to 100 leave Boot Direction set to N. You will create these and position them before you create the straight to which they are connected. select Branch Connectors from Available Types. so that the boots can be positioned relative to the tiles and the length of the straight can then be adjusted to suit the boot positions. You are now going to create two circular boot connectors from which to route outlets to the two tile positions. Make the oval straight as current element. Create a Flat Oval Straight as the first member of the new side branch. select Branch Connectors from Available Types. This boot is positioned 100 mm back from the PL of the straight on which it is mounted (which is only implied at this stage).Adding to the HVAC Model 122. Move the boot so that it is aligned through the northernmost tile (shown as the diagrams). select Circular Boot set Boot Diameter to 150 set Inner Extension to 76 set Dist from Leave to 700 set Boot Direction to S. in This Dist from Leave dimension positions the boot 700 mm back from the PL of the previous boot.6 6-5 .

and not within the boot volume itself. navigate to the last component of HTESTB1. Create a second Flat Oval Straight. To see what types of leave joint are available. Your second side branch will run from the northernmost circular boot to a grille in the adjacent tile. and use the Fit button to achieve the required length between the PL of the first straight and the PL of each circular boot. The calculated Length is 2525. From the resulting Choose Joint form. (Remember that the PL of this boot is as shown in the above diagram.) 130. 131. so that the cap should be positioned correctly and appear in the correct list order. click the Choose button next to the Leajoint field. Create a Circular Straight with Length set to 750. 127.6 . add a cap to close the end of the last straight. Navigate to the first side branch (HTESTB1. you must first navigate back to the existing straight in this side branch. To complete this first side branch.1) in the Design Explorer. select Male Socket & Spigot Joint and click OK. Connect the HVAC Branch Tail to the Last Member of the branch (the cap).Adding to the HVAC Model tile m a in bra n c h 100 st r a igh t s id e bra n c h ova l boot secon d cir cu la r boot 700 N fir st cir cu la r boot P Ls of both cir cu la r boot s a r e h er e tile You can now replace the implied ducting between the circular boots with a straight component.1.1 in the Design Explorer (the southernmost circular boot) and create a Flat Oval Cap End. Connect the head of the new side branch to the circular boot connector. 132.1) and create a new side branch named HTESTB1. 6-6 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. 129. 128. Navigate back two positions (to STRT1 in HTESTB1. The Leajoint field is updated to show MALE. Because the boots are subcomponents. 133.1 with 50 mm insulation thickness.

135. (The calculated Arrive Extension becomes 120 and the Leave Extension 225. 139. pick the tile. so set the Position At option button on the HVAC form to ID Element and. Set the following parameters: • • • • • 137. 136. Click the Fit button on the Circular Flexible Bend form to recalculate the dimensions necessary for a correct fit. choose a circular to rectangular spigot box by selecting Spigot Box.Adding to the HVAC Model 134. which you will position directly on top of the grille 138. Create a Circular Internal Damper with default settings. duct width LA = 300 duct depth LB = 300 Rectangular Box Height = 75 Circ Extension = 50 Circ Jnt = MALE. you will now go back along the current side branch and adjust the other components to fit.6 . starting with the spigot box. 140. 142.) Use the HVAC form to create a circular to rectangular spigot box: • • from Categories. From the Inline Plant Equipment category. so you see a broken line between them rather than a length of implied ducting. Note: At this stage the PL of the spigot box and the PA of the grille have become misaligned. Position the bend so that it is aligned through the appropriate tile. You want the grille to fit within the tile volume. Navigate to the spigot box (PLEN 1 in the Design Explorer). HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.) Complete the definition of the side branch by connecting its tail to the grille. when prompted. The origin of the grille is positioned at the origin of the tile. Select Position At Next from the HVAC form positioning options. create a Rectangular Grille in line. (You will adjust the dimensions of this bend later in the exercise. Create a Circular Flexible Bend with its Leave Direction set to D (down). 6-7 141. select Transformations from Available Types. Navigate to the flexible bend and click the Modify CE button on the HVAC form so that you can adjust the dimensions of the flexible bend so that it fits correctly between the internal damper (at its PA) and the spigot box (at its PL).) Having positioned the grille correctly. Set the parameters as follows: • • • • • Name = GRIL1 End width = 400 End depth = 400 Grille Length = 50 ‘A’ Extension = 0.

To do so. 144.6 . you must create a fourth side branch. pick the three-way component. from the second circular boot to a grille (GRIL2) positioned in the other tile. 6-8 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.1.2.2 N You can now complete the network by connecting an angled outlet grille to the side arm of the square three-way component (top left in the preceding diagram).2 with insulation thickness 50mm. Create a side branch named HTESTB1. named HTESTB1.) The overall layout of the HVAC ducting in the vicinity of the room now looks like this (the different shades in this diagram show the branch hierarchy): fou r t h side br a n ch will go h er e s id e bra n c h /HTESTB1.1 now looks like this: He a d flexible ben d spigot box gr ille Ta il cr oss-sect ion of ova l side br a n ch /HTESTB1. 145. Create a Rectangular Radiused Bend.1 s id e /HTESTB1.1. the side branch HTESTB1. Navigate to the three-way connector. 146. when prompted.1 s id e bra n c h /HTESTB1.1 cir cu la r st r a igh t cir cu la r boot con n ect or con t r ol da m per in side st r a igh t 143.1.Adding to the HVAC Model Looking towards the west. Use the method given above to create a similar side branch. (Remember to navigate up to the level of branch HTESTB1. Set the Connect Head to option button on the HVAC Side Branch Element form to Threeway Item and.1.1 m a in bra n c h /HTESTB.1 first.

switch to wireline mode (Graphics>Shaded or F8 key) to see the splitter.Adding to the HVAC Model 147. If you are using a colour-shaded view. and the significance of the settings used. you will insert two sets of air turning vanes into the square three-way component to control the air flows (similar to those which you saw in the square bend).6 6-9 . 152. using default settings. Create the first set of Rectangular Turning Vanes. the Inside Radius to 100. This side branch now has the following configuration (looking towards the East): 135° radiused bend radiused splitter square threeway 148. The Duct width AA becomes 500 and the Duct depth AB becomes 800. Set the Angle to 135. 149. and the Leave Direction to D. Set the Splitter Radius to 200. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. the Leave Throat to 650 and select the Direction opposite leave option button. 151. main branch Head Tail mesh end To complete the network. Navigate to the square three-way component and switch to wireline view (if not already set) so that you can see what happens next. are illustrated in the following diagram: 153. Create a second set of Rectangular Turning Vanes. Because you want the bend to turn in the B direction (click the Picture button for clarification). This time set the Duct Width AA to 500. to complete the branch. The result. Connect the branch tail to the last member in the usual way. click the Transpose width/depth button. Create a Rectangular Mesh End. Note in particular that the Leave Throat is 150 and that the Direction towards leave radio button is selected. Change the Duct Width AA to 500 and leave the other settings at their defaults. Create a Rectangular Radiused Splitter which fits inside the bend (it is a subcomponent of the bend). 150.

In the next chapter you look at some ways in which you can enhance this design further. 6-10 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 .Adding to the HVAC Model P3 of t h r ee-wa y Dir ect ion opposite lea ve (secon d set ) Dir ect ion t owa r ds lea ve (fir st set ) 150 fr om lea ve t h r oa t 650 fr om lea ve t h r oa t PA a n d PL of bot h deflect or s This completes the conceptual design of the basic HVAC network.

you concentrated on specifying components with specific functions. To enable the design to be prefabricated. 156. HTESTB1. 7. To identify what gaps exist in the branch.7 Completing the Design In this chapter you will look at some facilities for enhancing the basic HVAC design model. All corresponding lengths of implied ducting are highlighted simultaneously in the 3D View. Navigate to the main branch HTESTB1. Automatic addition of stiffening flanges to ductwork items. 155. The HTESTB1 list shows seven gaps: HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. Automatic item numbering of HVAC components. silencers and dampers. Most of the gaps between these components were left undefined and were filled by lengths of implied ducting to complete the representation shown in the 3D View. The HVAC application is able to calculate the optimum combination of standard and non-standard straights needed to fill each gap and then create the corresponding components in the design database automatically. it is necessary to specify the fixed lengths of ductwork (ductwork straights) required between these components. side connection points.6 7-1 . so that a full material take-off list can be generated. Click Apply on the Highlight Implied Ductwork form. such as bends. For each gap in the named branch. The main features described are: • • • Automatic replacement of implied ducting in gaps by catalogue straights.1 Filling ductwork gaps automatically When you created the main branch. Exercise continues: 154. the scrollable list area of the form shows the: • • • location (the preceding component) length calculated combination of straights needed to fill it. select Utilities>Autofill with Straights>Show Gaps.

Completing the Design Compare this list with the items highlighted in the 3D View: 7-2 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 .

Click Apply. (If not. but this time the specified straight lengths are created automatically to replace the implied ducting. In each case you should see the No Gaps To Show message. 160. Make sure you are still at HTESTB1. 159. To make sure that the autofilling operation was carried out correctly. repeat steps 155 and 156.6 7-3 . There is no need to dismiss the form immediately because you still need to make sure that there are no gaps in any of the four side branches.Completing the Design 157. Look at the Design Explorer to see the new elements. A list of all identified gaps. 158. navigate to each in turn. then select Utilities>Autofill with Straights>Fill Gaps.) HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. is again displayed as before. This displays the form Autofill with Straights. click the CE button at the top of the Highlight Implied Ductwork form. go back and correct any errors in your design before proceeding. then click the Apply button. To do so. The message No Gaps To Show confirms this.

navigate to the first straight in the main branch (the southernmost straight) to make it the current element. starting at the branch head. The stiffening requirements are calculated. Proceeding along the branch. choose Stiffening. You can then create and position such flanges automatically. Use the HVAC form to calculate the number of stiffeners needed for this length of ducting: • • from Categories. The flanges are created and positioned automatically. click the Apply the Spec Requirement button. The configuration of the flanges is tailored to suit the component geometry in each case. PDMS calculates that this component has a Spec Requirement of 5 stiffening flanges.Completing the Design 7. select Rectangular from Available Types. in the branch membership hierarchy. this straight is shorter. 164. Note that. heaviest lines show flanges joining components together: The stiffening flanges are configured to suit each different component shape. As you can see. and displayed in the Rectangular Stiffening form. To create all five stiffening flanges. 162. Note: 7-4 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. they are treated as subcomponents of the straight. Exercise continues: 161.2 Adding stiffening flanges PDMS provides a utility for calculating the optimum numbers and positions of stiffening flanges needed to support ductwork items. 165. Different shading identifies individual components.6 . Add flanges to your ductwork in branch order. add stiffeners in turn to the: • • • square bend mitred offset radiused bend. 163. Navigate to the next straight and stiffen it in the same way. and requires only four flanges.

stiffening flanges and so on) are numbered as decimalised subsets of their owning components.Completing the Design m it r ed ver t ica l offset (1 st iffen er ) squ a r e ben d (4 st iffen er s) r a diu sed ben d (2 st iffen er s) fir e da m per secon d st r a igh t (4 st iffen er s) fir st st r a igh t (5 st iffen er s) N 7. Exercise continues: 166. To autonumber all HVAC items in your current design model. When you compare the entries in this itemising list with those in the Design Explorer. This displays the HVAC Itemising form: • • • enter Naming Prefix: /HTEST/ITEM leave Start Number set to 1 Click Apply. you can see that each item (except any inline component) is now HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. Select Utilities>Automatic Itemising from the main menu.6 7-5 . lists all HVAC items and their allocated numbers. do not have their names changed.3 Automatic item numbering and naming The item numbering facility automatically allocates sequential item numbers to all HVAC components and gives each item a name of the format /PREFIXnumber. which are usually named. 167. where /PREFIX is a user-definable string and number is the allocated number. navigate to the owning HVAC element. HTESTHVAC. Subcomponents (air deflectors. Inline plant items. The HVAC Command Output window that is displayed.

4 Finishing off design details You can now complete design details for the ductwork straights you have recently created to replace implied ducting.6 .Completing the Design named in the Design Explorer using the specified prefix /HTEST/ITEM suffixed by the item number. appear as follows (the numbers like =15312/160 and so on are internal database reference numbers. 7-6 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. To do this. For example. which you can ignore): 7. and their stiffening flange subcomponents. the first two straights in the main branch. you will: • • modify joint types to suit the final design insert an access panel into the side of a length of ducting.

Apply the change. On the resulting Rectangular Straight form (in Modify mode). To modify either one of these joints. 175. The leave joint field is now set to RE40. select Raw Edge Joint. 7. 170. To modify the outlet from the second damper. In fact. navigate to the bend and click Modify CE.4. Use the same procedure to modify the inlet to the other fire damper. slip over 40mm. select Rectangular from Available Types. (This is the short one. On the HVAC form. (The reason for doing this will become clear when you look at clash checking in the next chapter. 171. the leave joint for the straight that precedes the damper. which show all panel sizes available in the catalogue. click the Leajoint Choose button and.6 . choose Access Panel from Select Size options.) Use the HVAC form to create the access panel: • • • from Categories. 168. Exercise continues: The inlet joint for the damper is. from the Choose Joint form. the connecting joints will have been assumed to remain as default flanged joints. You will now insert an access panel. namely the fire damper. 169. click the Arrjoint Prev button. select 400x350 7-7 174. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. On the resulting Rectangular Square Bend form. into the side of the last straight. in both cases.Completing the Design 7.) Navigate to the appropriate straight. such that the ducting simply fits over the damper inlet and outlet. The arrive joint field is set to RE40 by automatic reference to the previous component. the fire dampers require raw edge joints. click the Modify CE button. whose catalogue definition includes a predefined working volume. 173. To modify the outlet joint between the first damper and the square bend (the arrive joint of the bend). 172. named HTEST/ITEM21 by the itemising utility.4. Click Apply. and connected to fire damper FD2. navigate to the preceding straight. connect the branch tail to the last member in the usual way.1 Modifying joint types When the lengths of implied ducting leading to the two fire dampers were replaced with straight components.2 Inserting an access panel The final component of your HVAC ducting network is an access panel in the end straight of the main branch.

5 Changing the view representation You have already seen how to control which design elements appear in the 3D View by using the Drawlist to add or remove items as required. Zoom in close to the access panel and see how its appearance has changed.6 . The amount of detail shown in the 3D View for different types of component is controlled by the current representation settings. When created. in addition to its normal physical shape. Click Apply. You will now see how you can further refine the view by specifying different levels of detail for the items being displayed. The access panel created in Step 175 is an example of such an item. This displays the Representation form. To see what these settings are. exaggerated here for emphasis. 7. set the Obstruction option to Solid on the Representation form and click OK. an obstruction volume which represents the space around the component needed for maintenance or operational access. Exercise continues: 178. is as follows: a ccess pa n el obst r u ct ion volu m e 7-8 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. click the first Transpose width/depth button to give the required configuration (350 W x 400 H). To see what the obstruction volume looks like. 177. In the next section you will look at its hidden geometry in more detail. Run the automatic itemising utility again so that the access panel is included in the item list.Completing the Design • 176. You will look at just two of its options here. You have also seen how to control the viewable volume and the viewing direction by using the options from the 3D View’s shortcut menu. The geometric representation of a catalogue component can include. select Settings>Graphics>Representation from the main menu. the panel appears in the 3D View as a rectangular plate standing slightly proud of the ducting surface. The effect.

That completes the introduction to the basic HVAC routing operations. So far you have used the shaded box representation so that you could pick the holes graphically to identify them.6 7-9 . To switch to a more realistic representation. where the fire dampers are situated. may be shown either as boxes (specially shaded to show that they represent negative boxes. Look carefully at each hole in turn. You are now able to see the ducting and fire dampers where they penetrate the walls. The holes through the walls.Completing the Design To reset the normal view. In the following parts of the exercise you will look at some ways of checking the design model and outputting some design data derived from the database settings HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. select Holes Drawn and click Apply. holes) or as true holes. 179. redisplay the Representation form and set Obstruction to Off and click OK.

6 .Completing the Design 7-10 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.

so that you can check detailed design points at any stage. key dimensions and joint specifications. Navigate to the square three-way component and then select Query>Item Details>Brief Description from the main menu. you will look at some ways in which you can query specific data settings as you build up the design model. so you can readily check and output data from any combination of design disciplines. 181. Compare the result with the data illustrated at the end of Section 8. This displays the summary showing the component’s type. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. is appended to the output from the previous query.1 Querying data settings First. Navigate to the first (southernmost) straight and select Query>Item Details>Item Number. labelled Item Number 1. Most of these facilities are available from all Design applications. Exercise continues: 180. Note: 8.6 8-1 . The resulting output.4.8 Checking and Outputting Design Data In this chapter you learn about: • • • • methods of checking for errors and inconsistencies in the HVAC layout checking for clashes (spatial interferences) between design elements how to output a design data report derived from the piping model how to generate an isometric plot. like this: Repeat this operation for some other components (and subcomponents).

select Query>Item Details>Insulation Depth. as illustrated in Appendix C of Volume 2 of HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS. so select Branch from the list. To check your design for data consistency errors. At any component. or between a component and the branch head or tail. You will see a Data Consistency Check form. You use the default settings for all data checking operations. You can send the error report either to your screen or to a file. or a component and the branch head or tail. select Utilities>Data Consistency. Compare the results with the catalogue definitions for the corresponding components. Navigate to any component in the main branch HTESTB1 and click Apply to initiate the data checking process. is not valid Neighbouring connected components. You will view it on screen. 8.6 8-2 . 185. The Check: list lets you specify how much of the design model you want to check in a single operation. for example. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. so select Output: Screen.2 Checking for design data inconsistencies The data consistency checking utility reports the following types of occurrence (and other similar errors) in the design: • • • • • • Branch head or tail reference not set Branch head or tail reference type not valid Adjoining components have incorrectly ordered PA and PL points. The resulting output should always say Insulation 50 mm. one component may have been flipped while its neighbour was not Distance between a component and a connected neighbour. You will check each branch separately. since you specified this insulation thickness when you created each branch. Use the following Query options for several different types of component: Query>Position>Origin Query>Position>Position PA Query>Position>Position PL 183. have their PA/PL misaligned Arrive or leave joint has wrong connection type Exercise continues: 184.Checking and Outputting Design Data 182.

ignore any messages which you receive as a result).) 186.6 8-3 . Note: For the purposes of this exercise. It is good practice to run a data consistency check whenever you have created or modified any significant amount of the design. Repeat the check for each of the side branches in turn (for the purposes of this exercise. These two messages remind you that the head and tail of the branch have not been explicitly terminated and are not connected to any external items. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. say. (Each branch end would normally be connected to. you can ignore any messages that may appear. typically before you choose Design>Save Work.Checking and Outputting Design Data The resulting diagnosis is shown in the scrollable text area at the bottom of the form. an air handling unit or to some other ductwork in an adjacent design zone.

8. see the Plant Design Software Customisation Reference Manual for a full description of PML2. giving the Checker form. These functions include a customised class of checks specific to the HVAC function: See the online help for full details of the Data Checker functionality.1 Obstruction levels All design primitives and all catalogue primitives have an obstruction attribute (OBST) which defines the physical type of obstruction which the primitive represents: 8-4 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 .3 Data check functions Further checking can be carried out using the Data Checker facilities available from the Utilities>Data Checker pull-down menu. You can extend/change these functions using AVEVA’s PML2 facilities.Checking and Outputting Design Data 8.4 Checking for clashes The types of clash identified depend on two factors: • • The obstruction levels of the clashing elements The current touch and clearance tolerances 8.4.

a touch is reported If the items are separated by more than 2mm but less than 8mm. A clearance: the primitives are separated at their closest point by more than the amount necessary to constitute a touch but less than a specified clearance distance. the checking utility recognises three categories of clash between them. This represents a near miss.2 Extent of clashing As well as distinguishing between hard and soft clashing items. A touch: the primitives either overlap by less than the amount needed to cause a clash or are separated at their closest point by less than a specified distance. This may simply mean that one item is resting upon another as intended. or it may indicate a problem. This usually means that a definite interference exists. a touch is reported If the items do not overlap but are separated by less than 2mm. Touch limits: 5mm overlap to 2mm gap Clearance limit: • • • • • 8mm so that the following criteria apply: If the items overlap by more than 5mm. a clearance is reported If the items are separated by more than 8mm. 8. no interference is found • These three classes are illustrated below for the clash specifications: HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.Checking and Outputting Design Data • • • A hard obstruction (OBST=2) represents a rigid and impenetrable object. such as a steel beam or a plant vessel. A soft obstruction (OBST=1) represents a volume which is not solid but which needs to be kept clear for access. These categories are: • • A physical clash: the primitive volumes overlap by more than a specified amount. Any primitive with OBST=0 represents a freely accessible volume and is ignored for clash checking purposes. depending on how far the two primitives intrude on each other’s allocated space. which you may want to investigate.6 8-5 .4. a clash is reported If the items overlap by less than 5mm.

HVACWALLS. Items which are not in the obstruction list are ignored during the clash checking operations. so that each element to be clash checked is tested against every other element. the clashing and obstruction items are shown in contrasting colours in the graphical view (two shades of red. See the online help for full details of using the Add/Remove Obstruction Items form. then Cancel the form. HVACCOLS and HVACBEAMS). To highlight the locations where clashes are found. Select Control>Check CE from the form’s left- 188. Exercise continues: 187. the obstruction list includes all elements in the database. 8-6 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. HVACROOF. by default). select Settings>Clasher>Defaults to display the Clash Defaults form. To see what these are. This displays the Clash Display form. (To see these first click HVACZONE in the left-hand list.3 The clash detection process Each element which is to be checked for clashes has its own geometry checked against that of all other elements which are specified by a current obstruction list. To control the amount of checking carried out in a large database. select Settings>Clasher>Obstruction>List. the right-hand side consists of a 3D view in which you can look in detail at any clashes diagnosed. You will check all your HVAC components for clashes against the building structure. Remove all current entries (if any) from the Obstruction List by selecting All from the Remove list and then clicking Remove. You will use the default values for all clash checking settings.) Navigate to the element holding all the HVAC design data which you want to check (/HTESTHVAC) and select Utilities>Clashes. you can restrict the obstruction list to a few specific elements and/or you can specify a 3D volume (the clash limits) within which the clash checking is to be confined. Think about the meaning of each setting shown (refer to the preceding introduction).Checking and Outputting Design Data overlap > 5mm a physical clash overlap < 5mm gap < 2mm touches 2mm < gap < 8mm a clearance 8.4. To edit this.6 . By default. The default obstruction list (all elements in the current design database) includes both structural and HVAC items. Then Add the structural design data only (HVACFLOOR. 189. This displays the Add/Remove Obstruction Items form. The left-hand side of this form controls the clash checking process.

To see this properly in the form’s 3D view. but is very useful when you want to add a few new items to an existing design which has already been checked for clashes. repeat the Check CE operation to regenerate the clash data). This can slow down progress when you are adding many new elements. 190. with the description 1 SH CLASH HACC 1 of BRAN /HTESTB1 This identifies a soft-hard (SH) clash between the obstruction volume associated with the access panel (which you added in Step 175 and which is illustrated in Step 178) and the adjacent wall. select Query>Clash>Detail from the Clash Display form’s menu bar. Notice how the clashing items are highlighted in shades of red (if they are not. In your case this should show one clash only. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. study the Clash List which shows any clashes found. each new element that you create is checked immediately for clashes as the design is built up. set the graphics representation to show obstruction volumes (as explained in Step 178) and zoom in close to the access panel.Checking and Outputting Design Data hand menu bar to run the clash checking process and. See the online help for full details of using the Clash Display form. To see more information about the clash. when completed.6 8-7 . This displays the Clash Detail form as follows: Obstruction volume for Access Panel Adjacent Wall Location of clash Note: If the Auto Clash button (in the main menu bar) is in the ‘on’ state ( ).

Select Utilities>Reports>Run to initiate the reporting process. Once such a report has been designed. and so on Any headers and footers which are to appear at the top and bottom of each page. (You will probably use your company’s standard templates for most reports anyway. which has been designed to produce a list of the principal components (omitting subcomponents and branch connectors) in the HVAC design. in which case this is the method you would normally use in practice. Each report can be customised by specifying some or all of the following: • • • • • • Where the output is to appear (on the screen or in a file ready for printing).Checking and Outputting Design Data 8.) Exercise continues: 191. • • generating a tabulated report showing the material required to build the design creating an isometric plot showing the design layout and associated manufacturing data.\REPORTS\TEMPLATES directory by clicking on it in the Sub-directories window. Select hvac_list.tmp. Navigate to the . 193.6 192. All files with a .5 Generating a data output report This section describes two ways of outputting design data derived from your design model.. The page layout. including number and positions of columns. 8-8 . 194. This displays the File Browser listing all files in the current reporting directory (specified by your System Administrator as part of the project setup procedure). 8. Click OK on the File Browser. column headings.. The page length (if the report is to be paginated).1 Generating a tabulated data report The reporting utility lets you read selected information from the database and present the output in a tabulated format. its specification can be saved for future use in the form of a report template file.tmp suffix are report templates. An introductory header which is to appear at the beginning of the report. but you will look at the results of the process by using a pre-prepared template which outputs a material take-off list showing the length of tube needed to build your design. The selection criteria which define which data settings are to be included in the report. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.5. The ways in which you define how a given report is to be generated and presented are beyond the scope of this exercise.

Click OK to run the report. A tabulated report output is displayed in a Command Input & Output window which is opened automatically: HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. enter HTESTHVAC (this lists the components for the whole of the HVAC network).Checking and Outputting Design Data The Report Details form that appears requires you to specify: • • 195.6 8-9 . where the report is to appear what part of the database hierarchy is to be read when extracting the required types of data. Complete the Report Details form as follows: • • • Leave the Filename text box empty (this sends the report automatically to the screen). In the Hierarchy text box.

Select Modify>Attributes to display the Modify Attributes form which lists the settings for the Zone. Your template has been predefined by your template designer.2 Plotting the design model The drawing module PDMS Draft provides powerful facilities for generating annotated and dimensioned plots of all or part of your design model. You will use Draft to produce an isometric plot of your HVAC layout using default settings only. 8. click on HVACZONE. 198. or sorted the sequence into a different order of priority. Exercise continues: Before you can plot your design mode.6 . Select the Function line. you must. 8-10 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. This displays the Function form showing the current setting (unset). In the Design Explorer. The type and key dimensions for each component are tabulated as predefined by the template. Note: Your report may differ from the example shown above. Change the Function to Heating. 197. set the Function attribute of the parent Zone to apply rules for representing HVAC items. OK/Apply the changes. who may have included other properties.5. while still in PDMS Design. 196.Checking and Outputting Design Data The report lists all principal components in the specified network (the whole of your HVAC design model) in branch head-to-tail order.

Exercise continues: 199.5. PDMS Draft application loads. VIEW Design database elements to be drawn Note: In a real project.Checking and Outputting Design Data 8. the administrative hierarchy would probably have been set up for you already. and the screen changes to show the DRAFT General menu bar and an empty 2D view window. You set up your administrative hierarchy within the PDMS drawing module.3 Setting up a drawing administration hierarchy You need an administrative hierarchy to define how plots are to be stored. This will be in the following format: DEPARTMENT (DEPT) REGISTRY (REGI) LIBRARY (LIBY) DRAWING (DRWG) LIBRARY (LIBY) SHEET (SHEE) Standard symbols. PDMS Draft by selecting Design>Modules>Draft>Macro Files. the Main Display (which is analogous to the 3D View window in PDMS Design): HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. annotations etc. Switch from PDMS Design to.6 8-11 . PDMS Draft.

Checking and Outputting Design Data Drawing Sheet will be displayed here 200. select /DRA/PRJ/REPR/GEN/HVAC. Create a Department element: • • • Select Create>Department. This displays the Department Information form. On the displayed Department Attributes form: • • • • • Select A4 drawing sheet size (this sets Width and Height automatically). hatch patterns and terminators at their default settings. Attributes set at Department level are cascaded down to all lower levels. Give the Department the name HVACDEPT. Leave all pen definitions. From the Ruleset Reference options. Click OK. The settings now look like this: 8-12 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. Set Backing Sheet Reference to Reference Select /DRA/MAS/BACKS/MET/A4_Land. This applies standard borders and data areas to all drawings created in this Department. Click Attributes on the Department Information form.6 . 202. 201.

if you wish. 206. Back in the Department Information form. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.Checking and Outputting Design Data 203. 205.6 8-13 . make sure that the Create Registry button is set to On and OK this form. Select Explicitly. In the Registry Information form: • • Select Create Drawing. Click Apply on the Department Attributes form. This displays the Registry Information form. name the Registry HVACREGI and click OK. 204. overwrite any cascaded attribute. In the Create REGI form now displayed. then Dismiss. All attribute settings for the Registry have been copied from the owning Department. Note: You can.

then Dismiss. of which you require just one. 212. and HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. all attribute settings have been cascaded down from Department level. To create your first. Your drawing administration hierarchy is now complete. name the Drawing HVACDRWG and click OK.4 Defining the content of a drawing sheet When you have a drawing administration hierarchy available. View select Create>View>User-defined and OK the resulting form.5. The Date and Drawn By entries are derived automatically from your system log-in data. A User-Defined View form is displayed. and only. 209. Click Apply. The Main Display view shows the backing sheet specified earlier. then Dismiss. • Use the Point Construction Option form now displayed to identify the extremities of the required area.6 8-14 . In the Create DRWG form now displayed. 213. 208. To resize the default view area. In the Sheet Definition form now displayed. and OK the displayed Create SHEE form. 8. To do this you will: • • • • • create a sheet create a single view on your sheet resize the default view area to fill the sheet add to the draw list the part(s) of the design model you want to plot set the drawing scale so that the plotted model representation fits sensibly into the area available on the sheet Exercise continues: 210. Click OK. select Create>Sheet>Explicitly. 211. Detailed design data from the Design database is applied to the sheet in the form of individually-defined Views. In the displayed Drawing Definition form.Checking and Outputting Design Data • 207. select Frame>Size>Cursor from the UserDefined View form menu. enter the Title: HVAC View. To create a sheet. and a default rectangle is added to the Main Display to show where the design data for this view is plotted. Click Apply. you can define the content of a drawing sheet ready for viewing and plotting. Choose the 2D Cursor Hit method.

Now modify this value to the nearest smaller standard scale. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. Back in the User-defined View form: • • • 215. click on Auto Scale. 218. by clicking the Nearest button. and then click Add. The scale is precisely calculated and displayed in the adjacent text box. The chosen standard scale is now displayed (for example 1/150). back in the User-defined View form. 219.6 8-15 . 214. Again. From the User-defined View form menu. select Graphics>Drawlist. The final settings in the User-defined View form look similar to this: 216. Enter Title: ISO3 View Set View Type: Global Hidden Line Select Direction: ISO3 (using the middle Direction option list). Go to the Reference List Members list of the displayed Drawlist Management form. select HTESTHVAC.Checking and Outputting Design Data pick points just inside the top-left and bottom-right corners of the drawing area within the backing sheet layout. Click Apply to implement the new scale calculation. 217.

Checking and Outputting Design Data Select the Update Design button and click Apply to plot the drawlist element(s) in the Main Display at the chosen scale: 8-16 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 .

6 Conclusion This concludes both the tutorial exercise and this introduction to some of the ways in which PDMS and AVEVA applications can help you in your HVAC design work. For further technical details.Checking and Outputting Design Data This is as far as you go in this exercise. refer to the sources of information listed in the last appendix. HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11. You should now have an insight into the potential power of PDMS and sufficient confidence to explore some of the more advanced options on your own.6 8-17 . which will show you how to get the maximum benefits from the product in your own working environment (see section1. allowing you to add dimensioning and labelling data derived directly from the design model.5 ). you are strongly advised to attend one or more of the specialised PDMS training courses. The full range of 2D drafting facilities available is extensive. and to add any other specific 2D annotation which you require. If you have not already done so. 8.

Checking and Outputting Design Data 8-18 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.6 .

.......3-5 Design parameters ...................................................Index 3D view................................................................................. 3-10 radio .........5-3 saving....... 6-10 Application definition.................................................................................................................................4-2 Draft data ..... 8-5 Draft applications loading.................................................4-10 Clash limits ............................5-18 Current element definition .......................................................4-2 Design Explorer ....... 4-2 Database hierarchy Design data....................................................... 8-5 obstruction levels ................................8-12 Ducting implied ...............6 Function attribute index-i ................................................................................................................4-3 Data consistency checking principles.........................5-2 Design session ending.................................. 4-3 Check box ............8-12 Draft module................................................................................................................. 5-11 Branch tail definition..............................................4-2 Ending design session. 2-1 loading ..........................................................................................................4-10 CE..................................................8-2 Branch head definition...............5-3 Display restoring ......................................................................... 8-6 Clashing extent............................................................. 8-5 obstruction list ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3-9 Detailing specification ..... 8-5 Clearance definition..................3-10 Copying existing components................................................ 5-7 side.................................................................... 4-1 main and side branches ....................4-10 Branch head/tail connecting...................................................................... 6-4 Default specification................... 4-1 Design database hierarchy .............................8-12 Draft database hierarchy ................................. 8-6 clash limits ......8-2 Attribute definition.................... 8-6 Element definition ............................................................................................................8-12 Branch definition................. 3-5 Air turning vanes................ 3-9 Clash definition.......... 4-1 Button control.................................................................................... 8-5 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11........................5-4 Design data checking ...................................................................3-8 Forms and display saving.................5-13 Clash checking checking process ...4-10 Escape key/button........................................................................................................................ 8-6 extent of clash ............................................................................... 3-9 toggle ...... 5-3 Control button.................................................................

..............4-5..................3-2 Naming automatic...........................................................................................................................Index setting for DRAFT ...............................................................................................8-12 Point set .............................................................................................................................................................5-1 P<#106>leave ........... 3-5 Grid for tiling ............................................................................ 8-2 P<#106>arrive ............ on-line ............................................... 5-2 Menu pull-down.....4-3 HVAC element definition............................ 4-3 Primitive definition ................ 8-11 Menu bar.................................................................................................................................................................................3-3 Index-ii HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11.......................8-6 Obstruction volume representation ........................5-2 Position querying ................................................4-7 Parameters catalogue components ....................................................................................................2-1 Gaps between components measuring.................5-2 Isometric view............................................ 8-2 Panning view .................6 ............7-5 Hard obstruction............... 5-2 Graphical view ......5-1 point set......................... 4-5 Item details querying .............................. 3-10 Member definition........5-1 P<#106>point definition ......................................3-5 Module definition ............ See Branch head Help................................................................ 7-5 Item numbering............ 5-13 Insulation querying .................. 8-1 Item naming ...............................................5-19.............................................................. 3-5 Project selection............................................................................. 3-11 Option button.............................8-2 List scrollable........................................................................................................................................................................ 4-10 Limits setting for view ......................................................... 8-5 Head ........................... 7-1 Geometry set ..........................................................5-2 Itemising ..4-2 geometry set .........................7-9 HVAC Designer application loading ............................... 4-9 Physical clash definition ........................5-1 p<#106>leave................5-1 p<#106>arrive.8-5 Plotting facilities..................................................................... 5-1..........................................................................................................7-5 Obstruction levels .............. 7-9 Numbering automatic......................... 5-3 On-line help .................................................................. 5-1....................3-3 Owner definition ........8-5 Obstruction list ......................... 7-5 Leaving design session ............................ 3-11 Holes representation............................................................................................................................................ 7-5 Item numbers querying . 4-1 Implied ducting ......................... 6-2 Mouse buttons functions......

................ 3-5 Radio button..................................4-5 World definition ................................................................. 4-7 Save work facility .............................. 6-1 Side branch .................................................................................... 5-3 Zone definition ...................................................................................................................................... 3-8 Pull-down menu ...................................................................................4-2 Submenu ....................... 5-4 detailing ............................................................ 4-9 Saving design changes ............... 3-5..............3-2 Tile positioning......................................4-9 panning.. 3-5........................................................................................................................................................................................................Index Prompts .. 4-4 centre of interest.... 8-8 Status bar ...................................................................4-7 Scrollable list .............4-7 HVAC Design Using VANTAGE PDMS Version 11....................................................................................................................................................................................3-5 Tail .............................................4-1 Soft obstruction..................................6 index-iii ...........................4-1 Zooming view.............................. See Branch tail Text box........................................ 7-9 Title bar.......... 4-10 View 3D/graphical.. 6-4 Site definition....................................... 3-6 Touch definition ............ 8-5 Specification default ..6-3 Representation holes....................... 4-1 View direction ....................................................4-7 zooming............... 7-9 obstruction volumes...............................................................................3-5 Tool bar........................................................................................8-5 Rotating view .............................. 3-10 Setting out point (SOP)............................... 4-9 Screen layout restoring ................................ 8-8 principles.................... 8-8 templates.......... 3-9 Reports generating ......................................................................................................... 5-3 saving ... 3-5..........................................................4-7 rotating .............................................................. 3-8 Structure definition ......